This Week In History December 30th

1065 Ferdinand I the Great, king of Castile, dies.

1076 Death of Prince Svyatoslav II of Kiev (b. 1027)

1381 Death of Edmund de Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March, English politician

1390 Birth of Anne de Mortimer, claimant to the English throne (d. 1411)

1437 Albrecht II von Habsburg becomes king of Bohemia.

1503 Battle at Garigliano – Spanish army under G C=rdoba beats France.

1521 “Zwickauer profeten” appear in Wittenberg.

1548 Death of Francesco Spiera, Italian protestant jurist (b. 1502)

1555 Birth of Johann Arndt German Lutherian theologist.

1571 Birth of Johann Kepler in Weil der Stradt Germany; mathematician/astronomer (discovers planets have elliptical orbits).

1590 Emmanuel-Philibert of Lalaing marquis of Renty, dies at age 33.

1595 Pietro Pontio composer, dies at age 63.

1603 Death of Thomas Cartwright, English Puritan clergyman

1603 Thomas Cartwright English Presbyterian publicist, dies at about age 68.

1631 John Pijnas Dutch painter, buried at about age 47.

1641 Fran?ois van d’Aerssen ruler of Sommelsdijk/diplomat, dies at age 69.

1645 Birth of Giovanni Adb Viscardi Swiss architect, baptized.

1654 Birth of Jean/Jacobus Bernoulli Swiss mathematician.

1679 Dutch troops capture Madurees prince Trunudjojo in Java.

1683 Birth of Conyers Middleton, English minister (d. 1750)

1703 England and Portugal sign Methuen-Asiento-trade agreement.

1703 Portugal and England sign the Methuen Treaty which gives preference to Portuguese imported wines into England.

1707 Death of Jean Mabillon, French palaeograopher and diplomat (b. 1632)

1709 Birth of Pieter de Swart Dutch architect (Royal Palace, Hague).

1715 Birth of Philippe de Noailles, duc de Mouchy, French soldier (d. 1794)

1717 Birth of Pope Pius VI (d. 1799)

1721 Birth of Franciscus “French” Hemsterhuis Frisian philosopher.

1737 Death of William Bowyer, English printer (b. 1663)

1741 Prussian forces took Olmutz, Czechoslovakia.

1743 Death of Hyacinthe Rigaud, French painter (b. 1659)

1748 Birth of William Marshall composer.

1752 Birth of Johann Georg Anton Mederitsch-Gallus composer.

1755 Birth of Antons Klemens Theodor king of Saksen (1827-36).

1761 Birth of Michael A Barclay de Tolly Scottish/Russian minister of War.

1771 Death of Henri Pitot, French engineer (b. 1695)

1773 Birth of George Cayley England, found science of aerodynamics.

1776 Birth of Nikolay Kamensky, Russian general (d. 1811)

1782 Death of Henry Home, Lord Kames, Scottish philosopher (b. 1697)

1800 Birth of John Goss composer.

1800 Death of Hugh Blair, Scottish preacher and man of letters (b. 1718)

1801 Birth of Guillaume L Baud Dutch minister of Colonies (1848-49).

1803 Birth of John ACA van Nispen Sevenaer Member of Dutch second parliament (1848-75).

1805 Belle van Zuylen Netherlands/Swiss writer (Trois Femmes), dies at age 65.

1812 Death of Shneur Zalman of Liadi, Lithuanian rabbi and founder of Chabad Hasidism (b. 1745)

1814 Birth of James Henry Carleton Brevet Major General (Union Army), died in 1873.

1816 Birth of Eliakim Parker Scammon Brigadier-General (Union volunteers), died in 1894.

1822 Birth of John Roberts composer.

1823 Birth of Sir Mackenzie Bowell, fifth Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1896)

1825 Birth of Reinhold Finsterbusch composer.

