This Day in History July 24

1115 Death of Matilda, Countess of Tuscany (b. 1046)

1129 Death of Shirakawa, Emperor of Japan (b. 1053)

1132 Battle of Nocera between Ranulf II of Alife and Roger II of Sicily.

1216 Cencio Savelli is consecrated as Pope Honorius III

1394 Death of Alexander Stewart, 1st Earl of Buchan, Scottish prince (b. 1343)

1411 Battle of Harlaw, one of the bloodiest battles on Scottish soil.

1487 Citizens of Leeuwarden, Netherlands strike against ban on foreign beer

1534 French explorer Jacques Cartier planted a cross on the GaspT Peninsula and took possession of the territory in the name of the King Francis I of France.

1567 Mary Queen of Scots is deposed and replaced by her 1 year old son King James VI.

1568 Death of Prince Don Carlos of Spain (b. 1545)

1594 Death of John Boste, Catholic saint and martyr (b. 1544)

1651 Anthony Johnson, a free black, receives grant of 250 acres in Virginia.

1660 Birth of Charles Talbot, 1st Duke of Shrewsbury, English politician (d. 1718)

1673 Edmund Halley enters Queen’s College, Oxford, as an undergraduate.

1683 First settlers from Germany to US, leave aboard the Concord.

1701 Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac founded trading post at Ft Pontchartrain, which later becomes the city of Detroit.

1701 French make first landing at site of Detroit.

1704 Great Britain takes Gibralter from Spain.

1725 Birth of John Newton English cleric and hymnist (d. 1807)

1739 Death of Benedetto Marcello, Italian composer (b. 1686)

1757 Birth of Vladimir Borovikovsky, Russian painter (d. 1825)

1758 George Washington admitted to Virginia House of Burgess.

1768 Death of Nathanial Lardner, English theologian (b. 1684)

1783 Birth of Sim=n Bol?var; freed six Latin American republics from Spanish rule (dies 1830).

1783 Georgia becomes a protectorate of tsarist Russia.

1786 Birth of Joseph Nicollet, French mathematician and explorer (d. 1843)

1790 A meteorite falls in Barbotan and Agen, Gascony, France, crushing a cottage, killing a farmer and some cattle.

1794 Birth of Johan Georg Forchhammer, Danish geologist (d. 1865)

1796 Birth of John Middleton Clayton Delaware, (Senator-Del)/US Secretary of State (1849-50).

1799 William Clark (of Lewis and Clark) is willed the slave York.

1802 Birth of Alexandre Dumas PFre France, author (3 Musketeers).

1803 Birth of Alexander Jackson Davis US, architect (gothic revivalist).

1814 War of 1812: General Phineas Riall advances toward Niagara to halt Jacob Brown’s American invaders.

1824 Harrisburg Pennsylvanian newspaper publishes results of first public.

1826 Birth of Ivan Bloch, Military theorist and peace activist (d. 1902)

1832 Benjamin Bonneville leads the first wagon train across the Rocky Mountains by using Wyoming’s South Pass.

1842 Birth of Ambrose Bierce Ohio, writer (Nuggets and Dust).

1847 After 17 months of travel, Brigham Young leads 148 Mormon pioneers into Salt Lake Valley, resulting in the establishment of Salt Lake City.

1847 Rotary-type printing press patented by Richard March Hoe, New York City.

1851 Birth of Friedrich Schottky, German mathematician (d. 1935)

1853 Birth of William Gillette, American actor and author (d. 1937)

1857 Birth of Henrik Pontoppidan Denmark, realist writer (Nobel Prize 1971).

1860 Birth of Alfons Mucha, Czech artist (d. 1939)

1862 Death of Martin Van Buren in Kinderhook, New York; American lawyer, Senator for New York (1821-28), governor of New York (1829), Secretary of State (1829-31), US vice president (1833-37), 8th US President (1837-41) (dies 1862).

1864 American Civil War: Battle of Kernstown – Confederate General Jubal Early defeats Union troops led by General George Crook in an effort to keep Yankees out of the Shenandoah Valley.

1864 Birth of Frank Wedekind, German writer (d. 1918)

1866 Reconstruction: Tennessee becomes the first U.S. state to be readmitted to the Union following the American Civil War.

