This Day in History June 26

1134 Death of King Niels of Denmark

1212 Simon de Montfort a leader of the crusades, dies at age 67.

1218 Death of Simon de Montfort, 5th Earl of Leicester, French crusader (b. 1160)

1328 Birth of William Montacute, 2nd Earl of Salisbury, English military leader (d. 1397)

1483 Death of Anthony Woodville, 2nd Earl Rivers, English writer

1522 Death of Franchinus Gaffurius, Italian composer (b. 1451)

1530 The 28 articles of the Lutheran churches are presented to the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V (The Augsburg Confession).

1530 The Augsburg Confession is presented at the Diet of Augsburg to the Holy Roman Emperor by the Lutheran princes and Electors of Germany.

1533 Death of Mary Tudor.

1560 Birth of Wilhelm Fabry, German surgeon (d. 1634)

1579 Death of Hatano Hideharu, Japanese warlord and samurai (b. 1541)

1593 Death of Michele Mercati, Italian physician and gardener (b. 1541)

1612 Birth of John Albert Vasa, Polish bishop (d. 1634)

1630 Fork introduced to American dining by Governor Winthrop.

1634 Death of John Marston, English playwright (b. 1576)

1638 A lunar eclipse becomes the first astronomical event recorded in US.

1638 Death of Juan PTrez de Montalb�n, Spanish writer (b. 1602)

1665 Death of Archduke Sigismund Francis of Austria (b. 1630)

1669 Death of Frantois de Vend(me, duc de Beaufort, French soldier (b. 1616)

1671 Death of Giovanni Battista Riccioli, Italian astronomer (b. 1598)

1672 First recorded monthly Quaker meeting in US held, Sandwich, Massachusetts

1678 Elena Cornaro Piscopia is the first woman awarded a doctorate of philosophy.

1686 Death of Simon Ushakov, Russian painter (b. 1626)

1715 Birth of Joseph-Frantois Foulon, French politician (d. 1789)

1749 General fast because of drought in Massachusetts.

1767 Death of Georg Philipp Telemann, German composer (b. 1681)

1788 Virginia becomes 10th state to ratify US constitution.

1788 Virginia becomes the 10th state to ratify the United States Constitution.

1798 Death of Thomas Sandby, English cartographer and architect (b. 1721)

1798 US passes Alien Act allowing president to deport dangerous aliens.

1814 Birth of Gabriel Auguste DaubrTe, French geologist (d. 1896)

1822 Death of E.T.A. Hoffmann, German writer, composer, and painter (b. 1776)

1835 First building constructed at Yerba Buena (now San Francisco).

1838 Death of Frantois Nicolas Benoet, Baron Haxo, French general (b. 1774)

1852 Birth of Antonio Gaud? Spanish architect (Sagrada Familia, Barcelona).

1858 Birth of Georges Courteline, French dramatist (d. 1929)

1860 Birth of Gustave Charpentier, French composer (d. 1956)

1861 Death of Abd-ul-Mejid, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1823)

1862 Day one of the 7 Days begins with fighting at Oak Grove.

1864 Birth of Walther Hermann Nernst Prussian physical chemist (Nobel Prize 1920).

1864 Petersburg Campaign – Federals begin digging tunnels under Rebel lines.

1865 Birth of Robert Henri US painter, leader of the Ashcan school.

1867 Barbed wire is patented by Lucien Smith of Kent, Ohio.

1868 Death of Carlo Matteucci, Italian physicist (b. 1811)

1868 Florida, Alabama, Louisiana, Georgia, North Carolina, and South Carolina readmitted to US.

1870 The opera “Die Walknre” is produced (Munich).

1875 Death of Antoine-Louis Barye, French sculptor of gooches (b. 1796)

1876 Battle of the Little Bighorn and the death of General George Armstrong Custer.

1876 Death of George Armstrong Custer, U.S. Army officer (b. 1839)

1876 Native American forces led by Chiefs Crazy Horse and Sitting Bull defeat the U.S. Army troops of Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer in a bloody battle near southern Montana’s Little Bighorn River.

