This Day In History Sept 4

1034 Birth of Emperor Go-Sanjo of Japan (d. 1073)

1189 England’s King Richard I (the Lion-Hearted) crowned in Westminster.

1189 Rabbi Jacob of Orleans killed in anti Jewish riot in London England.

1189 Richard I of England (a.k.a. Richard “the Lionhearted”) is crowned at Westminster.

1260 The Mamluks defeat the Mongols at the Battle of Ain Jalut in Palestine, marking their first decisive defeat and the point of maximum expansion of the Mongol Empire.

1402 Death of Gian Galeazzo Visconti, Duke of Milan (b. 1351)

1420 Death of Robert Stewart, 1st Duke of Albany, regent of Scotland

1499 Birth of Diane de Poitiers, mistress of Henri II of France (d. 1566)

1540 Gelawdewos becomes Emperor of Ethiopia.

1568 Birth of Adriano Banchieri, Italian composer (d. 1634)

1592 Death of Robert Greene, English writer (b. 1558)

1596 Birth of Nicolo Amati Italy, violin maker (Stradivari and Guarneri).

1634 Death of Edward Coke, English colonial entrepreneur and jurist (d. 1634)

1650 Third English Civil War: Battle of Dunbar (1650)

1651 Royalist forces under Charles II are defeated by Oliver Cromwell’s forces.

1651 Third English Civil War: Battle of Worcester – Charles II of England is defeated in the last main battle of the war.

1653 Death of Claudius Salmasius, French classical scholar (b. 1588)

1658 Death of Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of England (b. 1599)

1658 Oliver Cromwell the Lord Protector of England, dies at age 59.

1662 Death of William Lenthall, English politician (b. 1591)

1675 Birth of Paul Dudley, Attorney-General of Massachusetts (d. 1751)

1693 Birth of Charles Radclyffe, British politician (d. 1746)

1695 Birth of Pietro Locatelli, Italian composer (d. 1764)

1710 Birth of Abraham Trembley, Swiss naturalist (d. 1784)

1720 Death of Henri de Massue, Marquis de Ruvigny, 1st Viscount Galway, French soldier and diplomat (b. 1648)

1724 Birth of Guy Carleton, 1st Baron Dorchester, British soldier and Governor of Quebec (d. 1808)

1729 Death of Jean Hardouin, French scholar (b. 1646)

1752 This day never happened nor the next 10 as England adopts Gregorian Calendar. People riot thinking the government stole 11 days of their lives.

1766 Death of Archibald Bower, Scottish historian (b. 1686)

1777 Cooch’s Bridge – Skirmish of American Revolutionary war in New Castle County, Delaware where the Flag of the United States was flown in battle for the first time.

1781 Birth of EugFne de Beauharnais, son of Napoleon’s wife, Josephine (d. 1824)

1783 American Revolutionary War: The war ends with the signing of the Treaty of Paris by the United States and the Kingdom of Great Britain.

1783 The Treaty of Paris is signed, formally recognizing the United States as a free and independent nation.

1798 Weeklong battle of St. George’s Caye begun between Spanish and British off the coast of Belize.

1803 Birth of Prudence Crandall founded school for “young ladies of colour”.

1808 Death of John Montgomery, American delegate to the Continental Congress (b. 1722)

1810 Birth of Paul Kane, Canadian painter (d. 1871)

1811 Birth of John Humphrey Noyes Vermont, found Oneida Community (Perfectionists).

1826 The USS Vincennes commanded by William Finch, leaves New York City to become first United States warship to circumnavigate globe.

1826 USS Vincennes leaves New York to become first warship to circumnavigate globe.

1833 New York Sun begins publishing (first daily newspaper).

1838 Dressed in a sailor’s uniform and carrying identification papers provided by a Free Black seaman, future abolitionist Frederick Douglass boards a train in Maryland on his way to freedom from slavery.

1849 Birth of Sarah Orne Jewett Maine, author (Country of the Pointed Firs).

1849 California State Constitutional Convention convenes in Monterey.

1852 Anti Jewish riots break out in Stockholm.

1855 Grattan Massacre: American army second lieutenant John L. Grattan and about 30 men are killed while negotiating with Sioux, after killing Brule Lakota chief Conquering Bear.

1855 Indian Wars: In Nebraska, 700 soldiers under American General William S. Harney avenge the Grattan Massacre by attacking a Sioux village, killing 100 men, women, and children.

