This Week In History 7/1/2014

1029 Birth of Caliph Al-Mustansir of Cairo (d. 1094)

1262 Birth of Arthur II, Duke of Brittany (d. 1312)

1298 Death of Graf Adolf von Nassau near Worms, Germany; King of the Germans until deposed by the Habsburg, Albert I.

1298 The Battle of Göllheim is fought between Albert I of Habsburg and Adolf of Nassau-Weilburg.

1457 Kristian of Oldenburg, King of Norway and Denmark, is elected King of Sweden, after agreeing to limitations on royal prerogative.

1489 Birth of Thomas Cranmer England, archbishop/reformer/martyr.

1504 Death of ?tefan cel Mare, Prince of Moldova (b. 1434)

1561 Menas, Emperor of Ethiopia defeats a revolt in Emfraz.

1566 Death of Nostradamus, French astrologer (b. 1503)

1566 Nostradamus, French astrologer/physician/prophet, dies in Salon.

1578 Martin Frobisher sights Baffin Island.

1582 Death of Akechi Mitsuhide, Japanese samurai (b. 1528)

1591 Death of Vincenzo Galilei, Italian composer (b. 1520)

1613 First English expedition from Massachusetts against Acadia – led by Samuel Argall.

1621 Death of Thomas Harriot, English astronomer and mathematician

1644 Battle of Marston Moor; Parliamentary forces defeat royalists.

1644 English Civil War: Battle of Marston Moor.

1644 William Gascoigne introduced telescopic sights, is killed at age 24.

1647 Birth of Daniel Finch, 2nd Earl of Nottingham, English privy councilor (d. 1730)

1656 Death of Frantois-Marie, comte de Broglie, Italian-born French commander (b. 1611)

1665 Birth of Samuel Penhallow, English-born American colonist and historian (d. 1726)

1674 Death of Eberhard III, Duke of Wnrttemberg (b. 1614)

1679 Europeans first visit Minnesota and see headwaters of Mississippi – led by Daniel Greysolon de Du Luth.

1684 Death of John Rogers, American President of Harvard University (b. 1630)

1714 Birth of Christoph Willibald Ritter von Gluck Erasbach Germany, composer.

1724 Birth of Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock, German poet (d. 1803)

1743 Death of Spencer Compton, 1st Earl of Wilmington, English statesman

1746 Death of Thomas Baker, English antiquarian (b. 1656)

1776 Continental Congress resolves “these United Colonies are and of right.

1776 The Continental Congress adopts a resolution severing ties with Great Britain, though a formal Declaration of Independence is not adopted until July 4.

1777 Vermont becomes the first American state to abolish slavery.

1777 Vermont becomes the first American territory to abolish slavery.

1778 Death of Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Swiss philosopher (b. 1712)

1787 de Sade shouts from Bastille that prisoners are being slaughtered.

1798 John Fitch American inventor, clockmaker, etc, dies.

1808 Simon Fraser completes his trip down Fraser R, British Columbia, Canada, lands at Musqueam.

1808 Simon Fraser reaches Pacific near New Westminster.

1821 Birth of Charles Tupper (Conservative) 6th Canadian Prime Minister (1896).

1822 Denmark Vesey and five aides hanged at Blake’s Landing, Charleston, South Carolina.

1833 Death of Gervasio Antonio de Posadas, Argentine politician (b. 1757)

1839 Twenty miles off the coast of Cuba, 53 rebelling African slaves led by Joseph Cinque take over the slave ship Amistad.

1843 An alligator falls from the sky during a Charleston South Carolina thunderstorm.

1843 Death of Samuel Hahnemann, German physician (b. 1755)

1847 Envelope bearing the first US 10-cent stamps, still exists today.

1850 Death of Sir Robert Peel, Prime Minister of Great Britain (b. 1788)

1850 The self-contained gas mask is patented by Benjamin J. Lane.

1853 The Russian Army invades Turkey, beginning the Crimean War.

1856 Birth of Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Indian nationalist leader (d. 1920)

1858 Partial emancipation of Russian serfs.

1862 Birth of William Henry Bragg, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1942)

1862 Lincoln signs act granting land for state agricultural colleges.

1863 American Civil War: Second day of the Battle of Gettysburg.

1863 Day two of the Battle of Gettysburg: General James Longstreet leads the main Confederate attack, but Union forces retain control of their strategic positions. After three hours, the total number of dead at Gettysburg stood at 35,000.

