1207 Birth of Jalal al-Din Muhammad Rumi, Persian mystic and poet (d. 1273)
1227 Birth of Pope Nicholas IV (d. 1292)
1246 Death of Yaroslav II of Russia (b. 1191)
1399 Henry IV is proclaimed King of England.
1440 Death of Reginald Grey, 3rd Baron Grey de Ruthyn, English soldier and politician
1452 Johann Guttenberg prints his first book, the Bible, at his workshop in Mainz, Germany.
1487 Death of John Sutton, 1st Baron Dudley, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (b. 1400)
1530 Birth of Geronimo Mercuriali, Italian philologist and physician (d. 1606)
1551 Death of Ouchi Yoshitaka, Japanese warlord (b. 1507)
1560 Death of Melchior Cano, Spanish theologian (b. 1525)
1572 Death of St. Francis Borgia, Jesuit priest (b. 1510)
1581 Death of Hubert Languet, French diplomat and reformer (b. 1518)
1626 Death of Nurhaci, Manchurian chief (b. 1559)
1628 Death of Fulke Greville, 1st Baron Brooke, English poet (b. 1554)
1630 First execution in America-J Billington hanged in Plymouth, Massachusetts.
1631 Birth of William Stoughton, American judge at the Salem witch trials (d. 1701)
1659 Peter Stuyvesant of New Netherlands forbids tennis playing during religious services.
1700 Birth of Stanis?aw Konarski, Polish writer (d. 1773)
1710 Birth of John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford, British statesman (d. 1771)
1715 Birth of �tienne Bonnot de Condillac, French philosopher (d. 1780)
1732 Birth of Jacques Necker, French finance minister of Louis XVI (d. 1804)
1765 Birth of JosT Mar?a Morelos y Pav=n; fought in Mexican War of Independence from Spain.
1770 Death of Thomas Robinson, 1st Baron Grantham, English politician and diplomat
1772 Death of James Brindley, English engineer (b. 1716)
1777 US Congress, flees to York Pennsylvania, as British forces advance.
1800 Birth of Decimus Burton, British architect (d. 1881)
1813 Battle of B�rbula: Sim=n Bolfvar defeats Santiago Bobadilla.
1846 Anesthetic ether used for first time (Dr William Morton extracts a tooth).
1857 US occupies Sand, Baker, Howland and Jarvis Is. south of Hawaii.
1865 Death of Samuel David Luzzatto, Italian-Jewish scholar (b. 1800)
1867 Midway Islands formally declared a US possession.
1870 Birth of Jean Perrin France, physicist, studied Brownian motion (Nobel Prize 1926).
1877 First US amateur swim meet (New York Athletic Club).
1878 First Portuguese immigrants arrive in Hawaii.
1880 Henry Draper takes that first photograph of the Orion Nebula.
1882 Birth of Hans Geiger, German physicist (d. 1945)
1882 The world’s first commercial hydroelectric power plant (later known as Appleton Edison Light Company) begins operation on the Fox River in Appleton, Wisconsin, United States.
