This Day in History – June 19th

1179 The Norwegian Battle of Kalvskinnet outside Nidaros. Earl Erling Skakke is killed, and the battle changes the tide of the civil wars.

1269 King Louis IX of France orders all Jews found in public without an identifying yellow badge to be fined ten livres of silver.

1301 Birth of Prince Morikuni, Japanese shogun (d. 1333)

1306 The Earl of Pembroke’s defeat Bruce’s Scottish army at the Battle of Methven.

1312 Death of Piers Gaveston, French favorite of Edward II of England

1507 Birth of Annibale Caro, Italian poet (d. 1566)

1542 Death of Leo Jud, Swiss reformer (b. 1482)

1545 Death of Abraomas Kulvietis Lithuanian autor, reformer, professor (b. 1509)

1556 Birth of James VI of Scotland (1567-1625)/James I of England (1603-25).

1566 Birth of King James I of England and VI of Scotland (d. 1625)

1584 Death of Frantois, Duke of Anjou (b. 1555)

1586 English colonists sailed from Roanoke Island North Carolina.

1606 Birth of James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Hamilton, Scottish statesman (d. 1649)

1608 Death of Alberico Gentili, Italian jurist (b. 1551)

1623 Birth of Blaise Pascal; mathematician/physicist/religious writer (dies 1662).

1633 Birth of Philipp van Limborch, Dutch protestant theologian (d. 1712)

1650 Death of MatthSus Merian, Swiss engraver (b. 1593)

1717 Birth of Johann Stamitz, Czech violinist and composer (d. 1757)

1747 Death of Alessandro Marcello, Italian composer (b. 1669)

1754 Albany Congress held by 7 British colonies and Iroquois indians.

1762 Death of Johann Ernst Eberlin, German composer (b. 1702)

1764 Birth of JosT Gervasio Artigas general/father of Uruguay.

1768 Death of Benjamin Tasker, provincial Governor of Maryland (b. 1690)

1770 Emanuel Swedenborg reports the completion of the Second Coming of Christ in his work True Christian Religion.

1771 Birth of Joseph Gergonne, French mathematician, logician

1778 Washington’s troops finally leave Valley Forge.

1783 Birth of Thomas Sully US portrait painter (Queen Victoria).

1792 Birth of Gustav Schwab, German author (d. 1850)

1805 Death of Louis-Jean-Frantois LagrenTe, French painter (b. 1724)

1807 Admiral Dmitry Senyavin destroys the Ottoman fleet in the Battle of Athos.

1815 Birth of Cornelius Krieghoff, Canadian painter (d. 1872)

1816 Battle of Seven Oaks between Northwest Company and Hudson Bay Company, near Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.

1816 Birth of William Henry Webb, American industrialist and philanthropist (d. 1899)

1820 Death of Joseph Banks, English naturalist and botanist (b. 1743)

1821 Decisive defeat of the Philikf Etairefa by the Ottomans at Dr?g??ani (in Wallachia).

1834 Birth of Charles Spurgeon, English preacher (d. 1892)

1844 Death of �tienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, French naturalist (b. 1772)

1846 Birth of Antonio Abetti, Italian astronomer (d. 1928)

1846 In Hoboken, New Jersey, USA, the first baseball game under recognizable modern rules is played (Cartwright Rules); New York Nines 23, Knickerbockers 1.

1846 The first baseball game under recognizable modern rules is played in Hoboken, New Jersey, United States.

1856 Birth of Elbert Hubbard US, editor/publisher/author (Message to Garcia).

1860 Louise of Orange-Nassau marries King Charles XV of Sweden-Norway.

1861 Anaheim Post Office established.

1861 Birth of Douglas Haig, British soldier (d. 1928)

1862 Slavery outlawed in US territories.

1862 U.S. Congress prohibits slavery in United States territories, nullifying the Dred Scott Case.

1864 CSS “Alabama” sunk by USS “Kearsarge” off Cherbourg, France.

1865 All slaves in Texas freed.

1865 Birth of Dame May Whitty Liverpool England, actress (Mrs Minerva).

1865 Over two years after the Emancipation Proclamation, slaves in Galveston, Texas, United States, are finally informed of their freedom. The anniversary is henceforth unofficially celebrated as Juneteenth.