1825 First public railroad using steam locomotive completed in England.

1829 Birth of James Clay Rice Brigadier-General (Union volunteers), died in 1864.

1831 Birth of Lucius Fairchild Brigadier-General (Union volunteers), died in 1896.

1831 Charles Darwin embarks on his journey aboard the HMS Beagle, where he will formulate the theory of evolution.

1831 Darwin begins his voyage to South America on board the HMS Beagle.

1832 Birth of Pavel Tretyakov, Russian businessman and patron of art (d. 1897)

1836 Birth of Henricus Oort Dutch theologist (Leidse translation).

1836 Death of Stephen F. Austin, American pioneer (b. 1793)

1836 Stephen Fuller Austin founder of state of Texas, dies at age 43.

1836 The worst ever avalanche in England occurs at Lewes, Sussex, killing 8 people.

1836 Worst English avalanche kills eight of 15 buried (Lewes Sussex).

1845 Birth of Augusto de Oliviera Machado composer.

1845 Ether anesthetic is used for childbirth for the first time (Dr. Crawford Williamson Long in Jefferson, Georgia).

1845 Ether first used in childbirth in US, Jefferson Georgia.

1850 Hawaiian Fire Department established.

1852 Birth of Dom Jo?o G da C?mara Portuguese journalist/songwriter.

1855 Birth of Paul Ehrenreich German etnologist/mythologist.

1856 Birth of Andre Gedalge composer.

1858 Alexandre Pierre Fran?ois Boely composer, dies at age 73.

1858 Death of Alexandre Pierre Frantois Bodly, French composer (b. 1785)

1859 Birth of William Henry Hadow composer.

1862 Battle of Chickasaw Bluffs, Mississippi (Chickasaw Bayou).

1862 Battle of Elizabethtown, Kentucky.

1867 Ontario and QuTbec legislatures hold first meeting.

1869 Birth of AurTlien FM LugnT-Poe French actor/stage manager (La Parade).

1871 World’s first cat show (Crystal Palace, London).

1874 At Palmar de Junco, a Havanan team plays Matanzas in the first documented baseball game played in Cuba. The game is called after seven innings due to darkness with Havana leading, 51-9.

1877 Nikolai A Nekrasov Russian poet (Metshty into Zvuki), dies at age 56.

1879 Birth of Robert Greig Australia; actor (Horse Feathers).

1880 Alessandro Nini composer, dies at age 75.

1884 Birth of Bernard van Dieren composer.

1884 Netherlands recognizes king Leopold II’s Congo Free State.

1888 Birth of Thea von Harbou, German author and actress (d. 1954)

1890 Birth of Maurice Schoemaker composer.

1892 Birth of Feliks Roderyk Labunski composer.

1892 Foundation Stone of the Cathedral of Saint John laid (New York City, New York).

1895 Birth of Sig Arno Hamburg, Germany; actor (Holiday in Havana).

1896 Birth of Arch Ward sportswriter (proposed baseball’s all-star game).

1896 Death of John Brown, British manufacturer (b. 1816)

1897 Birth of Iwan S Konew Russian marshal/supreme commander pact of Warsaw.

1897 Stanley Cup: MontrTal Victorias beat Ottawa Capitals, 15-2.

1899 Birth of Paul Costello US, double skulls (Olympics-gold-1920, 1924, 1928).

1900 Birth of Hans Stuck, German race car driver (d. 1978)

1900 Carrie Nation’s first public smashing of a bar (Hotel Carry Annex Bar, Wichita Kansas).

1900 Death of William George Armstrong, English inventor, industrialist, and engineer (b. 1810)

1901 Birth of Irene Handl London England, actress (Riding High, Morgan).

1902 Birth of Ferenc Szabo composer.

1903 “Sweet Adeline”, a barbershop quartet favorite, is first sung.

