This Week In History Feb 10th

1199 Death of Minamoto no Yoritomo, Japanese shogun (b. 1147)

1267 Synod of Breslau orders Jews of Silesia to wear special caps.

1404 Birth of Constantine XI Dragases last Byzantine Emperor.

1441 Birth of Ali Sjir Neva’i [Fani] Turkish poet/author (Mahbub al-kulub).

1450 Death of AgnFs Sorel, mistress of King Charles VII of France (b. 1421)

1499 France and Venice sign treaty against Milan.

1533 Birth of Shimazu Yoshihisa, Japanese warlord and samurai (d. 1611)

1537 Pope Paul III routes Cardinal Pole to England.

1540 The first recorded race meet in England (Roodee Fields, Chester).

1554 Battle at London Sir Thomas Wyatt defeated.

1555 Bishop of Gloucester John Hooper is burned at the stake.

1555 Death of Rowland Taylor, English pastor (executed) (b. 1510)

1555 John Hooper deprived Bishop of Gloucester, burnt for heresy.

1574 Louis of Nassau ends siege of Maastricht.

1578 Birth of Giambattista Andreini Italian playwright/actor (L’adamo).

1579 Birth of John Meursius [van Meurs], Dutch historian.

1583 Jeseph Sanalbo Jewish convert in Rome, burned at stake.

1588 Marquis of Santa Cruz Spanish Admiral, dies.

1602 Birth of Franciscus van de Enden Flemish Jesuit/free thinker/tutor of Spinoza.

1607 Birth of Abraham Megerle composer.

1617 Hans Christoph Haiden composer, dies at age 44.

1619 Death of Lucilio Vanini, Italian philosopher (b. 1585)

1621 Alexander Ludovisi is elected Pope Gregory XV.

1621 Gregory XV becomes Pope, the last Pope elected by acclamation.

1640 Death of Murad IV, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1612)

1640 Murad IV sultan of Turkey (1623-40), dies in Baghdad at age 27.

1666 Birth of George Hamilton, 1st Earl of Orkney, British soldier (d. 1737)

1670 Frederik III King of Denmark/Norway (1648-70), dies at age 60.

1674 English re-conquer New York from Netherlands.

1675 Death of Gerhard Douw, Dutch painter (b. 1613)

1675 Gerard Dou Dutch painter, buried.

1682 Thomas Otway’s “Venice Preserved” premieres in London.

1708 Birth of Egidio Romoaldo Duni composer (opTra-comique).

1709 Death of Frantois Louis, Prince of Conti, French general (b. 1664)

1735 Birth of Adriaan Kluit Dutch historian.

1740 Vincenz Lubeck composer, dies at age 85.

1741 Birth of Henri-Joseph Rigel composer.

1742 British ex-premier Walpole becomes earl of Orford.

1744 Battle at Toulon (French/Spanish versus English fleet of Admiral Matthews).

1744 Birth of Amos Bull composer.

1748 Birth of Luther Martin, American patriot (d. 1826)

1751 Death of Henri Frantois d’Aguesseau, Chancellor of France (b. 1668)

1751 Henri F D’Aguesseau Chancellor of France (1717-50), dies at age 82.

1752 Death of Fredric Hasselquist, Swedish naturalist (b. 1722)

1756 Birth of Karel Blazej Kopriva composer.

1757 British East Africa Company makes a treaty with Siraj-Ud-Daulah, the Nawab of Bengal.

1765 Elisabetta de Gambarini composer, dies at age 33.

1771 Birth of Daniel Belknap composer.

1772 Birth of Frans Mikael FranzTn Finnish-Swedish poet (Abo).