1856 Birth of Louis Henri Sullivan Boston Massachusetts, father of modern US architecture.

1857 Death of John McLoughlin, Canadian trapper (b. 1784)

1859 Birth of Jean JaurFs, French Socialist leader (d. 1914)

1860 Birth of Edward Albert Filene merchant, established US credit union movement.

1860 Death of Aleksey Khomyakov, Russian poet (b. 1804)

1861 American Civil War: Confederate General Leonidas Polk invades neutral Kentucky, prompting the state legislature to ask for Union assistance.

1861 Confederate forces enter Kentucky, thus ending its neutrality.

1865 Army commander in South Carolina orders Freedmen’s Bureau to stop seizing land.

1866 Death of Konstantin Flavitsky, Russian painter (b. 1830)

1869 Birth of Fritz Pregl, Austrian chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1930)

1874 The congress of the state of MTxico elevates Naucalpan to the category of Villa, with the title of “Villa de Ju�rez”.

1875 Birth of Ferdinand Porsche, Austrian automotive engineer (d. 1951)

1878 Over 640 die when the crowded pleasure boat Princess Alice collides with the Bywell Castle in the River Thames.

1883 Death of Ivan Turgenev, Russian author (b. 1818)

1887 Birth of Frank Christian, American musician (d. 1973)

1891 Cottonpickers organize union and stage strike in Texas.

1891 John Stephens Durham, named minister to Haiti.

1892 Nottingham Forest play their first ever football league game. It ended 2-2 against Everton FC.

1893 Death of James Harrison, Scottish-born inventor (b. 1816)

1895 The first professional American football game is played, in Latrobe, Pennsylvania, between the Latrobe YMCA and the Jeannette Athletic Club. (Latrobe won the contest 12-0).

1899 Birth of Frank Macfarlane Burnet, Australian biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1985)

1900 Birth of Maurice Dobb, economist (d. 1976)

1900 British annex Natal (South Africa).

1903 Death of Joseph Skipsey, British poet (b. 1832)

1905 Birth of Carl David Anderson New York City, physicist (1936 Nobel Prize for physics).

1906 New York Yankees win second game on a forfeit over Athletics; second forfeit win.

1907 Birth of Andrew Brewin Canada, lawyer/cofound New Democratic Party.

1908 Birth of Lev Semenovich Pontryagin, Russian mathematician (d. 1988)

1910 Birth of Yale Gracey in Shanghai, China; began at Disney Studios in 1939 as art director and layout artist on over 60 Disney films, added special effects to Disneyland attractions, retired 1975, named Disney Legend 1989.

1912 World’s first cannery opens in England to supply food to the navy.

1913 Birth of Alan Ladd actor (Shane, Carpetbaggers, Boy on a Dolphin).

1914 Birth of Kitty Carlisle Hart New Orleans Louisiana, actress (Animal Crackers).

1914 Cardinal Giacome della Chiesa becomes Pope Benedict XV.

1914 Death of AlbTric Magnard, French composer (b. 1865)

1914 Giacomo della Chiesa acceeds to the papacy as Pope Benedict XV.

1916 Allies turn back Germans in Battle of Verdun.

1916 Birth of Eddie Stanky, baseball player (d. 1999)

1917 Birth of Eddie “Brat” Stanky Phil Rizzuto’s nemesis/second baseman (Brooklyn Dodgers).

1917 Grover Cleveland Alexander pitches complete wins in a doubleheader.

1918 Birth of Helen Wagner, American actress

1918 Five soldiers hanged for alleged participation in Houston riot of 1917.

1921 Birth of Thurston Dart, English harpsichordist and conductor (d. 1971)

1923 Birth of Mort Walker, American cartoonist

1925 First international handball match is held.

1928 Birth of Gaston Thorn, President of the European Commission

1929 Birth of Irene Papas, Greek actress

1929 The Dow Jones Industrial Average hits a high point of 381.17.

1930 Birth of Cherry Wilder, New Zealand author (d. 2002)

1930 Hurricane kills 2,000, injures 4,000 (Dominican Republic).

1931 Birth of Dick Motta, American basketball coach

1932 Ellsworth Vines beats Henri Cochet for US tennis title.

1933 Birth of Tompall Glaser, American singer

1933 Yevgeniy Abalakov reaches the highest point of the Soviet Union – Communism Peak (7495 m).

1934 Tunisia begins its move for independence.

1935 Andrew Varipapa sets bowling record of 2,652 points in ten games.

1935 First automobile to exceed 300 mph, driven by Sir Malcolm Campbell (301.337 mph).

1935 Sir Malcolm Campbell reaches 304.331 miles per hour on the Bonneville Salt Flats in Utah, becoming the first person to drive an automobile over 300 mph