1904 Duke of York Theatre opens in London (first musical Peter Pan).

1904 James Barrie’s play Peter Pan premieres in London.

1904 The Abbey Theatre opens.

1904 W B Yeats/Lady Gregory’s “On Baile’s Strand” premieres in Dublin.

1905 M A Noble scores 281 (369 minutes, 21 fours) New South Wales versus Victoria.

1906 Birth of Ivan Brkanovic composer.

1906 First annual meeting of American Sociological Society, Providence Rhode Island.

1907 Birth of Emile de Strijker Belgian philosopher.

1908 Birth of Louis de Bourbon Dutch writer/poet (Black Banners).

1909 Birth of Johan[nes B] Schmitz Dutch actor/reciter (Lucifer, MacBeth).

1910 Birth of Jack Massey groundsman.

1911 Birth of Endre Szervanszky composer [or January 1].

1914 Birth of Giuseppe Berto Italian writer (Heaven Sees Red).

1914 Death of Charles Martin Hall, American chemist and inventor (b. 1863)

1915 Birth of Mary Kornman Idaho Falls Idaho, actress (Queen of the Jungle).

1916 Nikolay Feopemptovich Solov’yov composer, dies at age 70.

1917 Birth of Earl of Inchcape English large landowner/industrialist (P&O).

1918 The Great Poland Uprising against the Germans begins.

1919 Achilles Alferaki composer, dies at age 73.

1919 Boston Red Sox owner Harry Frazee announces they will deal any player except Harry Hooper, Hooper is sent to the Chicago White Sox after 1920 season.

1919 Theodoor H de Meester Dutch liberal premier (1905-08), dies at age 68.

1920 Birth of Bruce Hobbs, American jockey (d. 2005)

1922 Birth of Larry Osborne navigator air traffic controller/supply specialist.

1923 Death of Gustave Eiffel, French engineer and architect (b. 1832)

1923 Unsuccessful assassination attempt on prince-regent Hirohito of Japan.

1924 Birth of James A McClure; American politician (Senator-Republican-Idaho).

1925 Birth of Michel Piccoli, French actor

1925 Death of Sergei Yesenin, Russian poet (b. 1895)

1927 Birth of Agnes Nixon, American television producer, director, and writer

1931 Birth of Scotty Moore; guitarist (for Elvis Presley).

1932 Radio City Music Hall opens.

1932 Radio City Music Hall theater opens in New York City, New York.

1932 South Africa officially suspends gold standard.

1934 Birth of Larisssa Latynina in Ukraine, USSR; gymnast (Olympics-gold-1956, 1960, 1964).

1934 First youth hostel in US opens (Northfield, Massachusetts).

1934 Shah of Persia declares Persia now Iran.

1935 Birth of Norma Rae Beatty Ashby; broadcaster/TV producer.

1936 Birth of Lee Salk; doctor (CBS TV).

1936 Hans von Seeckt, German general/advisor of Chiang Kai-shek, dies at age 70.

1937 Donald Bradman scores 246 South Africa versus Queensland, 364 minutes, 20 fours.

1937 German immigration officials, with no explanation, bar Juan Carlos Zabala of Argentina, 1932 Olympic marathon champion, from entering Germany.

1938 Death of Calvin Bridges, geneticist (b. 1889)

1938 Emile Vandervelde, Belgian Secretary of State (BWP), dies at age 72.

1939 8.0 Earthquake in Erzincam, Turkey, about 50,000 die.

1939 Birth of John Amos, American actor

1939 Finns are victorious at Suomosalmi, scattering the Russian 163rd Division.

1939 First American ski-mobiles (North Conway, New Hampshire).

1940 Birth of Jerry Lambert; jockey (rode Native Diver).

1941 Birth of Leslie Maguire; rocker (Gerry and Pacemakers – “Ferry Cross the Mersey”).

1941 Japan bombs Manila even though it was declared an “open city”.

1942 First Japanese women camp (Ambarawa) goes into use.

1942 NFL Pro Bowl: NFL All-Stars beats Washington 17-14.

1943 Birth of Cokie Roberts; American newscaster (ABC-TV).

1943 British General Bernard Montgomery discusses Operation Overlord with US General Dwight Eisenhower and Bedell Smith.

1943 France transfers most of her powers in Lebanon to Lebanese government.

1944 Birth of Mick Jones; rock guitarist (Foreigner – “I Want to Know What Love Is”).

1945 International Monetary Fund established – World Bank founded.

1945 The World Bank is created with the signing of an agreement by 28 nations.

1947 Howdy Doody, a children’s television program, makes its debut (NBC).

1948 Birth of Larry Byrom; rocker (Steppenwolf – “Hour of the World”).

1949 Birth of Carson Kievman, American composer

1949 Indonesian National Revolution: Queen Juliana of the Netherlands grants Indonesia sovereignty.

1949 Queen Juliana (Netherlands) grants sovereignty to Indonesia.

1950 Birth of Jack van Gelder; Dutch TV host.

1950 Death of Max Beckmann, German painter (b. 1884)

1950 Max Beckmann, German painter/graphic artist, dies at age 66.

1951 40th Davis Cup: Australia beats USA in Sydney (3-2).