1773 Birth of William Henry Harrison in Charles City County, Virginia; 9th US President (1841).

1775 American Revolutionary War: British Parliament declares Massachusetts in rebellion.

1775 Birth of Farkas/Wolfgang Bolyai Hungary, mathematician (parallel axiom).

1775 English Parliament declares Massachusetts colony is in rebellion.

1777 Death of Seth Pomeroy, American gunsmith and soldier (b. 1706)

1780 Birth of Walenty Karol Kratzer composer.

1782 Death of Joseph Aloysius Assemani, Syrian orientalist (b. 1710)

1783 Birth of Vasili A Zjukovski Russian folk poet/translator (Homer).

1788 Austria declares war on Russia.

1788 The Habsburg Empire joins the Russo-Turkish War in the Russian camp.

1799 USS Constellation captures French frigate Insurgente off Nevis, West Indies.

1800 Birth of Hyrum Smith, American religious leader (d. 1844)

1801 France and Austrian sign Peace of LunTville.

1803 Death of Jean Frantois de Saint-Lambert, French poet (b. 1716)

1807 French Sanhedrin convened by Napoleon.

1808 Birth of Francesco Gomez da Rocha composer.

1811 Nevill Maskelyne 5th Astronomer Royal of England (1765-1811), dies.

1812 Franz Anton Hoffmeister composer, dies at age 57.

1814 Birth of Samuel Jones Tilden philanthropist for New York Public Library.

1817 Franz Wilhelm Tausch composer, dies at age 54.

1822 American Indian Society organizes.

1822 Birth of Charles T Stork Dutch industrialist.

1822 Haiti invades the Dominican Republic.

1824 Anna K Emmerick/Emmerich German poet, dies at age 49.

1825 After no presidential candidate received a majority of electoral votes, the United States House of Representatives elects John Quincy Adams President of the United States.

1825 House of Representatives elects John Quincy Adams 6th US President.

1826 Birth of John Alexander Logan Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1886.

1830 Birth of Abdnl Aziz Istanbul Ottoman, 32nd sultan of Turkey (1861-76).

1831 Birth of John M. Eckfeldt; US Mint Chief Coiner.

1834 Birth of Felix Dahn writer.

1846 Birth of Wilhelm Maybach German engineer, designer of first Mercedes.

1846 Henry Gally Knight architect/writer, dies.

1849 Corneille Vander Planken composer, dies at age 76.

1849 Roman Republic declared.

1853 Birth of Leander Starr Jameson Prime Minister of South African Cape colony.

1854 Birth of Aletta [Henri?tte] Jacobs first Dutch female physician.

1857 Birth of Johannes T de Visser theologist/Dutch first minister of Education.

1860 Edmond Willem van Dam van Isselt Dutch military/liberal politician, dies at age 63.

1861 American Civil War: Jefferson Davis is elected the Provisional President of the Confederate States of America by the Confederate convention at Montgomery, Alabama.

1861 Confederate Provisional Congress declares all laws under the US Constitution were consistent with constitution of Confederate states.

1861 Tennessee votes against secession.

1861 The Confederate States of America establishes its capital at Montgomery, Alabama, with Jefferson Davis as president.

