1066 Battle of Stamford Bridge: King Harold II defeats Harold Hardrada of Norway, who dies in battle.
1066 Death of Killed at the Battle of Stamford Bridge: Tostig Godwinson, Earl of Northumbria
1066 The Battle of Stamford Bridge marks the end of the Viking era.
1086 Death of William VIII, Duke of Aquitaine (b. 1025)
1333 Death of Prince Morikuni, Japanese shogun (b. 1301)
1358 Birth of Ashikaga Yoshimitsu, Japanese shogun (d. 1408)
1396 Ottoman Emperor Beyazid I defeats a Christian army at the Battle of Nicopolis.
1493 Columbus sails on second voyage to America.
1496 Death of Piero Capponi, Italian soldier and statesman (b. 1447)
1506 Death of King Philip I of Castile (b. 1478)
1513 Spanish explorer Vasco N?�ez de Balboa is the first European to reach what will be known as the Pacific Ocean.
1513 Spanish explorer Vasco N�ñez de Balboa reached the Pacific Ocean.
1525 Birth of Steven Borough, English explorer (d. 1584)
1534 Death of Pope Clement VII (b. 1478)
1536 Death of Johannes Secundus, Dutch poet (b. 1511)
1555 The Peace of Augsburg is signed in Augsburg by Charles V and the princes of the Schmalkaldic League.
1599 Birth of Francesco Borromini, Swiss sculptor (d. 1667)
1602 Death of Caspar Peucer, German reformer (b. 1525)
1617 Death of Francisco Suarez, Spanish Jesuit, philosopher/theologian (b. 1548)
1626 Death of Lancelot Andrewes, English scholar and Bishop of the Church of England (b. 1555)
1629 Sweden and Poland sign a six-year truce at Altmark, near Danzig. Sweden retains control of Livonia and the mouth of the River Vistula. Poland regains other Swedish gains since the 1625 invasion. Sweden will receive all shipping tolls at ports of Poland and Prussia for the six years.
1630 Death of Ambrosio Spinola, marquTs de los Balbases, Spanish general (b. 1569)
1639 First printing press in America.
1644 Birth of Olaus R?mer Denmark, first to accurately measure speed of light.
1657 Birth of Imre Th�k�ly Hungary, patriot, opposed Habsburg rule.
1665 Death of Maria Anna of Austria (b. 1610)
1683 Birth of Jean-Philippe Rameau Dijon France, composer (Traite) (baptized).
1690 “Publick Occurrences Both Foreign and Domestick”, the first newspaper published in the Americas, published for the first and only time.
1690 Publick Occurrences, first US (Boston) newspaper, publish first and last ed.
1694 Birth of Henry Pelham, Prime Minister of Great Britain (d. 1754)
1703 Death of Archibald Campbell, 1st Duke of Argyll, Scottish privy councillor (b. 1658)
1711 Birth of Qianlong Emperor of China (d. 1799)
1725 Birth of Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot designed and built first automobile.
1738 Birth of Nicholas Van Dyke, American lawyer and President of Delaware (d. 1789)
1764 Birth of Fletcher Christian, English Bounty mutineer (d. 1793)
1766 Birth of Armand-Emmanuel duc de Richelieu, French Prime Minister (1815-18, 1820-21).
1773 Birth of Agostino Bassi, Italian entomologist (d. 1856)
1774 Death of John Bradstreet, Canadian-born soldier (b. 1714)
1775 American Revolutionary War hero Ethan Allen captured.
1782 Birth of Charles Robert Maturin, Irish playwright and novelist (d. 1824)
1789 The Congressional Apportionment Amendment to the United States Constitution is proposed at the U.S. Congress.
1789 US Congress proposes Bill of Rights (10 of 12 will ratify).
1791 Death of William Bradford, American printer (b. 1719)
1792 Death of Adam Gottlob Moltke, Danish statesman (b. 1710)
1794 Death of Paul Rabaut, French Huguenot pastor (b. 1718)
1796 Birth of Antoine-Louis Barye, French sculptor (d. 1875)
1798 Birth of Jean-Baptiste �lie de Beaumont, French geologist (d. 1874)
1804 12th amendment to the US constitution, regulating judicial power.
1804 The Teton Sioux (a subdivison of the Lakota) demand one of the boats from the Corps of Discovery as a toll for moving further upriver.