1866 Tennessee becomes first Confederate state re-admitted to Union.

1870 Birth of Fred Law Olmsted Jr architect/landscaper.

1870 First trans-US rail service begins.

1874 Birth of Oswald Chambers, Christian writer (d. 1917)

1877 First time federal troops are used to combat strikers.

1878 Birth of Lord Edward Dunsany Ireland, dramatist/poet (Mirage Water).

1880 Birth of Ernest Bloch Geneva, Switzerland, composer (MacBeth).

1895 Birth of Robert Graves England, poet/historical novelist (I, Claudius).

1897 Birth of Amelia Earhart, American aviator (disappeared 1937)

1898 Birth of Amelia Earhart into the wild blue yonder.

1899 Birth of Chief Dan George, Meti actor (d. 1981)

1900 Birth of Zelda Fitzgerald; first wife of F Scott.

1900 Race riot in New Orleans, two white policemen killed.

1901 O. Henry is released from prison in Austin, Texas after serving three years for embezzlement from a bank.

1902 Birth of Nora Swinburne England, actress (Quo Vardis, Dinner at Ritz, River).

1904 Birth of James R Killian Jr MIT president (1948-59).

1908 Birth of Cootie Williams, American trumpeter (d. 1985)

1910 Death of Arkhip Kuindzhi, Russian painter (b. 1841)

1910 James MacGillivray publishes first account of Paul Bunyan in the Detroit News.

1911 Hiram Bingham III re-discovers Machu Picchu “the Lost City of the Incas”.

1911 Hiram Bingham III re-discovers Machu Picchu, “the Lost City of the Incas.”

1913 Birth of Johnny McAfee Dallas Texas, singer (Sammy Kaye Show).

1914 Birth of Frank Silvera Kingston Jamaica; actor (High Chaparral).

1915 Excursion ship Eastland capsizes in Lake Michigan, 852 die.

1915 Passenger ship Eastland capsizes in central Chicago, Illinois, with the loss of 845 lives.

1916 Birth of Bob Eberly Mechanicsville New York, singer (Jimmy Dorsey Band).

1917 Birth of Simon Slattvik Norway, cross country ski jumper (Olympic-gold-1952).

1918 Birth of Ruggiero Ricci San Francisco California, violinist (Paganini).

1919 Race Riot in Washington DC (6 killed, 100 wounded).

1920 Birth of Alexander H Cohen New York City, Broadway producer (Beyond the Fringe).

1923 Allied Powers and Turkey sign peace treaty, Lausanne.

1923 The Treaty of Lausanne, settling the boundaries of modern Turkey, is signed in Switzerland by Greece, Bulgaria and other countries that fought in the First World War.

1924 The World Chess Federation FIDE is founded in Paris, France.

1926 Birth of Hans-Gnnther Winkler in Germany; equestrian jumper (Olympic-gold-1956).

1927 Death of Ryunosuke Akutagawa, Japanese writer (b. 1892)

1927 The Menin Gate war memorial is unveiled at Ypres.

1929 Birth of Oriana Fallaci, Italian journalist and author

1929 New York to San Francisco footrace ends (2.5 months) winner is 60-year-old Monteverde.

1929 President Herbert Hoover proclaims Kellogg-Briand Pact which renounces war.

1929 The Kellogg-Briand Pact, renouncing war as an instrument of foreign policy, goes into effect (it was first signed in Paris on August 27, 1928 by most leading world powers).

1929 The Treaty of Paris becomes effective, with 31 more countries signing compliance.

1931 A fire at a home for aged people in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania kills 48 people.

1931 Birth of Ermanno Olmi, Italian director

1932 Birth of William D Ruckelshaus; head of US Environmental Protection Agency.

1933 Birth of Doug Sanders, American golfer

1933 K Reinmuth discovers asteroids #1645 Waterfield, #1668 Hanna.

1934 Birth of Willie Davis; NFL defensive end (Cleveland Browns, Green Bay Packers).

1935 Birth of Adnan Khashnoggi; Saudi businessman, financier, billionaire, arms dealer.

1935 The dust bowl heat wave reaches its peak, sending temperatures to 109�F (44�C) in Chicago, Illinois and 104�F (40�C) in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

1935 The world’s first children’s railway opens in Tbilisi, USSR.

1936 118 degrees F (48 degrees C), Minden, Nebraska (state record hot).

1936 121 degrees F (49 degrees C), near Alton, Kansas (state record hot).

1936 Birth of Ruth Buzzi, American actress and comedienne

1937 Alabama drops rape charges against the so-called “Scottsboro Boys.”

1939 Birth of Bob Lilly; NFL defensive tackle (Dallas Cowboys).

1940 Birth of Stanley Hauerwas, American theologian

1942 Birth of Chris Sarandon, American actor

1943 World War II: Operation Gomorrah begins: British and Canadian aeroplanes bomb Hamburg by night, those of the Americans by day. By the end of the operation in November, 9,000 tons of explosives will have killed more than 30,000 people and destroyed 280,000 buildings.