1864 General Early and Confederate forces reach Winchester.

1864 Statuary Hall in US Capitol established.

1865 Birth of Lili Braun Prussia, feminist/socialist writer (Im Schatten Titanen).

1867 First US elevated railroad begins service, New York City.

1876 Birth of Wilhelm Cuno, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1933)

1877 Birth of Hermann Hesse in Switzerland; novelist/poet (Steppenwolf, Nobel Prize 1946).

1878 The Brighton Beach Line (now the BMT Brighton Line) opens in the then-city of Brooklyn.

1881 Charles J. Guiteau shoots and fatally wounds U.S. President James Garfield, who eventually dies from infection on September 19.

1881 US President James Garfield shot and fatally wounded by Charles J Guiteau, a disappointed office-seeker.

1882 James Garfield assassinated by “job-seeker”.

1884 Birth of Dr Otto B�hm Prussia, scientist (helped create England Radar).

1885 Canada’s North-west Insurrection ends with surrender of Big Bear.

1887 Birth of Marcel Tabuteau CompiFgne France, oboist (Philadelphia Orchestra 1915-54).

1890 Sherman Antitrust Act prohibits industrial monopolies.

1890 The U.S. Congress passes the Sherman Anti-Trust Act.

1894 Birth of Walter Brennan Swampscott Massachusetts; actor (Real McCoys).

1894 Government obtains injunction against striking Pullman Workers.

1900 Birth of Tyrone Guthrie, English actor (d. 1971)

1900 Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin first airship LZ-1, flies.

