This Day in History June 21

1002 Birth of Pope Leo IX (original name Bruno von Egisheim und Dagsburg) in Egisheim, Germany; cousin of the Holy Roman Emperor, became Pope in 1049.

1226 Birth of King Boleslaus V of Poland (d. 1279)

1305 Death of King Wenceslaus II of Bohemia and Poland (b. 1271)

1377 Death of King Edward III of England (b. 1312)

1498 Jews are expelled from Nurenberg Bavaria by Emperor Maximillian.

1527 Death of Niccol= Machiavelli, Italian historian and political author (b. 1469)

1529 Death of John Skelton, English poet

1535 Birth of Leonhard Rauwolf, German physician and botanist (d. 1596)

1547 Death of Sebastiano del Piombo, Italian painter (b. 1485)

1582 Death of Oda Nobunaga, Japanese warlord (b. 1534)

1591 Death of Aloysius Gonzaga, Italian saint (b. 1568)

1607 First Protestant Episcopal parish in America established, Jamestown.

1621 an execution of 27 Czech lords on the Old Town Square in Prague as a consequence of the battle on the “White Mountain”.

1621 Death of Kry?tof Harant, Polish soldier, writer, and composer (b. 1564)

1652 Death of Inigo Jones, English architect (b. 1573)

1661 Sweden signs the Treaty of Kardis, in which Russia agrees to return to Sweden areas it had conquered in the Baltic lands.

1665 First soldiers of Le RTgiment de Carignan-Salières arrive at Quebec to invade Iroquois territories.

1712 Birth of Luc Urbain de Bouexic, comte de Guichen, French admiral (d. 1790)

1732 Birth of Martha Washington first, first lady.

1734 In Montreal in New France (today primarily Quebec), a black slave known by the French name of Marie-Joseph AngTlique, having been convicted of the arson that destroyed much of the city, was tortured and hanged by the French authorities in a public ceremony that involved her disgrace and the amputation of a hand.

1738 Death of Charles Townshend, 2nd Viscount Townshend, English statesman (b. 1674)

1749 Halifax, Nova Scotia, founded.

1759 Birth of Alexander J. Dallas, American statesman and financier (d. 1817)

1763 Birth of Pierre Paul Royer-Collard, French philosopher (d. 1845)

1764 Birth of Sidney Smith, British admiral (d. 1840)

1768 First US bachelor of medicine degree (Dr John Archer).

1774 Birth of Daniel D Tompkins (Democrat-R), 6th US vice-president (1817-25).

1781 Birth of SimTon-Denis Poisson, French mathematician and physicist (d. 1840)

1782 Birth of Pyotr Kotlyarevsky, Russian general (d. 1852)

1788 New Hampshire ratifies the Constitution and is thus admitted as the 9th state in the United States.

1788 US Constitution goes into effect as New Hampshire is 9th state to ratify it.

1792 Vancouver meets Spanish ships Sutil and Mexicana off Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

1796 Death of Richard Gridley, American Revolutionary soldier (b. 1710)

1798 Irish Rebellion of 1798: The British Army defeats Irish rebels at Battle of Vinegar Hill

1805 Birth of Charles Thomas Jackson, American scientist, polymath

1805 Great Stoneface Mount found in New Hampshire.

1811 Birth of Carlo Matteucci, Italian physicist (d. 1868)

1812 Birth of Moses Hess, Jewish socialist and nationalist (d. 1875)

1813 Laura Secord sets out to warn British forces of an impending U.S. attack on Queenston, Ontario during the War of 1812.

