This Day in History July 9th

810 Pepin, son of Charlemagne, king of Italy, dies.

975 Death of King Edgar of England

1099 First Crusade: 15,000 starving Christian soldiers march in religious procession around Jerusalem as its Muslim defenders mock them.

1153 Death of Pope Eugene III

1283 War of the Sicilian Vespers: Battle of Malta

1497 Vasco da Gama sets sail on first direct European voyage to India.

1528 Birth of Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy (d. 1580)

1538 Death of Diego de Almagro, Spanish explorer (b. 1475)

1545 Birth of Prince Don Carlos of Spain (d. 1568)

1593 Birth of Artemisia Gentileschi, Italian painter (d. 1653)

1621 Birth of Jean de la Fontaine, French writer (d. 1695)

1623 Death of Pope Gregory XV (b. 1554)

1663 Charles II of England grants John Clarke a Royal Charter to Rhode Island.

1663 King Charles II of England granted a charter to Rhode Island.

1680 The first confirmed tornado in America kills a servant at Cambridge, Massachusetts.

1689 Death of Edward Wooster, English Connecticut pioneer (b. 1622)

1693 New York City authorizes first police uniforms in American colonies.

1695 Death of Christiaan Huygens, Dutch scientist (b. 1629)

1709 Great Northern War: Battle of Poltava: Peter I of Russia defeats Charles XII of Sweden at Poltava thus effectively ending Sweden’s role as a major power in Europe.

1716 Death of Robert South, English churchman (b. 1634)

1716 Great Northern War: Battle of Dynekilen

1721 Death of Elihu Yale, American benefactor of Yale University (b. 1649)

1726 Death of John Ker, Scottish spy (b. 1673)

1758 French and Indian War: French forces hold Fort Carillon against British at Ticonderoga, New York.

1760 Birth of Christian Kramp, French mathematician (d. 1826)

1760 French and Indian War: Battle of the Ristigouche – British defeat French forces in last naval battle in New France.

1766 Birth of Dominique Jean Larrey, French surgeon (d. 1842)

1775 The Olive Branch Petition is adopted by the Continental Congress of the Thirteen Colonies.

1776 Colonel John Nixon gives first public reading of Declaration of Independence.

1776 The Liberty Bell was rung to summon citizens of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania for the reading of the Declaration of Independence by the Continental Congress.

1777 Vt becomes first state abolishing slavery, adopts male sufferage.

1784 Death of Torbern Bergman, Swedish chemist and mineralogist (b. 1735)

1796 US State Department issues first American passport.

1797 First US senator (William Blount of Tennessee) expelled by impeachment.

1805 American Bill Richmond knocks out Jack Holmes, Kilburn Wells, England.

1816 Frost in Waltham, Massachusetts.

1819 Birth of Francis Leopold McClintock, British naval officer and explorer (d. 1907)

1822 Chippewas turn over huge tract of land in Ontario to the United Kingdom.

1822 Death of Percy Bysshe Shelley, English poet (b. 1792)

1826 Death of Luther Martin, one of the Founding Fathers of the United States (b. 1748)

1835 Liberty Bell cracks (again).

1836 Birth of Joseph Chamberlain, British politician (d. 1914)

1838 Birth of Count Ferdinand Graf von Zeppelin invented rigid dirigibles.

1839 Birth of John D Rockefeller; American capitalist, founded Standard Oil.

1849 Saint Paul’s Place in the Bronx named.

1850 Death of Prince Adolphus, 1st Duke of Cambridge (b. 1774)

1851 Birth of Arthur Evans, English archaeologist (d. 1941)

1855 Death of Sir William Edward Parry, British admiral and Arctic explorer (b. 1790)

1857 Birth of Alfred Binet, French psychologist

1859 Death of King Oscar I of Sweden and Norway (b. 1799)

1859 King Charles XV / Carl IV accedes to the throne of Sweden-Norway.

1867 Birth of KSthe Kollwitz Germany, print maker/sculptor (Bauernkrieg).

1870 Governor Holden of North Carolina declares Casswell County in a state of insurrection.

1870 US Congress authorizes registration of trademarks.

1876 White supremacists kill five Black Republicans in Hamburg, SC.

1876 White terrorists attack Black Republicans in Hamburg South Carolina, killing 5.

1878 Birth of Jimmy Quinn, Scottish footballer (d. 1945)

1882 Birth of Percy Grainger Melbourne, composer/pianist/conductor (Hill Songs).

1885 Birth of Ernst Bloch, German philosopher (d. 1977)

1888 Birth of John Sinnock; US Mint Chief Engraver.

1889 At the last championship bare-knuckle boxing match, John L. Sullivan defeats Jake Kilrain after 75 rounds.

1889 John L Sullivan wins by KO in 75 rounds in last bare-knuckle bout.

1889 The first issue of the Wall Street Journal is published.

1889 Wall Street Journal begins publishing.

1891 61 degrees F, the highest temp for July 1891, in Baltimore and Philadelphia.

