This Week In History March 24th


1188 Birth of Ferrand of Portugal earl of Flanders/son of Sancho I.

1241 Kaidu’s Mongol army enters abandoned Cracow in Poland, burning the city.

1284 Death of King Hugh III of Cyprus

1361 Death of Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster, English soldier and diplomat

1379 End of Gelderse war victory.

1381 Death of Catherine of Sweden, Swedish saint

1400 Florens Radewijns Dutch priest/leader Modern Devotion, dies.

1441 Birth of Ernst I elector of Saxon (1464-86).

1455 Death of Pope Nicholas V (b. 1397)

1455 Nicholas V [Tommaso Parentucelli] Italian Pope (1447-55), dies at age 57.

1455 Rudolf van Diepholt bishop/cardinal of Utrecht (1448-55), dies.

1471 Sir Thomas Malory author (Le Morte d’Arthur), dies at age 55.

1490 Birth of Georg Agricola, German scientist (d. 1555)

1545 German Parliament opens in Worms.

1550 France and England sign Peace of Boulogne.

1558 Anna van Buren countess of Egmond/Buren/Lingen, dies.

1563 Death of Hosokawa Harumoto, Japanese military leader (b. 1514)

1575 Death of Yosef Karo, Spanish-born rabbi (b. 1488)

1603 Death of Queen Elizabeth I of England (b. 1533)

1603 Elizabeth I Tudor [Maiden Queen] English queen (1558-1603), dies at age 69.

1603 James VI of Scotland also becomes James I King of England.

1603 Scottish King James VI becomes King James I of England, uniting the two crowns.

1607 Birth of Michiel A de Ruyter Dutch Rear Admiral (Saint Vincent, Dune).

1629 First game law passed in American colonies, by Virginia.

1630 Birth of JosT Saenz d’Aguirre Spanish cardinal.

1631 Philipp Dulichius composer, dies at age 68.

1635 Jacques Callot French cartoonist/engraver, dies at about age 42.

1644 Cecilia Renata arch duchess of Austria, dies.

1645 Battle at Jankov Bohemia: Sweden beat Roman Catholic emperor Ferdinand III.

1653 Death of Samuel Scheidt, German composer (b. 1587)

1654 Samuel Scheidt German composer (Concertus sacri), dies at age 66.

1657 Birth of Arai Hakuseki, Japanese writer and politician (d. 1725)

1661 William Leddra last Quaker, hanged in Boston.

1664 Roger Williams is granted a charter to colonize Rhode Island.

1693 Birth of John Harrison, British clockmaker (d. 1776)

1703 Birth of JosT F de Isla [Francisco de Salazar], Spanish Jesuit/writer.

1714 Birth of Carlo Giovanni Testori composer.

1721 Johann Sebastian Bach opens his Brandenburgse Concerts.

1725 Birth of Samuel Ashe, Governor of North Carolina (d. 1813)

1732 Birth of Gian Francesco de Majo composer.

1734 Netherlands’ William K H Friso marries princess Anne of Hanover.

1740 Birth of John Antes composer.

1749 Birth of Bernard Jumentier composer.

1755 Birth of Rufus King framer of US constitution/(Senator-F).

1755 Theodor Christleib Reinhold composer, dies at age 72.

1762 Birth of Marcos Antonio da Fonseca Portugal, opera composer (Portogallo).

1765 American Revolutionary War: The Kingdom of Great Britain passes the Quartering Act that requires the 13 American colonies to house British troops.