1876 US Army General George Custer attacks the Lakota and Cheyenne village.

1882 Death of Frantois Jouffroy, French sculptor (b. 1806)

1884 Birth of Henry Kahnweiler, German art promoter (d. 1979)

1884 Death of Hans Rott, Austrian composer (b. 1858)

1886 Birth of Henry (Hap) Arnold commanding general, US Army Air Force in WW II.

1887 Birth of George Abbott Forestville New York, producer (Damn Yankees, Pajama Game).

1888 Republican Convention, in Chicago, nominates Benjamin Harrison.

1893 Birth of Charlotte Greenwood Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA; actress (Oklahoma, Moon over Miami).

1894 Birth of Hermann Oberth Germany, founded modern astronautics.

1900 Birth of Lord Louis Mountbatten of Burma, royal relative.

1903 Birth of Arthur Tracy street singer (Vincent Lopez Show).

1903 New York Yankees and Chicago White Sox end deadlocked at 6-6 in 18.

1905 Cullinan Diamond, the largest rough gem-quality diamond known, is discovered by Frederick Wells.

1906 Birth of Roger Livesey actor (Drums, Life and Death of Colonel Blimp).

1907 Birth of J Hans D Jensen Germany, physicist (atomic nuclei-Nobel Prize 1963).

1908 Birth of Willard Van Orman Quine, American philosopher (d. 2000)

1911 Birth of William Howard Stein, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1980)

1912 Birth of William T. Cahill, Governor of New Jersey (d. 1996)

1913 Birth of Cyril Fletcher, British comedian (d. 2005)

1915 Birth of Peter Lind Hayes San Francisco California, comedian/singer (Peter Lind Hayes Show).

1916 Death of Thomas Eakins, American artist (b. 1844)

1919 First advanced monoplane airliner flight (Junkers F13).

1921 Birth of Celia Franca, Canadian ballet dancer

1921 Jack Hutchinson becomes first American to win golf’s British Open.

1923 Birth of Nicholas Mosley, British writer

1924 Birth of Sidney Lumet, American actor and director

1924 K Reinmuth discovers asteroid #1023 Thomana.

1925 Birth of Clifton Chenier; blues singer (“Bayou Blues”, “Bon Ton Roulet”).

1926 Birth of Ingeborg Bachmann, Austrian writer (d. 1973)

1928 Birth of Alexei Alexeyevich Abrikosov, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate

1928 New York Giants’ Fred Lindstrom ties record of 9 hits in a doubleheader.

1929 Birth of Eric Carle, American children’s author

1929 President Herbert Hoover authorizes building of Boulder Dam in Colorado.

1930 Birth of Mary Beth Peil, American opera singer and actress

1932 Birth of Peter Blake, English artist

1933 Birth of James Meredith, American civil rights activist

1934 New York Yankees’ pitcher John Broaca ties record by striking out five times.

1935 Birth of Eddie Floyd; rocker (“California Girl”, “Knock on Wood”).

1935 Joe Louis defeats Primo Carnera in boxing at Yankee Stadium, New York.

1937 Chicago Cubs’ Augie Galan becomes first player to switch hit home runs in a game.

1937 Death of Colin Clive, British actor (b. 1900)

1938 Dr. Douglas Hyde is inaugurated the first President of Ireland.

1938 US federal minimum wage law guarantees workers 40 cents per hour.

1939 Birth of Harold Melvin, American drummer and singer (Harold Melvin & the Blue Notes) (d. 1997)

1940 Birth of Thomas K�hler; German luger (Olympic-gold-1964, 1968).

1941 Birth of Denys Arcand, Canadian film director

1941 US President Franklin Roosevelt issues Executive Order 8802 forbidding discrimination.

1942 Birth of Patrick Michael Mitchell in Ottawa, Canada; one of FBI’s most wanted.

1942 British RAF stages a 1,000-bomber raid on Bremen, Germany.

1944 Birth of Robert Charlebois, Canadian singer and composer

1945 Birth of Carly Simon in New York City, New York, USA; singer (“Anticipation”, “You’re So Vain”).

1945 Se�n T. O’Kelly is elected the second President of Ireland.

1946 Birth of Ian McDonald; guitarist (King Crisom).

1947 The Diary of Anne Frank is published.

1948 Death of William C. Lee, U.S. general (b. 1895)

1948 Joe Louis knocks out Jersey Joe Walcott in 11 rounds to retain championship.

1949 Birth of Phyllis George-Brown in Denton, Texas, USA; Miss America (1971)/sportscaster.

1950 Birth of Tatyana Averina; USSR speed skater 1000m, 3000m (Olympic-gold-1976).