1891 Future president Harding marries Florence K DeWolfe in Marion Ohio.

1892 American Psychological Association organized, Worcester, Massachusetts

1892 Birth of Richard Aldington, English poet (d. 1962)

1892 St. John’s, Newfoundland was devastated in the Great Fire of 1892.

1893 Birth of Fritz Perls father of Gestalt therapy.

1895 Birth of Igor Tamm, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1971)

1896 William Jennings Bryan “cross of gold” speech at Democratic convention.

1896 William Jennings Bryan delivers his Cross of Gold speech advocating bimetalism at the 1896 Democratic National Convention in Chicago.

1897 Harbor Hospital formally opens.

1898 Birth of Alec Waugh London, novelist (Island in the Sun); brother of Evelyn.

1898 Death of Soapy Smith, Shooting death of Jefferson R. Smith. Skagway, Alaska (b. 1860)

1898 Philadelphia Phillies Red Donahue no-hits Boston Beaneaters, 5-0.

1898 The shooting death of crime boss Soapy Smith releases Skagway, Alaska from his iron grip.

1900 Birth of George Antheil Trenton New Jersey, composer (Airplane Sonata).

1900 First night baseball, league game (Zanesville at Grand Rapids).

1904 Birth of Henri Cartan, French mathematician

1905 Death of Walter Kittredge, American musician and composer (b. 1834)

1905 Part of Angel Island allocated for Immigration Detention Center.

1906 Birth of Philip Johnson, American architect (d. 2005)

1907 Birth of George W Romney (Governor-Republican-Michigan)/US Secretary of HUD (1969-73).

1907 Florenz Ziegfeld staged first ‘Follies’ on New York Theater roof.

1908 Birth of Louis Jordan Arkansas, USA; alto saxman (Caldonia).

1909 First pro baseball game (minor league) played under lights.

1912 Pitcher Rube Marquard loses after winning 19 straight games.

1913 Birth of Walter Kerr New York drama critic (Sad Clowns).

1914 Birth of Billy Eckstine jazz singer (Tenderly, A Fool in Love).

1915 Birth of Charles Hard Townes Greenville South Carolina, physicist, developed lasers.

1917 Birth of Faye Emerson Elizabeth Louisiana, actress (I’ve Got a Secret).

1917 Death of Tom Thomson, Canadian painter (b. 1877)

1918 Birth of Craig Stevens Liberty Missouri; actor (Craig-Dallas, Peter Gunn).

1919 Birth of Walter Scheel, German politician

1919 President Wilson returns to New York City from Versailles Peace Conference.

1920 Birth of Dolph Sweet New York City; actor (Gimme a Break, Trials of O’Brien).

1923 Birth of Harrison Dillard; 110m dash/hurdler (Olympic-gold-1948, 1952).

1923 US President Warren Harding becomes first sitting president to visit Alaska (Metlakahtla).

1926 Birth of Elisabeth Knbler-Ross, Swiss-born psychiatrist (d. 2004)

1928 Philadelphia Phillies set record of errorless 25-inning doubleheader.

1931 Birth of Jerry Vale; singer (“Arriverderci Roma”).

1932 Birth of Jerry Vale, American singer

1932 G Neujmin discovers asteroid #1255 Schilowa.

1932 The Dow Jones Industrial Average hits a low point of 41.22, 90 percent of its pre-crash peak.

1932 The Dow Jones Industrial Average reaches its lowest level of the Great Depression, bottoming out at 41.22.

1933 Birth of Marty Feldman, English comedian and actor (d. 1982)

1933 Death of Anthony Hope, British author (b. 1863)

1933 Public Works Administration becomes effective.

1934 Death of Benjamin Baillaud, French astronomer (b. 1848)

1935 American League beats National League 4-1 in third US All Star Game (Cleveland, Ohio).

1935 Birth of John David Crow; football player (Heisman Trophy 1957).

1936 C Jackson discovers asteroid #1949 Messina.

1939 Death of Havelock Ellis, British physician and psychologist (b. 1859)

1941 American League beats National League 7-5 in 9th All Star Game (Briggs Stadium, Detroit).

1941 Birth of Dario Gradi, Italian-born football manager

1942 Birth of Phil Gramm, American politician

1943 Death of Jean Moulin, French Resistance leader (b. 1899)

1944 Birth of Daniel Morelon in France; 7 amateur sprint wins (1966-1975).