1863 Birth of Anthony Hope [Hopkins] London, novelist.

1863 Fire extinguisher patented by Alanson Crane.

1865 Birth of Erich von Drygalski Germany, geographer/glaciologist/Antarctic explorer.

1866 Birth of George Ade US, journalist/playwright/humorist (Fables in Slang).

1867 Birth of Edward Naylor composer.

1867 Nebraska becomes 37th US state.

1870 Grant signs the bill establishing Federal Meteorological Service.

1870 The U.S. Weather Bureau was established.

1871 Birth of Franc S Finzgar Slovenian clergyman/writer (Our Blood).

1871 Federal fish protection office authorized byUS Congress.

1874 Birth of Amy Lowell US, critic/Imagist poet (Patterns, Sword Blades and Poppy Seed).

1874 Jules Michelet French historian (History of France), dies at age 75.

1875 Birth of Sidney Hugo Nicholson composer.

1876 Birth of Alo?s Walgrave Flemish writer/pastor (Silent hours).

1879 Birth of Carl Natanael Berg composer.

1881 Death of Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Russian novelist (b. 1821)

1882 Birth of Thomas Campbell South African cricket wicketkeeper (5 Tests 1909-12).

1884 Birth of Frederik Gerretson [Geerten Gossaert], Dutch poet/politician).

1885 Birth of Alban Maria Johannes Berg Vienna Austria.

1885 First Japanese arrive in Hawaii.

1885 The first Japanese arrive in Hawaii.

1886 President Cleveland declares a state of emergency in Seattle because of anti-Chinese violence.

1887 Birth of Henry Zimmerman baseball player (1912-batted .372 with 14 home runs).

1889 The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) is established as a Cabinet-level agency.

1890 Birth of Jacobus J P Oud Dutch architect/co-founder (Stijl).

1891 Birth of Pietro Nenni Italy, socialist/minister of foreign affairs (1946-47).

1891 Death of Johan Jongkind, Dutch painter (b. 1819)

1891 First shipment of asparagus arrives in San Francisco from Sacramento.

1891 Johan B Jongkind Dutch/French painter (Winter View), dies at age 71.

1892 Birth of Barend ter Haar Dutch lawyer (Indonesian adat justice).

1892 Death of John Jay Knox, Comptroller of Currency.

1893 Canal builder De Lesseps and others sentenced to prison for fraud.

1893 Verdi’s opera “Falstaff” premieres in Milan.

1895 Birth of Hermann Brill, German politician (d. 1959)

1895 First intercollegiate basketball game (Minnesota Agricultural beats Hamline, 9-3).

1895 Volleyball invented by W G Morgan in Massachusetts.

1895 William G. Morgan invents volleyball.

1897 Birth of Sir Charles Edward Kingsford-Smith pioneer Australian aviator.

1900 Davis Cup competition is established.

1900 Dwight Davis established a new tennis trophy, the Davis Cup.

1901 Birth of Brian Donlevy Portadown Ireland; actor (Barbary Coast, Glass Key, Wake Island, Dangerous Assignment).

1902 Birth of Blanche Calloway US vocalist/dancer (12 Clouds of Joy).

1903 Birth of Georg Trexler composer.

1904 Battle of Port Arthur

1904 Japan declares war on Russia.

1906 Birth of Gwen Catley British soprano.

1906 Death of Paul Laurence Dunbar, American poet (b. 1872)

1906 Natal proclaims state of siege in Zulu uprising.

1906 Paul Laurence Dunbar black dialect poet, dies at age 33 in Dayton Ohio.

1907 Birth of Aubrey “Dit” Clapper NHL hall of famer (Boston Bruins).

1908 Birth of Jackie Fields US, featherweight boxer (Olympics-gold-1924).

1909 Birth of Carmen Miranda [Maria do Carmo Miranda Da Cunha] Marco de Canavezes Portugal, vocalist/actress (Copacabana, Date With Judy).

1909 First federal legislation prohibiting narcotics (opium).

1909 First forestry school is incorporated at Kent Ohio.

1910 Birth of Jacques Monod French biochemist.

1911 Birth of Eustace Wenworth Roskill law lord.

1912 Birth of Hubert William Dean air armaments specialist.

1912 US Tennis Association amends rule taking bye away from defending champion.

1913 Birth of Leo van der Kar masseur/businessman/founder (Sports funds).

1913 Ten Day Tragedy of Mexico-City; 3,000 die.

1914 Birth of Bill (Rhymes with Wreck) Veeck baseball club owner.

1916 Birth of Tex Hughson, baseball player (d. 1993)

1916 Britain’s military service act enforced (conscription).

1916 Hynek Ignac Frantisek Vojacek composer, dies at age 90.

1916 Jack Barrett cricket player (two Tests for Australia 1890), dies.

1916 National League votes down a proposal by New York Giants, Braves, and Chicago Cubs to increase club player limit from 21 to 22 (The Cincinnati Reds want to decrease to 20).

1917 Francis Allan cricket bowler (lefty in 1879 Australia-England Test), dies.

1918 Army chaplain school organized at Fort Monroe Virginia.

1918 Emiel van der Straeten [Delrue], Flemish playwright, dies at age 30.

1918 Sacha Guitry’s “Deburan” premieres in Paris.

1920 By the terms of the Svalbard Treaty, international diplomacy recognizes Norwegian sovereignty over arctic archipelago Svalbard, and designates it as demilitarized.

