This Day In History Nov 3rd

1082 Birth of Emperor Huizong of China (d. 1135)

1083 Death of Matilda of Flanders, was Queen consort of the Kingdom of England (b. 1031)

1285 Death of King Peter III of Aragon (b. 1239)

1327 Death of King James II of Aragon (b. 1267)

1470 Birth of King Edward V of England (1483); deposed, murdered? by Richard III.

1483 Death of Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham, English politician (b. 1454)

1528 Birth of Petrus Lotichius Secundus in Niederzell (Germany); professor of medicine at the University of Heidelberg, poet of the Renaissance period.

1610 Death of Richard Bancroft, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1544)

1618 Death of Archduke Maximilian III of Austria (b. 1568)

1636 Birth of Edward Colston, English merchant and philanthropist (d. 1721)

1648 12,000 Jews massacred by Chmielnicki hordes in Narol, Podlia.

1667 Birth of James Sobieski, Crown Prince of Poland (d. 1737)

1675 A combined attack by the Plymouth, Rhode Island, Massachusetts Bay and Connecticut colonies attacks the Great Swamp Fort, owned by the Narragansetts during King Philip’s War.

1692 Birth of Unico Wilhelm van Wassenaer, Dutch composer (d. 1766)

1699 Birth of Jean-Baptiste-SimTon Chardin, French painter (d. 1779)

1709 Birth of Anne, Princess Royal and Princess of Orange (d. 1759)

1716 Death of Engelbert Kaempfer, German physician and traveler (b. 1651)

1734 Birth of Daniel Boone; frontiersman/explorer (US Hall of Fame-1915).

1739 Birth of Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf, Austrian composer (d. 1799)

1741 Birth of Joan van der Capellen tot den Pol, Dutch politician (d. 1784)

1755 Birth of Marie-Antoinette, Queen of France (dies 1793).

1766 Birth of Joseph Radetzky von Radetz, Austrian field marshal (d. 1858)

1772 American Revolutionary War: Samuel Adams and Joseph Warren form the first Committee of Correspondence.

1783 General Washington bids farewell to his army.

1783 In Rocky Hill, New Jersey, US General George Washington gives his “Farewell Address to the Army”.

1795 Birth of James Knox Polk in Mecklenburg County, North Carolina; Tennessee Legislature (1823-24), House of Representatives (1825-39), Tennessee Governor (1840-41), 11th US President (1845-49).

1795 The French Directory succeeds the French National Convention as the government of Revolutionary France.

1807 Death of Baron de Breteuil, French statesman (b. 1730)

1808 Birth of Jules Barbey d’Aurevilly, French writer (d. 1889)

1815 Birth of George Boole mathematician (Boolean algebra).

1821 Birth of Sir George Bowen, British provincial governor (d. 1899)

1824 Popular presidential vote first recorded; Jackson beats J.Q. Adams.

1835 Second Seminole War begins in Osceola.

1835 The US government purchases the site for the Charlotte Mint for US$1500.

1841 Akbar Khan successfully revolts against Shah Shuja in Afghanistan.

1844 Birth of Mehmed V, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1918)

1847 Birth of George Sorel French Socialist thinker, writer (violent revolutions).

1852 Death of Pyotr Kotlyarevsky, Russian general (b. 1782)

1854 Cobblestone paving of Washington Steet between Dupont and Kearny starts.

1861 American Civil War: Western Department Union General John C. Fremont is relieved of command and replaced by David Hunter.

1863 Death of Theodore Judah, American railroad engineer (b. 1826)

1865 Birth of Warren Gamaliel Harding, 29th USA President (1921-23).

1867 Porfirio Diaz assumes the provisional presidency of Mexico.

1868 Time zone: New Zealand officially adopts a standard time to be observed nationally, and is perhaps the first country to do so.

