This Week In History March 10th

1198 Death of Marie de Champagne, daughter of Louis VII of France (b. 1145)

1302 Romeo and Juliet’s wedding day, according to Shakespeare.

1486 Albrecht III Achilles elector of Brandenburg, dies at age 71.

1486 Death of Albert III, Margrave of Brandenburg (b. 1414)

1502 Tebriz shah Ismail I of Persia crowned.

1513 Giovanni de’ Medici chosen Pope Leo X.

1513 Leo X is elected Pope.

1514 Death of Donato Bramante, Italian architect (b. 1444)

1544 Birth of Torquato Tasso Italy, Renaissance poet (Aminta, Apologia).

1549 Birth of Hendrik L Spieghel Dutch merchant/Renaissance poet (Hertspiegel).

1563 League of High Nobles’ second protest against King Philip II.

1567 Geuzen army leaves Walcheren to return to Oosterweel.

1575 Death of Matthias Flacius, Croatian protestant reformer (b. 1520)

1596 Birth of Isaac Elsevier book publisher.

1597 Land guardian Albrecht occupies Amiens on France.

1598 Countess Charlotte of Nassau marries duke Claude de la Tremoille.

1602 Death of Emilio de’ Cavalieri, Italian composer

1607 Death of Giovanni Maria Nanino, Italian composer

1649 The Frondeurs (rebels) and the French government sign the Peace of Rueil.

1649 Treaty of Rueil destroys first Fronde-uprising.

1654 Birth of Heinrich Georg Neuss composer.

1665 New York approves new code guaranteeing Protestants religious rights.

1669 Volcano Etna in Italy erupts killing 15,000.

1683 Birth of Giovanni Veneziano composer.

1702 First English daily newspaper, “Daily Courant”, is published.

1702 The first regular English-language newspaper, The Daily Courant, is published in London.

1708 Queen Anne withholds Royal Assent from a militia Bill, the last time a British monarch vetoes legislation.

1715 Jan-Erasmus Quellinus Flemish painter, dies at age 80.

1722 Death of John Toland, Irish philosopher (b. 1670)

1725 Birth of Henry Benedict Stuart, pretender to the throne of Great Britain (d. 1807)

1726 Birth of Madame Louise-Florence d’+pinay France, writer (Woman, Man and 2 Kingdoms)/salon hostess.

1731 Birth of Robert Treat Paine judge, signer of Declaration of Independence.

1754 Birth of Juan MelTndez ValdTs Spanish lawyer/poet.

1759 Death of John Forbes, British general (b. 1710)

1772 George Reuter composer, dies at age 63.

1779 US army Corps of Engineers established (first time).

1781 Birth of Anthony Philip Heinrich composer.

1785 Birth of John McLean, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1861)

1786 Death of Charles Humphreys, American delegate to the Continental Congress (b. 1714)

1786 Jacobus Bellamy [Zelandus], Dutch/Swiss poet, dies at age 28.

1787 Birth of Ivan Nabokov, Russian general (d. 1852)

1787 Maximilian JLP Gardel French ballet dancer/choreographer, dies at age 45.

1789 Benjamin Banneker with L’Enfant begin to lay out Washington DC.

1791 Samuel Mulliken, Philadelphia Pennsylvania, is first to obtain more than one US patent.

1793 Birth of Jan F Willems Flemish writer/philologist.

1794 Royal Theatre in London’s Dury Lane opens.

1795 Battle at Kurdla India: Mahratten beat Mogols.

1801 Paul I of Russia is assassinated, leading the way for his son Alexander I to accede the thrown.

1807 Anton Eberl composer, dies at age 41.

1810 Emperor Napoleon married by proxy to Archduchess Marie Louise.

1811 Birth of Marsena Rudolph Patrick Brevet Major General (Union volunteers).

1812 Birth of James Speed Attorney General (Union), died in 1887.

1812 Citizenship granted to Prussian Jews.

1818 Birth of John Wilkins Whitfield Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1879.

1819 Birth of Henry Tate English sugar producer (Tate Gallery).

1820 Benjamin West British painter (Death of General Wolfe), dies at age 81.

1822 Birth of Allison Nelson Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1862.

1823 First normal school in US opens, Concord Academy, Concord Vermont.