1885 Bechuanaland becomes a British protectorate.
1888 Jack the Ripper kills his third and fourth victims, Elizabeth Stride and Catherine Eddowes.
1891 Death of Georges Boulanger, French general and politician (b. 1837)
1895 Birth of Lewis Milestone, Russian-born film director (d. 1980)
1895 France proclaims a protectorate over Madagascar.
1895 Madagascar becomes a French protectorate.
1898 Birth of RenTe AdorTe, French actress (d. 1933)
1898 City of New York established.
1901 Hubert Cecil Booth patents the vacuum cleaner.
1904 Birth of Waldo Williams, Welsh poet (d. 1971)
1905 Birth of Nevill Francis Mott, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1996)
1906 Real Academia Galega, Galician language biggest linguistic authority starts working in Havana.
1908 Birth of David Oistrakh Odessa Russia, violinist/professor (Moscow Conservatory).
1912 Birth of Kenny Baker, American singer and actor (d. 1985)
1913 Birth of Bill Walsh, American film producer and writer (d. 1975)
1913 Death of Rudolf Diesel, German inventor (b. 1858)
1915 Birth of Lester Garfield Maddox (Governor-Democrat-Georgia)/restaurant owner.
1916 New York Giants lose to Braves 8-3, ends 26 consecutive win streak.
1917 Birth of Chung Hee Park general/president of South Korea (1961-79), assassinated.
1919 Birth of Patricia Neway Brooklyn, New York, soprano (Consul, Maria Golovia).
1921 Birth of Deborah Kerr, Scottish actress
1922 Birth of Alan Stretton, Australian general
1922 New York Yankees clinch pennant #2.
1924 Birth of Truman Capote, American author (d. 1984)
1926 Birth of Robin Roberts; Philadelphia Phillies pitcher, Hall of Famer (Won 28 in 1952).
1927 Babe Ruth, Becomes the first baseball player to hit 60 home runs in a season
1927 Babe Ruth hits record setting 60th home run in a single Major League Baseball season (off Tom Zachary).
1928 Birth of Elie Wiesel, Romanian Holocaust survivor, author, and lecturer, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
1928 Leon Vanderstuyft of Belgium cycles record 76 miles 604 yards in one hour.
1929 First manned rocket plane flight (by auto maker Fritz von Opel).
1931 Birth of Angie Dickinson, American actress
1932 Birth of Shintaro Ishihara, Japanese author and politician (governor of Tokyo)
1934 Birth of Freddie King in Gilmer, Texas, USA; blues singer (“Hideaway”).
1934 President Franklin Roosevelt dedicates Boulder Dam.
1935 Birth of Jill Corey in Avonmore, Pennsylvania, USA; singer (Your Hit Parade).
1935 The Hoover Dam, astride the border between the U.S. states of Arizona and Nevada, is dedicated.
1936 Birth of Jim Sasser; American politician (Senator-Democrat-Tennessee).
1936 International Commission of the Straits (Dardanelles and Bosphorus) ends.
1937 Birth of Valentin Silvestrov, Ukrainian composer
1938 Birth of Salvatore Michael Caruana in Massachusetts, USA; criminal (FBI Most Wanted List).
1938 In Munich, Germany, British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain and German Chancellor Adolf Hitler sign a document noting the desire of the two peoples to never go to war with another again, and resolve to consult each other on issues of concern, and to contribute to peace in Europe.
1938 (shortly after 0100 hours) The Munich Agreement, allowing Germany to annex the Sudetenland portion of Czechoslovakia, is signed, by British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain, French Premier +douard Daladier, Italian Premier Benito Mussolini, and German Chancellor Adolf Hitler.
1938 The League of Nations unanimously outlaws “intentional bombings of civilian populations”.
1939 Birth of Jean-Marie Lehn, French chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
1939 First televised college football game (Fordham versus Waynesburg at New York City).
1939 General W?adys?aw Sikorski becomes commander-in-chief of the Polish Government in exile.
1939 Germany and Russia agree to partition Poland.
1941 3,721 Jews are buried alive at Babi Yar ravine (near Kiev) Ukraine.
1941 Operation Typhoon begins, an attack by German forces on Moscow. Field Marshal Fedor von Bock commands 70 divisions of Army Group Center with Gnnther Von Kluge’s 4th Army and Strauss’ 9th Army.
1942 Birth of Frankie Lymon in New York City, New York, USA; rocker (Frankie Lymon and the Teenagers – “Why do Fools Fall in Love”).
1943 Birth of Jody Powell; press secretary to US President Jimmy Carter.
1943 Death of Franz Oppenheimer, German sociologist (b. 1864)
1944 Calais, France, reoccupied by Allies.
1945 Birth of Nader Angha, 42nd Present Sufi Master of the Oveyssi-Shahmaghsoudi order
1945 Hank Greenberg’s final day home run wins the pennant for the Detroit Tigers.
1946 Birth of HTctor Lavoe, Puerto Rican singer (d. 1993)
1947 Baseball: The World Series, featuring New York Yankees and the Brooklyn Dodgers, is televised for the first time.
1947 Birth of Marc Bolan in London, England; rocker (T-Rex – “Bang a Gong”).
1947 New York Yankees beat Brooklyn Dodgers 5-3 in front of largest World Series crowd: 73,365; also first World Series game televised.
1947 The Islamic Republic of Pakistan joined the United Nations.
1949 Berlin Airlift ends after 277,000 flights.
1949 The Berlin Airlift ends.
1950 First congress of International Astronautical Federation opens in Paris, France.
1951 Birth of Catie Ball; American 100m breast stroke swimmer (Olympic-4X4 gold-1968).
1952 Birth of Jack Wild, British actor
1953 Birth of S.M. Stirling, Canadian-born author
1954 Birth of Basia Trzetrzelewska, Polish-born singer and songwriter
1954 The U.S. Navy submarine USS Nautilus is commissioned as the world’s first nuclear reactor powered vessel.
1955 Death of James Dean, American actor (automobile accident) (b. 1931)
1955 James Dean is killed in an auto collision at age 24 near Cholame, California.
1956 Philadelphia Phillies’ player Robin Roberts gives up a Major League Baseball record 46th home run.
1957 Birth of Fran Drescher, American actress
1959 Birth of Basia Trzetrzelevska in Poland; jazz singer (Time and Life).
1959 John H Kliegl, developer of the Klieg light, dies at age 89.
1961 Birth of Eric Stoltz, American actor
1962 Birth of Dave Magadan; first baseman (New York Mets).
1962 James Meredith enters the University of Mississippi, defying segregation.
1962 Last episodes of Suspense and Yours Truly, Johnny Dollar broadcast on CBS Radio, marking the end of The Golden Age of Radio.