1875 In Northern Georgia, USA, a magnitude 4.3 earthquake occurs.

1877 Birth of Joseph De Piro, Maltese founder of the Missionary Society of St. Paul (d. 1933)

1877 Death of Friedrich Graf von Wrangel, Prussian field marshal (b. 1784)

1879 In a six-day footrace a Mr Weston loses to a horse, 900 to 885 km.

1880 James A Garfield (Republican) elected President.

1885 Birth of Harlow Shapley US, astronomer (studied the galaxies).

1887 Death of Jenny Lind, Swedish soprano (b. 1820)

1889 North and South Dakota are admitted as the 39th and 40th U.S. states.

1889 North Dakota becomes 39th and South Dakota becomes the 40th state of the USA.

1893 Birth of Battista “Pinin” Farina, founder of Pininfarina coachbuilding company (d.1966)

1894 Birth of Alexander Lippisch, German scientist (d. 1976)

1895 The first gasoline-powered race in the United States. First prize: $2,000

1897 Birth of Vito Genovese, American gangster (d. 1969)

1898 Death of George Goyder, English-born surveyor-general of South Australia (b. 1826)

1898 Theodor Herzl arrives in Jerusalem.

1899 The Boers started their 118 day siege of British held Ladysmith during the Second Boer War.

1901 Birth of James Dunn New York City; actor (Uncle Earl-It’s a Great Life).

1904 British newspaper, “The Daily Mirror,” begins publishing.

1905 Death of Albert von K�lliker, Swiss anatomist (b. 1817)

1906 Birth of Luchino Visconti Milan Italy, director (Damned, Death in Venice).

1908 Birth of Fred Bakewell, English cricketer (d. 1983)

1911 Birth of Odysseus Elytis Greece, poet (Nobel Prize 1979).

1913 Birth of Burt Lancaster in New York City, USA; actor (From Here to Eternity, Elmer Gantry).

1914 Russia declares war on the Ottoman Empire.

1915 First US election by proportional representation, Ashtabula, Ohio.

1917 Balfour Declaration proclaims support for a Jewish state in Palestine.

1917 Birth of Durward Knowles England, yachtsman (Olympic-gold-1968-Bahamas).

1917 First US soldiers killed in combat in WW I.

1917 Lansing-Ishii Agreement; US recognizes Japan’s privileges in China.

1917 Zionism: The Balfour Declaration proclaims support for Jewish settlement in Palestine.

1919 Birth of Warren Stevens Clark’s Summit Pennsylvania; actor (Richard Boone Show).

1920 Birth of Ann Rutherford Toronto Canada, actress (Return to Vienna, Leave it to the Girls).

1920 In the United States, KDKA of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania starts broadcasting as the first commercial radio station. The first broadcast was the results of the U.S. presidential election, 1920.

1920 KDKA (Pittsburgh) goes on the air as first commercial radio station.

1920 Warren G Harding elected President.

1921 Birth of Willaim D Schaefer Maryland, (Governor-Democrat-Maryland).

1927 Birth of Steve Ditko, American artist

1929 Birth of Harold Farberman in New York City, New York, USA; conductor/composer (Medea).

1930 Haile Selassie is crowned emperor of Ethiopia.

1930 Ras Tafari crowned Haile Selassie I, 225th emperor of Solmonic Dynasty.

1932 Birth of Henri Namphy in Cap Haitien, Haiti; President of Haiti (1986-).

1934 Birth of Ken Rosewall in Sydney, Australia; tennis star (US 1956).

1935 Death of Jock Cameron, South African cricketer (b. 1905)

1936 Birth of Rose Bird; California Supreme Court Judge.

1936 Italian dictator Benito Mussolini proclaims the Rome-Berlin Axis, establishing the alliance of the Axis Powers.

1936 The British Broadcasting Corporation initiates the BBC Television Service, the world’s first regular, high-definition (then defined as at least 200 lines) service (renamed BBC1 in 1964).

1936 the British Broadcasting Corporation initiates the BBC Television Service, the world’s first regular, high-definition (then defined as at least 200 lines) service. Renamed BBC1 in 1964, the channel still runs to this day.

1936 The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation is established.

1936 The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation is established.

1938 Babe Ruth applies for the job of Saint Louis Browns’ manager.

1938 Birth of Patrick Buchanan; American conservative political columnist.

1941 Birth of Bruce Welch, English musician and songwriter (The Shadows)

1942 Birth of Shere Hite in Saint Joseph, Missouri, USA; sex therapist (Hite Report).

1942 British General Bernard Montgomery defeats German General Erwin Rommel in Battle of Alamein.

1944 Birth of Jeffrey A Hoffman in Brooklyn, New York, USA; PhD/astronaut (STS 51-D, 35, sk:46).

1944 Death of Thomas Midgley, American chemist and inventor (b. 1889)

1946 Birth of Giuseppe Sinopoli in Venice, Italy; conductor (Sunnyata).

1947 In California, Designer Howard Hughes performs the maiden flight of the Spruce Goose; the largest fixed-wing aircraft ever built.