1938 Birth of Eileen Brennan, American actress

1939 (0900 hours London time) Sir Neville Henderson, the British Ambassador in Berlin informs the German government that if Germans are not withdrawing from Poland by 11:00 AM London time, that a state of war would exist as of that hour. A short time later, French Ambassador Robert Coulondre delivers a similar ultimatum, with 5:00 PM deadline.

1939 (1110 hours London time) British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain declares the country is at war with Germany.

1939 (1117 hours) The British Admiralty issues orders to all ships to open hostilities against Germany.

1939 (1700 hours) France declares a state of war on Germany.

1939 (2030 hours Paris time) French Premier Edouard Daladier announces officially by radio that a state of war exists with Germany.

1939 (2115 hours Melbourne time) Prime Minister Robert Menzies announces that Australia is at war with Germany.

1939 (about 1134 hours Berlin time) Joachim von Ribbentrop reads his government’s reply to the British ultimatum to British Ambassador Sir Nevile Henderson. The written reply, signed by Adolf Hitler, refuses to accept or fulfill the terms of the ultimatum, and blames Britain for the conditions in Poland and Germany that lead to the conflict.

1939 Denmark issues a declaration of neutrality.

1939 (evening London time) Winston Churchill is appointed First Lord of the Admiralty, and a member of the British Inner War Cabinet.

1939 German forces capture Czestochova in Upper Silesia, and Polish forces retreat from the area.

1939 (late evening) Ten Whitley planes from England drop 13.5 tons of leaflets on northern Germany. The 5.4 million leaflets tell Germans that Adolf Hitler’s promises are worthless, that Germany is near bankruptcy, and weak compared to Allied forces. This is the start of operation NICKEL.

1939 New York Yankees beat Boston Red Sox on a forfeit, their fourth forfeit win.

1939 Polish president Isnaz Moscieki declares Poland is under a state of war with Germany.

1939 Russia informs France and Britain that if they join in the German-Polish conflict, Russia would be compelled to revise her Western borders.

1939 Spanish Generalissimo Francisco Franco declares the neutrality of his country.

1939 The Egyptian government proclaims martial law, in order to deport Germans, impose censorship, and arrest persons suspected of espionage.

1939 The Netherlands Government issues a statement declaring strict neutrality.

1939 World War II: France, the United Kingdom, New Zealand, and Australia declare war on Germany.

1940 Birth of Eduardo Galeano, Uruguayan journalist

1940 First showing of high definition color TV.

1941 Birth of Sergei Dovlatov, Russian writer (d. 1990)

1941 John Gillespie Magee, Jr. authors the sonnet “High Flight”.

1942 Birth of Al Jardine; rocker (The Beach Boys – “In My Room”).

1942 World War II: Uprising of the Jewish ghetto in Lakhva occurs.

1943 Birth of Valerie Perrine, American actress

1943 Near Syracuse, Sicily, Italian Guiseppe Castellano signs capitulation of Italy. US General Dwight Eisenhower’s chief of staff Walter Bedell Smith signs on behalf of the Allies.

1943 Operation Baytown begins, as the British 8th Army begins an assault on Italy, from Sicily across the Strait of Messina, landing near Reggio di Calabria.

1943 World War II: Mainland Italy is invaded by Allied forces for the first time in the war.

1944 Birth of Sherwood C “Woody” Spring in Hartford, Connecticut, USA; Colonel USA/astronaut (STS 61B).

1944 Frank Parker beats Bill Talbert for US tennis title.

1944 The British 2nd Army reaches Brussels, Belgium, liberating the city.

1945 Birth of Mike Harrison; keyboardist (Spooky Tooth – “It’s All About”).

1945 Japanese forces in the Philippines surrender to Allies.

1947 Birth of Kjell Magne Bondevik, Prime Minister of Norway

1947 New York Yankees get 18 singles to beat Boston Red Sox 11-2.

1947 Philadelphia Athletics’ Bill McCahan no-hits Washington Senators, 3-0.

1948 Death of Edvard Bene?, President of Czechoslovakia (b. 1884)

1949 Birth of Patriarch Peter VII of Alexandria (d. 2004)

1950 Birth of Doug Pinnick, American bassist and vocalist (King’s X)

1951 The first long-running American television soap opera, Search for Tomorrow, airs its first episode on the CBS network.