1946 Birth of Cynthia Gregory in Louisiana, USA; ballerina (New York Ballet Company).

1947 American League beats National League 2-1 in 14th All Star Game (Wrigley Field, Chicago, Illinois).

1947 Birth of Kim Darby, American actress

1947 Demolition begins in New York City for United Nations headquarters in New York City.

1947 Reports are broadcast that a UFO has crash landed in Roswell, New Mexico.

1948 Birth of Raffi; children’s singer (“Baby Beluga”).

1949 Birth of Frank Delima, American comedian

1950 Death of Othmar Spann, Austrian philosopher and economist (b. 1878)

1950 Leroy Deans awarded first Order of Purple Heart in Korea.

1950 US General Douglas MacArthur named commander-in-chief, United Nations forces in Korea.

1951 Birth of Andy Fletcher; rocker (Depeche Mode – “Just Can’t Get Enough”).

1952 Birth of Ulrich Wehling in the German Democratic Republic; cross country (Olympic-gold-1972, 1976, 1980).

1952 National League beats American League 3-2 (5 innings) in 19th All Star Game (Shibe Park Philadelphia).

1956 Birth of Russell Christian; rocker (The Christians – “Harvest the World”).

1956 Death of Giovanni Papini, Italian essayist, novelist, and poet (b. 1881)

1957 Death of Grace Coolidge, First Lady of the United States (b. 1879)

1957 Grace Goodhue Coolidge, US first lady, dies at age 78.

1957 William Cadbury, chocolate maker, dies at age 89.

1958 American League beats National League 4-3 in 25th All Star Game (Memorial Stadium, Baltimore).

1958 Birth of Kevin Bacon, American actor

1959 Dale Buisand and Chester Ovnand are first Americans killed in Vietnam War.

1960 CIA pilot Francis Gary Powers is charged with espionage by the Soviet Union.

1961 Birth of Toby Keith, American singer

1964 Birth of Maryalice Demler in North Tonawanda, New York, USA; Miss New York-America (1991).

1966 King Mwambutsa IV Bangiriceng of Burundi was deposed by his son Prince Charles Ndizi.

1967 Billie Jean King concludes Wimbeldon sweep (singles, doubles and mix).

1967 Death of Vivien Leigh, English actress (b. 1913)

1967 Helen Weston of Detroit, Michgan, USA bowls a record 4,585 in 24 games.

1968 Birth of Akio Suyama, Japanese seiyu (voice actor)

1969 IBM CICS is made generally available for the 360 mainframe computer.

1969 US troop withdrawal begins in Vietnam.

1970 Birth of Beck, American singer

1970 San Francisco Giants’ Jim Ray Hart is 8th to get six RBIs in an inning (5th).

1972 Birth of Saurav Ganguly, Indian cricketer

1973 Birth of Kathleen Robertson, Canadian actress

1973 Death of Wilfred Rhodes, English cricketer (b. 1877)

1973 New York Mets are 12.5 games back in National League, and go on to win the pennant.

1974 Birth of Zhanna Friske, Russian actress and singer

1974 New York Yankees’ shortstop Jim Mason ties record with four doubles in 9 innings.

1975 In Burma, a magnitude 6.5 earthquake occurs, about 100 kilometers southeast of Mandalay in the vicinity of Pagan, the ancient Burmese capital city. Over 2000 of the ancient monuments in the area were affected by the quake.

1975 US President Gerald Ford announces he will seek Republican nomination for president.

1976 Birth of Talal El Karkouri, Moroccan footballer

1977 Birth of Wang Zhizhi, Chinese basketball player

1978 Bj�rn Borg of Sweden wins third consecutive title at Wimbledon.

1978 Pioneer-Venus 2 Multi-probe launched to Venus.

1979 Death of Sin-Itiro Tomonaga, Japanese physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1906)

1979 Voyager 2 takes first ever photo of Jupiter’s satellite Adrastea (J14).

1980 Birth of Robbie Keane; Irish football player.

1980 National League beats American League 4-2 in 51st All Star Game (Dodger Stadium, Los Angeles, California).

1981 Birth of Anastasia Myskina; Russian tennis player.

1981 California Governor Jerry Brown, faced with a Mediterranean fruit fly infestation, chooses to delay the aerial spraying of malathion, in favor of continuing ground-based eradication efforts.