1813 Peninsular War: Battle of Vitoria

1821 African Methodist Episcopal Zion (AMEZ) Church organizes (New York City).

1823 Birth of Jean Chacornac, French astronomer (d. 1873)

1824 Death of �tienne Aignan, French writer (b. 1773)

1824 Greek War of Independence: Egyptian forces capture Psara in the Aegean Sea.

1825 Birth of William Stubbs, English historian and Anglican bishop of Oxford

1826 Maniots defeat Egyptians under Ibrahim Pasha in the Battle of Vergas

1828 Birth of Ferdinand AndrT FouquT, French geologist (d. 1904)

1834 Cyrus Hall McCormick patents reaping machine.

1839 Birth of Machado de Assis, Brazilian writer (d. 1908)

1851 Birth of Daniel Carter Beard US, organized first boy scout troop.

1854 First Victoria Cross won during bombardment of Bomarsund in the Aland Islands.

1858 Louisiana chess prodigy Paul Morphy arrives in Europe.

1859 Birth of Henry Ossawa Tanner, American painter (d. 1937)

1862 Birth of Damrong Rajanubhab, Thai prince and historian (d. 1943)

1863 Birth of Max Wolf, German astronomer (d. 1932)

1864 Birth of Heinrich W�lfflin, Swiss art historian (d. 1945)

1864 Maori Wars: The Tauranga Campaign ends.

1869 The opera “Die Meistersinger” is produced (Munich).

1870 Birth of Clara Immerwahr, German chemist

1874 Death of Anders Jonas �ngstr�m, Swedish physicist (b. 1814)

1876 Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna Mexican general (took Alamo), dies at age 82.

1876 Birth of Willem Hendrik Keesom, Dutch physicist

1877 The Molly Maguires, ten Irish immigrants who were labor activists, are hanged in the Carbon County, Pennsylvania Prison.

1879 F W Woolworth opens first store (failed almost immediately).

1880 Birth of Arnold Gesell, American psychologist and pediatrician (d.1961)

1882 Birth of Rockwell Kent artist/painter/illustrator (Canterbury Tales).

1883 Birth of Llufs Companys i Jover, President of Catalonia (d. 1940)

1884 Birth of Claude Auchinleck, British field marshal (d. 1981)

1887 Birth of Norman L. Bowen, Canadian petrologist (d. 1956)

1887 Britain celebrates golden jubilee of Queen Victoria.

1887 Queen Victoria’s golden jubilee.

1889 Birth of Ralph Craig, American athlete (d. 1972)

1891 Birth of Hermann Scherchen Berlin Germany, conductor (Nature of Music).

1892 Birth of Hilding Rosenberg Bosj�kloster Sweden, composer (Babels Torn).

1893 Birth of Alois H�ba, Czech composer (d. 1973)

1893 Death of Leland Stanford, American Business Tycoon and founder of Stanford University

1893 First Ferris wheel premieres (Chicago’s Columbian Exposition).

1894 Workers in Pittsburgh strike Pullman sleeping car company.

1896 Birth of Charles B. Momsen, American inventor (d. 1967)

1898 Birth of Donald C. Peattie, American botanist and writer (d. 1964)

1898 Guam becomes a U.S. territory.

1900 Brooklyn Dodgers score 7 in top of 11th to go ahead of Philadelphia Phillies, 20-13, In.

1902 Birth of Howie Morenz, professional ice hockey player (d. 1937)

1903 Birth of Al Hirschfeld cartoonist (1975 Tony Award).

1904 Boston Herald tells of Boston Red Sox trade “Dougherty as a Yankee,” first.

1905 Birth of Jean-Paul Sartre France, philosopher/writer (Nobel Prize 1964; declined).

1906 Birth of Harold Spina, American composer

1908 Death of Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Russian composer (b. 1844)

1912 Birth of Mary McCarthy US, novelist (Group).

1914 Birth of William Vickrey, Canadian economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1996)

1914 Death of Bertha von Suttner, Austrian writer and pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1843)

1915 The U.S. Supreme Court hands down its decision in Guinn v. United States 238 US 347 1915, striking down an Oklahoma law denying the right to vote to some citizens.

1916 Boston Rube Forster no-hits New York Yankees, 2-0.

1917 Hawaiian Red Cross founded.

1919 Admiral Ludwig von Reuter scuttles the German fleet in Scapa Flow, Orkney. The nine sailors killed were the last casualties of the First World War.