1824 The United States War Department creates the Bureau of Indian Affairs.

1824 US War Department creates the Bureau of Indian Affairs.

1826 Gervais-Fran?ois Couperin composer, dies at age 66.

1827 Birth of Septimus Winner composer.

1832 Birth of Franz Melde German physicist (Melde test).

1833 Fridolin Weber composer, dies at age 71.

1835 HMS Beagle anchors off Valparaiso, Chile.

1840 Birth of Edmund Kirby Jr Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1863.

1845 Agronomist John Chapman [Johnny Appleseed] dies in Allen County, Indiana, USA.

1845 British citizen Henry Jones invents self-raising flour.

1845 The Flagstaff War: In New Zealand, Chiefs Hone Heke and Kawiti lead 700 Maoris to chop down the British flagpole and drive settlers out of the British colonial settlement of Kororareka because of breaches of the 1840 Treaty of Waitangi. Also, Henry Jones invented self-raising flour on this day.

1846 Birth of Ant=nio C G Crespo Brazilian/Portuguese poet.

1847 Death of Johnny Appleseed, American pioneer agronomist (b. 1774)

1850 Women’s Medical College of Pennsylvania (first female medical school).

1851 Giuseppe Verdi’s opera “Rigoletto” premieres in Venice.

1851 The first performance of Rigoletto, written by Verdi.

1854 Death of Willard Richards, American religious leader (b. 1804)

1857 Manuel JosT Quintana Spanish author/poet (A la paz), dies at age 84.

1860 Birth of Thomas Hastings New York City, New York, architect (New York Public Library).

1861 American Civil War: The Constitution of the Confederate States of America is adopted.

1861 Confederate convention in Montgomery, Alabama, adopts constitution.

1862 General Stonewall Jackson evacuates Winchester, Virginia.

1862 Lincoln removes McClellen as general-in-chief and makes him head of Army of the Potomac. General Henry Halleck is named general-in-chief.

1863 Birth of Andrew Stoddart cricket player (My Dear Victorious Stod).

1864 Skirmish at Calfkiller Creek (Sparta), Tennessee.

1864 The Great Sheffield Flood: The largest man-made disaster ever to befall England kills over 250 people in Sheffield.

1865 General Sherman’s Union forces occupy Fayetteville, North Carolina.

1867 Giuseppe Verdi’s opera “Don Carlos” premieres in Paris France.

1867 Great Mauna Loa eruption (Hawaiian volcano).

1867 The first perfomance of Don Carlos written by Verdi.

1869 Death of Vladimir Odoevsky, Russian philosopher and writer (b. 1803)

1870 Death of King Moshoeshoe I of Lesotho

1872 Birth of Abraham van Stolk Jzn lumber merchant/art collector.

1872 Opening of Seven Sisters Colliery in South Wales, located on one of the richest coal sources in Britain.

1873 Birth of David Horsley, English-born film executive (d. 1933)

1874 Charles Sumner a white civil rights leader, dies at age 63.

1876 Birth of Carl Ruggles Marion Massachusetts, composer (Evocations).

1879 Birth of Justus Hermann Wetzel composer.

1880 Birth of Harry H. Laughlin, American eugenicist (d. 1943)

1882 Intercollegiate Lacrosse Association organized in Princeton New Jersey.

1884 Birth of Jan Lemaire Dutch writer/actor (Beautiful Juliet).

1885 Birth of Malcolm Campbell first auto racer to travel five miles/minutes (8 km/minute).

1888 Great blizzard of ’88 strikes northeast US.

1888 The Great Blizzard of ’88 begins along the eastern seaboard of the United States, shutting down commerce and killing more than 400.

1890 Birth of Vannevar Bush developed first electronic analogue computer.

1892 Birth of Raoul Walsh New York City, New York, director (Thief of Baghdad, Battle Cry).

1892 First public basketball game (Springfield Massachusetts).

1894 John Selby cricket player (6 Tests for England 1877-82), dies.

1897 A meteorite enters the earth’s atmosphere and explodes over New Martinsville, West Virginia. The debris causes damage but no human injuries are reported.