1825 Death of Joachim Heer, Swiss politician (b. 1879)
1839 Birth of Karl Alfred von Zittel, German palaeontologist (d. 1904)
1846 U.S. forces led by Zachary Taylor captured the Mexican city of Monterrey.
1849 Death of Johann Strauss, Senior, Austrian composer (b. 1804)
1861 Secretary of US Navy authorizes enlistment of slaves.
1862 Birth of Billy Hughes, seventh Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1952)
1866 Birth of Thomas Hunt Morgan US, biologist (Nobel Prize-1933).
1867 Death of Oliver Loving, American pioneer rancher (b. 1812)
1877 Birth of Plutarco El?as Calles Mexican revolutionary, president (1924-28).
1881 Birth of Lu Xun, Chinese writer (d. 1936)
1882 First baseball doubleheader (Providence and Worcester).
1887 Birth of May Sutton Bundy US, first US woman to win Wimbledon (US 1904).
1890 Sequoia is established as a National Park in California.
1890 Yosemite National Park established in California.
1896 Birth of Sandro Pertini, President of the Italian Republic (d. 1990)
1897 Birth of William Faulkner, American writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1962)
1898 Birth of Robert Brackman American artist (d. 1980)
1903 Birth of Mark Rothko US, painter (Green on Blue).
1905 Birth of Red Smith Green Bay Wisconsin, sportscaster/columnist (Fight Talk).
1905 Death of Jacques Marie EugFne Godefroy Cavaignac, French politician (b. 1853)
1906 Birth of Dimitri Shostakovich Saint Petersburg Russia, composer (9th-1945).
1906 In the presence of the king and before a great crowd, Leonardo Torres Quevedo successfully demonstrates the invention of the Telekino in the port of Bilbao, guiding a boat from the shore, in what is considered the birth of the remote control.
1907 Birth of Robert Bresson France, director (Pickpocket, Mouchette).
1908 Chicago Cubs’ Ed Reulbach becomes only pitcher to throw Doubleheader shutout.
1909 Hudson-Fulton Celebration opens in New York.
1911 Ground is broken for Fenway Park in Boston, Massachusetts.
1912 Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism is founded in New York, New York.
1917 Birth of Johnny Sain, baseball player
1918 Birth of Phil Rizzuto Brooklyn, New York, sportscaster/shortstop (New York Yankees-Most Valuable Player 1950).
1918 Death of Mikhail Alekseev, Russian general (b. 1857)
1919 President Wilson becomes seriously ill and collapses after a speech.
1920 Birth of Sergey Bondarchuk Belozerka Ukraine, director (War and Peace).
1920 Vern Bradburn of Winnipeg Victorias kicks 9 singles in a game.
1921 Birth of Sir Robert Muldoon, Prime Minister of New Zealand (d. 1992)
1922 Birth of Hammer DeRoburt, first President of Nauru (d. 1992)
1924 Malcolm Campbell sets world auto speed record at 146.16 MPH.
1926 Birth of Sergei Filatov in USSR; equestrian dressage (Olympic-gold-1960).
1926 Death of Herbert Booth, the third son of William and Catherine Booth (b. 1862)
1926 Henry Ford announces the 8 hour, 5-day work week.
1926 International slavery convention signed by 20 states.
1926 NHL grants franchises to Chicago Black Hawks and Detroit Red Wings.
1927 Birth of Carl Braun; basketball player (New York Knicks).
1929 Birth of Ronnie Barker, British comedian and actor (d. 2005)
1929 Jimmy Doolittle performs the first blind flight from General Mitchell leading to the development of Instrument Flying.
1929 Lieutenant Jimmy Doolittle performs the first blind flight at Mitchell Field in New York, proving that full Instrument Flying from take off to landing is possible.
1929 Miller Huggins, New York Yankees manager, dies at age 50.
1930 Birth of Shel Silverstein, American humorist and author (d. 1999)
1932 Birth of Glenn Herbert Gould in Toronto, Ontario, Canada; pianist (sued Steinway Piano).
1933 Birth of Hubie Brown, American basketball coach and broadcaster
1933 Death of Ring Lardner, American writer (b. 1885)
1934 Lou Gehrig plays in his 1500th consecutive Major League Baseball game.
1936 Birth of Juliet Prowse, British actress and dancer (d. 1996)
1938 Birth of Jonathan Motzfeldt, first Prime Minister of Greenland
1939 Guns of the French Maginot Line and German Westwall along the 80-mile front from Lauterbourg to Basle exchange fire for 24 hours.
1939 Versailles Peace Treaty forgot to include Andorra, so Andorra and Germany finally sign an official treaty ending World War I.