1765 Britain enacts Quartering Act, required colonists to provide temporary housing to British soldiers.

1773 Death of Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield, English statesman and man of letters (b. 1694)

1776 Death of John Harrison, English clockmaker (b. 1693)

1782 Birth of Orest Kiprensky, Russian painter (d. 1836)

1792 Benjamin West (US) becomes president of Royal Academy of London.

1796 Birth of John Corry Wilson Daly, Canadian politician (d. 1878)

1797 Birth of Antonio Rosmini-Serbati philosopher/founder (Institute of Charity).

1801 Aleksandr P Romanov becomes emperor of Russia.

1802 Birth of Jacob van Lennep attorney/Dutch Member of Parliament.

1809 Birth of Joseph Liouville Saint Omer Pas-de-Calais France, discover of transcendental numbers.

1814 Birth of Galen Clark US, naturalist, discovered Mariposa Grove.

1817 Birth of Aime Maillart composer.

1820 Birth of A. E. Becquerel, French physicist (d. 1891)

1821 Birth of Elisa Felix [Rachel] tragedienne.

1823 Cornelis van Foreest Dutch mayor (Alkmaar), dies at age 66.

1825 Giovanni Domenico Perotti composer, dies at age 64.

1828 Philadelphia and Columbia Railway (first state owned) authorized.

1830 Birth of Robert Hamerling, Austrian poet (d. 1889)

1832 In Hiram, Ohio a group of men beat, tar and feather Mormon leader Joseph Smith, Jr..

1832 Mormon Joseph Smith beaten, tarred and feathered in Ohio.

1834 Birth of John Wesley Powell US, geologist/explorer/ethnologist.

1835 Birth of Josef Stefan Austria, physicist (Stefan-Boltzmann law).

1837 Birth of Philips Count of Flanders Belgium.

1837 Canada gives African men the right to vote.

1837 Canada gives blacks the right to vote.

1838 Thomas Attwood composer, dies at age 72.

1842 Stendhal [Marie-H Beyle] French writer (The Love), buried at age 59.

1848 State of siege proclaimed in Amsterdam.

1855 Birth of Andrew W Mellon founder (Mellon Bank)/US Secretary of Treasury.

1855 Manhattan Kansas founded as New Boston KS.

1860 Clipper Andrew Jackson arrives in San Francisco, 89 days out of New York.

1866 Birth of Jack McAuliffe US lightweight boxing champion, hall of famer.

1866 Death of Ferdinand, ending Hesse-Homburg dynasty, which is absorbed by the grand duke of Hess-Darmstadt.

1866 Maria Amalia of Bourbon-Sicily, wife of Louis Filips of Austria, dies.

1868 Metropolitan Life Insurance Company forms.

1868 Metropolitan Life Insurance Company is formed.

1869 Birth of +mile Fabre France, playwright, administrator of ComTdie Fran?aise.

1869 Death of Antoine-Henri Jomini, French general (b. 1779)

1871 Birth of Sir Ernest Rutherford nuclear scientist.

1874 Birth of Harry Houdini [Erik Weisz] Budapest Hungary, magician/escape artist.

1877 University boat race between Oxford and Cambridge ends in a dead heat.

1877 Walter Bagehot English economist/critic/banker, dies at age 51.

1878 Albin Masek composer, dies at age 73.

1878 Birth of Top Naeff [Anthonetta van Rhijn-N-Naeff] Dutch writer.

1878 British frigate Eurydice sunk; 300 lost.

1878 The UK frigate Eurydice sinks, killing 300.

1880 Tobacco Growers’ Mutual Insurance Company incorporates in Connecticut.

1881 Death of Achille Ernest Oscar Joseph Delesse, French geologist (b. 1817)

1881 Friedrich Hecker German revolutionary republic politician, dies at age 69.

1882 Death of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, American author (b. 1807)

1882 German scientist Robert Koch discovers bacillus cause of TB.

1882 Henry Wadsworth Longfellow US poet (Song of Hiawatha), dies at age 75.

1882 Robert Koch announces the discovery of the bacterium responsible for tuberculosis (mycobacterium tuberculosis).

1883 Birth of James I Wedgwood British theosophist/old-catholic bishop.

1883 First telephone call between New York and Chicago.

1884 Birth of Gino Marinuzzi composer.

1885 Birth of Charlie Daniels US swimmer (Olympics-4 gold-1904, 1908).

1886 Birth of Edward Weston, American photographer (d. 1958)

1887 Birth of Roscoe “Fatty” Arbuckle Smith Center Kansas; actor (Keystone comedies).

1887 Death of Ivan Kramskoi, Russian painter and art critic (b. 1837)

1887 Oscar Straus appointed first Jewish ambassador from US (to Turkey).

1888 Birth of Jameson Thomas London England; actor (Farmer’s Wife).

1889 Birth of Albert Hill, British athlete (d. 1969)

1890 Birth of Miguel Suriel Netherland Antillian writer (MuhT culpabel).

1891 Birth of Annie “Charley” Toorop Dutch painter (3 Generations).

1893 Birth of George Sisler baseball hall of fame first baseman (257 hits in 1920).

1894 37 miners killed at Franklin Washington.