1919 Birth of Gower Champion, dancer and choreographer (d. 1980)

1919 Germans scuttle their own fleet.

1919 Royal Canadian Mounted Police fire a volley into a crowd of unemployed war veterans, killing two, during the Winnipeg General Strike.

1921 Birth of Frank Scott Fargo North Dakota, pianist (Lawrence Welk Show).

1922 Birth of Judy Holliday New York City, comedienne/actress (Born Yesterday, Adam’s Rib).

1925 Birth of Giovanni Spadolini, Italian politician (d. 1994)

1926 Birth of Conrad Hall, Tahitian-born cinematographer (d. 2003)

1927 Birth of Carl Stokes; American politician (Cleveland-Mayor).

1929 Birth of Abdel Halim Hafez, Egyptian singer and actor (d. 1977)

1930 Babe Ruth hits three home runs as New York Yankees blow 6-0 lead in 7th and lose 15-7.

1930 Birth of Mike McCormack; NFL offensive tackle (New York Yankees, Cleveland Indians, Philadelphia Phillies).

1931 Birth of Lawrence K Grossman; News president (NBC-TV).

1932 Birth of O.C. Smith, American singer (d. 2001)

1933 First Great Lakes-to-Gulf of Mexico barge trip completed, New Orleans.

1934 Death of Thorne Smith, American author (b. 1892)

1935 Birth of Frantoise Sagan, French writer (d. 2004)

1938 All major powers agree in London, England to evacuate volunteers from Spain.

1938 Birth of Ron Ely, American actor

1939 Birth of Ruben Berrios, Puerto Rican politician

1939 Doctors reveal Lou Gehrig has amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

1939 The New York Yankees announce Lou Gehrig’s retirement.

1940 Birth of Mariette Hartley, American actress

1940 First successful west-to-east navigation of Northwest Passage begins at Vancouver, British Columbia.

1940 World War II: France surrenders to Germany.

1942 129 degrees F (54 degrees C), Tirat Zevi, Israel (Asian record).

1942 Birth of William Bradford in Reynolds, Connecticut, USA; assistant attorney general.

1942 German General Erwin Rommel’s army captures Tobruk in Libya, taking 30-35,000 prisoners.

1942 World War II: A Japanese submarine surfaces near the Columbia River in Oregon, firing 17 shells at nearby Fort Stevens in one of only a handful of attacks by the Japanese against the U.S. mainland.

1942 World War II: Tobruk falls to German forces.

1943 Birth of SalomT, Spanish singer

1943 Federal troops put down racial riot in Detroit, Michigan; 30 dead.

1944 Birth of Ray Davies; singer/guitarist (The Kinks – “Come Dancing”).

1945 Birth of Adam Zagajewski, Polish philosopher, poet

1945 World War II: Battle of Okinawa ends.

1946 Birth of Brenda Holloway, American musician

1946 Ten die in fire at Baker Hotel, Dallas, Texas, USA.

1947 A seaman named Harold Dahl claims to have seen six UFOs near Maury Island, United States. The next morning Dahl reported the first modern Men in Black encounter.

1947 Birth of Meredith Baxter, American actress

1948 Birth of Joey Malland; rocker (Badfinger – “Come and Get It”).

1948 Dr Peter Goldmark of CBS demonstrates “long playing record”.

1948 In a lab in Manchester, England, the Small Scale Experimental Machine computer, nicknamed “Baby” is created, the first to contain memory (128 bytes) which could store a program.