1950 Israeli airline El Al begins service.

1950 Korean conflict begins; North Korea invades South Korea.

1950 The beginning of the Korean War.

1951 First color TV broadcast-CBS’ Arthur Godfrey from New York City to four cities.

1952 Birth of Tim Finn; song writer (“Puberty Blues”).

1953 First passenger plane to fly commercially around the world in under 100 hours.

1954 Birth of David Paich, keybord player and composer (Toto)

1956 Birth of Boris Trajkovski, President of the Republic of Macedonia (d. 2004)

1959 Eamon de Valera is elected the third President of Ireland.

1960 Birth of Dario de Judicibus, Italian writer

1960 Death of Tommy Corcoran, baseball player (b. 1869)

1961 Baltimore Orioles and California Angels use a record 16 pitchers in a game (8 each) in 14 innings.

1961 Iraq announces that Kuwait is a part of Iraq (Kuwait disagrees).

1961 Pianist Bill Evans, bassist Scott LaFaro, and drummer Paul Motian give their final performances as a trio, at the Village Vanguard in New York City. (LaFaro would die in an automobile accident on July 6.)

1962 New York Yankees’ Jack Reed’s 22nd inning home run wins a 7-hour game, 9-7 over Detroit Tigers.

1962 US Supreme Court rules New York school prayer unconstitutional.

1963 Birth of George Michael in England; rocker (Wham – “I Want Your Sex”).

1964 Birth of Johnny Herbert, British Formula One driver

1966 Birth of Dikembe Mutombo, Congan basketball player

1966 The Beatles’ “Paperback Writer” single goes #1 and stays #1 for two weeks.

1967 First global satellite television programme ? “Our World”

1968 Bobby Bonds hits a grand slam in his first major league game (San Francisco Giants).

1969 Birth of Matt Gallant, U.S. television host

1969 Longest tennis match in Wimbeldon history, Pancho Gonzalez beats Charles Pasarell in 112 game marathon (5 hours 12 minues).

1970 Birth of Lucy Benjamin, British actress

1971 Birth of Angela Kinsey, American actress

1971 Death of John Boyd Orr, Scottish physician and biologist, Nobel Peace Prize recipient (b. 1880)

1972 Birth of Carlos Delgado, Puerto Rican Major League Baseball player

1973 Erskine Hamilton Childers is elected the fourth President of Ireland.

1973 John Dean begins testimony before US Senate Watergate Committee.

1973 Udo Beyer of East Germany puts the shot a record 20.47m.

1974 Birth of Karisma Kapoor, Indian actress

1974 Death of Cornelius Lanczos, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1893)

1975 Birth of Linda Cardellini, American actress

1975 Mozambique achieved independence.

1975 Mozambique gains independence from Portugal.

1975 State of Emergency in India declared.

1976 Birth of JosT Cancela, Uruguayan footballer

1976 Death of Johnny Mercer, American songwriter (b. 1909)

1976 In Papua, Indonesia, a magnitude 7.1 earthquake occurs. Over 350 deaths from the quake and 5,000 to 9,000 people missing and presumed dead from subsequent landslides. Six villages destroyed.

1976 Missouri Governor Christopher S. Bond issues an executive order rescinding the Extermination Order, formally apologizing on behalf of the state of Missouri for the suffering it had caused the Latter Day Saints.

1977 Former US president Lyndon Johnson denies report he had a cancer during his presidency.

1977 Roy C Sullivan of Virginia is struck by lightening for seventh time.

1978 Argentina beats Holland 3-1 in soccer’s 11th World Cup at Buenos Aires, Argentina.

1978 Argentina wins the 1978 FIFA World Cup.

1979 E F Helin and S J Bus discovers asteroid #2343 Siding Spring.

1980 A Muslim Brotherhood assassination attempt against Syrian president Hafez al-Assad fails.

1980 Birth of Nozomi Takeuchi; Japanese actress.

1981 Birth of Simon Ammann; Swiss ski jumper.

1981 Microsoft Inc. is restructured to become an incorporated business in its home state of Washington.

1982 Birth of Mikhail Youzhny; Russian tennis player.

1982 Death of Igor Gouzenko, Soviet spy who defected to Canada

1982 Greece abolishes headshaving of the recruits in the military.

1982 The Institute for Puerto Rican Policy is founded in New York City to research and advocate for Puerto Rican and Latino community issues.