1894 Robert Prescott Stewart composer, dies at age 68.

1895 Birth of Arthur Murray dancer (Arthur Murray’s Dance Party).

1896 Birth of Gianna Manzini writer.

1897 Birth of Charles Eyck Dutch painter/sculptor.

1898 Birth of Dorothy Stratton organizer (SPARS-women’s branch of US Coast Guard).

1898 First automobile sold.

1898 Robert Allison of Port Carbon, Pennsylvania becomes the first person to buy an American-built automobile when he buys a Winton automobile that was advertised in Scientific American.

1899 Billy Barnes cricket player (725 runs in 21 Tests for England), dies.

1900 Birth of June [Algeria Junius] Clark musician trumpet.

1900 New York City Mayor Van Wyck breaks ground for a new underground “Rapid Transit Railroad” that would link Manhattan and Brooklyn.

1901 Birth of Ubbe Iwwerks in Missouri, USA; formed Iwerks-Disney commercial art business with Walt Disney, chief animator of Laugh-o-Gram Films (1922), Disney Brothers Cartoon Studios, worked on Alice Comedies, first to draw Mickey Mouse, pioneered Silly Symphonies, head of research and development in 1940s and special effects in movies, technocal expertise in Disneyland attractions, named a Disney legend in 1989.

1902 Birth of Thomas E Dewey Ohio, first Catholic Presidential candidate 1944, 1948 (Republican).

1903 Birth of Adolph F J Butenandt German bio-chemist (Nobel Prize 1939).

1905 Birth of AndrT Christiaens Flemish writer (Unfindable Country).

1905 Death of Jules Verne, French author (b. 1828)

1905 Jules Verne sci-fi author (Around the World in 80 Days), dies at age 77.

1906 Birth of Klavdiya Shulzhenko, Soviet singer (d. 1984)

1906 “Census of the British Empire” shows England rules 1/5 of the world.

1907 Birth of Janet Harmon Bragg US pilot/columnist (Chicago Defender).

1909 Birth of Clyde Barrow bank robber (of Bonnie and Clyde fame).

1909 Death of John Millington Synge, Irish playwright (b. 1871)

1909 John Millington Synge Irish dramatist/playwright/poet, dies at age 37.

1910 83 degrees F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in March.