1897 Berthold Tours composer, dies at age 58.

1897 Birth of Henry Dixon Cowell Menlo Park California, composer (New Musical Resources).

1897 Henry Drummond Scottish geologist/evangelist, dies at age 45.

1897 In New Martinsville, West Virginia, a man is reported struck by a meteorite, a horse killed, and walls pierced.

1898 Birth of Dorothy Gish Massillon Ohio, stage and silent film actress (Orphans of the Storm).

1899 Birth of Frederick IX king of Denmark (1947-72).

1900 Edmund Peate cricket player (9 Tests for England 1881-86), dies.

1900 Second Boer War: Boer leader Paul Kruger’s peace overtures are rejected by Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Lord Salisbury.

1901 Cincinnati Enquirer reports Baltimore manager John McGraw signed Cherokee Indian Tokohoma, who is really black second baseman Charlie Grant.

1902 Birth of Josef Martin Bauer writer.

1903 Birth of George Dickinson cricket player (bowled for New Zealand in their first three Tests).

1904 Birth of Cornelis Jan Bakker Dutch/US nuclear physicist.

1904 Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 sweep Brandon Wheat Kings in two games.

1905 Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 beat Rat Portage Thisles, two games to 1.

1906 Birth of Aasan Ferit Alnar composer.

1907 Birth of Eleni Gatzoyiannis heroine (saved her kids).

1907 Death of Jean Casimir-Perier, French politician (b. 1847)

1907 Nikola Petkow premier (Bulgaria), murdered.

1908 Death of Revd Benjamin Waugh, American activist (b. 1839)

1908 Peter Milne composer, dies at age 83.

1909 Birth of Ljubica Maric composer.

1910 Birth of Robert H G Havemann German chemist.

1910 Jack Hobbs first Test ton (187 versus South Africa), his only Test hit wicket.

1911 Birth of Alan Gifford Boston Massachusetts; actor (Time Lock, Up Periscope).

1912 Birth of Robert Clifford Latham Pepys Scholar.

1912 First Stanley Cup game to be played in three 20-minute periods, formerly played in 30-minute halfs, QuTbec beats Moncton 9-3 on way to sweep.

1913 Birth of John Jacob Weinzweig Toronto Canada, composer (Enchanted Hill).

1914 Birth of Ralph Ellison writer (Invisible Man, Shadow and Act).

1915 Birth of Karl Krolow writer.

1916 Birth of Sir [James] Harold Wilson (Liberal) British Prime Minister (1964-70, 1974-76).

1917 Baghdad falls to the Anglo-Indian forces commanded by General Maude.

1917 Birth of GE G�ran Schildt Finnish art historian/writer (Solbsten).

1917 British troops occupy Baghdad.

1917 First NHL championship game ever played, Toronto Arenas beats Montreal Canadiens 7-3 in first of two game set (second game on March 13).

1918 Moscow becomes capital of revolutionary Russia.

1918 Save the Redwoods League founded.

1919 Birth of Mercer Ellington son of Duke Ellington/bandleader.

1919 General strike in Germany, crushed.

1919 Harald Fryklof composer, dies at age 36.

1920 Birth of D J Enright England, poet/novelist (Some Men are Brothers).

1920 Death of Julio Garavito Armero, Colombian astronomer (b. 1865)

1921 Birth of Astor Piazzolla Argentina composer (Tango Nuevo).

1921 Sherburne W Burnham US astronomer (binary stars), dies at age 83.

1922 Birth of Abdul Razak bin Hussain premier of Malaysia (1970-77).

1922 Western Hockey Championship: Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA) sweep Regina Capitals, in two games.

1923 Birth of Althea Louise Brough Clapp in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, USA; tennis player (four-time Wimbledon champion).