1954 Pope Pius X canonized a saint.

1954 The People’s Liberation Army begin shelling the ROC-controlled islands of Quemoy

1955 Birth of Steve Jones, English musician (Sex Pistols)

1956 Birth of Hans-Georg Beyer in German Democratic Republic; team handball player (Olympic-gold-1980).

1957 Birth of Garth Ancier, American television executive

1957 Warren Spahn sets record for a lefty pitcher with 41st shut-out.

1958 In Greece, police start shaving the hair of youths called “Teddy Boys” to the skin.

1959 Birth of Merritt Butrick, American actor (d. 1989)

1962 Death of E. E. Cummings, American poet (b. 1894)

1963 Birth of Amber Lynn, American porn star

1963 Death of Louis MacNeice, Northern Irish poet (b. 1907)

1964 Birth of Adam Curry, Internet entrepreneur

1964 Death of Stewart Holbrook, American author (b. 1893)

1964 US Wilderness Act signed into law by President Lyndon B Johnson.

1965 Birth of Charlie Sheen, American actor

1965 Jim Hickman becomes the first New York Mets’ player to hit three home runs in a game.

1967 Dagen H in Sweden: traffic changes from driving on the left to driving on the right overnight

1967 Death of James Dunn, American actor (b. 1905)

1967 Nguyen Van Thieu elected president of South Vietnam under a new constitution.

1967 Nguyen Van Thieu is elected President of South Vietnam.

1967 Swedish automobile driving switches to the right-hand side of roads.

1968 Chicago White Sox set American League record of 39 losses by one run.

1969 Birth of John Fugelsang, American actor

1969 Ho Chi Minh, North Vietnamese president, dies.

1969 the hit song “I’ve Got You Under My Skin” by The Four Seasons was released to radio

1970 Billy Williams ends longest National League consecutive streak at 1,117 games.

1970 Birth of Gareth Southgate, English footballer

1970 Death of Vince Lombardi, American football coach (b. 1913)

1970 Vince Lombardi, football coach, dies in Washington DC at age 57.

1971 Qatar becomes an independant state.

1971 Signing of the Four Power Agreement on Berlin.

1971 Watergate team breaks into Daniel Ellsberg’s doctor’s office.

1972 In Northwestern Kashmir, a magnitude 6.3 earthquake occurs. Over 100 killed, over 1,000 homes destroyed.

1974 Death of Harry Partch, American composer (b. 1901)

1974 NBA guard Oscar Robinson retires.

1975 Chartered 707 crashes in Atlas Mountains of Morocco, 188 die.

1976 Birth of Vivek Oberoi, Indian actor

1976 Viking program: The Viking 2 spacecraft lands at Utopia Planitia on Mars and takes the first close-up, color photos of the planet’s surface.

1977 Birth of Olof Mellberg, Swedish footballer

1977 Japanese superstar Sadaharu Oh hits his 756th career homer to surpass Hank Aaron as the All-time career home run leader in professional baseball.

1978 Birth of John Curtis, English footballer

1978 Crew of Soyuz 31 returns to Earth aboard Soyuz 29.

1978 Pope John Paul I is officially installed as 264th supreme pontiff.

1979 Birth of Tomo Milicevic, Croatian musician (30 Seconds to Mars)

1979 Hurricane David, a strong Atlantic storm, kills over 1,000.

1980 Birth of Jennie Finch; American softball player.

1980 Death of Dirch Passer, Danish actor (born 1926).

1981 Birth of Fearne Cotton; British television presenter.

1981 Death of Alec Waugh, English writer (b. 1898)

1981 The Boston Red Sox and the Seattle Mariners play nineteen innings to a 7-7 tie. The game ends with the Mariners winning 8-7 in 20 innings when the suspended game is resumed the next day making it the longest game played in Fenway Park history.

1982 Birth of Andrew McMahon; American musician.

1982 Italian general Carlo Alberto Dalla Chiesa is killed in a mafia ambush.

1984 28-year-old Chicago resident wins US$40 million in Illinois Lottery Lotto state lottery.