1910 Birth of Jacques Chailley composer.

1911 Birth of Enrique Jord� San Sebastian Spain, conductor (San Francisco Symphony Orchestra 1970).

1911 Matthew Stanley Robison president (Saint Louis Cardinals), dies.

1913 Netherlands soccer team’s first victory over England.

1913 Palace Theater opens at 1564 Broadway New York City.

1914 Birth of Lilli Palmer Posen Germany, actress (Boys From Brazil, Sebastian).

1915 Birth of Gorgeous George, American professional wrestler (d. 1963)

1915 Death of Karol Olszewski, Polish scientist (b. 1846)

1916 Birth of Donald Hamilton, Swedish-American novelist

1916 Death of Enrique Granados, Spanish composer (drowned) (b. 1867)

1916 Enrique y Campina Granados Sp opera composer (Goyescas), drowns at age 48.

1917 Birth of John Kendrew, British molecular biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry (d. 1997)

1918 Birth of Englebert van Anderlecht Belgian painter.

1918 Theophile Ysaye composer, dies at age 53.

1919 Birth of John J Duncan Jr (Representative-Republican-Tennessee, 1965-).

1920 Birth of Gene Nelson [Berg], Seattle Washington; actor (Tea For 2, Oklahoma).

1920 First US coast guard air station established (Morehead City North Carolina).

1921 Birth of Wilson Harris Guayanese author.

1921 Deodat de Severac composer, dies at age 48.

1922 Birth of Dave Appell singer/musician/songwriter (In the Midnight Hour).

1922 Grand National at Aintree sees only three horses out of 32 starters finish.

1923 Birth of Murray Hamilton, American actor (d. 1986)

1923 Greece becomes a republic.

1924 Birth of Norman Fell, American actor (d. 1998)

1924 Greece becomes a republic.

1926 Birth of Dario Fo in Leggiuno Sangiano, Italy; playwright (Nobel Prize-1997).

1927 Birth of Martin Walser, German author

1927 Cuban chess champion Jose Capablanca wins 33-day Grand Chess Tournie.

1927 Dutch first Chamber condemns Belgian and Netherlands’ Wielingen Treaty.

1928 Birth of Byron “Yanks” Janis in McKeesport, Pennsylvania, USA; pianist (NBC Symphony Orchestra).

1929 Birth of Cuan McCarthy; cricket player (36 Test wickets for South Africa, one career no-ball).

1930 Birth of David Dacko, first President of the Central African Republic (d. 2003)

1930 First religious services telecast in US (W2XBS, New York City, New York).

1930 R?nsburgse Boys soccer team forms.

1931 Birth of Thelma Kalama; American 4 X 100 metre relay swimmer (Olympics-gold-1948).

1932 First US radio broadcast from a moving train (Belle Baker, WABC from Maryland).

1932 George Robert Canning, cricket player (the 4th Lord Harris), dies.

1933 Peter I Island incorporated as a Norwegian dependency.

1934 U.S. Congress passes Tydings-McDuffie Act.

1935 Birth of Peter Bichsel, Swiss writer

1936 Birth of David Suzuki, Canadian environmentalist

1937 Birth of Benjamin Luxon in Redruth; England, baritone (Owen Wingrave).

1937 Bus blows a tire, loses control, kills 18 (Salem, Illinois).

1937 National Gallery of Art established by US Congress.

1938 Birth of Larry Wilson; NFL back (Arizona Cardinals).

1938 Russian Army Commander B.M. Shaposhnikov produces a war plan, proposing a Red Army offensive or counter-offensive either north or south of the Pripet marshes, with a strong defence in the other sector.

1940 Birth of Bob Mackie in Monterey Park, California, USA; designer (Barbra Streisand, Cher).

1941 British troops defeat British Somalia.

1941 German troops occupy El Agheila Libya.

1941 Long Island University beats Ohio University 56-42 for NIT basketball championship.

1943 Birth of H Martin Lancaster; American politician (Representative-Democrat-North Carolina).

1944 76 Allied officers escape Stalag Luft 3 (Great Escape).

1944 Birth of Denny McLain; baseball pitcher (Detroit Tigers, 31 wins in 1968).

1944 Death of Orde Wingate, British soldier (b. 1903)

1944 (evening) 811 British bombers attack Berlin, Germany. 72 planes are shot down, killing 392 crew members, and leaving 131 as prisoners. This is the final British air assault of the Battle of Berlin. Since August 1943, Bomber Command had flown over 10,000 sorties and dropped over 30,000 tons of bombs, making it the longest and most sustained bombing offensive against a single target in the war.

1944 In an event later dramatized in the movie The Great Escape, 76 prisoners begin breaking out of Stalag Luft III.

1944 (night) The SS unit of Captain Erich Priebke rounds up 335 Italians, and machine-guns them in the Ardentine caves on the outskirts of Rome. The massacre is in reprisal for the killing of 33 German soldiers two days earlier by Italian resistance fighters.

1945 (1000 hours) Operation Varsity begins, as 134 American and British gliders cross the Rhine River, landing paratroops in Wesel, Germany.

1945 Birth of Robert T. Bakker, American paleontologist

1945 J S Nicklin, Lieutenant-Colonel/Canada’s first parachutist, dies.

1945 Thomas Rennie, General-Major (Dutch command 51st Highland Division), dies.

1945 US minesweepers reach Kerama Retto, South coast of Okinawa.

1946 Alexander A Aljechin, world chess champion (1927-35, 1937-46), dies at age 53.

1946 Birth of Lee Oskar in Copenhagen, Denmark; rock harmonicist (War – “Why Can’t We Be Friends”).

1946 Death of Alexander Alekhine, Russian chess player (b. 1892)

1947 Birth of Alan Sugar; English multi-millionaire/computer manufacturer (Amstrad).

1947 John D Rockefeller Jr donates New York City East River site to the United Nations.

1947 US Congress proposes two-term limitation on the Presidency.

1949 Birth of Steve Lang in MontrTal, Quebec, Canada; rock bassist (April Wine – “Just Between You and Me”).

1950 Death of James Rudolph Garfield, American politician (b. 1865)

1950 Gracie de Moss wins LPGA Pro-Ladies Golf Championship.

1950 US Ladies Figure Skating Championship won by Yvonne C Sherman.

1950 US Men’s Figure Skating Championship won by Richard Button.

1951 Birth of Dougie Thompson; rocker (Supertramp – “Bloody Well Right”).

1952 Great demonstrations against apartheid in South Africa.

1953 Birth of Steve Lubbers; cricket player (captain of Dutch World Cup team 1996).

1953 Death of Mary of Teck, queen consort to George V of the United Kingdom (b. 1867)

1953 Felix M Abel, French dominican/biblical scholar, dies at age 74.

1953 Mary [Victoria of Teck], queen of Great Britain/North-Ireland, dies at age 86.

1953 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.

