This Day in History June 25

1128 Battle of São Mamede, near Guimarães. Portuguese forces led by Alfonso I defeat his mother D.Teresa and D.Fernão Peres de Trava. After this battle, the future king calls himself “Prince of Portugal”, the first step towards “official independence” in 1143.

1244 Birth of Henry I of Hesse (d. 1308)

1292 Graf Adolf von Nassau is crowned German King at Aachen.

1314 Battle of Bannockburn: Robert the Bruce leads Scots to regain independence from England with victory at Bannockburn.

1314 End of the Battle of Bannockburn. Scottish forces led by Robert the Bruce defeat Edward II of England. Scotland regains its independence.

1322 Jews are expelled from France.

1340 Birth of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster (d. 1399)

1340 Hundred Years’ War: Battle of Sluys The French fleet was almost totally destroyed by the English Fleet commanded in person by Edward III of England.

1374 A sudden outbreak of St. John’s Dance causes people in the streets of Aachen, Germany, to experience hallucinations and begin to jump and twitch uncontrollably until they collapse from exhaustion.

1386 Birth of Giovanni da Capistrano, Italian saint (d. 1456)

1398 Death of Hongwu Emperor of China (b. 1328)

1439 Death of Duke Frederick IV of Austria (b. 1382)

1441 Eton College founded.

1441 Eton College founded by Henry VI.

1485 Birth of Johannes Bugenhagen, German reformer (d. 1558)

1497 Cornish traitors Michael An Gof and Thomas Flamank executed at Tyburn, London

1497 John Cabot claims eastern Canada for England.

1497 John Cabot lands on North America in Newfoundland; first European exploration of the region since the Vikings.

1509 Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon crowned King and Queen of England.