1924 NHL Championship: Montreal Canadiens sweep Ottawa Senators in two games.

1924 Third term of Belgium George Theunis government begins.

1925 Birth of James Miskin; Queen’s Council/recorder of London.

1926 Birth of Ralph Abernathy; US civil rights leader (Southern Christian Leadership).

1926 Eamon da Valera ends leadership of Sinn Fein.

1926 John Henry Anderson, cricket player (score 32 and 11 in Test for South Africa), dies.

1927 Birth of Alan Betts; emeritus professor (Royal Veterinary College).

1927 First armored commercial car hold-up in US, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

1927 First golden gloves tournament.

1927 In New York City, Samuel Roxy Rothafel opens the Roxy Theatre.

1927 Samuel Roxy Rothafel opens famous Roxy Theater (New York City, New York).

1928 Birth of Albert Salmi, American actor (d. 1990)

1929 Birth of Jackie McGlew; cricket player (dour South African opening bat of the 50 feet).

1930 US President and Chief Justice William Taft buried in Arlington cemetary.

1931 Birth of Peter Walters; CEO (Midland Bank).

1931 Death of F.W. Murnau, German director (born 1888).

1931 The Ready for Labour and Defence of the USSR programme, abbreviated as GTO, is introduced in the Soviet Union.

1932 Birth of Nigel Lawson; British government official (The Power Game).

1933 Birth of Terry J Hatter Jr; US judge in California.

1934 Birth of Joep [Joseph Willem Frederik] Straesser; composer (Blossom songs, Ramasasiri).

1934 Netherlands beats Belgium 9-3, in soccer.

1935 Hermann Goering officially creates German Air Force, the Luftwaffe.

1935 The Bank of Canada issues Canada’s first national paper money, nine denominations ranging from $1 to $1000.

1936 Birth of Antonin Scalia in Trenton, New Jersey, USA; 105th Supreme Court Justice (1986-).

1936 British Prime Minister pardons five convicted Irish militants who promise to join growing conflict with Germany.

1937 Birth of John Ward in New Zealand; cricket wicket-keeper (8 Tests 1964-68).

1938 Artur Seyss-Inquart replaces Kurt von Schuschnigg as Chancellor of Austria.

1938 Birth of Malcolm Keith Speed; British high court judge.

1939 Birth of Flaco JimTnez, American musician

1941 Bronko Nagurski beats Ray Steele in Minnesota, to become wrestling champion.

1941 In the United States, Congress passes “An Act to Promote the Defense of the United States”, known as the Lend-Lease Act, authorizing the President to sell, lease, lend, transfer, or exchange war supplies to any nation deemed vital to defence of the US. Total value is US$1.3 billion.

1941 World War II: President Franklin Delano Roosevelt signs the Lend-Lease Act into law, allowing American-built war supplies to be shipped to the Allies on loan.

1942 First deportation train leaves Paris, France for Auschewitz Concentration Camp.

1942 Japanese troops land on North Sumatra.

1942 US General Douglas MacArthur leaves Corregidor (Bataan) for Australia.

1942 World War II: General Douglas MacArthur abandons Corregidor.

1943 Nazi Militia forms in Netherlands.

1944 Birth of Ric Rothwell; drummer (Mindbenders – “Games of Love”).

1944 Hendrik W van Loon, Netherlands/US radio commentator/writer, dies at age 62.

1945 1,000 allied bombers harass Essen with 4,662 ton bombs.

1945 Birth of Harvey Mandel; rock guitarist (Drei Amerikanische LP’s).

1945 Flemish Nazi collaborator Maria Huygens sentenced to death.

1947 Birth of Geoffrey Hunt in Australia; world-champion squash player.

1948 Birth of George Kooymans in The Hague, Netherlands; guitarist/singer (Golden Earring – “Radar Love”, “Twilight Zone”).

1948 Jewish Agency of Jerusalem bombed.

1949 Birth of Richard de Bois; Dutch drummer/producer.

1949 Henri-HonorT Giraud, French General/Member of Parliament, dies at age 70.

1950 Birth of Bobby McFerrin; singer (“Don’t Worry Be Happy” – 1989 Grammy).

1951 Philippe of Isacker, Belgian minister, dies at age 66.

1952 Birth of Douglas Adams, English writer (d. 2001)

1953 An American B-47 accidentally drops a nuclear bomb on South Carolina, the bomb doesn’t go off due to six safety catches.

1954 Birth of Gale Norton, United States Secretary of the Interior

1954 US Army charges Senator Joseph McCarthy used undue pressure tactics.

1955 Alexander Fleming, English bacteriologist (penicillin), dies at age 73.

1955 Birth of Nina Hagen, German singer

1955 Death of Alexander Fleming, Scottish scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1881)

1955 Meat packer Oscar Mayer dies.

1956 Birth of Curtis L Brown Jr in Elizabethtown, North Carolina, USA; Major US Air Force/astronaut (STS 47, STS 66, 77, 85, 95).