1900 First zeppelin flight on Lake Constance near Friedrichshafen, Germany.

1902 John J McGraw becomes manager of New York Giants (stays for 30 years).

1903 Birth of Lord Alex Douglas-Home (Conservative) British Prime Minister (1963-64).

1905 Birth of Jean-Rene Lacoste France, tennis champ/alligator shirt designer.

1906 Birth of Hans Bethe physicist (Nobel Prize 1967), peace worker.

1906 New York Yankees win by forfeit, for their first time.

1908 Birth of Thurgood Marshall Maryland, first black Supreme Court justice (1967-91).

1912 Death of Tom Richardson, English cricket player (b. 1870)

1914 Birth of Frederick Fennell Cleveland Ohio, conductor (Time and the Winds).

1915 Death of Porfirio Dfaz, President of Mexico (b. 1830)

1916 Birth of Barry Gray radio personality (started call-in radio).

1917 Forty-eight die in rioting in East St. Louis, Illinois, as lower-paid black laborers clash with whites.

1918 Birth of Wibo, Dutch cartoonist (d. 2005)

1919 Birth of Johnny Bradford Long Branch New Jersey; actor (Ransom Sherman Show).

1920 Death of William Louis Marshall, American general and engineer (b. 1846)

1921 First million dollar gate ($1.7m) boxing match (Jack Dempsey knocks out Carpentier).

1922 Birth of Dan Rowan Beggs Oklahoma, USA; comedian (Rowan and Martin’s Laugh-in).

1923 Birth of Wis?awa Szymborska, Polish writer, Nobel Prize laureate

1925 Birth of Medgar Wiley Evers near Decatur, Mississippi, USA; African-American civil rights leader (murdered 1963).

1926 Birth of Lee Allen in Pittsburg, Kansas, USA; tenor sax (“Walkin’ With Mr Lee”).

1926 Death of �mile CouT, French psychologist (b. 1857)

1926 US Army Air Corps created; Distinguish Flying Cross authorized.

1927 Birth of Cornelius “Kees” Broekman in Holland; speed skater (Olympic-silver-1952).

1927 Helen Wills Moody is first American to win Wimbeldon tennis championships in 20 years.

1929 Birth of Imelda Marcos, First Lady of the Philippines

1930 Birth of Carlos Menem, President of Argentina

1932 Birth of Dave Thomas, American fast food entrepreneur (d. 2002)

1932 Death of King Manuel II of Portugal (b. 1889)

1932 Franklin Roosevelt makes first presidential nominating conventional acceptance speech.

1933 Birth of Kenny Wharram, Canadian hockey player

1933 Carl Hubbell shuts-out Saint Louis Cardinals 1-0 in 18 innings without a walk.

1934 Death of Ernst R�hm, Nazi official (b. 1887)

1935 Birth of Gilbert Kalish in Brooklyn, New York, USA; pianist/professor (SUNY Stony Brook).

1935 C Jackson discovers asteroid #1357 Khama.

1935 Great Britain boxers beat US team in first international Golden Gloves.

1937 Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan disappear over Pacific Ocean.

1937 Amelia Earhart and navigator Fred Noonan disappear over the Pacific Ocean while attempting to make the first round-the-world flight at the equator.

1937 Birth of Richard Petty; auto race driver (Daytona 500-1979,1981).

1937 C Jackson discovers asteroids #1429 Pemba and #1456 Saldanha.

1937 Death of Amelia Earhart, American aviator (disappeared) (b. 1897)

1938 Helen Wills Moody (US) wins her 8th and final Wimbeldon singles tournament.

1939 Birth of John Sununu; US Secretary of State (1989-91).

1940 Birth of Georgi Ivan Ivanov; first Bulgarian space traveler (Soyuz 33).

1940 Lake Washington (Seattle, Washington) Floating Bridge dedicated.

1941 Joe DiMaggio breaks Willie Keeler’s 44-game baseball hitting streak (45th of 56).

1942 Birth of Vicente Fox, President of Mexico

1943 Cleveland Indians score 12 runs in fourth inning and beat New York Yankees 12-0.

1945 The Okinawa campaign is declared over. Total US casualties are 80,000 (dead, wounded, missing, non-combat sickness). Total Japanese casualties are 120,000.

1946 Anthony Overton, publisher/cosmetics manufacturer/banker, dies at age 81.

1946 Birth of Richard Axel, American scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

1947 An object speculated to be a UFO crashes near Roswell, New Mexico, though the United States Air Force claims it is a weather balloon.

1947 Birth of Larry David, American television producer

1949 Birth of Roy Bittan, American keyboardist (E Street Band)

1950 Henri Queuille becomes Prime Minister of France.

1952 Birth of Linda M Godwin in Cape Girardeau, Missouri, USA; PhD/astronaut (STS 37).

1954 Birth of Pete Briquette, English bassist (Boomtown Rats)

1955 Birth of Andrew Divoff, Venezuelan actor

1956 Birth of Jeffrey Cooper; guitarist (Midnight Star – “No Parking”).

1957 Birth of Mike Anger; rocker (The Blow Monkeys – “Wicked Ways”).

1958 Birth of Thomas Bickerton, American Methodist bishop

1959 Birth of Wendy B Lawrence in Jacksonville, Florida, USA; US Navy Lieutenant Commander/astronaut.

1960 Birth of Terry Rossio, American screenwriter

1961 Death of Ernest Hemingway, American writer, Nobel Prize laureate (suicide) (b. 1899)

1961 Writer Ernest Hemingway shoots himself to death in Ketchum, Idaho, USA.

1962 The first Wal-Mart opens in Rogers, Arkansas, USA.

1962 The first Wal-Mart store opens for business in Rogers, Arkansas.

1964 Birth of Dave Parsons; rocker (Transvision Vamp, Sham 69-That’s Life).

1964 Death of Glenn “Fireball” Roberts, American race car driver (b. 1929)

1964 Glenn “Fireball” Roberts, biggest NASCAR money winner, dies in crash.

1964 President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which prohibits segregation in public places.

1964 U.S. President Lyndon Johnson signs into law the Civil Rights Act, in a televised ceremony in the White House. The Act prohibits racial discrimination in employment and education and outlaws racial segregation in public places such as schools, buses, parks and swimming pools.