1867 First Belmont Stakes, Ruthless wins.

1867 Maximilian I of the Mexican Empire is executed by a firing squad in QuerTtaro, QuerTtaro.

1867 Maximilian Mexican emperor, executed, Mexican republic restored.

1868 Major General E R S Canby removes mayor of Columbia South Carolina.

1870 After all of the Southern States are formally readmitted to the United States of America, the Confederate States of America (AKA the CSA) ceases to exist.

1874 Birth of Peder Oluf Pedersen, Danish engineer and physicist (d. 1941)

1875 Formal opening of US Marine Hospital at Presidio.

1877 Birth of Charles Coburn Macon Georgia; actor (Academy Award-1943, Gentlemen Prefer Blondes).

1878 Birth of James M Kilroe priest of Saint Mary Star of the Sea, in the Bronx.

1889 Birth of Enrico Celio president of Switzerland.

1889 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure “The Man with the Twisted Lip”.

1896 Birth of Mrs Simpson [Bessie Wallis Warfield), Duchess of Windsor, divorcee.

1897 Birth of Moe Howard comedian (The Three Stooges).

1898 Birth of James Joseph Sweeney, American Catholic prelate (d. 1968)

1900 Birth of Laura Hobson New York City, TV writer/panelist (I’ve Got a Secret).

1902 Birth of Guy Lombardo London Ontario Canada, orchestra leader (Auld Lang Syne).

1902 Death of Albert, King of Saxony (b. 1828)

1903 Birth of Henry Louis “Iron Horse” Gehrig; first baseman (New York Yankees) (dies 1941).

1905 Birth of George Voskovec Czechoslovakia; actor (Fred-Nero Wolfe, Peter-Skag).

1906 Birth of Ernst Boris Chain, German-born biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1979)

1907 Birth of Clarence Wiseman, the 10th General of The Salvation Army (d. 1985)

1908 Birth of Mildred Natwick Baltimore Maryland, actress (She Wore a Yellow Ribbon).

1909 Birth of Osamu Dazai Japan, novelist (Tsugaru, No Longer Human).

1910 Birth of Paul Flory, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1985)

1910 Father’s Day celebrated for first time (Spokane, Washington, USA).

1912 Birth of Jerry Jerome Brooklyn, New York, saxophonist (Words and Music).

1912 The eight-hour work day is established in the United States.

1914 A radiotelegraphic link is established between Germany and the United States – German Emperor Wilhelm II and U.S. President Woodrow Wilson exchange telegrams to mark the event.

1914 Birth of Alan Cranston (Senator-Democrat-California) Presidential candidate.

1915 Birth of Julius Schwartz, American editor and agent

1917 After WW I King George V ordered members of British royal family to.

1918 Birth of Evelle Jansen Younger prosecutor of Charles Manson, Sirhan Sirhan.

1919 Birth of Louis Jourdan Marselles France; actor (Gigi, Can-Can, Madame Bovary).

1921 Birth of Howell Heflin (Senator-Democrat-Alabama).

1921 Death of Ram=n L=pez Velarde, Mexican poet (b. 1888)

1922 Birth of Aage Neals Bohr in Denmark; physicist/study atomic nucleus (Nobel Prize 1975).

1924 Birth of Leo Nomellini; NFL defensive tackle (San Francisco 49ers).

1925 Birth of Charlie Drake, British actor, writer and singer

1928 Birth of Nancy Marchand, American actress (d. 2000)

1930 Birth of Gena Rowlands, American actress

1931 First photoelectric cell installed commercially, in West Haven, Connecticut, USA.

1931 In an attempt to stop the banking crisis in Central Europe from causing a worldwide financial meltdown, President Herbert Hoover issues the Hoover Moratorium.