1509 Henry VIII crowned King of England.

1519 Birth of Theodore Beza, French theologian (d. 1605)

1519 Death of Lucrezia Borgia, Duchess of Ferrara (b. 1480)

1520 Death of Hosokawa Sumimoto, Japanese samurai commander (b. 1489)

1532 Birth of Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester, English politician (d. 1588)

1534 Jacques Cartier makes the European discovery of Prince Edward Island.

1535 Anabaptists Protestants conquerered and disbanded.

1535 The Anabaptist state of Münster is conquered and disbanded.

1540 Henry VIII divorces his fourth wife, Anne of Cleves.

1542 Birth of St. John of the Cross, Spanish Carmelite friar and poet (d. 1591)

1546 Birth of Robert Parsons, English Jesuit priest (d. 1610)

1597 The first Dutch voyage to the East Indies reaches Bantam (on Java).

1604 Death of Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford, Lord Great Chamberlain of England (b. 1550)

1637 Death of Nicolas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc, French astronomer (b. 1580)

1643 Death of John Hampden, English politician (b. 1595)

1647 Lord Baltimore’s niece ejected requesting vote at Maryland Council.

1662 Dutch attempt but fail to capture Macau.

1662 Dutch invasion of Macau repulsed (Macau Day).

1663 Birth of Jean Baptiste Massillon, French churchman (d. 1742)

1664 The colony of New Jersey is founded.

1687 Birth of Johann Albrecht Bengel, German scholar (d. 1757)

1692 Kingston, Jamaica is founded.

1694 Birth of Jean-Jacques Burlamaqui, Swiss publicist (d. 1748)

1704 Birth of Jean-Baptiste de Boyer, Marquis d’Argens, French writer (d. 1771)

1766 Death of Adrien-Maurice, 3rd duc de Noailles, French soldier (b. 1678)

1771 Birth of E I Du Pont France, chemist/scientist (Du Pont).

1774 Birth of Frantois Nicolas Benoet, Baron Haxo, French general (d. 1838)

1777 Birth of John Ross, British naval officer and explorer (d. 1856)

1778 David Rittenhouse observes a total solar eclipse in Philadelphia.

1778 Death of Pieter Burmann the Younger, Dutch philologist (b. 1714)

1783 Birth of Johann Heinrich von Thnnen economist/geographer/farmer.

1793 First republican constitution in France adopted.

1793 First republican constitution in France adopted.

1794 Bowdoin College is founded.

1794 Bowdoin College is founded.

1795 Birth of Ernst Heinrich Weber, German anatomist and physiologist (d. 1878)

1797 Birth of John Hughes archbishop, founded Fordham University in the Bronx.

1803 Birth of George James Webb, English-born composer (d. 1887)

1803 Death of Matthew Thornton, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1714)

1804 Birth of Willard Richards, American religious leader (d. 1854)

1812 Napoleonic Wars: Napoleon’s Grande ArmTe crosses the Neman River beginning his invasion of Russia.

1813 Battle of Beaver Dam-British and Indian forces defeat US forces.

1813 Battle of Beaver Dams : A British, and Indian joint force defeat the U.S Army.

1813 Birth of Henry Ward Beecher Litchfield Connecticut, clergyman/orator (The Independent).

1817 Death of Thomas McKean, American lawyer and signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1734)

1817 First coffee planted in Hawaii on Kona coast.

1821 Battle of Carabobo; Bol?var defeats royalists outside of Caracas.

1821 Battle of Carabobo : Venezuela gains total independence from Spain.

1826 Birth of George Goyder, surveyor-general of South Australia (d. 1898)

1839 Birth of Gustavus Franklin Swift founded Swift and Co.

1841 Fordham University (then Saint John’s College), opens in the Bronx.

1842 Birth of Ambrose Bierce US, satirist (Devil’s Dictionary).

1850 Birth of Horatio Herbert Kitchener England, original Order of Merit member.

1852 J R Hind discovers asteroid #18 Melpomene.

1859 Battle of Solferino: (Battle of the Three Sovereigns). Sardinia and France defeat Austria in Solferino, northern Italy.

1861 Tennessee becomes eleventh (and last) state to secede from US.

1880 First performance of O Canada, the song that would become the national anthem of Canada, at the Congrès national des Canadiens-Français.

1881 200 drown as train runs off bridge near Cuautla Mexico.

1882 Birth of Carl Diem, German Olympic official (d. 1962)

1882 National League expells umpire Richard Higham for dishonesty.

1883 Birth of Victor Franz Hess, Austrian-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1964)

1886 Birth of George Shiels, Northern Irish dramatist (d. 1949)

1888 Birth of Gerrit Rietveld, Dutch architect (d. 1964)

1893 Birth of Roy Oliver Disney in Chicago, Illinois, USA; CEO of Walt Disney Productions 40+ years, president for 25+ years (dies 1971).