1940 Operation Menace ends at Dakar in French West Africa, as the occupation force withdraws at night.
1940 Vidkun Quisling installed as prime minister of Norway.
1943 Birth of John Locke in Louisiana, USA; rocker (Spirit – “I Got A Line on You”).
1943 Soviet forces re-capture Smolensk.
1944 Birth of Michael Douglas, American actor and producer
1945 Birth of Carol Vadnais, Canadian ice hockey player
1946 Birth of Felicity Kendal, British actress
1946 Death of Hans Eppinger, Austrian physician and war criminal (b. 1879)
1947 Birth of Cheryl Tiegs in Minnesota, USA; model’s figure.
1949 Louis Suggs wins US Woman’s Golf championship.
1951 Birth of Bob McAdoo; NBA forward/center (Buffalo Braves, Los Angeles Lakers).
1952 Birth of Christopher Reeve, American actor and activist (d. 2004)
1955 The Royal Jordanian Air Force is founded.
1956 Brooklyn Dodgers’ pitcher Sal Maglie no-hits Philadelphia Phillies, 5-0.
1956 TAT-1, the first submarine transatlantic telephone cable system, is inaugurated.
1957 300 US Army troops guard nine black kids’ return to Central High School in Arkansas.
1957 Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas, is integrated through the use of United States Army troops.
1957 Soviet seven-year plan (1959-1965) announced.
1958 Birth of Michael Madsen, American actor
1959 Solomon Bandaranaike, prime minister of Sri Lanka is assassinated by a Buddhist monk, Talduwe Somarama, and dies the next day.
1959 S.W.R.D. Bandaranaike, Ceylon’s Prime Minister, assassinated by a Buddhist monk.
1960 Birth of Igor Belanov, Ukrainian footballer
1960 Death of Emily Post , American author & etiquette expert (b. 1873)
1960 Emily Post, etiquette expert, dies at age 86.
1960 Philadelphia Phillies beat Cincinnati Reds 7-1, ending 16 consecutive Sunday losses.
1961 Birth of Heather Locklear, American actress and model
1961 Death of Frank Fay American actor first husband of Barbara Stanwyck (b. 1897)
1962 A black church is destroyed by fire in Macon, Georgia, USA.
1962 Birth of Aida Turturro, American actress
1962 Sonny Liston knocks out Floyd Patterson in first round for heavyweight title.
1962 The People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria is formally proclaimed. Ferhat Abbas is elected President of the provisional government.
1964 Birth of Kikuko Inoue, Japanese singer and voice actresses (seiy?)
1965 Birth of Will “Fresh Prince” Smith, rapper (“Parents Just Don’t Understand”).
1966 Smallest Yankee stadium crowd, 413 see Chicago White Sox win 4-1.
1967 Birth of Lezlie Lund in Tolna, North Dakota, USA; Miss North Dakota-America (1991).
1968 Birth of Prince Johan Friso of the Netherlands.
1969 Birth of Hansie Cronje, South African cricketer
1969 Death of Paul Scherrer in Sankt Gallen, Switzerland; physicist, developed Debye-Scherrer method of X-ray diffraction analysis with Peter Debbie.
1970 Birth of Dean Ween, American musician (Ween)
1970 Death of Erich Maria Remarque, German author (b. 1898)
1970 The Partridge Family debuts on ABC-TV and would run for four years.
1971 Birth of John Lynch, American football player
1972 In the Norwegian EC referendum, 1972, the people of Norway reject membership.
1973 Birth of Tijani Babangida, Nigerian footballer
1973 Willie Mays night at Shea Stadium.
1975 Birth of Declan Donnelly, English television presenter
1976 Birth of Chauncey Billups, American basketball player
1976 Montreal Expo’s last game at Montreal’s Jarry Park.
1978 Birth of Ricardo Gardner, Jamaican footballer
1978 PSA Boeing 727 and a Cessna private plane collide by San Diego, California; 144 die.
1978 PSA Flight 182, a Boeing 727-214, collides in mid-air with a Cessna 172 and crashes in San Diego, California, resulting in the deaths of 144 people.
1979 Death of Tapio Rautavaara, Finnish athlete, actor, and singer (b. 1915)
1979 The California Angels defeat the Kansas City Royals, 4-1, to win their first American League West title.
1980 Birth of T.I.; American rapper.
1980 Death of John Bonham, British drummer (Led Zeppelin) (born 1948).
1980 The first congress of the Democratic Youth Organization of Afghanistan held in Kabul.
1981 Sandra Day O’Connor sworn in as US Supreme Court justice.
1981 Sandra Day O’Connor was the 102nd Justice sworn in as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, the first woman to hold the office.
1981 The Rolling Stones begin their tour in support of their “Tattoo You” album at JFK Stadium in Philadelphia.
1982 In Israel, 400,000 marchers demand the resignation of Prime Minister Menachem Begin.
1982 Pennsylvania prison guard George Banks kills 13 (5 are his own children).
1983 38 Irish republican prisoners of Maze Prison, armed with six handguns, hijack a prison meals lorry and smash their way out of the prison; the largest prison escape in British history.