1920 International treaty recognizes Norwegian sovereignty over Svalbard.

1920 Joint Rules Commission bans foreign substances and alterations to baseballs.

1921 Birth of B M Ducat-Amos Air Commandant/director (RAF Nursing Service).

1922 Birth of James C “Jim” Laker Bradford England, cricket off spinner.

1922 Brazil becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.

1922 Italian government of Bonomi falls.

1922 Snow on Mauna Loa, Hawaii.

1923 Birth of Norman E Shumway in Michigan, USA; pioneer cardiac transplant surgeon.

1923 Soviet Aeroflot airlines is established.

1924 Nakhichevan ASSR constituted within Azerbaijan SSR.

1925 Birth of Burkhard Heim, German physicist (d. 2001)

1925 German Minister Stresemann proposes security treaty with France.

1926 Birth of Garret FitzGerald; Prime Minister of Ireland.

1926 Teaching theory of evolution is forbidden in Atlanta, Georgia, USA schools.

1927 Birth of Donald Miller; CEO (Scottish Power).

1928 Birth of Frank Frazetta, American illustrator

1929 A Protocol (Litvinov Pact) renouncing war as an instrument of national policy is signed by the Soviet Union, Estonia, Latvia, Poland, and Romania.

1929 Birth of Bill Barrett; American politician (Representative-Republican-Nebraska).

1930 Birth of Garner Ted Armstrong, American evangelist (d. 2003)

1932 America enters Olympics two-man bobsled competition for first time.

1932 Birth of Gerhard Richter, German painter and graphic artist

1932 Junnosuke Inouye, Japanese minister of Finance, is murdered.

1933 -63 degrees F (-53 degrees C), Moran, Wyoming (state record low).

1934 -14.3 degrees F (-25.8 degrees C), coldest day in New York City, New York.

1934 -51 degrees F (-46 degrees C), Vanderbilt, Michigan (state record low).

1934 Balkan Entente alliance forms (Yugoslavia, Greece, Turkey, and Romania).

1934 Birth of John A Ziegler Jr in Grosse Pointe, Michigan, USA; fourth NHL president (1977-92).

1934 The Balkan Entente is formed.

1935 Karl Nef, Swiss musicologist, dies at age 61.

1935 US female Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson.

1935 US male Figure Skating championship won by Robin Lee.

1936 Birth of Clive Swift, British actor

1936 Jacques Bainville, French historian/essayist/journalist, dies at age 57.

1937 Birth of Johnny Sayles; American vocalist (“You Made Me Wiggle”).

1938 Truby King, pioneer of mothercraft, dies.

1939 Belgian Spaak government falls.

1939 Birth of Barry Mann; singer (“Who put the Bomp”).

1940 Birth of Brian Bennett in London, England; rock drummer (Shadows).

1940 Death of Eugene Bleuler, Swiss psychiatrist (b. 1857)

1940 Joe Louis beats Arturo Godoy in 15 rounds for heavyweight boxing title.

1941 Birth of Sheila Kuehl, American actress and politician

1941 British troops conquer El Agheila.

1941 Nazi collaborators destroy pro-Jewish cafT Alcazar Amsterdam (Alcazar refused to hang “No Entry for Jews” signs in front of cafe).

1942 Birth of Carole King [Klein], in Brooklyn, New York, USA; pianist/singer (Tapestry).

1942 Daylight Savings War Time goes into effect in US.

1942 Daylight saving time goes into effect in the United States.

1942 Japanese troops land near Makassar, South Celebes.

1942 Philadelphia “Phillies” change nickname (temporarily) to “Phils”.

1942 World War II: Top United States military leaders hold their first formal meeting to discuss American military strategy in the war.

1943 Birth of Barbara Lewis; American vocalist (“Hello Stranger”).

1943 German riots at “plutocratenzoontjes”, 1,200 in Vught Camp.

1943 Germans arrest Dutch sons of rich parents.

1943 National League seeks buyer for Philadelphia Phillies, as owner Gerry Nugent falls in arrears.

1943 US President Franklin Roosevelt orders minimal 48 hour work week in war industry.

1943 World War II: Battle of Guadalcanal: After forcing the remaining Japanese to be evacuated the night before, American authorities declared Guadalcanal secure.