1947 Off California, the Hughes Flying Boat, nicknamed the Spruce Goose for its birch and spruce construction, the largest aircraft ever built (320-foot wingspan, eight propellor engines), is piloted by designer Howard Hughes on its first and only flight. The float plane is flown 70 feet above the water for a mile.

1948 Harry Truman beats Dewey for US Presidency, confounding pollsters and newspapers.

1948 U.S. presidential election, 1948: Harry S. Truman defeats Thomas E. Dewey for the US presidency.

1950 Death of George Bernard Shaw, Irish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1856)

1951 Birth of Kathy Hammond; American 400m runner (Olympics-bronze-1972).

1953 The Constituent Assembly of Pakistan names the country The Islamic Republic of Pakistan.

1954 Birth of Pat Croce, American entrepreneur

1954 JS Thurmond becomes first US senator elected by write-in vote (South Carolina).

1956 Hungary appeals for United Nations assistance against Soviet invasion.

1956 Israel captures Gaza and Sheham.

1957 First titanium mill opened, Toronto, Ohio, USA.

1957 The Levelland UFO Case in Levelland, Texas, generates national publicity, and remains one of the most impressive UFO cases in American history.

1957 The Levelland UFO Case in Levelland, Texas, USA, generates national publicity.

1958 Birth of Bobby Dall; rocker (Poison – “Every Rose Has a Thorn”).

1959 Ice Hockey: After being struck in the face with a puck, goalkeeper Jacques Plante returns to play wearing a protective mask for the first time in professional play.

1959 Quiz show scandals: “Twenty-One” game show contestant Charles Van Doren admits to a Congressional committee that he had been given questions and answers in advance.

1959 The first section of the M1 motorway, the first in the United Kingdom, was opened between the present junctions 5 and 18.

1960 Birth of Tihomir Bla?ki?, Croatian war criminal

1960 Death of Dimitri Mitropoulos, Greek conductor, pianist, and composer (b. 1896)

1960 Penguin Books is found not guilty of obscenity in the Lady Chatterley’s Lover case

1961 Birth of k.d. lang; country singer (and the Reclines – “Absolute Torch and Twang”).

1961 Death of James Thurber, American humorist (b. 1894)

1962 US President John Kennedy announces Cuban missile bases are being dismantled.

1963 Birth of Ines Diers in German Democratic Republic; 400m freestyle swimmer (Olympic-gold-1980).

1963 Death of Ngo Dihn Diem, President of South Vietnam (b. 1901)

1963 Notes of the Federal Reserve are released bearing no promise to pay in “lawful money”.

1963 South Vietnamese President Ngô Ðìhn Di?m is assassinated following a military coup.

1964 CBS purchases the New York Yankees.

1964 King Saud of Saudi Arabia was deposed by a family coup, and replaced by his half-brother King Faisal.

1965 At 5:15 P.M., Norman Morrison, a 31-year-old Quaker, set himself on fire in front of the river entrance to the Pentagon to protest the use of napalm in the Vietnam war.

1965 Birth of Shahrukh Khan, Indian actor

1966 Birth of Rosalyn Fairbank in South Africa; tennis player.

1966 Death of Peter Debye, Dutch chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1884)

1966 The Cuban Adjustment Act enters force, allowing 123,000 Cubans the opportunity to apply for permanent residence in the United States.

1967 Birth of Darla Michele Pruett in Canton, Georgia, USA; Miss Georgia-America (1991).

1967 Vietnam War: US President Lyndon B. Johnson and “the Wise Men” conclude that the American people should be given more optimistic reports on the progress of the war.

1969 Birth of Reginald Arvizu, American bassist (Ko?n)

1969 NFL record of 12 passing touchdowns, New Orleans Saints’ Billy Kramer and Saint Louis Rams’ Charlie Johnson pass for six touchdowns each.

1970 Cleveland Cavaliers lose by biggest margin-54 points (Philadelphia 76ers 141-87).

1972 Birth of Samantha Janus, British entertainer

1972 Construction begins on the Kingdome, Seattle, Washington, USA.

1974 78 die as the Time Go-Go Club in Seoul, South Korea burns down. Six of the victims jumped to their deaths from the seventh floor after a club official barred the doors after the fire started.