1984 Birth of Garrett Hedlund, American actor.

1985 Birth of Scott Carson, English footballer

1985 New York Mets’ Gary Carter hits three consecutive home runs in a game.

1986 Birth of Shaun White, American professional snowboarder.

1987 Birth of Chris Fountain; British actor.

1987 Death of Morton Feldman, American composer (b. 1926)

1990 David Acer, Florida dentist, dies of AIDS after infecting five patients.

1990 Helen Hudson sings national anthem in 26th park of year (San Diego).

1991 Death of Frank Capra, American film director (b. 1897)

1991 Dottie West, American country music singer, dies at age 58 in a car crash (born 1932).

1991 In Hamlet, North Carolina, a grease fire breaks out at the Imperial Foods chicken processing plant, killing 25 people.

1991 In Hamlet, North Carolina, a grease fire breaks out at the Imperial Foods chicken processing plant, killing 25 people.

1993 Birth of Rina Koike, Japanese actress.

1994 Death of James T. Aubrey, American television executive (b. 1918)

1994 Russia and the People’s Republic of China agree to de-target their nuclear weapons against each other.

1994 Sino-Soviet Split: Russia and the People’s Republic of China agree to de-target their nuclear weapons against each other.

1995 Online auction company eBay is founded.

1996 Death of Emily Kame Kngwarreye, Australian Aboriginal artist (b. 1910)

1996 Nintendo releases the Game Boy Pocket portable game system in the USA.

1996 The U.S. launches Operation Desert Strike against Iraq in reaction to the attack on Arbil.

1997 Arizona Governor Fife Symington is convicted for various crimes tied to his real estate business, effectively forcing him out of office.

1997 Arizona Governor Fife Symington is convicted for various crimes tied to his real estate business, effectively forcing him out of office.

1997 A Vietnam Airlines Tupolev TU-134 crashes on approach into Phnom Penh airport, killing 64.

1998 In Somalia, the southern port of Kismayo is declared the capital of independent Jubaland under Muhamed Said Hersi.

2001 Death of Pauline Kael, American film critic (born 1919).

2002 Consolidated Freightways, the third largest U.S. trucking firm, files for bankruptcy.

2003 Death of Paul Jennings Hill, American anti-abortion murderer (b. 1954)

2003 Hubble Space Telescope starts Hubble Ultra Deep Field.

2004 A small asteroid explodes in the stratosphere above Antarctica depositing micron-sized dust particles.

2004 Hurricane Frances makes landfall in Florida. After killing two people in the Bahamas, Hurricane Frances kills ten people in Florida, two in Georgia and one in South Carolina.

2004 Russian forces end the siege at a school in Beslan, Northern Ossetia. At least 335 people (among which are 32 of the approximately 40 hostage-takers) are killed and at least 700 people injured.

2004 The Beslan school massacre ends in the deaths of approximately 344 teachers and children.

2005 Death of William Rehnquist, Chief Justice of the United States (born 1924).

2006 Andre Agassi retires after his final tennis match against Benjamin Becker in the U.S. Open.

2006 Spain wins the 2006 FIBA World Championship.

2007 British troops withdraw from the Basra region of Iraq.

2007 Danish police arrest eight young Muslims in Copenhagen, Denmark, averting a major terrorist attack.

2007 Death of Jane Tomlinson, British charity fund raiser (born 1964).

2007 In Bangladesh, police arrest Khaleda Zia, leader of Bangladesh Nationalist Party, former Prime Minister, on charges of corruption.

2007 In Jamaica, Bruce Golding of the Jamaica Labour Party is elected prime minister, breaking eighteen years of rule by the People’s National Party. Golding won 50.1 percent of the popular vote, and 32 of 60 seats.

2007 Official groundbreaking for the Panama Canal expansion project.

2007 Steve Fossett takes off from a private airstip in western Nevada, then he and the plane vanish.

2008 President’s Dimitris Christofias and Mehmet Ali Talat hold peace talks in Nicosia, aimed at reunifying Cyprus.

2008 Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gillani of Pakistan survives an assassination attempt near Islamabad, while on his way to meet British Leader of the Opposition David Cameron.

2008 Tropical Storm Gustav disperses, after causing US$20 billion damage in the US, and 283 deaths in the US and Caribbean.

2010 A suicide bomber strikes a Shi’ite rally in the Pakistani city of Quetta, killing at least 54 people, wounding about 160.

2010 New Zealand’s South Island is hit by 7.0-magnitude earthquake, 30km west of Christchurch. Damage is relatively minor, with no injuries reported.