1981 Death of Joe McDonnell, Irish political prisoner (born 1951).

1981 US Senate confirms Sandra Day O’Conner to US Supreme Court (99-0).

1982 Birth of Tarah Paige; American actress.

1982 Senegalese Trotskyist political party LCT is legally recognized.

1984 Birth of Alexis Dziena, American actress.

1984 Death of Brassa?, Hungarian-born photographer (born 1899).

1984 John McEnroe beats Jimmy Connors for Wimbeldon singles.

1986 Birth of Renata Costa, Brazilian football player.

1986 Death of Hyman Rickover, American admiral (born 1900).

1986 Farthest thrown object-an “Aerobie” flying ring, 383 metres (1,257 feet).

1986 In North Palm Springs, California, a magnitude 6.1 earthquake occurs.

1986 NASA establishes Safety, Reliability and Quality Assurance standards for space shuttle program.

1986 U.S. Steel changes its company name to USX Corporation.

1987 Death of Gerardo Diego, Spanish poet (b. 1896)

1987 Sun Microsystems introduces its first SPARC-based computer system, the Sun-4/260, with 10 MIPS performance.

1988 Birth of Miguel Roque Farrero, Spanish football player.

1988 Death of Ray Barbuti, American athlete (born 1905).

1988 Stevie Wonder announces he will run for mayor of Detroit in 1992.

1990 12:34:56 on 7/8/90 (1234567890).

1990 Death of Howard Duff, American actor (b. 1913)

1990 Italy beats England in soccer’s FIFA World Cup consolation game.

1990 Stefan Edberg beats Boris Becker for Wimbeldon title.

1990 Trailing 7-0, Milwaukee Brewers tie California Angels and then score 13 in 5th to win 20-7.

1990 West Germany defeats Argentina 1-0 for soccer’s 14th FIFA World Cup at Rome, Italy.

1991 Death of Thomas Lynch, English Artist.

1992 Conference for Security and Co-operation in Europe Helsinki Summit creates the office of High Commissioner on National Minorities (HCNM).

1994 Death of Dick Sargent, American actor (born 1930).

1995 A volcanic eruption begins on the island of Montserrat.

1996 Martina Hingis becomes the youngest person in history (age 15 years and 282 days) to win at Wimbledon in the Ladies’ Doubles event.

1997 Mayo Clinic researchers warn that the dieting drug “fen-phen” can cause severe heart and lung damage.

1997 Mayo Clinic researchers warn that the dieting-drug “fen-phen” can cause severe heart and lung damage.

1997 NATO invites the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland to join the alliance in 1999.

1997 NATO invites the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland to join the alliance in 1999.

1999 Allen Lee Davis is executed by electrocution by the state of Florida. That is the last use of the Electric Chair for capital punishment in Florida.

1999 Death of Charles Conrad, astronaut (motorcycle crash) (born 1930).

2001 Death of John O’Shea, New Zealand film director (b. 1920)

2002 Death of Ward Kimball, American animator (b. 1914)

2002 Ward Kimball dies, Disney animator.

2003 Sudan Airways Flight 39, with 117 people on board, crashes in Sudan; the only survivor is a two-year-old child.

2004 Death of Paula Danziger, American author (b. 1944)

2005 In Singapore, the International Olympic Committee takes a secret vote on the approval of the 28 current summer Olympic events scheduled to be played at the 2012 Summer Games in London. Baseball and softball are eliminated.

2006 Death of June Allyson, American actress (born 1917).

2007 Boeing launches the new Boeing 787.

2007 Roger Federer wins the Men’s Singles of tennis, at Wimbledon for the fifth time in a row.

2008 Death of John Marks Templeton, investment analyst (Templeton Growth Fund in 1954) and philantropist (Templeton Foundation in 1987), at age 95 in the Bahamas.

2008 In Ecuador, the government seizes almost 200 companies owned by the Isa?s family, to sell as compensation for the loss of US$661 million when the owners of Filanbanco fled to the USA.