1954 Birth of Robert Carradine, American actor

1955 British Army patrols withdraw from Belfast, Ireland, after 20 years.

1955 First seagoing oil drill rig placed in service.

1956 Birth of Ijaz Faqih; cricket player (Pakistan off-spin all-rounder in five Tests 1980-88).

1957 Birth of Scott J Horowitz in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA; PhD/Captain US Air Force/astronaut (STS 75, 82).

1958 Rock-n-roll artist Elvis Presley is sworn in as an Army private in Memphis, Tennessee.

1959 Birth of Renaldo Nehemiah; American hurdler (110 metre at 12.93)/NFL player (San Francisco 49ers).

1959 Iraq withdraws from the Baghdad Pact.

1959 The Party of the African Federation (PFA) is launched by LTopold STdar Senghor and Modibo Keita.

1960 Birth of Kelly LeBrock, American actress

1960 Paul Joostens, Flemish painter, dies at age 70.

1961 Birth of Dean Jones; cricket player (dashing Australian batsman and fielder 1984-92).

1961 New York Senate approves US$55 million for a baseball stadium at Flushing Meadows.

1962 24th NCAA Men’s Basketball Championship: Cincinnati beats Ohio State 71-59.

1962 Benny Paret is knocked out in a welterweight title; he dies ten days later.

1962 Birth of Penny Hammel in Decatur, Illinois, USA; LPGA golfer (Jamie Farr Toledo-1985, 1989).

1962 Death of Jean Goldkette, Greek-born musician (b. 1899)

1963 Birth of Raimond van der Gouw; Dutch soccer goalie (Vitesse, Manchester).

1964 Birth of Hans Schwaier in West Germany; tennis star.

1964 The U.S. Mint releases the President John Kennedy half dollar coins to circulation.

1965 Birth of Angela Zuckerman in Saint Louis, Missouri, USA; speed skater (Olympics-1994).

1965 NASA spacecraft Ranger 9, equipped to convert its signals into a form suitable for showing on domestic television, brings images of the Moon into ordinary homes before crash-landing.

1966 Birth of Penny Toler; WNBA guard (Los Angeles Sparks).

1966 US Selective Service announces college deferments based on performance.

1967 Birth of Kathy Rinaldi-Stunkel in Florida, USA; tennis player (Virginia Slims of Arkansas 1987).

1967 University of Michigan holds first “Teach-in” after bombing of North Vietnam.

1968 Lauwrens Voorthuyzen, Dutch sect leader, dies at age 70.

1968 Mickey Wright wins Port Malabar Golf Invitational.

1969 Birth of Yoko Zetterlund in San Francisco, California, USA; volleyball setter (Olympics-bronze-1992, 1996).

1969 Joseph Kasavubu, President of Congo (1960-65), dies at about age 55.

1970 Birth of Marques Bragg; NBA forward (Minnesota Timberwolves).

1970 Dutch cartoonist Frans Pi?t ends “Sjors and Sjimmie” strip.

1970 Unique British Guiana 1-cent black on magenta postage stamp of 1856 sells at auction for US$280,000, a record for a single stamp. Robert A. Siegel Auction Galleries Inc. Annual Rarity Sale sells the stamp to Irwin Weinberg, American stamp dealer.

1972 Death of Cristobal Balenciaga, Spanish couturier (b. 1895)

1972 Great Britain imposes direct rule over Northern Ireland.

1972 The United Kingdom imposes “Direct Rule” over Northern Ireland.

1973 Birth of Atle Larsen; WLAF kicker (Rhein Fire).

1973 Harley Race beats Dory Funk Jr in Kansas City, to become NWA champion.

1973 Immaculata beats Queens College, 59-52 to win AIAW Basketball title.

1973 Kenyan track runner Kip Keino defeats Jim Ryun at the first-ever professional track meet in Los Angeles, sanctioned by the International Track Association.

1973 Professional track debut of Kip Keino defeating Jim Ryun in the mile.

1973 Rock band Pink Floyd releases The Dark Side of the Moon

1973 San Francisco 49ers’ president Lou Spadia proposes NFL expand to 30 teams.

1974 36th NCAA Men’s Basketball Championship: North Carolina State beats Marquette 76-64; this ends UCLA’s 7-year reign as NCAA basketball champions.