1894 Death of Marie Frantois Sadi Carnot, French statesman (b. 1837)

1894 Decision to begin modern Olympics every four years.

1894 Marie Francois Sadi Carnot assassinated by Sante Jeronimo Caserio.

1894 The IOC decides to hold the Olympic Games every four years.

1895 Birth of Jack Dempsey; heavyweight boxing champion (1919-26) (Manassa Mauler).

1897 Birth of Daniel K. Ludwig, US shipping magnate (d. 1992)

1897 Hail injures 26 in Topeka Kansas.

1898 American troops, drive Spanish forces from La Guasimas Cuba.

1901 Birth of Harry Partch Oakland California, composer (Oedipus).

1901 First exhibition of Pablo Picasso’s work opens.

1901 Jewish National Fund starts.

1901 The first exhibition of Pablo Picasso’s work opens.

1902 King Edward VII of the United Kingdom develops appendicitis, delaying his coronation.

1903 Birth of Phil Harris singer/actor (Anything Goes).

1904 Birth of Phil Harris, American singer, songwriter and comedian (d. 1995)

1906 Birth of Pierre Fournier, French cellist (d. 1986)

1907 Birth of Arseny Tarkovsky, Russian poet (d. 1989)

1908 A Kopff discovers asteroids #663 Gerlinde and #664 Judith.

1908 Birth of Hugo Distler, German composer (d. 1942)

1908 Death of Grover Cleveland, President of the United States (heart failure) (b. 1837)

1908 Grover Cleveland, 22nd and 24th U.S. President, dies in Princeton, at age 71.

1908 New York Yankees replace Clark Griffith with Kid Elberfeld as manager who is.

1909 Birth of Milton Katims New York City, conductor/violist (WOR-New York City).

1909 Death of Sarah Orne Jewett, American writer (b. 1849)

1911 Birth of Juan Manuel Fangio, Argentine race car driver (d. 1995)

1911 John McDermott becomes first American to win US open golf tournament.

1912 Birth of Norman Cousins editor (Saturday Review).

1913 Greece and Serbia annul their alliance with Bulgaria.

1913 Joseph Cook becomes the 6th Prime Minister of Australia.

1914 Birth of Robert Aickman, English author (d. 1981)

1914 G Neujmin discovers asteroid #789 Lena.

1915 800 die as excursion steamer Eastland capsizes in Chicago.

1915 Birth of Sir Fred Hoyle cosmologist, proposed steady-state universe theory.

1916 Battle of the Somme begins with a week long artilary bombardment on the German Line.

1916 Birth of John Ciardi poet/critic (translated Dante).

1916 Mary Pickford becomes first female film star to get million dollar contract.

1918 First airmail service in Canada from Montreal to Toronto.

1920 Chuvash Autonomous Region formed in RSFSR.

1922 AFPA changes name to NFL, Chicago Staleys become Chicago Bears.

1922 Birth of Roy Elihu Travis New York City, composer (Passion of Dedipus).

1922 Death of Walther Rathenau, German Minister of Foreign Affairs (assassinated) (b. 1867)

1922 Dr Walter Rathenau German foreign minister killed by anti-semites.

1924 Birth of Kurt Furgler, member of the Swiss Federal Council

1927 Birth of Martin Lewis Perl, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate

1928 With declining business, the Great Gorge and International Railway begins using one-person crews on trolley operations in Canada

1930 Birth of Claude Chabrol, French film director

1930 First radar detection of planes, Anacostia DC.

1931 Birth of Billy Casper, American golfer

1932 A military coup ends the absolute power of the king of Siam (Thailand).

1932 Birth of David McTaggart; cofounded Greenpeace.

1932 Coup ends absolute monarchy in Thailand.

1934 Birth of Jean-Pierre Ferland, Quebec singer and songwriter

1934 In Germany, Adolf Hitler, Heinrich Himmler, and Reinhard Heydrich begin planning the murders of opponents to prevent a supposed putsch by the SA.

1935 Death of Carlos Gardel, Argentine singer (airplane crash) (b. 1890)

1936 Joe DiMaggio becomes 5th to hit two home runs in one inning, New York Yankees beat Saint Louis Browns 18-4.

1938 Birth of Boris Lagutin in USSR; light-middleweight boxer (Olympic-gold-1964, 68).

1938 In Chicora, Pennsylvania, USA, a cow is struck and injured by a 450-ton falling meteorite.

1940 France and Italy sign an armistice.

1940 France signs an armistice with Italy.

1942 Birth of Mick Fleetwood, musician (Fleetwood Mac)

1944 Birth of Arthur Brown in England; rocker (Fire).

1945 Birth of Betty Stove in the Netherlands; tennis player (US Doubles 1972).

1945 Moscow Victory Parade

1946 29.77 cm (11.72 inches) of rainfall, Mellen, Wisconsin. (state 24-hour record)

1946 Birth of Ellison Onizuka, American astronaut (d. 1986)

1946 Fred M. Vinson is sworn in as the 13th Chief Justice of the United States.

1946 Georges Bidault becomes Prime Minister of France.

1947 Birth of Mick Fleetwood; drummer (Fleetwood Mac).

1947 Death of Emil Seidel, Mayor of Milwaukee, Wisconsin (b. 1864)

1947 First known sighting of UFOs: Kenneth Arnold, flying over Washington, notices nine luminous disks in the form of saucers.