1966 Billie Jean King wins her first (of six) Wimbeldon single titles.

1966 Death of Jan Brzechwa, Polish poet (b. 1900)

1966 The French military explode their nuclear test bomb codenamed AldTbaran in Mururoa, their first nuclear test in the Pacific.

1969 The International resort/casino opens in Las Vegas Boulevard, Nevada. With 1500 rooms, it is the world’s largest hotel, with the world’s largest casino, at 29,000 square feet.

1969 The Jimi Hendrix Experience break up.

1970 Birth of Yancy Butler, American actress

1970 Jessie Street, Australian civil rights activist, dies.

1970 Near Sivas, Turkey, a magnitude 4.8 earthquake occurs.

1971 Birth of Evelyn Lau, Canadian author

1972 Death of Joseph Fielding Smith, president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1876)

1973 Birth of Peter Kay , British comedian

1973 Death of Betty Grable, American actress (b. 1916)

1973 Match Game begins its 1970s run.

1973 Swede Savage dies from injuries at Indianapolis 500.

1974 Birth of Sean Casey, baseball player

1974 Fernando Mameda of Portugal sets record for 10km (27:13.81).

1975 Birth of Erik Ohlsson, Swedish guitarist (Millencolin)

1976 Birth of Tom�? Vokoun, Czech hockey player

1976 North and South Vietnam, divided since 1954, reunite to form the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.

1976 North and South Vietnam reunite to form the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.

1976 US Supreme Court rules death penalty not inherently cruel or unusual.

1977 Death of Vladimir Nabokov, Russian-born writer (b. 1899)

1977 Sweden’s Bj�rn Borg wins Wimbeldon men’s singles over Jimmy Connors.

1978 Birth of Jnri Ratas, Estonian politician

1978 Pitcher Ron Guidry sets New York Yankees record of 13-0 start.

1979 Birth of Sam Hornish, Jr., American race car driver

1979 The first U.S. coin to honor a woman, the Susan B. Anthony dollar, is introduced.

1979 The US Mint releases the new Susan B. Anthony small diameter dollar coin to circulation.

1981 Birth of Alex Koroknay-Palicz; American activist.

1981 L E Gonzalez discovers asteroid #3495 Colchagua.

1982 Larry Walters, a.k.a. Lawn Chair Larry, flies 16,000 feet above Long Beach, California in lawn chair with weather balloons attached.

1982 Larry Walters uses 45 helium balloons and a lawnchair to propel himself to 16,000 feet.

1982 Roy Jenkins is elected leader of the Social Democratic Party.

1982 Soyuz T-6 returns to Earth.

1983 Birth of Michelle Branch; American singer (The Wreckers).

1983 The Police release their final album, “Synchronicity”, which would eventually spend 17 weeks at #1 on the U.S. album chart

1984 Standard Oil of California changes its company name to Chevron.

1985 Andrei Gromyko is appointed the chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union.

1985 Birth of Ashley Tisdale; American actress.

1985 Death of David Purley, British race car driver (born 1945).

1985 European Space Agency launches Giotto to Halley’s Comet.

1985 Proto launched to Halley’s Comet.

1986 Birth of Lindsay Lohan, American actress and singer.

1986 US Supreme Court upholds affirmative action in two rulings.

1987 Karl Linnas, accused German, dies of heart failure in Russia.

1988 Steffi Graff beats Martina Navratilova for Wimbeldon crown.

1989 Andreas Papandreou, Prime Minister of Greece, resigns. A new government is formed under Tzannis Tzannetakis.

1989 Death of Andrei Gromyko, Soviet foreign minister (b. 1909)

1990 A stampede in a pedestrian tunnel leading to Mecca kills 1,426.

1990 A stampede inside a pedestrian tunnel leads to the deaths of 1,426 pilgrims in Mecca during hajj.

1990 Imelda Marcos and Adnan Khashoggi found not guilty of racketeering.

1990 In Masvingo, Zimbabwe, a meteorite falls harmlessly to the ground.

1991 Death of Lee Remick, American actress (b. 1935)

1992 The one millionth Corvette car is built. It is an Arctic White LT1 convertible, with red interior and black top. Chevrolet donates the car to the National Corvette Museum.