1932 Birth of Pier Angeli, Italian-born actress (d. 1972)

1932 Hailstones kill 200 in Hunan Province, China.

1933 Birth of Viktor Patsayev, cosmonaut

1934 Federal Communications Commission (FCC) created.

1934 The Communications Act of 1934 establishes the U.S. Federal Communications Commission (FCC).

1934 US Congress pases the Silver Purchase Act, directing the Secretary of the Treasury to purchase silver until market price reaches $1.2929 per ounce, or until value of silver stock reaches one-third of gold stock.

1937 Death of J. M. Barrie, Scottish author (b. 1860)

1938 Birth of Wahoo McDaniel, American football player and wrestler (d. 2002)

1938 Italy beats Hungary 4-1 in soccer’s third World Cup at Paris, France.

1939 Death of Grace Abbott, American social worker and activist (b. 1878)

1939 Grace Abbott, social worker (US Children Bureau), dies at age 60.

1939 Lou Gehrig was diagnosed with “Lou Gehrig’s disease” on his 36th birthday.

1941 Birth of V�clav Klaus, Czech politician and President

1942 Birth of Elaine “Spanky” McFarlane; rocker (Spanky and Our Gang – “Lazy Day”).

1943 NFL’s Philadelphia Eagles and Pittsburgh Steelers merge, (dissolves on December 5).

1943 Race riots occur in Beaumont, Texas.

1944 The Battle of the Philippine Sea takes place.

1944 The Battle of the Philippine Sea takes place, over two days. Allied ships sink three Japanese aircraft carriers, damage two more, and destroy 426 of 473 planes.

1945 Birth of Aung San Suu Kyi, Burmese politician, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize

1946 First TV sports spectacular-Joe Louis versus Billy Conn.

1947 Birth of Salman Rushdie, Indian author

1947 First plane (F-80) to exceed 600 mph (1004 kph)-Albert Boyd, Muroc, California.

1948 Birth of Phylicia Rashad, American actress

1949 NASCAR sanctions the first “strictly stock” race, which will evolve into the modern Nextel Cup. Jim Roper wins the event.

1950 A G Wilson discovers asteroid #1980 Tezcatlipoca.

1950 Birth of Ann Wilson, American singer

1951 Birth of Ann Wilson in San Diego, California, USA; singer (Heart – “What About Love”).

1952 Brooklyn Dodgers’ Carl Erskine no-hits Chicago Cubs, 5-0.

1953 Albert W Dent is elected president of National Health Council.

1953 Death of Julius Rosenberg, American spy (executed) (b. 1918)

1953 Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, who were convicted of conspiring to pass U.S. atomic secrets to the Soviets, are executed by electric chair at Sing Sing Prison in Ossining, New York.

1954 Birth of Kathleen Turner, American actress

1955 Mickey Mantle hits career home run number 100.

1955 Philadelphia Phillies beat Chicago Cubs 1-0 in 15 innings, ties longest shut out in Philadelphia Phillies history.

1956 Death of Thomas J. Watson, American businessman (IBM) (b. 1874)

1957 Birth of Anna Lindh, Swedish politician (d. 2003)

1959 Birth of Mark DeBarge; rocker (DeBarge – “Who’s Johnny”).

1959 US Senate rejects President Dwight Eisenhower’s appointment of Lewis Strauss for Secretary of Commerce.

1960 Birth of Luke Morley, British guitarist and songwriter

1961 Kuwait declares independence from the United Kingdom.

1961 Kuwait regains complete independence from Britain.

1961 US Supreme Court strikes down a provision in Maryland’s constitution.

1962 Birth of Paula Abdul, American singer and choreographer

1962 Frank Borzage, Academy Award winning director, dies at age 69.

1963 Birth of Rory Underwood, English rugby player

1963 Charter members of Canadian Football Hall of Fame are chosen.

1964 Birth of Boris Johnson, British Member of Parliament (Conservative, seat of Henley-upon-Thames), and Shadow Higher Education Secretary. Also former editor of The Spectator, journalist and sometime game show host

