This Day In History Oct 29th

1017 Birth of Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1056)

1038 Death of Aethelnoth, Archbishop of Canterbury

1061 Emperor disposes of Bishop Cadalus & Pope Honorius II

1138 Death of Boles?aw III Krzywousty, Duke of Poland (b. 1086)

1268 Conradin, the last legitimate male heir of the Hohenstaufen dynasty of Kings of Germany and Holy Roman Emperors, is executed along with his companion Frederick I, Margrave of Baden by Charles I of Sicily, a political rival and ally to the hostile Catholic church.

1268 Death of Konradin (Konrad der jnngere), beheaded in the marketplace in Naples, Italy (born in Wolfstein, Germany).

1422 Charles VII of France becomes king in succession to his father Charles VI of France

1467 Battle of Brusthem: Charles the Bold defeats Liege

1590 Death of Dirck Volckertszoon Coornhert, Dutch politician and theologian (b. 1522)

1618 Death of Sir Walter Raleigh, English explorer (executed) (b. 1554)

1618 English adventurer, writer, and courtier Sir Walter Raleigh is beheaded for allegedly conspiring against James I of England.

1618 Sir Walter Raleigh is executed in London.

1650 Death of David Calderwood, Scottish historian (b. 1575)

1652 Massachusetts declares itself an independent commonwealth.

1658 Action of 29 October 1658 (Naval battle)

1666 Death of Edmund Calamy the Elder, English Presbyterian leader (b. 1600)

1675 Leibniz makes the first use of the long s, ?, for integral.

1682 Birth of Pierre Frantois Xavier de Charlevoix, French historian (d. 1761)

1682 William Penn lands in what will become Pennsylvania.

1690 Birth of Martin Folkes, English antiquarian (d. 1754)

1704 Birth of John Byng, British admiral (d. 1757)

1727 Severe earthquake in New England.

1740 Birth of James Boswell Scotland, Samuel Johnson’s biographer.

1783 Death of Jean le Rond d’Alembert, French mathematician and encyclop�dist (b. 1717)

1787 Mozart’s opera Don Giovanni receives its first performance in Prague.

1787 The opera “Don Giovanni” is produced (Prague).

1792 Mt. Hood (Oregon) is named after the British naval officer Alexander Arthur Hood by Lt. William E. Broughton who spotted the mountain near the mouth of the Willamette River.

1811 First Ohio River steamboat leaves Pittsburgh for New Orleans.

1815 Birth of Daniel Emmett, American composer (d. 1904)

1827 Birth of Marcellin Berthelot, French chemist and politician (d. 1907)

1833 First US college fraternity to have a fraternity house founded.

1859 Birth of Charles Ebbets (namesake of Ebbets Field, Brooklyn).

1861 Birth of Andrei Ryabushkin, Russian painter (d. 1904)

1863 American Civil War: Battle of Wauhatchie – Forces under Union General Ulysses S. Grant ward-off a Confederate attack led by General James Longstreet. Union forces thus open a supply line into Chattanooga, Tennessee.

1863 International Committee of the Red Cross founded (Nobel Prize 1917, 1944, 1963).

1863 Sixteen countries meeting in Geneva agree to form the International Red Cross.

1873 Birth of Guillermo Valencia Colombia, poet/translator/statesman.

1875 Birth of Marie queen consort of Ferdinand I of Romania (1914-27).

1877 Birth of Wilfred Rhodes, English cricketer (d. 1973)

1877 Death of Nathan Bedford Forrest, American Confederate general and leader of the Ku Klux Klan (b. 1821)

1879 Birth of Alva B. Adams, American politician (d. 1941)

1880 Birth of Abram Ioffe, Soviet physicist (d. 1960)

1881 The Judge (US magazine) first published.

1882 Birth of Jean Giraudoux Bellac France, playwright (+glantine, Provinciales).

1884 Birth of Bela Lugosi horror actor (Dracula, Body Snatcher).

1885 George B McClellan Union army general, dies at age 58.

1886 The ticker-tape parade is invented in New York City when office workers spontaneously throw ticker tape into the streets as the Statue of Liberty is dedicated.