1951 Birth of William Waldorf; 4th viscount Astor/English large landowner.

1952 Birth of Karla Bonoff; rock singer (New World, Restless Nights).

1952 Henri G Winkelman, Dutch supreme commander army/navy 1940, dies at age 76.

1953 Birth of Arthur Kent; newscaster [Scud Stud], NBC-Gulf War coverage.

1953 Death of Julian Tuwim, Polish poet (b. 1894)

1953 Detroit Lions beat Cleveland Browns 17-16 in NFL championship game.

1955 Death of Alfred Francis Blakeney Carpenter, English soldier (b. 1881)

1956 45th Davis Cup: Australia beats USA in Adelaide (5-0).

1956 Bill Sharman (Boston) ends NBA free throw streak of 55 games.

1956 Birth of Doina Melinte; Romanian running star (world record 1500m/mile indoor).

1956 Death of Lambert McKenna, Irish scholar, Editor and Lexicographer.

1957 Birth of Connie Chillemi at Eglin Air Force Base, Florida, USA; golfer (1994 Standard Register-13th).

1958 Birth of Steven Glen Jones in Artesia, New Mexico, USA; PGA golfer (1988 AT&T Pebble Beach).

1959 Alfonso Reyes, Mexican poet/historian/diplomat, dies at age 70.

1959 Baltimore Colts beat New York Giants 31-16 in NFL championship game.

1959 Birth of Andre Tippett; NFL linebacker (New England Patriots).

1960 Birth of Terry Price in Rockhampton, Queensland, Australia; Australasia golfer.

1960 France performs nuclear test.

1961 Belgium and Congo resume diplomatic relations.

1961 Birth of Caroline Gowan in Greenville, South Carolina, USA; LPGA golfer (South Carolina Women’s Amateur-1981, 1983).

1962 28th Heisman Trophy Award: Terry Baker, Oregon State (quarterback).

1962 Birth of Sherri Steinhauer in Madison, Wisconsin, USA; LPGA golfer (1992 du Maurier Ltd).

1963 Birth of Dana Chladek in Decin, Czechoslovakia; US slalom Kayak (Olympics-bronze/silver-1992, 1996).

1964 Birth of David Tikolo; Kenyan cricket batsman (1996 World Cup).

1964 Cleveland Browns beat Baltimore Colts 27-0 in NFL championship game.

1965 Birth of Gamini Wickremasinghe in Colombo, Sri Lanka; cricket player (Sri Lanka wicket-keeper).

1966 Birth of Bill Goldberg, American football player and professional wrestler

1966 Death of Guillermo St´┐Żbile, Argentine footballer (b. 1906)

1967 Birth of Niels Meijer; Dutch rock keyboardist (Bob Color).

1968 Birth of Dean Palmer in Tallahassee, Florida, USA; infielder (Texas Rangers).

1968 People’s Republic of China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor.

1968 The long-running radio program The Breakfast Club signs off for the last time (ABC radio).

1969 Birth of Chris Humbert in Modesto, California, USA; water polo two metre offense (Olympics-1996).

1970 Birth of Frank Messmer; WLAF defensive end (Frankfurt Galaxy).

1971 Birth of Bryan Smolinski in Toledo, Ohio, USA; NHL forward (Team USA, Pittsburgh Penguins).

1972 Belgium recognizes German Democratic Republic.

1972 Birth of Charles Way; NFL fullback (New York Giants).

1972 Death of Lester B. Pearson, fourteenth Prime Minister of Canada, recipient of the 1957 Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1897)

1972 Lester B Pearson (Liberal), 14th Canadian Prime Minister (Nobel Prize 1957), dies at age 75.

1972 New North Korean constitution comes into effect.

1973 Birth of Bill Clay in Yokosuka, Japan; US sprint cyclist (Olympics-1996).

1974 40th Heisman Trophy Award: Archie Griffin, Ohio State (RB).