1950 Birth of Joey Kramer in New York City, New York, USA; rock drummer (Aerosmith – “Janie Got a Gun”).

1951 Birth of Nils Lofgren, American musician

1951 Death of Charles Dillon Perrine, American astronomer (b. 1867)

1952 Birth of K(ichi Mashimo, Japanese anime director

1952 Death of Wilfrid ‘Wop’ May, Canadian aviation pioneer (b. 1896)

1953 Birth of Benazir Bhutto; first female leader of a Muslim nation (Pakistan).

1954 Birth of Robert Menasse, Austrian writer

1955 Birth of Tim Bray, Canadian computer programmer

1956 Birth of Mikhail Burtsev in the USSR; sabres (Olympic-gold-1976).

1957 Birth of Mark Brzezicki; rocker (Big Country – “Wonderland”).

1957 Death of Johannes Stark, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1874)

1957 Ellen Louks Fairclough sworn in as Canada’s first woman Cabinet Minister

1958 Birth of Gennady Padalka, cosmonaut

1959 Birth of Tom Chambers; NBA forward, center (Seattle SuperSonics, Phoenix Suns).

1962 Birth of Viktor Tsoi, Russian musician

1963 Pope Paul VI (Giovanni Battista Montini) succeeds John XXIII.

1964 Birth of Doug Savant, American actor

1964 Death of James Chaney, American civil rights activist (b. 1943)

1964 Three civil rights workers, Andrew Goodman, James Chaney and Mickey Schwerner, are murdered in Neshoba County, Mississippi, United States, by members of the Ku Klux Klan.

1965 Birth of Larry Wachowski, film director

1965 Folk rock band The Byrds release their highly influential debut album Mr. Tambourine Man.

1966 Birth of Rudi Bakhtiar, American journalist

1967 Birth of Tim Simenson; rocker (Bomb the Bass).

1969 Birth of Gabriella Paruzzi, Italian skier

1969 Death of Maureen Connolly, American tennis player (b. 1934)

1970 Birth of Sindee Coxx, American pornographic actress

1970 Brazil wins last Jules Rimet Trophy soccer championship.

1970 Death of Sukarno, President of Indonesia (b. 1901)

1971 50,000 attend Celebration of Life rock concert, McCrea, Louisana.

1972 Birth of Alon Hilu, Israeli writer

1973 Birth of Juliette Lewis, American actress

1973 Frank Leahy, football coach (Notre Dame), dies at age 64.

1973 In handing down the decision in Miller v. California 413 US 15, the Supreme Court of the United States establishes the Miller Test, which now governs obscenity in U.S. law.

1974 Birth of Natasha Desborough, British radio personality

1975 Soyuz 19 returns to Earth.

1976 Birth of Mike Einziger, American musician (Incubus)

1976 Death of Margaret Herrick, Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences director (b. 1902)

1977 Former White House chief of staff Harry R Haldeman enters prison.

1977 Menachem Begin (Likud), becomes Israel’s 6th Prime Minister.

1978 Birth of Cristiano Lupatelli, Italian footballer

1979 Birth of Chris Pratt, American actor

1979 Death of Angus Maclise, American mystic, shaman, musician, and composer (b. 1938)

1980 Death of Bert Kaempfert, German orchestra leader and songwriter (born 1923).

1981 12-bottle case of 1979 Napamedoc Cabernet wine auctioned for US$24,000.

1981 Birth of Brandon Flowers; American singer and keyboardist.

1982 Birth of Prince William of Wales, son of Prince Charles and Lady Diana.

1982 Fête de la Musique street music festival inaugurated in France by Jack Lang.

1982 John Hinckley is found not guilty by reason of insanity for the attempted assassination of U.S. President Ronald Reagan.

1982 Washington DC jury finds John Hinckley Jr innocent by insanity of attempted assassination of President Ronald Reagan.

1983 In Hokkaido, Japan, a magnitude 6.9 earthquake occurs.

1984 Birth of Alicia Alighatti, American pornographic actress

1985 Death of Tage Erlander, Prime Minister of Sweden (b. 1901)

1985 It is confirmed by American, German, and Brazilian forensic pathologists that the body exhumed in Brazil on June 6 is, indeed, that of the German Doctor, Josef Mengele.