1889 New York Giants (National League) beat Brooklyn (AA) in world series 6 games to 3.

1889 Stanley Park dedicated in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

1891 Birth of Fanny Brice singing comedienne (Ziegeld Follies, Baby Snooks).

1894 First election of the Hawaiian Republic.

1897 Birth of Hope Emerson Hawarden Iowa, actress (I Married Joan, Peter Gunn).

1899 Birth of Akim Tamiroff, Russian actor (d. 1972)

1901 Capital punishment: Leon Czolgosz, the assassin of US President William McKinley, is executed by electrocution.

1901 Death of Leon Czolgosz, American assassin of U.S. President William McKinley (b. 1873)

1901 In Amherst, Massachusetts nurse Jane Toppan is arrested for murdering the Davis family of Boston with an overdose of morphine.

1901 Leon Czolcosz assassin of President McKinley, is executed.

1904 First intercity trucking service (Colorado City and Snyder, Texas).

1905 Death of Etienne Desmarteau, Canadian athlete (b. 1873)

1906 Birth of Fredric Brown American writer (US Army in Transition).

1910 Birth of Alfred J Ayer England, Neopositivist philosopher/logician.

1910 Bob Simpson of Hamilton Tigers kicks record 11 singles in a game.

1911 Death of Joseph Pulitzer, Hungarian-born newspaper publisher (b. 1847)

1911 Joseph Pulitzer American newspaperman, dies in Charleston, South Carolina.

1915 Birth of William Berenberg, American physician and Harvard professor (d. 2005)

1917 Birth of Henry Carlsson Sweden, soccer (Olympic-gold-1948).

1919 Death of A. B. Simpson, Canadian founder of the Christian and Missionary Alliance and Nyack College (b. 1843)

1920 Birth of Baruj Benacerraf, Venezuelan-born immunologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

1920 Edward Barrow named New York Yankees general manager.

1921 Birth of Ed Kemmer Reading Pennsylvania; actor (Buzz Corey-Space Patrol).

1921 The Link River Dam, a part of the Klamath Reclamation Project, is completed.

1922 Birth of Neal Hefti Hastings Nebraska, orchestra leader (Kate Smith Show).

1923 Birth of Carl Djerassi, Austrian chemist

1923 The republic of Turkey is declared, with Mustafa Kemal Ataturk as first president.

1923 Turkey becomes a republic following the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire.

1925 Birth of Dominick Dunne, American author

1926 Birth of Jon Vickers, Canadian tenor

1929 “Black Tuesday” New York stock market crashes, triggers “Great Depression”.

1929 The New York Stock Exchange crashes in what will be called the Crash of ’29 or Black Tuesday, ending the Great Bull Market of the 1920s and beginning the Great Depression.

1930 Birth of Niki de Saint Phalle, French sculptor, painter, and film maker (d. 2002)

1930 First football game in eastern Canada played under floodlights.

1932 Death of Joseph Babi?ski, Polish-French neurologist (b. 1857)

1933 Death of Albert Calmette, French physician (b. 1863)

1935 Birth of Takahata Isao, Japanese director of animated movies

1936 Birth of Akiko Kojima, Japanese model

1937 Birth of Michael Ponti in Freiburg, Germany; pianist (Boston Competition, 1964).

1938 Birth of Ralph Bakshi, Israeli cartoonist, film director, and video producer

1939 Golden Gate International Exposition (Dan Francisco, California) closes.

1940 Birth of Frida Boccara, French singer (d. 1996)

1940 Secretary of War Henry L Stimson draws first number (158) in first peacetime military draft in US history.

1942 16,000 Jews killed in Pinsk, Russia.

1942 Alaska highway completed.

1942 Branch Rickey named president / general manager of Brooklyn Dodgers.

1942 Holocaust: In the United Kingdom, leading clergymen and political figures hold a public meeting to register outrage over Nazi Germany’s persecution of Jews.