1974 Death of Vladimir Aleksandrovich Fock, Russian physicist (b. 1898)

1974 FSLN (Frente Sandinista de Liberaci=n Nacional/Sandinista National Liberation Front) seizes government hostages at a private Managua party.

1974 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakhstan/Semipalitinsk.

1975 Birth of Patrick Paauwe; Dutch soccer player (PSV, Graafschap).

1975 Explosion at Chasnala Colliery collapses, drowning 350 (Dhanbad, India).

1976 Albania constitution goes into effect.

1977 Birth of Kate Nelson in Evanston, Illinois; rhythmic gymnast (Olympics-1996).

1978 Chris Bell, rock guitarist (Big Star), dies at age 27 in car crash.

1978 Death of Houari BoumTdienne, President of Algeria (b. 1932)

1978 Houari BoumTdiene, Algerian President, dies after 40 days in a coma at age 53.

1978 King Juan Carlos ratifies Spain’s first democratic constitution.

1978 Spain becomes a democracy after 40 years of dictatorship.

1979 Babrak Karmal, leader of the People’s Democratic Party of Afghanistan, is installed as Afghanistan’s new head of government.

1979 Birth of David Dunn, English footballer

1979 Hafizullah Amin, President of Afghanistan, is murdered.

1979 Red Army beats New York Rangers 5-2 at Madison Square Garden.

1979 The Soviet Union seizes control of Afghanistan and Babrak Karmal replaces overthrown and executed President Hafizullah Amin.

1981 Birth of Emilie de Ravin, Australian actress

1981 Death of Hoagy Carmichael, American composer and singer (b. 1899)

1981 Edmonton Oilers’ Wayne Gretzky becomes fastest NHL player to get 100 points (38th game).

1981 Hoagy Carmichael, US actor/songwriter (Stardust), dies at age 82.

1981 Lillee becomes the leading wicket-taker in Test Crickets with 310.

1981 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakhstan/Semipalitinsk.

1982 Birth of Terji Skiben?s; Faroese guitarist (T?r).

1982 Imran Khan 8-60 to bring innings victory versus India at Karachi.

1982 John Leonard Swigert Jr, American astronaut (Apollo 13), dies of cancer at age 51 (born 1931).

1983 A propane explosion in Buffalo, New York kills five firefighters and two civilians, and devastates 16 square blocks.

1983 Birth of Cole Hamels; American baseball player.

1983 Pope John Paul II pardons man who shot him (Mehmet Ali Agca).

1983 Walter Scott, rocker, dies.

1984 Birth of Tye’sha Fluker; American basketball player.

1984 San Diego Padres’ free agent pitcher Ed Whitson signs with New York Yankees.

1985 Palestinian guerrillas kill eighteen people inside Rome and Vienna airports.

1985 Terrorists kill 18 and wound 120 attacking El Al at Rome and Vienna airports.

1986 Cliff Burton, bass player (Metallica), dies in a bus crash at age 24.

1987 Rewi Alley, New Zealand author, pro-Chinese communist, dies at age 90 in Beijing.

1987 Steve Largent sets all-time NFL record for career catches when he catches his 752nd pass.

1987 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakhstan/Semipalitinsk.

1988 Birth of Hayley Williams; American singer (Paramore).

1988 Bulgaria stops jamming Radio Free Europe after more than three decades.

1988 Death of Hal Ashby, American film director (b. 1929)

1989 Birth of Kateryna Lahno, Ukrainian chess player.

1989 Oregon begins taking bids on NBA games.

1991 Chuck Knox retires as Seattle Seahawks coach.

1991 Cincinnati Bengals hire Dave Shula as youngest NFL coach (32).

1991 Edward M Love, choreographer/dancer, dies of AIDS at age 43.

1991 Near Arlanda in Sweden, SAS flight SK751 crashes and breaks into three pieces. Miraculously, there is no explosion, no fire, and no fatalities among the 129 aboard.