1944 Birth of Alice Walker, American writer

1945 Birth of Mia Farrow, American actress

1945 George J L Maduro, resistance fighter (Madurodam), dies in Dachau.

1945 Germany destroys Ruhrdammen.

1945 Jan Bakker, resistance fighter, executed at age 26.

1946 Birth of M J H Sterling; Vice-Chancellor (Brunel University).

1946 Dutch Labor Party (Dutch Social Democratic Party) forms.

1946 Greece demands Italian reparations of US$3 billion in sulphur, textiles and agricultural machinery, automobiles, and reconstruction equipment.

1946 In London, England, a representative of the Soviet Union presents its reparations demands on Italy: the equivalent of US$100 million of industrial plants of northern Italy.

1946 Soviet Premier Josef Stalin announces a new Five-Year Plan for the Soviet Union to guarantee the country’s future security. Stalin blames World War I and II on the capitalistic world economy, due to the imbalance of raw materials and markets.

1947 Birth of Joe Ely in Amarillo, Texas, USA; country vocalist (Honky Tonk Masquerade).

1948 Karl Valentin, German comic/writer, dies at age 65.

1949 Birth of Bernard Gallacher; British golfer.

1950 Birth of Lloyd Weldon Keasor in Pumphrey, Maryland, USA; wrestler (Olympics-silver-1976).

1950 Red scare: Senator Joseph McCarthy accuses the United States State Department of being filled with Communists.

1951 Birth of Dennis “Dee Tee” Thomas; saxophonist (Kool and the Gang – “Celebration”).

1951 Death of Eddy Duchin, American musician (b. 1910)

1951 Saint Louis Browns sign pitcher Satchel Paige, age 45.

1952 Birth of Danny White; quarterback (Dallas Cowboys).

1953 Birth of Gary Franks; American politician (Representative-Republican-Connecticut).

1953 General Walter Bedell Smith ends his term as fourth director of the American Central Intelligence Agency. Allen W Dulles becomes acting director.

1954 Birth of Ulrich Walter in German Federal Republic; cosmonaut.

1954 Mario Scelba forms new government in Italy.

1955 Birth of JM J. Bullock, American actor

1955 Dutch second Chamber accepts crematory law.

1955 US federations of trade unions merge into AFL/CIO.

1956 Birth of Philip Jackson Ford Jr in North Carolina, USA; basketball player (Olympics-gold-1976).

1956 R Lacoste follows Catroux as premier of Algeria.

1957 Birth of Gordon Strachan; soccer player.

1957 Death of Mikl=s Horthy, Hungarian admiral and regent (b. 1868)

1957 Mikl=s Horthy von Nagybanya, Hungarian Admiral/regent (1920-44), dies at age 88.

1958 Birth of Alexander “Sandy” W B Lyle in Shrewsbury, England; PGA golfer (1988 Phoenix Open).

1960 AFL and NFL agree verbally to a no-tampering pact.

1960 Birth of Holly Johnson, British singer (Frankie Goes To Hollywood)

1960 Death of Alexandre Benois, Russian artist (b. 1870)

1960 Joanne Woodward receives the first star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

1961 Birth of John Kruk; US baseball first baseman (Philadelphia Phillies).

1961 Grigory Levenfish, International chess grandmaster from Russia, dies at age 70.

1961 Joseph Ileo appointed premier of Congo.

1962 Birth of Diego Perez in Spain; tennis star.

1962 Jamaica becomes independent nation within the Commonwealth of Nations.

1962 Jamaica signs agreement to become independent.

1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.

1963 Birth of Bonnie Levin in Miami Beach, Florida, USA; WPVA volleyball player.

1963 First flight of Boeing 727 jet.

1964 Birth of Rachel Bolan; rocker (Skid Row).

1964 Hanumant Singh scores 105 India versus England on debut at Delhi.

1964 IX Olympic Winter Games close at Innsbruck, Austria.

1964 The Beatles make their first appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show, performing before a “record-busting” audience of 73 million viewers.