1944 Birth of Denny Laine, English musician (Moody Blues and Wings)

1944 Breda in the Netherlands is liberated by 1st Polish Armoured Division

1945 First ball-point pen goes on sale in USA, at Gumbel’s of New York, for US$12.50. Nearly 10,000 are sold on the first day.

1945 Getulio Vargas, president of Brazil, resigns.

1946 Birth of Peter Green, English guitarist (Fleetwood Mac)

1946 The Allied Control Council of Germany issues Directive No. 42, closing the border between the Soviet and Western zones.

1947 Birth of Richard Dreyfuss, American actor

1947 Frances Cleveland Preston, former first lady (USA), dies in Baltimore, Maryland at age 83.

1948 Birth of Kate Jackson, American actress

1948 Safsaf massacre

1949 Death of G. I. Gurdjieff, Armenian mystic (b. 1872)

1950 Death of King Gustaf V of Sweden (b. 1858)

1950 Wally Triplett averages 735 yards on three kickoff returns.

1953 Birth of Denis Potvin in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada; New York Islanders’ defenseman (Norris trophy).

1953 Death of William Kapell, American pianist (b. 1922)

1955 Birth of Roger O’Donnell, English musician (The Cure)

1955 The Soviet battleship Novorossiisk strikes a World War II mine in the harbor at Sevastopol.

1956 Birth of Wilfredo Gomez, Puerto Rican boxer

1956 International zone of Tangier returned to Morocco.

1956 Israeli Defense Force crosses Egyptian territory in the Sinai.

1956 Israeli paratroopers drop into the Sinai to open Straits of Tiran.

1956 Suez Crisis begins: Israel invades the Sinai Peninsula and push Egyptian forces back toward the Suez Canal.

1956 Tangier Protocol signed: The international city Tangier is reintegrated into Morocco.

1957 A hand grenade explodes in Israel’s Knesset (Parliament).

1957 Death of Louis B. Mayer, American film producer (b. 1885)

1957 Israel’s prime minister David Ben Gurion and five of his ministers are injured as a hand grenade is tossed into Israel’s parliament, the Knesset.

1957 Louis B Mayer, MGM producer, dies at age 71.

1958 Death of Zoe Akins, American playwright (b. 1886)

1959 Birth of Jesse Barfield in Illinois, USA; outfielder (Toronto Blue Jays, New York Yankees, 1986 home run leader).

1959 Ten-nation soccer league to play all games on New York’s Randall’s Island is announced.

1960 Birth of Finola Hughes, British actress

1960 Cassius Clay’s (Muhammad Ali’s) first professional fight, beats Tunney Hunsaker in six rounds.

1960 Chartered C46 carrying California State’s football team crashes, kills 16.

1960 In Louisville, Kentucky, Cassius Clay (who later takes the name Muhammad Ali) wins his first professional fight.

1961 Birth of Randy Jackson; rocker (Jacksons – “ABC”).

1963 Death of Adolphe Menjou, American actor (b. 1890)

1964 A collection of irreplaceable gems, including the 565 carat (113 g) Star of India, is stolen by a group of theives including Jack Murphy from the American Museum of Natural History in New York City.

1964 Birth of Yasmin Le Bon, British model

1964 Star of India and other jewels are stolen in New York.

1965 Birth of Steven Sweet in Wadsworth, Ohio, USA; heavy metal artist (Warrant – “Cherry Pie”).

1966 National Organization of Women founded.

1967 Birth of Joely Fisher, American actress

1968 Birth of Johann Olav Koss, Norwegian speed skater

1969 The first-ever computer-to-computer link is established on ARPANET, the precursor to the Internet.

1970 Birth of Edwin van der Sar, Dutch footballer

1971 Birth of Winona Ryder, American actress

1971 Death of Duane Allman, American musician (b. 1946)

1971 Duane Allman dies at age 24 in a motorcycle accident.

1971 Vietnam War: Vietnamization – The total number of American troops still in Vietnam drops to a record low of 196,700 (the lowest level since January 1966).