1991 W Hudson, “strongest man to the world” (540kg), dies.

1992 Cardew “the Cad” [Douglas] Robinson, English comedian (Alfie), dies at age 75.

1992 Death of Kay Boyle, American writer (b. 1902)

1992 Jan Peeters, Dutch watercolorist/monument artist, dies.

1992 Nancy Sheehan wins LPGA Wendy’s 3-Tour Challenge Golf Tournament.

1993 Youssef Sebti, Algerian scholar/poet, murdered at age 50.

1994 Death of Fanny Craddock, British TV chef and restaurant critic (born 1909).

1994 Karl AF Schiller, West German economist/SPD-minister (1966-72), dies at age 83.

1994 Peter Barker Howard May, cricket player (4537 runs-England 1951-61), dies at age 64.

1994 Sadi de Gorter, Dutch author/diplomat (Abscess), dies at age 82.

1995 Boon completes his 21st Test Cricket century (110 versus SL, Melbourne Cricket Ground).

1995 Jeremy John Beadle, writer/broadcaster, dies at age 39.

1995 Peter Refn, Danish journalist/director (Violets are Blue), dies at age 54.

1996 Carquest Bowl 7: Miami beats Virginia, 31-21.

1996 Taliban forces retake the strategic Bagram air base which solidifies their buffer zone around Kabul.

1996 Taliban forces retake the strategic Bagram air base, which solidifies their buffer zone around Kabul.

1997 54-car pileup on the Sunshine Skyway Bridge in Tampa Bay, Florida, USA, due to dense fog. One death, 30 injuries.

1997 Death of Brendan Gill, American columnist and humorist (b. 1914)

1997 Dorothy Stroud, garden historian, dies at age 87.

1997 Ewart G Abner Jr, president of Motown Records, dies at age 74.

1997 Loyalist paramilitary leader Billy Wright is assassinated in Northern Ireland, inside Long Kesh prison.

1997 Protestant paramilitary leader Billy Wright is assassinated in Northern Ireland.

1997 Tom Hudson, artist/teacher, dies at age 75.

1999 A Maltese-registered tanker runs aground at the mouth of the Bosporus strait across Istanbul, Turkey.

1999 Death of Leonard Goldenson, American television network executive (born 1905).

2001 The People’s Republic of China is granted permanent normal trade relations with the United States.

2001 The People’s Republic of China is granted permanent normal trade status with the United States.

2001 Typhoon Vamei forms within 1.5 degrees of the equator. No other tropical cyclone in recorded history has come as close to the equator.

2002 A suicide truck-bomb attack destroys the headquarters of Chechnya’s Moscow-backed government, killing 72 people.

2002 Death of George Roy Hill, American film director (b. 1922)

2002 In Kenya, Mwai Kibaki wins election with 60 percent of votes, defeating 24-year ruler Daniel Arap Moi.

2002 Two truck bombs kill 72 and wound 200 at the pro-Moscow headquarters of the Chechen government in Grozny, Chechnya.

2003 Death of Alan Bates, English actor (born 1934).

2004 Death of Hank Garland, American guitarist (born 1930).

2005 Death of William Doody, Canadian politician (b. 1931)

2006 The San Francisco Giants reach a preliminary agreement with pitcher Barry Zito on the largest deal ever given to a pitcher in the history of the game: US$126 million for seven years.

2007 At an election rally in Rawalpindi, Pakistan, former President Benazir Bhutto, leader of opposition Pakistan People’s Party, is assassinated. At least 20 others are killed by a bomb blast. Ensuing violence leaves about 60 dead.

2007 Death of Jaan Kross, Estonian writer (born 1920).

2007 Presidential and parliamentary elections take place in Kenya. Mwai Kibaki re-elected President. Accusations of wide-spread rigging on both sides leads to hundreds of deaths.

2008 Death of sculptor Robert Graham at age 70 in Santa Monica, California; Graham was a world-renowned sculptor (Franklin Roosevelt Memorial in Washington DC, Olympic Gateway for Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum), and coin designer (1984 Los Angeles Olympics US silver dollar).

2008 Israel launches air strikes on dozens of Hamas security compounds in the Gaza Strip, killing 230, wounding over 400. The strikes were in response to over 300 rocket attacks in a week. Militants in Gaza respond by sending at least 180 rockets and mortar shells into Israeli border communities.