1947 Flying saucers sighted over Mount Rainier, Washington state, by pilot Ken Arnold.

1948 American Republican National Convention in Philadelphia nominates New York governor Thomas Dewey.

1948 Birth of Patrick Moraz, Swiss keyboard player (Yes)

1948 Start of the Berlin Blockade. The Soviet Union makes overland travel between the West with West Berlin impossible.

1948 The Soviet Union cuts off all land and sea routes to West Berlin, in an attempt to pressure the Allies to evacuate.

1949 Birth of John Illsley, British bassist (Dire Straits)

1949 Cargo airlines first licensed by US Civil Aeronautics Board.

1949 The first Television Western, Hopalong Cassidy, is aired on NBC starring William Boyd.

1950 Birth of Mercedes Lackey, American author

1950 M Itzigsohn discovers asteroid #1821 Aconcagua.

1950 New York Giants’ Wes Westrum hits three home runs and a triple.

1951 Birth of Ivar Formo in Norway; 50km cross country skier (Olympic-gold-1976).

1952 Birth of Stephen Pusey, British-born artist

1953 Birth of Ivo Lill, Estonian artist

1955 Birth of Gurumayi Chidvilasananda, Guru of Siddha Yoga

1955 Harmon Killebrew hits his first home run (off Billy Hoeff).

1956 Birth of Joe Penny, English actor

1957 Birth of Astro; rocker (UB40 – “Red Red Wine”).

1957 The U.S. Supreme Court rules that obscenity is not protected by the First Amendment.

1958 Birth of Victor M Gerena in New York City, New York, USA; security guard robbed US$7 million (FBI wanted).

1959 Birth of Andy McClusky; rocker (Orchestal Manoeveres in the Dark – “Electricity”).

1961 Birth of Curt Smith; rocker (Tears for Fears – “Shout”).

1963 Birth of Anatoly Borisovich Jurkin, Russian writer

1963 First demonstration of home video recorder, at BBC Studios, London, England.

1963 Zanzibar is granted internal self-government by Britain.

1963 Zanzibar is granted internal self-government by the UK.

1964 Birth of Gary Suter, professional ice hockey player

1966 Bombay-New York Air India flight crashes into Mont Blanc (Switzerland), 117 die.

1967 Birth of Janez Lapajne, Slovenian film director

1968 Canadian Sandra Post becomes first non-US and first rookie LPGA winner.

1968 Death of Tony Hancock, British comedian (b. 1924)

1968 Jim Northrup hits two grand-slammers to help Detroit Tigers beat Cleveland Indians 14-3.

1968 Joe Frazier TKOs Manda Ramos for world heavyweight boxing title.

1969 Birth of Melissa Gurney in California, USA; tennis player (Virginia Slims of South Dakota, 1986).

1970 Birth of Glenn Medeiros; singer (Someday Love).

1970 Bobby Murcer ties record of four consecutive home runs.

1970 US Senate votes overwhelmingly to repeal Gulf of Tonkin Resolution.

1972 Birth of Robbie McEwen, Australian professional road bicycle racer

1973 Birth of Alexander Beyer, German actor

1973 Marlene Raymond (age 15), limboes under a flaming bar at 6.125 inches.

1975 An Eastern Air Lines Boeing 727 crashes at John F. Kennedy Airport, New York. 113 people die.

1975 Eastern Airlines Boeing 727 crashes at JFK Airport in New York, kills 113.

1978 Birth of Erno “Emppu” Vuorinen, Finnish guitarist (Nightwish)

1978 The first Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras is held in Australia.

1979 Birth of Craig Shergold, British internet folklore subject

1980 Affirmed wins $500,000 Hollywood Cup, first horse to win $2 million.

1981 The Humber Bridge, the world’s longest single-span suspension bridge (for the next 17 years), opens, connecting Yorkshire and Lincolnshire.

1981 What would be the world’s longest single-span suspension bridge for 17 years, the Humber Bridge opens, connecting Yorkshire and Lincolnshire.

1982 Birth of Kevin Kleinberg; American actor.

1982 British Airways Flight 9 suffers a temporary four-engine flameout and damage to the exterior of the plane, after flying through the otherwise undetected ash plume from Indonesia’s Galunggung.