1972 Birth of Takafumi Horie, Japanese entrepreneur

1972 Don Cockroft of Cleveland Browns kicks 57-yard field goal.

1973 Birth of Robert PirFs, French footballer

1974 Birth of Michael Vaughan, English cricketer

1975 Yorkshire Ripper Peter Sutcliffer kills first.

1976 Birth of Stephen Craigan, Northern Irish footballer

1976 In Papua, Indonesia, a magnitude 7.2 earthquake occurs. The death toll from the earthquake and landslides caused by the earthquake is 133.

1977 Birth of Brendan Fehr, Canadian actor

1978 Birth of Travis Henry, American football player

1979 Baseball Hall of Fame outfielder Willie Mays severs all ties with Major League Baseball when he accepts a public relations job with Atlantic City casino.

1980 Birth of Ben Foster, American actor

1980 Demonstration flight of a secretly modified C-130 for an Iran hostage crisis rescue attempt ends in crash landing at Eglin Air Force Base’s Duke Field, Florida leading to cancellation of Operation Credible Sport.

1981 Birth of Amanda Beard, American swimmer

1981 Death of Georges Brassens, French singer and songwriter (born 1921).

1982 Birth of Ariel Lin; Taiwanese actress and singer.

1982 Car maker John DeLorean indicted for drug trafficking, later acquitted.

1983 Birth of Richard Brancatisano; Australian actor/musician (Power Rangers: Mystic Force).

1984 Birth of Eric Staal; Canadian hockey player.

1984 Orlando Pizzolato (2:14:53) and Greta Weitz (2:29:30) win New York Marathon.

1985 Major General Samuel K. Doe is announced the winner of the first multiparty election in Liberia.

1987 Birth of Makoto Ogawa; Japanese singer.

1987 Death of Woody Herman, American musician (b. 1913)

1987 Thomas Hearns wins unprecidented fourth different weight boxing title.

1987 Woody Herman, American bandleader/composer (Thundering Herds), dies at age 74 (born 1913).

1988 2,000 US anti-abortion protesters arrested for blocking clinics.

1988 China announces a herbal male contraceptive.

1988 In Japan, the Sega Megadrive is released for the first time.

1988 Pakistan’s General Rahimuddin Khan resigns from his post as the governor of Sindh, following attempts by the President of Pakistan, Ghulam Ishaq Khan, to limit the vast powers General Rahimuddin had accumulated.

1989 After years of delays, the 63rd Street Tunnel opens for service, the first expansion of the New York City subway system since 1967.

1989 In Algeria, magnitude 5.9 and 5.6 earthquakes occur 12 minute apart. At least 30 people killed, 245 injured.

1990 30 die in a 5.7 earthquake in Algeria.

1990 William French Smith, US attorney general (1980), dies at age 73 from cancer.

1991 Buck Showalter replaces Stump Merrill as the New York Yankees’ manager.

1991 The American Galileo spacecraft makes its closest approach to 951 Gaspra, becoming the first probe to visit an asteroid.

1991 The American Galileo spacecraft makes its closest approach to 951 Gaspra, becoming the first probe to visit an asteroid.

1992 The Food and Drug Administration approves Depo Provera for use as a contraceptive in the United States.

1992 The Food and Drug Administration approves Depo Provera for use as a contraceptive in the United States.

1994 Francisco Martin Duran fires over two dozen shots at the White House (Duran was later convicted of trying to kill US President Bill Clinton).

1994 Francisco Martin Duran fires over two dozen shots at the White House; he is later convicted of trying to kill President Bill Clinton.

1997 Death of Anton Szandor LaVey, American founder of the Church of Satan (born 1930).

1997 Iraq says it will begin shooting down U-2 surveillance planes being used by UNSCOM inspectors.

1998 Apartheid: In South Africa, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission presents its report, which condemns both sides for committing atrocities.