1966 Birth of Joichi Ito, Japanese Activist and Entrepreneur

1966 Death of Ed Wynn, American actor (b. 1886)

1967 Birth of Bj�rn D�hlie, Norwegian skier

1968 50,000 participate in Solidarity Day March of Poor People’s Campaign.

1968 Birth of Alastair Lynch, Australian footballer

1968 Death of James Joseph Sweeney, American Catholic prelate (b. 1898)

1969 State troopers ordered to Cairo, Illinois, to quell racial disturbances.

1970 A Nikolayev and V Sevastyanov return after 18 days in Soyuz 9.

1970 Birth of Quincy Watts, American athlete

1970 The Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) is signed.

1971 Mayor declares state of emergency in Columbus, Georgia, USA, for racial disturbance.

1972 Birth of Brian McBride, American soccer player

1973 Pete Rose and Willie Davis both get career hit number 2,000.

1974 Birth of Joshua John Fanene, American artist

1974 Kansas City Royals’ Steve Busby second no-hitter, beats Milwaukee Brewers, 2-0.

1975 Birth of Anthony Parker, American basketball player

1975 Death of Sam Giancana, shot in Chicago, Illinois.

1976 Birth of Bryan Hughes, English footballer

1976 King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden marries Silvia Sommerlath.

1976 Swedish King Carl XVI Gustaf marries Silvia Sommerlath of Germany.

1977 Birth of Peter Warrick, American football player

1977 Boston Red Sox set three-game record of 16 home runs, all against New York Yankees.

1977 Death of Ali Shariati, Iranian sociologist (b. 1933)

1977 Pope Paul VI makes 19th-century bishop John Neumann first US male saint.

1978 Birth of Dirk Nowitzki, German basketball player

1978 First comic strip of Garfield is published.

1979 Birth of John Duddy, Northern Irish boxer

1979 Death of Paul Popenoe, American eugenicist (b. 1888)

1980 Birth of Jason White; American football player.

1980 Iraqi security forces shoot dead 3 gunmen who attacked the British Embassy in Baghdad. The unknown attackers are killed in the embassy gardens by Iraqi security men, sent at the urgent request of the British ambassador, Alex Stirling.

1981 Boeing commercial Chinook 2-rotor helicopter is certified.

1981 Death of Lotte Reiniger, German-born silhouette animator (born 1899).

1981 European Space Agency’s Ariane carries two satellites into orbit.

1981 Heaviest known orange (2.5kg) exhibited, Nelspruit, South Africa.

1981 India’s APPLE satellite, first to be stabilized on three axes, launched.

1982 Birth of David Pollack, American football player

1982 Offshore El Salvador, a magnitude 7.0 earthquake occurs. At least 40 people killed, many injured and thousands of people left homeless in El Salvador. Felt in Costa Rica, Honduras and Nicaragua.

1982 The body of “God’s Banker”, Roberto Calvi, chairman of Banco Ambrosiano, is found hanging beneath Blackfriars Bridge in London.

1984 Birth of Emil Coleman; orchestra leader (Arthur Murray Party).

1985 Birth of Jordan Brown, professional Australian musician

1985 Reggie Jackson hits his 513th home run to move into 10th place.

1986 Birth of Marvin Williams, American basketball player.

1986 Death of Michel “Coluche” Colucci, French comedian and humorist (born 1944).

1986 Len Bias, American basketball player (Boston Celtics), suffers fatal cocaine-induced seizure (born 1963).

1986 Murray P Haydon, artificial heart recipient, dies in Louisville, Kentucky.

1987 Death of Teresa Cormack, New Zealand murder victim (born 1981).

1987 Geffen Records sign their first artist (Donna Summer).

1987 The Supreme Court of the United States rules that a Louisiana law requiring that creation science be taught in public schools whenever evolution was taught is unconstitutional.