1974 Birth of Terry Killens; linebacker (Tennessee Oilers).

1974 Yoshida Isoya, Japanese architect (modern sukiya style), dies at age 79.

1975 Birth of Debbie Keller in Winfield, Illinois, USA; soccer forward (Olympics-1996).

1975 Muhammad Ali TKOs Chuck Wepner in 15 rounds to retain the heavyweight boxing title.

1976 Argentina’s military forces depose president Isabel Per=n and start the Proceso de Reorganizaci=n Nacional.

1976 Argentine President Isabel Per=n deposed by country’s military.

1976 Bernard L Montgomery, British General, defeated Rommel, dies at age 88.

1976 Birth of Danielle Garrett in Camp Hill, Pennsylvania; soccer forward (Olympics-1996).

1976 Death of Bernard Montgomery, British field marshal (b. 1887)

1979 First appearance as Australian cricket captain for Kim Hughes.

1979 Ten rebounds and ten assists, as the Spartans cruise to a 101-67 by University of Pennsylvania; Michigan State’s Earvin “Magic” Johnson registers triple-double 29 points.

1980 42nd NCAA Men’s Basketball Championship: Louisville beats UCLA 59-54.

1980 Archbishop ?scar Romero assassinated while conducting mass in San Salvador.

1980 Archbishop ÿscar Romero is killed by right-wing terrorists while celebrating Mass in San Salvador.

1980 Death of Pierre Etchebaster, French real tennis player (born 1893).

1980 The Australia Olympic Committee announces it will send an Olympic delegation to Moscow, despite objections by Prime Minister Malcolm Fraser.

1981 Birth of Patrick Kisnorbo, Australian footballer

1981 Bombay beats Delhi by innings and 46 to win Ranji Cricket Trophy.

1981 Colombia drops diplomatic relations with Cuba.

1982 Ace Goodman, comedian (Easy Aces), dies at age 83 in Kansas City, Missouri.

1982 Birth of Kenichirou Ohashi; Japanese voice actor.

1983 The redesigned 1984 model Corvette sports car goes on sale in California, USA.

1984 Andrea Sch�ne skates ladies’ world record 5 km (7:04.52).

1984 Birth of Chris Bosh, American basketball player.

1984 Death of Sam Jaffe, American actor (b. 1891)

1984 Igor Malkov skates world record 10 km (14:01.51).

1984 International Olympic Committee agrees to six-team exhibition baseball tournament in Olympics.

1985 Birth of Haruka Ayase; Japanese actress and model.

1985 Jan Stephenson wins LPGA GNA Golf Classic.

1985 Norman Gifford makes cricket ODI debuts at age 44 (v Australia, Sharjah).

1985 Norwich City win the English League Cup at Wembley Stadium, beating Sunderland 1-0 in the final.

1986 Suriname army Captain Etienne Boerenveen arrested for cocaine smuggling.

1986 US and Libya clash in Gulf of Sidra.

1987 First Soul Train Music Awards: Janet Jackson, Luther Vandross win.

1987 Western Australia wins the Sheffield Shield by drawing cricket final versus Victoria.

1988 An Israeli court sentences Mordechai Vanunu to 18 years in prison for disclosing Israel’s nuclear program to The Sunday Times.

1988 Birth of Ryan Higgins, Zimbabwean Legspinner

1988 Quarterback Dan Fouts retires.

1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill: In Alaska’s Prince William Sound the Exxon Valdez spills 240,000 barrels (42,000 m³) of petroleum after running aground.

1990 Alice Sapritch, actress (European Vacation), dies.

1990 An Wang, computer manufacturer (Wang), dies at age 70 from cancer.

1990 Birth of Keisha Castle-Hughes, Australian-born, New Zealand-raised actress.

1990 Bob Hawke and the ALP defeats Andrew Peacock and the Liberal Party of Australia in his final election as Prime Minister of Australia.