1964 Willie Bryant, singer (“Sugar Hill Times”), dies at age 55.

1965 Birth of David Brandon; NFL linebacker (Atlanta Falcons).

1965 Vietnam War: The first United States combat troops are sent to South Vietnam.

1966 Birth of Amanda Roocroft; opera singer.

1966 Death of Sophie Tucker, Russian-born actress and singer (b. 1884)

1966 Sophie Tucker, Russian/US singer/actress (My Yiddish Mama), dies at age 79.

1967 Birth of Kate Golden in Beaumont, Texas, USA; LPGA golfer (1992 Ping/Welch-5th).

1968 Birth of Derek Strong; NBA forward (Los Angeles Lakers, Orlando Magic).

1968 Frederik M baron van Asbeck, lawyer (League of Nations), dies at age 78.

1968 Rotterdam metro is opened by Princess Beatrix.

1969 Birth of Jeff Pahukoa; NFL guard/tackle (Atlanta Falcons).

1969 Death of Gabby Hayes, American actor (b. 1885)

1969 First test flight of the Boeing 747.

1969 Manuel Plaza Reyes, Chilean marathon runner (Olympics-gold 1928), dies at age 68.

1969 World’s largest airplane, Boeing 747, makes first commercial flight.

1970 Birth of Glenn McGrath; cricket player (New South Wales and Australian fast bowler 1993-).

1971 Apollo 14 returns to Earth.

1971 Apollo program: Apollo 14 returns to Earth after the third manned moon landing.

1971 Birth of Gonzalo Floyd; Canadian Football League defensive end (Hamilton Tiger Cats).

1971 In San Fernando, California, a magnitude 6.6 earthquake occurs. The earthquake lasts about 60 seconds, kills 65, injures more than 2,000, and causes property damage estimated at $505 million.

1971 Leroy “Satchel” Paige becomes first negro-league player elected to Baseball Hall of Fame.

1971 Satchel Paige becomes the first Negro League player to become voted into the Baseball Hall of Fame.

1971 The 6.4 on the Richter Scale Sylmar earthquake hits the San Fernando Valley area of California.

1972 Birth of Norbert Rosza; Hungarian swimmer (100 metre freestyle record).

1972 British government declares state of emergency after month-long miners’ strike.

1973 Biju Patnaik of the Pragati Legislature Party elected leader of opposition in the state assembly in Orissa, India.

1973 Birth of Amber Valletta in Phoenix, Arizona, USA; model (Face, House of Style, Bazaar).

1973 Max Yasgur, owner of Woodstock-festival farmland, dies at age 53.

1974 Birth of Brad Maynard; punter (New York Giants).

1974 Cees de Lange, Dutch conferencier, dies at age 60.

1974 US female Figure Skating championship won by Dorothy Hamill.

1974 US male Figure Skating championship won by Gordon McKellen Jr.

1975 Sandra Haynie wins LPGA Naples Lely Golf Classic.

1975 Soyuz 17 returns to Earth.

1975 The Soyuz 17 Soviet spacecraft returns to Earth.

1976 Birth of Vladimir Guerrero, Dominican Major League Baseball player

1976 Death of Percy Faith, Canadian musician and composer (b. 1908)

1976 Oscar Charleston selected to baseball’s Hall of Fame.

1977 Death of Gaus, an orangutan who lived to be 59.

1977 Sergei Ilyushin Russian, airplane builder (Ilyushin), dies at age 82.

1978 Ted Bundy kills Kimberly Leach, age 12, in Lake City, Florida.

1979 Birth of David Gray, English snooker player

1979 C I J Smith, cricket all-rounder (5 Tests for England 1935-37), dies.

1979 Death of Dennis Gabor, Hungarian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1900)

1979 Nigeria amends constitution.

1980 Antoine Pompe, Belgian architect, dies at age 106.

1980 Rick Barry, Houston Rockets, is first in NBA to score eight 3-point goals in a game.

1980 The late New York Yankees’ catcher Thurman Munson is inducted into the Athletic Hall of Fame of Kent State University.