1962 Mexican-American labor leader CTsar Ch�vez founds the United Farm Workers.
1964 Birth of Trey Anastasio, American musician (Phish)
1965 Civil unrest follows a failed coup attempt by Indonesia Communist Party (PKI). More than a million people died.
1966 Botswana (Bechuanaland) gains independence from Britain.
1966 The British protectorate of Bechuanaland declares its independence, and becomes the Republic of Botswana. Seretse Khama takes office as the first President.
1967 BBC Radio 1 is launched; the BBC’s other national radio stations also adopt numeric names. Tony Blackburn presents the first show.
1967 BBC starts their own popular music radio station.
1967 Ceylon Broadcasting Corporation is launched in Colombo; the station was formerly known as Radio Ceylon.
1968 First Boeing 747 jet airliner rolls out.
1969 With a 3-2 win over the Cincinnati Reds, the Atlanta Braves clinch the first ever National League West division.
1970 A fire at the Smithsonian Institution damages portions of the Hall of Monetary History and Medallic Art.
1970 In the Philippine Islands, a magnitude 5.3 earthquake occurs.
1971 Birth of Jenna Elfman, American actress
1971 Last Washington Senators’ home game, New York Yankees win career 5th forfeit; New York Yankees trailing 4-2 in the 9th with two outs, fans rush the field.
1972 Birth of Ari Behn, Norwegian author
1972 Passenger train derails killing 48 (Rust Stasie, South Africa).
1973 New York Yankees close 50th year at Yankee Stadium losing 8-5.
1975 Five drown in flash flood of sewer and water tunnel (Niagara Falls, New York).
1975 The Hughes (later McDonnell-Douglas, now Boeing) AH-64 Apache makes its first flight.
1976 Birth of Adita Linares in Miami, Florida; spanish actress.
1977 Birth of Roy Carroll, Northern Irish footballer
1977 Death of Mary Ford, American singer (b. 1925)
1978 Birth of Candice Michelle, American female wrestler
1978 Edgar Bergen, ventriloquist (Charlie McCarthy), dies at age 75.
1978 Major Indoor Soccer League grants first six franchises to Cincinnati, Cleveland, Houston, New York, Philadelphia and Pittsburgh.
1978 Philadelphia Phillies win third consecutive National League East Division title.
1979 Birth of Andy Van der Meyde, Dutch footballer
1979 The Hong Kong MTR commenced service with the opening of its Modified Initial System (aka. Kwun Tong Line).
1980 1,754 turn out to see the Philadelphia Phillies play the New York Mets at Shea Stadium.
1980 Birth of Martina Hingis; Swiss tennis player.
1980 Digital Equipment Corporation, Intel and Xerox introduce the DIX standard for Ethernet, which is the first implementation outside of Xerox, and the first to support 10 Mbit/s speeds.
1980 Ethernet specifications published by Xerox working with Intel and Digital Equipment Corporation.
1980 Iran rejects a truce call from Iraqi President Saddam Hussein.
1981 Birth of Dominique Moceanu; American gymnast.
1981 Seoul, South Korea is selected to host 1988 Summer Olympics.
1982 Birth of Michelle Marsh; British model.
1982 Cyanide-laced Tylenol kills six people in the Chicago area. Seven were killed in all. The incident is known as the Tylenol murders.
1983 Freddy Martin, orchestra leader (started Merv Griffin), dies at age 76.
1984 A brillian fireball is seen crossing the sky over Toodyay and Pinjarrua on coast of Western Australia, with two loud bangs heard over Perth. A black stone meteorite the size of a large potato falls into the sand by a couple on the beach at Binningup.
1984 Birth of Megan Ewing, American model.
1984 Bowie Kuhn ends career as Baseball Commissioner.
1984 California Angels’ Mike Witt pitches a perfect game over Texas Rangers, 1-0.
1984 New York Yankees’ Don Mattingly wins American League batting crown with .343 average.
1985 Birth of T-Pain; American rapper/singer.
1985 Death of Herbert Bayer, American advertising designer, in Montecito, California (born in Haag, Austria).
1986 US releases Soviet spy Gennadiy Zakharov.
1988 American Louise Ritter jumps 6 feet 8 inches to win the Olympic gold medal.
1988 IBM announces shipment of three millionth PS/2 personal computer.
1988 Joachim Prinz, author/Rabbi of Berlin (1926-37), dies at age 86.
1988 Los Angeles Dodgers’ Orel Herschiser breaks former Dodger Don Drysdale mark by pitching 59 consecutive scoreless innings.