1956 Louise Suggs wins LPGA Titleholders Golf Championship.

1956 Sergey Nikiforovich Vasilenko, Russian opera composer, dies at age 83.

1957 Death of Admiral Richard E. Byrd, American explorer (b. 1888)

1957 Richard E Byrd, American explorer (Antarctica), dies at age 68.

1958 Birth of Anissa Jones, American actress (d. 1976)

1958 Starting this season, American League batters are required to wear batting helmets.

1959 Birth of Nina Hartley, American pornographic actress

1959 Teddy Scholten wins Eurovision Song festival with “A Little Bit”.

1960 Birth of Christophe Gans, French film director

1960 Roy Chapman Andrews, US biologist/explorer, dies at age 76.

1961 Birth of Bruce Watson in Ontario, Canada; rock guitarist (Big Country – “Wonderland”).

1961 NHL record 40 penalties, Chicago Black Hawks and Toronto Maple Leafs (20 each).

1963 Birth of Alex Kingston, English actress

1963 Mahomed Nissar, cricket player (6 Tests for India 1932-36, 25 wickets), dies.

1963 Somalia drops diplomatic relations with Great Britain.

1964 Birth of Raimo Helminen in Tampere, Finland; hockey forward (Team Finland, Olympics-bronze-1998).

1965 Birth of Eric Jelen in West Germany; tennis star.

1965 Indonesia President Sukarno accepts qualifications of Suharto.

1965 James Reeb, US vicar/civil rights activist, is murdered.

1966 A fire at two ski resorts in Numata, Japan kills 31 people.

1966 Birth of Pavel Petrovich Mukhortov, Russian cosmonaut.

1966 Henry “Dickie” Marrow is murdered in a violent racially-motivated crime in Oxford, N.C..

1966 Military coup led by Indonesian General Suharto breaks out.

1966 President Sukarno of Indonesia was forced to give up his executive power.

1967 Birth of Andrew Zesers; cricket player (played for Australia in 1987 World Cup).

1967 Death of Geraldine Farrar, American soprano (b. 1882)

1967 Geraldine Farrar, soprano/actress (Such Sweet Compulsion), dies at age 85.

1967 Pink Floyd rock group releases their first song (“Arnold Layne”).

1968 Birth of Lisa Loeb, American singer

1968 Dmitri Shostakovich completes his 12th string quartet.

1968 Lisa Loeb is born; singer.

1968 Otis Redding posthumously receives gold record for “(Sittin’ On) the Dock of the Bay”.

1969 Birth of Dan Lacroix in MontrTal, Quebec, Canada; NHL left wing (New York Rangers).

1969 Death of John Wyndham, British author (b. 1903)

1970 12th Grammy Awards: “Aquarius”, Crosby Stills and Nash, Peggy Lee win.

1970 Birth of Brett Liddle in Boksburg, South Africa; Canadian Tour golfer (1993 Newcastle).

1970 Death of Erle Stanley Gardner, American novelist (b. 1889)

1970 Iraq Ba’th Party recognizes Kurd nation.

1971 Birth of Bob Kronenberg; WLAF corner (Rhein Fire).

1971 Death of Philo T. Farnsworth, American television pioneer (b. 1906)

1971 Philo T Farnsworth, US TV pioneer, dies at age 64.

1971 Whitney M Young Jr, leader (National Urban League 1961-71), dies at age 49.

1972 Birth of Carl Greenwood; NFL cornerback (New York Jets).

1973 Birth of Kennedy Otieno in Kenya; cricket wicket-keeper (85 versus Australia 1996 World Cup).

1973 Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA S&H Green Stamp Golf Classic.

1974 Birth of Billy Granville; linebacker (Cincinnati Bengals).

1974 Mount Etna in Sicily erupts.

1975 Birth of Cedric Henderson, NBA forward (Cleveland Cavaliers).

1975 Portugal military coup under General Spinola fails.

1975 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakhstan/Semipalitinsk.

1976 Near Newport, Rhode Island, a magnitude 3.5 earthquake occurs.

1977 130+ hostages held in Washington, D.C., by Hanafi Muslims were set free after ambassadors from three Islamic nations joined negotiations.

1977 34 Israelis killed by Palestinians on the Tel Aviv-Haifa highway.

1977 Death of Ulysses S. Grant IV, American geologist and paleontologist (b. 1893)

1977 Muslims hold 130 hostages in Washington DC.

1978 Birth of Didier Drogba, Ivory Coast footballer

1978 Death of Claude Frantois, French singer (b. 1939)

1978 Nine Palestinian Al Fatah guerillas hijack a bus in Israel, killing 34 civilians and wounding 70 before being killed by security forces. The Israelis retaliate by invading southern Lebanon three days later, under codename Operation Litani.