1981 Bill Haley, American vocalist (“Rock Around Clock”), dies of heart attack at age 55 (born 1925).

1981 Birth of John Walker Lindh, American Taliban fighter

1981 Death of Bill Haley, American musician (Bill Haley and the Comets) (b. 1925)

1981 Polish Prime Minister J=zef Pinkowski resigns and is replaced by General Wojciech Jaruzelski.

1982 34th NHL All-Star Game: Wales beat Campbell 4-2 at Washington.

1982 Birth of Ami Suzuki; Japanese singer.

1982 Japan Airlines Flight 350 crashes in Tokyo Bay due to thrust reversal on approach to Tokyo International Airport, killing 24 people among the 174 people on board.

1983 Belgium buys 44 F-16 fighter jets.

1984 Balasaraswathi, Indian classical dancer, dies in Madras.

1984 Birth of Han Geng; Chinese singer in Korea, member of Super Junior.

1984 Death of Yuri Andropov, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (b. 1914)

1984 Yuri Andropov, General Secretary of Soviet Communist Party (1982-84), dies at age 69 (born 1914).

1985 Birth of David Gallagher; American actor.

1985 U.S. drug agent Enrique Camarena is kidnapped and murdered in Mexico (his body is discovered March 5).

1986 36th NBA All-Star Game: East beats West 139-132 at Dallas, Texas.

1986 Comet Halley reaches perihelion, its closest approach to the sun, during its second visit to the solar system in the 20th century.

1986 Halley’s Comet reaches 30th perihelion (closest approach to Sun).

1986 Haydar Bakr al-Attas appointed President of South Yemen.

1986 Marvin Johnson wins record third time, light heavyweight boxing title.

1986 Mohinder Amarnath becomes the first batsman dismissed for handling the ball in One Day International cricket.

1986 Patty Sheehan wins LPGA Sarasota Golf Classic.

1986 West German team swims world record 4×200 metre freestyle (7:05.17).

1987 Brownsville, Texas is deluged with seven inches of rain in just two hours; flooding in some parts of the city is worse than that caused by Hurricane Beulah in 1967.

1987 Former US national security adviser Robert McFarlane attempts suicide.

1988 39th NHL All-Star Game: Wales beat Campbell 6-5 (overtime) at Saint Louis, Missouri.

1988 Death of Kurt Adler, conductor, in Ross, California (born in Vienna, Austria).

1988 New Hampshire begins a NCAA record 32-game losing streak at home (ends February 1991).

1989 Birth of Wu Chia-ching, Taiwanese pool player.

1989 Death of Osamu Tezuka, the godfather of Japanese manga (b. 1928)

1989 Kevin Johnson (Phoenix Suns) ends NBA free throw streak of 57 games.

1989 Michael Manley’s Socialist Party wins Jamaica parliamentary election.

1990 Doina Melinte runs world indoor record 1.5km (4:00:27) and mile (4:17:13).

1990 Namibia’s constitution ratified.

1991 Johann Olav Koss skates world record 5km (6:41.73).

1991 Lithuanians vote by huge majority to restore pre-World War II independence.

1991 Terry Norris knocks down Sugar Ray Leonard twice and beats him.

1991 Voters in Lithuania vote for independence.

1991 Wally Joyner wins record $2.1 million salary arbitration.

1992 42nd NBA All-Star Game: West beats East 153-113 at Orlando.

1992 Fastest yodeler-22 tones/15 falsetto in one second by Thomas School of Germany.

1992 Heike Henkel high jumps female indoor world record (2.07 metres).

1992 Jani Sievinen swims world record 400 metre medley (4:07.10).

1992 Shelley Hamlin wins LPGA Phar-Mor Golf Tournament at Hamlin Inverrary.

1993 Army of opium king Khun Sa kills 60 in northeast Burma.

1993 Birth of Parimarjan Negi, Chess prodigy from India.

1993 David Willis, British journalist (BBC World Service), dies at age 54.

1993 Nasrullah Mansoor, Afghan guerilla leader/governor of Paktia, dies.

1994 Arnold Smith, British first Secretary-General of Commonwealth (1965-75), dies at age 79.

1994 Death of Howard Martin Temin, American geneticist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (born 1934).

1994 Israeli minister Shimon Perez signs accord with Palestinian Liberation Organization’s Arafat.

1994 Peace plan for Bosnia and Herzegovina announced (so called Vance-Owen peace plan).

1994 The Vance-Owen Peace plan for Bosnia and Herzegovina is announced.

1995 Death of J. William Fulbright, U.S. Senator (b. 1905)

1995 Dr. Bernard A. Harris, Jr. and Michael Foale become the first African American and Briton, respectively, to walk in space (mission STS-63).