1989 Death of Horace Alexander, English writer, pacifist, and ornithologist (born 1889).
1989 Foreign Minister of West Germany Hans-Dietrich Genscher’s speech from the balcony of the German embassy in Prague.
1989 NASA closes down tracking stations in Hawaii and Ascension.
1989 Nolan Ryan’s perfect game is broken with one out in the 8th, but he strikes-out his 300th of the year.
1990 Birth of Tobi Atkins, Australian actor
1990 Death of Patrick White, Australian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (born 1912).
1990 The Dalai Lama unveils the Canadian Tribute to Human Rights in Canada’s capital city of Ottawa.
1991 A twister destroys parts of Itu, a city in southeastern Brazil, killing 16 and leaving 176 injured.
1991 Haitian President Jean-Bertand Aristide is ousted.
1991 President Jean-Bertrand Aristide of Haiti is forced from office.
1993 An earthquake hits India’s Latur and Osmanabad district of Marathwada (Aurangabad division) in Maharashtra state leaving tens of thousands of people dead and many more homeless.
1993 In Southern India, a magnitude 6.3 earthquake occurs. Nearly 10,000 people killed, about 30,000 injured and extreme devastation in the Latur-Osmanabad area. Nearly all buildings destroyed in the village of Khillari. Felt in large parts of central and southern India. This earthquake is the largest known earthquake to occur in the area.
1994 Death of Andre Michael Lwoff, French microbiologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (born 1902).
1998 Death of Dan Quisenberry, baseball player (born 1953).
1999 In Oaxaca, Mexico, a magnitude 7.5 earthquake occurs. At least 35 people killed, 215 injured, thousands of buildings damaged or destroyed, utilities disrupted and roads blocked by landslides.
1999 Japan’s worst nuclear accident at a uranium reprocessing facility in Tokai-mura, northeast of Tokyo. Workers overload a container with uranium, exposing workers and local residents to very high radiation levels.
2002 Death of Hans-Peter Tschudi, Swiss Federal Councilor (b. 1913)
2003 Death of Yusuf Bey, Black Muslim leader (b. 1935)
2004 AIM-54 Phoenix which became the primary missile for the Northrop Grumman F-14 Tomcat retired from U.S. Navy.
2004 Death of Gamini Fonseka, Sri Lankan actor, director, and politician (b. 1936)
2004 The first images of a live giant squid in its natural habitat is taken 600 miles south of Tokyo.
2005 Controversial drawings of Muhammad are printed in the Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten.
2005 Michael Eisner resigns from The Walt Disney Company board of directors, also his last day as CEO of the company. The value of the company during Eisner’s term (1984-2005) rose from US$3 billion to US$60 billion. New company CEO is Robert Iger.
2005 The controversial drawings of Muhammad are printed in the Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten.
2005 The Parliament of Catalonia passes, with 120 plus votes and 15 against, the Project of New Catalan Statute of Autonomy, proclaiming in Article 1, “Catalonia is a nation”.
2005 The Parliament of Catalonia passes with 120 plus votes and 15 against, the Project of New Catalan Statute of Autonomy, proclaiming in its article 1, “Catalonia is a nation”.
2006 Japanese Prime Minister Junichiro Koisumi resigns office.
2006 West Coast Eagles win the Australian Football League Grand Final at the Melbourne Cricket Ground.
2007 Death of Milan Jelic, Bosnian-Serb politician (born 1956).
2007 General elections in Ecuador: Acuerdo Pa?s party wins a majority, with leader Rafael Correa.
2007 Parliamentary re-elections occur in Ukraine after Ukrainian President Victor Yuschenko dismisses Parliament. Viktor Yanukovich’s party wins most votes, with Yulia Tymoshenko’s party then winning 31 percent.
2008 A Jodhpur temple stampede in western India kills over 224 people, and injures 400.
2008 The Dow Jones Industrial Average rebounds by 485.21 points (4.68 percent), the third largest one-day point gain.
2009 A 7.6 magnitude earthquake strikes Padang, Indonesia, a city of 900,000, killing over 1000, toppling buildings and trapping thousands under debris.
2009 A powerful Typhoon Ketsana sweeps through Vietnam, killing 40 people.
2009 Ex-Peruvian President (1990-2000) Alberto Fujimori is sentenced to six years in jail for corruption by a court in Lima, Peru.
2009 The US budget deficit hits a record US$1.4 trillion in the year to the end of September.