1978 Terrorists attack mail truck at Tel Aviv, Israel; 45 killed.

1978 University of San Francisco-led Bill Cartwright scores 23 points as the Dons oust North Carolina.

1979 Birth of Benji Madden, American musician (Good Charlotte)

1979 Nancy Lopez wins LPGA Sunstar Golf Classic.

1979 Randy Hold receives 67 minutes in penalties in a 60 minute NHL hockey game.

1980 Birth of Paul Scharner, Austrian footballer

1980 Rod Marsh bowls ten overs for 51 runs in dull Australia versus Pakistan cricket draw.

1981 Birth of Lee Evans; American football player.

1981 Chile constitution takes effect; military dictator Augusto Pinochet is sworn in as President for another 8-year term.

1981 Johnny Mize and Rube Foster elected to baseball Hall of Fame.

1982 Birth of Thora Birch; American actress.

1982 Death of Edmund Cooper, Author and Poet (b. 1926)

1982 Failed military coup under Rambocus/Hawker in Suriname.

1982 Harrison Williams, Democratic Senator for New Jersey, resigns rather than face expulsion.

1983 Australia’s First Hawke Ministry is sworn in; Andrew Peacock becomes Federal Opposition leader.

1983 Bob Hawke becomes 23rd Prime Minister of Australia.

1983 World Ice Dance Championship in Helsinki Finland won by Jayne Torvill and Christopher Dean (Great Britain).

1983 World Ice Pairs Figure Skating Championship in Helsinki won by Elena Valova and Oleg Vasiliev (USSR).

1983 World Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Helsinki won by Rosalynn Sumners (USA).

1983 World Men’s Figure Skating Championship in Helsinki won by Scott Hamilton (USA).

1984 Chris Johnson wins LPGA Samaritan Turquoise Golf Classic.

1984 Nakagawa Soen, Zen teacher/poet, dies in Rytutakuji monastery at age 76.

1985 Birth of Paul Bissonnette; Canadian hockey player.

1985 Mikhail Gorbachev becomes Soviet leader.

1985 Mikhail S Gorbachev replaces Konstantin Chernenko as General Secretary of the Soviet Communist Party.

1985 Mohammed Al Fayed buys the London-based department store company Harrods.

1986 Japanese probe Sakigake flies by Halley’s Comet at 6.8 million km.

1986 New York Islanders’ Mike Bossy is first NHL player to score 50 goals in nine straight seasons.

1986 NFL adopts instant replay rule.

1987 Birth of Marc-Andre Gragnani, Canadian hockey player

1987 Wayne Gretzky scores 1,500th NHL point.

1987 [Wayne] Woody Hayes, football coach (Ohio State), dies at age 74 (born 1913).

1988 British pound note ceases to be legal tender, replaced by one-pound coin.

1988 Iran-Iraq War: Ceasefire declared.

1988 Pham Hung, premier of Vietnam, dies at about age 74.

1988 Utrecht conservatory destroyed by fire.

1989 Birth of Anton Yelchin, Russian-born actor

1989 Death of James Kee, American politician (born 1917).

1989 Johan Fleerackers, Flemish linguist, dies at age 57.

1990 Lithuania declares itself independent from the Soviet Union.

1990 Lithuanian Parliament declares incorporation into the Soviet Union was illegal, and declares independence.

1990 Maggie Will wins Desert Inn LPGA Golf International.

1990 Patricio Aylwin is sworn-in as the first democratically elected Chilean president since 1970.

1990 Patricio Aylwin is sworn-in as the first democratically-elected Chilean president since 1970.

1991 A curfew is imposed on black townships in South Africa after fighting between rival political gangs kills 49.

1991 A curfew is imposed on black townships in South Africa after fighting between rival political gangs kills 49.

1991 Janet Jackson signs US$40 million three-album deal with Virgin Records.

1991 John Smith, amateur wrestler, wins James E Sullivan Award.

1991 Monica Seles ends Steffi Graf’s streak of 186 weeks ranked as #1 in tennis.

1992 Heinz Knhn, Prime Minister (Northrhine-Westphalia, Germany), dies at age 80.

1992 Manuel De Dios Unanue, US anti-drug journalist, murdered at age 48.

1993 Death of Adolfo “Dino Bravo” Bresciano, Italian-born professional wrestler (born 1949).

1993 Janet Reno is confirmed by the United States Senate and sworn-in the next day, becoming the first female Attorney General of the United States.