1995 Irina Privalova runs female world record 50 metre (5.96 seconds).

1995 J William Fulbright, American politician (Senator-Democrat-Arkansas)/anti-Vietnam War, dies at age 89.

1996 Adolf Galland, German general (Luftwaffe), dies at age 83.

1996 Alistair Cameron Crombie, historian of science, dies at age 80.

1996 Barry Troyna, teacher/educational sociologist, dies at age 44.

1996 Birth of Jimmy Bennett, American actor.

1996 Charles Henry “Harry” Urwin, trade unionist, dies at age 80.

1996 Death of Adolf Galland in Oberwinter, Germany; fighter pilot in World War II, shot down over 100 Allied planes.

1996 Discovery of the element Ununbium.

1996 Neil Franklin, soccer star, dies at age 74.

1996 The Irish Republican Army declares the end of its 18 month ceasefire shortly followed by a large bomb in London’s Canary Wharf.

1997 11th American Comedy Awards: Debbie Reynolds.

1997 47th NBA All-Star Game: East beats West 132-120 at Cleveland.

1997 Kelly Robbins wins LPGA Diet Dr Pepper National Pro-Am.

1997 Mark O’Meara wins Buick golf invitational.

1997 Scotty Bowman is first NHL coach to win 1,000 games.

1998 Failed assassination attempt on Georgian President Eduard Shevardnadze.

1999 Death of Bryan Mosley, British actor (b. 1931)

2000 Death of Beau Jack, American boxer (born 1921).

2001 Death of Herbert Simon, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate (born 1916).

2001 Derek Jeter and the New York Yankees finalize a $189 million, 10-year contract, making Jeter the second highest paid player in the history of the sport.

2001 The American submarine USS Greeneville accidentally strikes and sinks the Ehime-Maru, a Japanese training vessel operated by the Uwajima Fishery High School.

2002 A cargo ship carrying over 815,000 litres of fuel oil runs aground near the north island port of Gisborne, New Zealand, sending an oil slick drifting to shore, rivers, and beaches.

2002 Death of Princess Margaret of the United Kingdom (born 1930).

2002 (to February 24) The XIX Olympic Winter Games are held in Salt Lake City, Utah, USA.

2003 BBC Choice closes for the final time at 12:30 am, replaced by BBC Three at 7 pm.

2003 The Cricket World Cup begins in South Africa.

2005 An ETA car bomb injures 31 people at a conference centre in Madrid, Spain.

2006 Bengie Molina signs a US$5 million, one-year contract with the Toronto Blue Jays, with a $7.5 million option for 2007.

2006 Death of Sir Freddie Laker, British airline entrepreneur (born 1922).

2007 Death of Benedict Kiely, Irish author and broadcaster (born 1919).

2008 At a Philip Weiss auction, a 24-cent US postage stamp of 1869, Declaration of Independence with inverted-center error sells for US$1.27 million, a new record for a single US stamp.

2008 Death of Murlidhar Devidas “Baba” Amte, champion of lepers and the handicapped in India, at age 93.

2009 At Plumpton, England, jockey Tony McCoy, riding Restless D’Artaix, records his 3,000th career horse racing win.

2009 Death of Eluana Englaro, Italian patient in right-to-die case (born 1970).

2009 Egyptian archaeologists find 22 mummies and eight wooden and stone sarcophagi in a burial chamber at the Saqqara site, dating back 2,600 to 4,000 years.

2009 New York Yankees’ baseball superstar Alex Rodriguez admits to having used performance-enhancing steroids earlier in his career, over a three-year period from 2001 to 2003 with the Texas Rangers.

2010 Death of Francine Irving Neff; US Treasurer (1974-77).