1986 Death of Assi Rahbani, Lebanese composer, musician, conductor and author (born 1923).

1986 US President Ronald Reagan gives speech defending his judicial appointments.

1987 Birth of Kim Ryeowook; Korean singer, member of Super Junior.

1988 Birth of Allyssa DeHaan, American basketball player.

1988 Los Angeles Lakers beats Detroit Pistons, for the NBA championship.

1989 Birth of Jascha Washington, American actor

1989 British police arrest 250 people for celebrating the summer solstice at Stonehenge.

1989 The U.S. Supreme Court rules in Texas v. Johnson that flag burning is protected speech under the United States Constitution.

1989 US Supreme Court rules it is okay to burn US flag as political expression.

1989 Walt Disney World welcomes its 300-millionth guest, Matt Gleason.

1990 Birth of Bridget Hall, Canadian actress.

1990 Little Richard gets a star on Hollywood’s walk of fame.

1990 New York City’s Zodiac killer shoots fourth victim, Larry Parham.

1990 US House of Representatives vote 254-177 to stop US flag burning, doesn’t pass Senate.

1991 New York Islanders Denis Potvan and Michael Bossy inducted into NHL Hall of Fame.

1993 Death of Louis W. Parker at age 86; inventor of the intercarrier sound system for television sets, the modern basis for coordinating sound and picture.

1997 At over 500 McDonald’s locations in the United Kingdom and 30 in North America, picketers and protesters pass out leaflets about the controversies of McDonald’s food and practices.

1997 Death of Fidel Vel�zquez S�nchez, Mexican labor leader (b. 1900)

1997 French musician Jean Michel Jarre’s “Oxygene Tour” concert in Spodek (Katowice, Poland) for deaf and poorly hearing children of Europe.

1999 Death of Kami, Japanese drummer (Malice Mizer) (born 1973).

1999 First iBook introduced by Apple Computer.

2000 Death of Alan Hovhaness, American composer (born 1911).

2000 England-based footballer Shaun Goater is given the freedom of his home country of Bermuda and the day is declared Shaun Goater day (N.B. Contrary to popular belief this day was just a one-off and has *not* subsequently been officially annually marked by the Bermudian authorities.)

2000 Section 28, a law preventing the promotion of homosexuality, is repealed by the Scottish Parliament.

2000 Section 28 (outlawing the ‘promotion’ of homosexuality in the UK) repealed in Scotland with a 99 to 17 vote.

2001 A total solar eclipse occurs.

2001 Death of John Lee Hooker, American musician (born 1917).

2003 Death of Leon Uris, American writer (born 1924).

2003 Deputy Justice Fazel Ahmed Manawi of the Afghan Supreme Court announces that Aftab editor Sayed Madawi and his deputy Ali Payam Sestani will be tried for “libeling Islam.”

2004 Death of Ron Ashman, former football player and football manager (born 1926).

2004 SpaceShipOne becomes the first privately funded spaceplane to achieve spaceflight.

2005 A Volna booster rocket carrying the first light sail spacecraft (a joint Russian-American project) fails 83 seconds after its launch, destroying the spacecraft.

2005 Death of Jaime Cardinal Sin, Filipino Catholic Archbishop of Manila (b. 1928)

2005 Donald Tsang Yam Kuen is appointed by the People’s Republic of China to take over from Tung Chee Hwa as the Chief Executive of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.

2007 Death of Bob Evans, American restaurateur (born 1918).

2008 Death of Scott Kalitta, American drag racer (born 1962).

2009 As a step toward total independence from the Kingdom of Denmark, Greenland assumes control over its law enforcement, judicial affairs, and natural resources. Greenlandic becomes the official language.

2009 Peugeot finishes first and second in the Le Mans 24-hour car race.

2009 Three-year-old colt “Eye of the Leopard” wins the 150th running of the Queen’s Plate horse race in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

2010 At least 76 people are killed in a train derailment in the south of Congo-Brazzaville, about 60km from the city of Pointe-Noire.

2010 Price of an ounce of gold hits record high of US$1265.