1993 Janet Reno is confirmed by the United States Senate as Attorney General of the United States.

1994 Eduardo Frei succeeds Patricio Aylwin as President of Chile.

1995 Carel Birnie, founded Utrecht Opera/Dutch Dance Theater, dies at age 69.

1995 Ernest Kabushemeye, Burundese minister of Mijnbouw, murdered.

1995 Frank Fidler, artist, dies at age 84.

1995 President Nazarbajev disbands Kazakhstan parliament.

1995 Yolanda Chen hop-skip-jumps world indoor record 15.03 metre.

1996 Barry Appleby, cartoonist, dies at age 86.

1996 Charles William Oatley, electrical engineer, dies at age 92.

1996 Chris Harris scores 130 in losing New Zealand side versus Australia, World Cup.

1996 Clifton Eugene Bancroft Robinson, public servant, dies at age 70.

1996 EU Database Directive passed

1996 John Henry Pyle Pafford, librarian, dies at age 96.

1996 John Howard comes to power as the twenty-fifth Prime Minister of Australia.

1996 Mark Waugh scores 110 versus New Zealand for his third century of the World Cup.

1996 The European Union Database Directive passes.

1996 Vince Edwards, actor (Ben Casey), dies of cancer at age 67.

1997 An explosion at a nuclear waste reprocessing plant in Japan exposes 35 workers to low-level radioactive contamination in the worst nuclear accident in Japan’s history.

1997 An explosion at a nuclear waste reprocessing plant in Japan exposes 35 workers to low-level radioactive contamination, in the worst nuclear accident in Japan’s history.

1997 Paul McCartney is knighted by Queen Elizabeth II for his “services to music.”

1997 San Francisco Giants’ player J T Snow suffers a fractured eye socket when hit by a pitch.

1998 In the Danish parliamentary election, Prime Minister Poul Nyrup Rasmussen is re-elected.

1999 Infosys becomes the first Indian company listed on the NASDAQ stock exchange.

2002 BBC 6 Music, the first new BBC music radio station in decades, is launched.

2002 Death of James Tobin, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate (born 1918).

2003 Death of Brian Cleeve, Irish author and broadcaster (b. 1921)

2003 Iraqi fighter jets threaten two U.S. U-2 surveillance planes, on missions for U.N. weapons inspectors, forcing them to abort their mission and return to base.

2003 The International Criminal Court is founded in The Hague.

2004 In Madrid, Spain, ten simultaneous explosions on commuter trains and in rail stations kill 190 people.

2004 Simultaneous explosions on rush hour trains in Madrid kill 191 people.

2005 Central African Republic elections: The first round leads to a runoff between top candidates Francois Bozize and Martin Ziguele.

2005 In the United Kingdom, the controversial Prevention of Terrorism Act 2005 is finally given Royal Assent after one of the longest ever sittings by the House of Lords.

2005 Three people, including a judge, are murdered in the Fulton County Courthouse in Atlanta, Georgia; the main suspect, Brian Nichols, surrenders to police the next day.

2006 Death of Bernie Geoffrion, Canadian hockey player (born 1931).

2006 Michelle Bachelet is sworn in as the first female President of Chile.

2006 Slobodan Milo_evic is found dead at age 64 from an apparent heart attack in his prison cell in the United Nations war crimes tribunal’s detention centre, located in the Scheveningen section of The Hague.

2007 Death of Betty Hutton, American actress (born 1921).

2008 The US Federal Reserve promises to lend up to US$200 billion of Treasury bonds on a monthly basis with mortgage-backed securities as collateral.

2008 Two suicide blasts in Lahore, Pakistan, kill 24, injuring over 100.

2009 French President Nicolas Sarkozy announces France will return to Nato’s military command, after President Charles de Gaulle pulled France out in 1966.

2010 A 6.9-magnitude earthquake hits 140km south of Valparaiso, Chile, followed by more tremors, including one with 6.7 magnitude.

2010 Sebastian Pinera is sworn in as president of Chile.