1990 Death of Ray Goulding, American comedian (b. 1922)

1990 Indian troops leave Sri Lanka.

1990 Ray Goulding, comedian (Bob and Ray), dies from kidney failure at age 68.

1990 The government of Australian prime minister Bob Hawke is re-elected for a fourth term.

1990 Tom Hunter swims world record 50-metre freestyle (21.81 seconds).

1991 Barcelona Dragons beat New York/New Jersey Knights 19-7 in their first WLAF game.

1991 Danielle Ammaccapane wins LPGA Standard Register Ping Golf Tournament.

1991 Death of Sir John Kerr, 18th Governor General of Australia (b. 1914)

1991 In liberated Kuwait, banks reopen.

1991 New York Yankees beat New York Mets, 9-3.

1991 Wrestlemania VII in Los Angeles, Hulk Hogan pins Sergeant Slaughter for championship.

1992 Sudanese Boeing 707 crashes on mountain Hymettos at Athens; 5-6 die.

1993 Death of John Hersey, American author (b. 1914)

1993 Erik Andriesse, Dutch painter (skulls, skeletons), dies at age 35.

1993 Ezer Weizman elected President of Israel.

1993 Peter Roovers, Dutch sculptor/teacher (war monuments), dies at age 90.

1994 Edith Porada, art historian/archaeologist, dies at age 81.

1994 F-16 collides with C-130 Hercules above air force base in North Carolina, 120 die.

1994 Tommy Benford, jazz drummer, dies at age 88.

1995 For the first time in 26 years, no British soldiers patrol the streets of Belfast, Northern Ireland.

1995 Joey Long, blues/cajun guitarist, dies at age 62.

1995 Trevor Oswald Ling, religious studies professor, dies at age 75.

1996 Laura Davies wins LPGA Standard Register Ping Golf Tournament.

1997 Australian parliament overturns world’s first and only euthanasia law.

1997 Roberto Sanchez Vilella, the second democratically elected Governor of Puerto Rico, dies at age 84.

1998 Jonesboro massacre: In Jonesboro, Arkansas, two boys (aged 11 and 13 years) fire upon students at Westside Middle School; four students and one teacher are killed and 10 injured.

1998 The Jonesboro massacre: two young boys (aged 11 and 13 years) fire upon students at Westside Middle School while hidden in woodlands near the school. Four students and one teacher are killed, and ten are injured.

1999 Death of Birdie Tebbetts, baseball player and manager (born 1912).

1999 Fire in the Mont Blanc Tunnel kills 39 people, closing the tunnel for nearly three years.

1999 Kosovo War: NATO commences air bombardment against Yugoslavia, marking the first time NATO has attacked a sovereign country.

1999 NATO launches air strikes against the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, which refused to sign a peace treaty. This marks the first time NATO attacked a sovereign country.

2001 During an exhibition baseball game between the San Francisco Giants and the Arizona Diamondbacks, Randy Johnson’s fastball hits and instantly kills a dove flying in front of home plate. The bird appears to explode as the pitch sends it over the catcher’s head.

2002 Death of CTsar Milstein, Argentine scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (born 1927).

2003 Death of Hans Hermann Grodr, Austrian Catholic archbishop (b. 1919)

2003 The Arab League votes 21-1 in favor of a resolution demanding the immediate and unconditional removal of U.S. and British soldiers from Iraq.

2005 The Sony PlayStation Portable (PSP) is released in North America.

2005 The Tulip Revolution in Kyrgyzstan reaches its climax with the overthrow of president Askar Akayev.

2006 Death of Lynne Perrie, English actress (born 1931).

2006 Long-term protests in Belarus are broken by police. More than 400 detained.

2006 Pope Benedict XVI adds 15 men to the College of Cardinals, in the first consistory of his Pontificate.

2008 Death of Neil Aspinall in New York at age 66 from lung cancer. Aspinall ran the Apple Corps music company for The Beatles, as chief executive from 1970 to 2007.

2008 First election in Bhutan, with turnout of 80 percent of 320,000 registered voters. Druk Phuensum Tshogpa party wins 44 of 47 seats, with leader Jigme Thinley.

2008 In Greece, the Olympic torch begins its journey to Beijing, China.

2008 In Iowa City, Iowa, USA, former bank executive Steven Sueppel, facing trial for embezzlement, beats to death his wife Sheryl Sueppel and the couple’s four adopted children, then kills himself by ramming his car into a highway sign post.

2008 In northern Chile, a 6.1 magnitude earthquake strikes.

2009 Death of George Kell, third baseman (Boston Red Sox, Philadelphia Athletics, Detroit Tigers, Baseball Hall of Fame), in his sleep at age 86 in Swifton, Arkansas.

2010 A car bomb explodes in the centre of the Colombian port city of Buenaventura, killing at least six people, injuring over 30.