1983 Death of King LTopold III of Belgium (born 1901).
1984 Birth of Rashad McCants, National Basketball Association player.
1984 Death of Walter Pidgeon, Canadian actor (b. 1897)
1984 Walter Pidgeon of New Brunswick, Canada, actor (MGM-Mrs Miniver, Madame Curie), dies at age 87 after a series of strokes (born 1897).
1985 Akali Dal wins Punjab State election in India.
1986 Death of Nikolay Nikolayevich Semyonov, Russian chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (born 1896).
1986 Houston Astros’ Mike Scott no-hits San Francisco Giants, 2-0.
1987 Death of Mary Astor, Academy Award-winning American actress (born 1906).
1988 Billy Carter, US President Jimmy Carter’s brother, dies of cancer at age 51.
1988 Florence Griffith Joyner runs Olympic record 100m in 10.54 seconds.
1988 Monty Python member Michael Palin sets out from London’s Reform Club to start his BBC documentary Around the World in 80 Days.
1990 First eight New York Yankeesl players hit safely versus Baltimore Orioles to tie record.
1990 Oakland Athletics clinch third straight American League West title.
1990 Saddam Hussein warns US will repeat Vietnam experience.
1990 United Nations Security Council vote 14-1 to impose air embargo against Iraq.
1991 Birth of Emmy Clarke, American actress.
1991 Death of the “Butcher of Lyon”, Klaus Barbie, in Lyon, France; head of the Gestapo in Lyon from 1942-1944, had 4,000 people executed.
1991 The Paramount at Madison Square Garden in New York City opens.
1994 Birth of Jansen Panettiere, American actor.
1995 Death of Bessie Delany, American physician and author (born 1891).
1996 Death of Nicu Ceau?escu, Romanian politician (b. 1951)
1996 IBM launches OS/2 Warp 4, in San Francisco, California. New features include Java technology, voice recognition software, and Open32 Win32 APIs. Price is US$249; upgrade is US$149. It is the first operating system to include built-in speech navigation and recognition.
1996 The last of the Magdalen Asylums is closed in Ireland.
1996 The last of the Magdalen Asylums was closed in Ireland.
1997 Death of Jean Fran?aix, French composer (born 1912).
1997 UNSCOM inspector Dr. Diane Seaman catches several Iraqi men sneaking out the back door of an inspection site, with log books for the creation of prohibited bacteria and chemicals.
1998 Sammy Sosa hits homerun number 66 to take the lead in the Major League Baseball homerun race. Less than an hour later Mark McGwire also hits his 66th.
1998 (to September 28) Major creditors of Long-Term Capital Management, a Greenwich, Connecticut-based hedge fund, after days of tough bargaining and some informal mediation by Federal Reserve officials, agree on terms of a re-capitalization.
1999 Death of Marion Zimmer Bradley, American writer (b. 1930)
2000 Death of R. S. Thomas, Welsh poet (born 1913).
2002 The Vitim event, a possible bolide impact in Siberia, Russia.
2003 A magnitude-8.0 earthquake strikes just offshore of Hokkaido, Japan.
2003 Death of Franco Modigliani, Italian-born economist, Nobel Prize laureate (born 1918).
2003 In Hokkaido, Japan, a magnitude 8.3 earthquake occurs, the world’s largest earthquake of 2003. At least 589 people injured, many roads damaged, landslides and power outages in southeastern Hokkaido. A tsunami was generated with an estimated wave height of 4m along the southeastern coast of Hokkaido.
2004 Hurricane Jeanne makes landfall near Port Saint Lucie, Florida, near location Hurricane Frances hit two weeks earlier. Jeanne kills over 3,030, mostly in Haiti.
2004 Port Adelaide Power win their first premiership against Brisbane Lions in AFL Grand Final.
2005 Death of Don Adams, American actor (born 1923).
2005 The Hide (Matsumoto “Hide” Hideto) museum closed due to the lack of funds. (Japan).
2006 The Louisiana Superdome in New Orleans re-opens 13 months after Hurricane Katrina with extensive repairs, including the largest re-roofing project in the United States.
2007 Death of Haidar Abdel Shafi, at age 88, founder and member of the Palestinian Liberation Organization, medical doctor.
2008 Kgalema Motlanthe is sworn in as interim president (until an election) of South Africa, replacing Thabo Mbeki.
2008 U.S. regulators seize bank Washington Mutual, the biggest bank failure in the nation’s history, and sell its assets to JPMorgan Chase & Company for US$1.9 billion. Washington Mutual was the largest savings and loan bank, with $307 billion of assets and $188 billion of deposits.
2009 At the G-20 Pittsburgh summit, world leaders announce that the G-20 will assume greater leverage over the world economy, replacing the role of the G-8, in an effort to prevent another financial crisis like that in 2008.
2009 Death of Alicia de Larrocha, Spanish pianist (born 1923).