1987 Wee Willie Keeler’s 44-game hitting streak ends.

1988 Death of Fernand STguin, French Canadian biologist and radio/tv host (b. 1922)

1989 Hy Gardner, newspaper columnist, dies at age 80.

1989 I.F. Stone author, dies at age 81 of heart failure.

1992 Birth of Mariah Stanley, American singer.

1993 Death of William Golding, English writer, Nobel Prize laureate (born 1911).

1995 Birth of Blake Woodruff, American actor

1996 Death of G. David Schine, American businessman (b. 1927)

1997 Death of Bobby Helms, American singer (b. 1933)

1997 In England, the fast-food chain McDonald’s wins a partial victory in its libel trial against environmental campaigners Helen Steel and Dave Morris. The court case over seven years is the lonest trial in England’s legal history, including 313 days in court, and 180 witnesses called. In the 1000-page verdict, the judge accepts that McDonald’s exploits children, cruelly treats animals, management can be autocratic and unfair, and that a diet of McDonald’s food contributes to heart disease. Steel and Morris are ordered to pay US$95,490 damages for other unsubstantiated claims (later reduced to US$61,300, but never collected).

1999 Stephen King was hit in a car accident on Route 5 in North Lovell, Maine by Bryan Smith.

1999 The Dallas Stars defeat the Buffalo Sabres in triple overtime of game six of the Stanley Cup Finals to win their first Stanley Cup. Brett Hull scores the controversial cup-winning goal to seal the victory.

2000 Death of Christiane Herzog, wife of the former German President (1994 -1999), Roman Herzog.

2000 The Los Angeles Lakers defeat the Indiana Pacers 116-111 in Game 6 of the 2000 NBA Finals, winning the series.

2001 An American missile hits a soccer field in northern Iraq (Tel Afr County), killing 23 and wounding 11.

2001 Death of John Heyer, Australian documentary filmmaker (born 1916).

2002 Total Nonstop Action Wrestling makes its debut on Pay-Per-View (the first weekly wrestling show on PPV).

2003 Death of Laura Sadler, British TV actress (born 1980).

2005 Preliminary election results in the Autonomous Community of Galicia, Spain show that Manuel Fraga and the Partido Popular have lost control of the autonomous parliament.

2006 A meteor show is observed in various places in Pennsylvania, USA.

2006 IBM announces it has built a transistor that runs at 500 GHz when cooled to near absolute zero, about 100 times faster than current chips. The transistor is built from silicon laced with germanium.

2006 In the National Hockey League, the Carolina Hurricanes defeat the Edmonton Oilers 4 games to 3 games to win the Stanley Cup.

2006 The NHL’s Carolina Hurricanes win their first-ever Stanley Cup.

2007 Death of El Fary, Spanish singer (born 1937).

2008 Queen Elizabeth II gives royal assent to the European Union’s Lisbon Treaty for the United Kingdom.

2010 Roberto Alomar, former Toronto Blue Jays second baseman, is inducted into the Canadian Baseball Hall of Fame. Also inducted are former Toronto Blue Jays relief pitcher Paul Quantrill, late Minnesota Twins’ owner Calvin Griffith, and late statistician Allan Roth.

2010 Scotland records their first southern hemisphere Rugby Union series win with a 13-9 victory over Argentina in Mar del Plata’s Estadio Jose Maria Minella.

2010 Swedish Crown Princess Victoria (age 32) marries her former fitness trainer, 36-year-old commoner Daniel Westling in Stockholm Cathedral. As Crown Princess Victoria’s husband, gym owner Westling assumes the title of Prince Daniel, Duke of Vastergotland.