1994 Colombian football player AndrTs Escobar, 27, is shot dead in Bogot�.

1994 Death of AndrTs Escobar, Colombian footballer (murdered) (b. 1967)

1997 A supertanker strikes a shallow reef in Tokyo Bay, Japan, leaking an estimated 1.7 million litres of crude oil.

1997 Death of James Stewart, American actor (born 1908).

1997 The Thai currency, baht, is allowed to float freely according to market forces.

1997 Tom Walters Sr. of Meridian, Mississippi wins powerball of US$11 million.

1999 Benjamin Nathaniel Smith begins a three-day killing spree targeting racial and ethnic minorities in Illinois and Indiana, USA.

1999 Death of Mario Puzo, American author (born 1920).

2000 Death of Joey Dunlop, Northern Irish motorcycle racer (born 1952).

2000 France beats Italy 2-1 to win Euro 2000 with a golden goal.

2000 Vicente Fox is elected President of Mexico, as candidate of the rightist PAN (National Action Party), ending 71 years of PRI (Institutional Revolutionary Party) rule.

2000 Vicente Fox Quesada is elected the first President of MTxico from an opposition party, the Partido Acci=n Nacional (PAN) after more than 70 years of continuous rule by the Partido Revolucionario Institucional (PRI).

2001 The world’s first self-contained artificial heart is implanted in Robert Tools.

2002 Steve Fossett becomes the first person to fly solo around the world in a balloon.

2002 Steve Fossett becomes the first person to fly solo around the world nonstop in a balloon.

2003 At the International Olympic Committee session in Prague, Vancouver, British Columbia is declared the Host City for the XXI Olympic Winter Games in 2010.

2003 International Olympic Committee selects Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada to host the 2010 Winter Olympics.

2004 ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF) accepted Pakistan as the 24th member.

2004 Death of John Cullen Murphy, American comic strip artist (born 1919).

2005 Death of Ernest Lehman, American screenwriter (b. 1915)

2005 Live 8, a series of 10 simultaneous concerts take place throughout the world, raising interest in the Make Poverty History campaign.

2005 Ten Live 8 concerts are held around the world in an attempt to force G8 countries to address poverty.

2006 A presidential election is held in Mexico. Felipe Calder=n is confirmed as the winner on September 5.

2006 Death of Jan Murray, American comedian (b. 1916)

2007 10th anniversary of the collapse of the Thai baht, which triggered the Asian Financial Crisis.

2007 Death of Jimmy Walker, American basketball player (born 1944).

2007 US President George Bush annuls the 30-month prison sentence given to Lewis Libby for perjury and obstruction of justice.

2007 Venus and Saturn are in conjunction, separation 46 arcsecs.

2008 Colombia soldiers disguised as members of a non-government organization trick FARC rebels into releasing fifteen long-held hostages. They are French-Colombian politician Ingrid Betancourt, held for six years, three American defence department contractors, and eleven members of the Colombian security forces.

2008 In England, the country’s largest house builder fails to raise 500 million pounds (US$1 billion), and is forced to write down the value of about 660 million pounds worth of land. The company’s share value is now about 1/15th of a year ago.

2009 American forces led by 4000 Marines begin a large offensive in southern Afghanistan against Taliban forces.

2009 California begins issuing billions of dollars in “IOUs” after failing to start the fiscal year with a balanced budget. With a US$26.3 billion deficit, Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger declares a fiscal emergency.

2009 Siemens AG agrees to a US$100 million settlement with the World Bank over bribery allegations.

2010 An oil fuel truck explosion in the Democratic Republic of Congo kills at least 230 people; many were trapped in buildings that caught fire from the explosion.

2010 Twenty thousand people march through Israel calling for the release of captured soldier Gilad Shalit, being held by Hamas for four years.