1974 Birth of Nelly, American rapper (St. Lunatics)

1975 Death of Pier Paolo Pasolini, Italian film director (b. 1922)

1975 Ed Giacomin as a Detroit Red Wings’ player returns to Madison Square Garden, beats New York Rangers 6-4.

1976 Birth of Sidney Ponson, Aruban Major League baseball player

1976 Former Georgia Governor Jimmy Carter (Democrat) defeats incumbent Gerald R Ford (Republican) in US presidential election.

1978 Crew of Soyuz 29 returns to Earth aboard Soyuz 31.

1979 Birth of Julie Lund, Danish actress

1981 Antigua and Barbuda become independent from the United Kingdom.

1981 Birth of Tatiana Totmianina; Russian figure skater.

1982 Birth of Kyoko Fukada; Japanese actress, model and singer.

1982 Channel 4 in the United Kingdom was launched.

1983 Able Archer 83 begins, a NATO exercise that many Soviet officials misinterpret as a nuclear first strike.

1983 Archbishop Hickey conducts papal investigation of Archbishop Hunthausen, Seattle.

1983 At the White House Rose Garden, U.S. President Ronald Reagan signs a bill creating a federal holiday on the third Monday of every January to honor American civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr.

1983 U.S. President Ronald Reagan signs a bill creating Martin Luther King Day, the only current national holiday honoring an individual American.

1984 Birth of Julia Stegner, German supermodel

1984 Capital punishment: Velma Barfield becomes the first woman executed in the United States since 1962.

1984 Death of Velma Barfield, American murderer (executed) (b. 1932)

1984 Velma Barfield is executed, in Raleigh, North Carolina.

1986 Birth of Talan Torriero, American reality television star.

1986 Death of Paul Frees, American voice actor (b. 1920)

1986 Paul Frees, American animation voice actor (Bullwinkle), dies at age 66 (born 1920).

1988 Birth of Lindze Letherman; American actress.

1988 Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir’s Likud party wins election in Israel.

1988 Robert Tappan Morris Jr. unleashes a “worm” program on the ARPAnet computer network (Internet). Over two days, it crashes 10-20 percent of all connected computers.

1988 The Morris worm, the first internet-distributed computer worm to gain significant mainstream media attention, was launched from MIT.

1988 Walt Weiss wins American League rookie of the year (third straight for Oakland Athletics).

1989 Birth of Katelyn Tarver, American singer

1991 Australia beats England 12-6 at Twickenham Stadium to lift the Rugby World Cup.

1991 Bartholomew I becomes the Patriarch of Constantinople.

1992 Death of Hal Roach, American director and producer (born 1892).

1992 Douglas Adams finally announces why he chose 42 to be The Answer to Life, the_Universe, and Everything

1995 The Supreme Court of Argentina orders the extradition of Erich Priebke, ex-German SS captain.

1996 Death of Eva Cassidy, American vocalist (born 1963).

1998 WWF hardcore title awarded to Mankind

1999 Hong Kong International Theme Parks announces an agreement has been reached with the Walt Disney Company on building a Disneyland park in Hong Kong. Hong Kong Disneyland will be 126 hectares (299 acres) in size, built on Lantau Island. The park is scheduled to open in 2005.

2000 The first crew arrives at the International Space Station.

2000 The first crew arrives at the International Space Station.

2001 The Glocal Forum, leading international organization in the field of city-to-city cooperation, is established by Ambassador Uri Savir.

2002 Death of Charles Sheffield, English author and physicist (born 1935).

2003 Death of Frank McCloskey, American politician (b. 1939)

2004 Death of H.H. Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan-al Nahyan, ruler of Abu Dhabi and President of the United Arab Emirates (born 1918).

2004 Dutch film maker Theo van Gogh is assassinated in Amsterdam, Netherlands by Mohammed Bouyeri.

2004 U.S. presidential election: U.S. President George W. Bush defeats Senator John Kerry. Republicans make gains in the House and Senate.

2005 The Spanish Congress of Deputies approves the admission to formality of the new Catalan Statute of Autonomy with the support of all the groups except the People’s Party (PP), which the same day files an objection of unconstitutionality.

2006 Death of Adrien Douady, French mathematician (born 1935).

2007 Death of Charmaine Dragun, Australian news anchor (born 1978).