1998 Death of Ted Hughes, English poet (born 1930).

1998 Hurricane Mitch made landfall in Honduras.

1998 Hurricane Mitch makes landfall in Central America, killing an estimated 18,000 people.

1998 In Freehold Borough, New Jersey, Melissa Drexler pleads guilty to aggravated manslaughter for killing her baby moments after delivering him in the bathroom at her senior prom, and is sentenced to 15 years imprisonment.

1998 In Gothenburg, Sweden, two arsonists burn down a local Macedonian Society disco, killing 63 and injuring 200, most of them children of refugees.

1998 In South Africa, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission presents its report, which condemns both sides for committing atrocities.

1998 Space Shuttle Discovery blasts-off with 77-year old John Glenn on board, making him the oldest person to go into space. He became the first American to orbit Earth on February 20, 1962.

1998 While en route from Adana to Ankara, a Turkish Airlines flight with a crew of 6 and 33 passengers is hijacked by a Kurdish militant who orders the pilot to fly to Switzerland. The plane instead lands in Ankara after the pilot tricked the hijacker into thinking that he was landing in the Bulgarian capital of Sofia to refuel.

1998 While en route from Adana to Ankara, a Turkish Airlines flight with a crew of 6 and 33 passengers is hijacked by a Kurdish militant, who orders the pilot to fly to Switzerland. The plane instead lands in Ankara after the pilot tricks the hijacker into thinking that he was landing in the Bulgarian capital of Sofia to refuel.

2003 Death of Hal Clement, American writer (born 1922).

2004 Death of Edward Oliver LeBlanc, Dominican politician (born 1923).

2004 European heads of state sign in Rome the Treaty and Final Act establishing the first European Constitution.

2004 In Rome, European heads of state sign the Treaty and Final Act establishing the first European Constitution.

2004 The Arabic news network Al Jazeera broadcasts an excerpt from a video of Osama bin Laden in which the terrorist leader first admits direct responsibility for the September 11, 2001 attacks and references the 2004 U.S. presidential election.

2005 29 October 2005 Delhi bombings kill more than 60.

2005 At least 61 people are dead and many others wounded in three powerful blasts in the Indian capital, Delhi.

2005 A train in Andhra Pradesh, India derails, killing at least 77 people.

2005 Ghana International Airlines launched with inaugural flight from Accra to London.

2006 Aviation Development Company Flight 53 (Boeing 737) crashes shortly after take-off from Abuja, Lagos, Nigeria, killing 96 including Muhammadu Maccidio, spiritual head of Nigeria’s Muslims. The crash is blamed on a storm.

2006 Death of Silas Simmons, at age 111 in Saint Petersburg, Florida. Simmons was the oldest baseball player who ever lived, playing in the Negro Leagues for 17 years for the Homestead Grays, New York Lincoln Giants, and Cuban All-Stars.

2006 Luis In�cio Lula da Silva is re-elected President of Brazil with 61 percent of the vote in the run-off election.

2008 An earthquake of 6.4 magnitude hits Baluchistan province in south-western Pakistan, killing at least 160 people. Four aftershocks register at up to 6.2.

2008 British foreign secretary changes Britain’s position on Tibet, saying “Tibet is part of China. Full Stop.” The previous position was that China held “suzerainty” over Tibet.

2008 Delta Air Lines merges with Northwest Airlines, forming the world’s largest commercial carrier.

2008 Hungary’s currency and stock markets rise on the news that it will receive an international economic bailout package worth US$25 billion from the IMF, European Union, and World Bank.

2008 Robert A. Siegel Auction Galleries sells a US 1868 3-cent rose George Washington postage stamp with “B” grill embossing for US$900,000 (US$1,035,000 with buyer’s fee). The stamp is one of four known.

2008 The American Federal Reserve announces it will loan up to US$30 billion to Brazil, Singapore, South Korea, and Mexico.

2008 The US Federal Reserve cuts interest rate to 1 percent.