1982 US Secretary of State Alexander Haig Jr resigns, replaced by George Schultz.

1983 Birth of Nargis Farahmand, Afghan poet

1983 Death of Alberto Ginastera, Argentine composer (b. 1916)

1983 India wins the Cricket World Cup.

1983 India wins the Prudential Cup (Cricket World Cup).

1983 Udo Beyer of East Germany sets record for shot put, 22.22m.

1984 Birth of Lauren Bush, American model.

1985 Fireworks factory near Hallett, Oklahoma explodes (21 die).

1985 Irish police foil an Irish Republican Army-sponsored ‘mainland bombing campaign’ which targeted luxury vacationing resorts, arresting 13 suspects.

1986 Birth of Aya Matsuura, Japanese singer.

1987 Birth of Hayami Kishimoto; Japanese singer.

1987 Death of Boudleaux Bryant, American songwriter (b. 1920)

1987 Pope John Paul II receives Austrian President Kurt Waldheim.

1988 Death of Hillel Slovak, Israeli-born guitarist (Red Hot Chili Peppers) (born 1962).

1988 The Netherlands defeats the Soviet Union 2-0 to win Euro 88.

1991 Croatia and Slovenia declare their independence from Yugoslavia.

1991 Slovenia and Croatia declare independence from Yugoslavia.

1992 Death of Jerome Brown, American football player (born 1965).

1993 After 11 years at NBC, David Letterman airs his final Late Night with David Letterman and leaves NBC for CBS.

1993 Birth of Barney Clark, British actor.

1993 Kim Campbell becomes the 19th and first female Prime Minister of Canada.

1993 Kim Campbell is chosen as leader of the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada and becomes the first female Prime Minister of Canada.

1993 Litas currency is introduced in Lithuania.

1995 Death of Warren Burger, Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court (b. 1907)

1996 The Khobar Towers bombing in Saudi Arabia kills 19 U.S. servicemen.

1996 The Khobar Towers bombing leaves 19 U.S. servicemen dead in Saudi Arabia.

1997 An unmanned Progress spacecraft collided with the Russian Space station, Mir.

1997 Death of Jacques-Yves Cousteau, French explorer (born 1910).

1998 In Clinton v. City of New York, the United States Supreme Court decides that the Line Item Veto Act of 1996 is unconstitutional.

1998 Microsoft Windows 98 is released.

1998 The United States Supreme Court rules that the Line Item Veto Act of 1996 is unconstitutional.

1999 The American soap opera Another World airs its 8891st and final episode.

1999 The San Antonio Spurs defeat the New York Knicks 78-77 in Game 5 of the NBA Finals to take home the title in a strike-shortened season.

2002 Death of Jean Corbeil, Quebec politician (b. 1934)

2003 Death of Lester Maddox, Governor of Georgia (born 1915).

2006 Death of Arif Mardin, Turkish-born music producer (born 1932).

2006 Warren Buffett donates over US$30 billion to the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

2007 Death of J. Fred Duckett, Texan sports announcer and teacher (born 1933).

2007 In England, following the wettest June on record, Sheffield and South Yorkshire are affected by flooding. Much of Sheffield, Doncaster and Rotherham is flooded when the River Don breaches its banks.

2007 Intense heatwaves begin to hit Southeast Europe as temperatures reach 46 celcius in Bulgaria and Greece.

2007 WWE wrestler Chris Benoit, his wife Nancy Benoit, and son Daniel, are found dead as the result of a murder-suicide that took place over the previous weekend.

2008 Queen Elizabeth II strips Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe of his honorary knighthood. British Prime Minister Gordon Brown announces that Britain no longer recognizes Mugabe as Zimbabwe’s legitimate leader.

2010 A Canadian $1 million 100-kg (3215 ounces) gold Maple Leaf coin, the world’s largest gold coin, sells at auction in Austria for 3.27 million euros (US$4.03 million).

2010 At the G8 summit in Huntsville, Ontario, Canada, G8 leaders pledge to spend $5 billion over the next five years on maternal and child health programs in developing countries, with Canada promising $1.1 billion for the global initiative.

2010 Edwin Jackson throws 149 pitches in a no-hitter, leading the Arizona Diamondbacks to a 1-0 victory over the Tampa Bay Rays.