1982 Jean-Loup Chretien, first spacionaut, two others, lift off (Soyuz T-16).

1983 Don Sutton becomes 8th pitcher to strikeout 3,000 batters.

1983 Space Shuttle program: STS-7 Mission Sally Ride, first female American astronaut, returns to earth.

1983 Yasir Arafat banned from Damascus.

1984 Birth of J.J. Redick, American basketball player.

1984 Death of Clarence Campbell, NHL president (b. 1905)

1984 Joe Morgan sets career home run mark for second basemen with number 265.

1985 Birth of Yukina Shirakawa; Japanese gravure idol.

1986 Birth of Solange Knowles, American actress and singer

1986 Guy Hunt elected first Republican governor of Alabama in 112 years.

1986 In Papua New Guinea, a magnitude 7.1 earthquake occurs.

1987 Birth of Lionel Messi; Argentine soccer player.

1987 Death of Jackie Gleason, American actor and musician (b. 1916)

1988 Birth of Micah Richards, English football player.

1988 Cleveland Indians’ pitcher Doug Jones sets record of 14 consecutive saves.

1989 Death of Hibari Misora, Japanese singer (born 1937).

1990 Kathleen Young and Irene Templeton are ordained as priests in Saint Anne’s Cathedral, Belfast, becoming the first Anglican women priests in the United Kingdom.

1993 Andrew Wiles wins worldwide fame after presenting his solution for Fermat’s Last Theorem, a problem that has been unsolved for more than three centuries.

1993 A Unabomber bomb injures computer scientist David Gelernter at Yale University.

1993 Death of Archie Williams, American athlete (born 1915).

1993 Yale computer science professor Dr. David Gelernter loses the sight in one eye, the hearing in one ear, and part of his right hand after receiving a mailbomb from the Unabomber.

1995 The New Jersey Devils sweep the heavily favored Detroit Red Wings to win their first Stanley Cup in the lock-out shortened season.

1995 The New Jersey Devils win their first Stanley Cup by sweeping the Detroit Red Wings.

1995 (to July 7) 5,000,000 view Christo’s “wrapped” Reichstag in Berlin.

1996 Michael Johnson breaks the world record in the 200 metres with a time of 19.66 seconds

1997 Death of Brian Keith, American actor (born 1921).

2000 Death of David Tomlinson, English actor (born 1917).

2002 Death of Pierre Werner, Prime Minister of Luxembourg (born 1913).

2002 The Igandu train disaster in Dodoma Region, Tanzania, kills 281 people in the worst rail accident in African history.

2003 Death of Maynard Jackson, Mayor of Atlanta (b. 1938)

2004 Death of Ifigeneia Giannopoulou, Greek songwriter (b. 1957)

2004 Habib Dodo, the general secretary of the Communist Youth of Côte d’Ivoire is assassinated by pro-government forces.

2005 Death of Paul Winchell, American voice actor and ventriloquist (b. 1922)

2006 Death of Patsy Ramsey, Mother of slain 6-year-old JonBenet (born 1956).

2007 A wildfire starts in South Lake Tahoe eventually destroying 254 homes in the area.

2007 Death of Derek Dougan, Northern Irish football player (born 1938).

2007 The refurbished Millennium Dome, now called The O2, reopens in London, England.

2008 Death of Leonid Hurwicz, American economist and mathematician, Nobel Prize laureate (born 1917).

2009 Death of RomTo LeBlanc, 25th governor general of Canada (1995-1999), in New Brunswick, at age 81.

2009 In Iraq, a bomb explodes in a crowded market in Baghdad’s main Shia district, Sadr City, killing at least 72 people and wounding 127.

2010 American tennis player John Isner defeats Frenchman Nicolas Mahut 6-4 3-6 6-7 (7-9) 7-6 (7-3) 70-68 in their first-round encounter at Wimbledon. The longest match in history took 11 hours and five minutes over three days. The game broke the previous records for the longest match, the longest set, the most games in a set and a match, the most aces in a match and the most aces by a player.

2010 Julia Gillard is sworn in as Australia’s first female prime minister after a leadership vote in the Labor Party ousts Kevin Rudd. Gillard was deputy prime minister to Rudd.