1945 Birth of Azim Premji, Indian businessman

1947 Birth of Peter Serkin in New York City, New York, USA; pianist (Tashi).

1948 Looney Tunes character Marvin the Martian makes his first appearance.

1949 Birth of Michael Richards, American comedian

1950 Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida begins operations with the launch of a Bumper rocket.

1951 Birth of Lynda Carter, American actress

1952 112 degrees F (44 degrees C), Louisville, Georgia (state record).

1952 Birth of Gus Van Sant, American film director

1952 US President Harry Truman settles 53-day steel strike.

1953 Birth of Steve Grogan; NFL quarterback (New England Patriots).

1954 Mary Church Terrell, educator/civil rights leader, dies at age 90.

1955 Birth of Lubov Odinokova in the USSR; team handball (Olympic-gold-1976, 1980).

1956 At New York City’s Copacabana Club, Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis perform their last comedy show together which started on July 25, 1946.

1956 Khartoum University College is awarded university status becoming the University of Khartoum

1957 Birth of Pam Tillis, American singer

1959 At the opening of the American National Exhibition in Moscow, US vice-president Richard Nixon and Nikita Khrushchev have a “kitchen debate.”

1959 US Vice President Richard Nixon argues with Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev, known as “Kitchen Debate”.

1961 Beginning of a trend, a US commercial plane is hijacked to Cuba.

1963 Birth of Kadeem Hardison; actor (Dwayne – “Different World”).

1963 Sonny Liston knocks out Floyd Patterson to retain heavyweight championship.

1964 Birth of Barry Bonds, baseball player

1964 One criticality (nuclear) accident at Charlestown in Rhode Island (US), killing one. See List of civilian nuclear accidents.

1965 Birth of Kadeem Hardison, American actor

1965 Bob Dylan releases song “Like a Rolling Stone”.

1965 Casey Stengel resigns as manager of the New York Mets.

1965 Death of Constance Bennett, American actress (b. 1904)

1965 Vietnam War: Four F-4C Phantoms escorting a bombing raid at Kang Chi are the targets of antiaircraft missiles in the first such attack against American planes in the war. One is shot down and the other three sustain damage.

1966 The New Orleans Square area opens at Disneyland. It cost US$18 million, and occupies three acres. Walt Disney and the mayor of New Orleans, Louisiana, dedicate the area.

1967 Charles de Gaulle, in Canada, says ‘Vive le QuTbec libre! Long live free Quebec!’.

1967 During an official state visit to Canada, French President Charles de Gaulle declares to a crowd of over 100,000 in Montreal: Vive le QuTbec libre! (Long live free Quebec!). The statement, interpreted as support for Quebec independence, delighted many Quebecers but angered the Canadian government and many English Canadians.

1967 Race riot in Cambridge, Maryland, USA.

1968 Birth of Kristin Chenoweth, American singer and actress

1969 Apollo program: Apollo 11 splashes down safely in the Pacific Ocean.

1969 Birth of Rick Fox, Canadian basketball player

1969 Death of Witold Gombrowicz, Polish novelist and dramatist (b. 1904)

1969 Hoyt Wilhelm pitches in a record 907th major league game.

1970 Birth of Stephanie Adams, American model and author

1970 Death of Peter de Noronha, Indian buisnessman (b. 1897)

1972 Bobby Ramirez, drummer (White Trash), killed at age 23 in bar brawl.

1972 Jigme Singye Wangchuk becomes king of Bhutan at age 16.

1973 National League beats American League 7-1 in 44th All Star Game (Royals Stadium, Kansas City).

1973 Sue Berning wins US golf open for third time.

1974 Chris Chubbock, US TV newscaster, shoots self on air.

1974 Death of James Chadwick, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1891)

1974 US Supreme Court unanimously rules President Richard Nixon must turn over Watergate tapes.

1974 Watergate Scandal: The United States Supreme Court unanimously rule that President Richard Nixon did not have the authority to withhold subpoenaed White House tapes and they order him to surrender the tapes to the Watergate special prosecutor.

1975 Apollo 18 returns to Earth.

1975 Birth of Torrie Wilson, American wrestler

1976 Birth of Nate Bump, American baseball player

1978 Billy Martin resigns as New York Yankees’ manager.

1979 Birth of Stat Quo, American rapper

1979 Carl Yastrzemski hits his 400th career home run off of Oakland A’s Mike Morgan at Fenway Park.

1980 Birth of Gauge, American porn star

1980 Death of Uttam Kumar (Arun Kumar Chatterjee), the legendary Bengali actor (born 1926).

1980 Peter Sellers, English actor, dies at age 54 (born 1925).

1981 Birth of Summer Glau, American actress

1982 Birth of Anna Paquin; Canadian-born actress.

1982 E Bowell discovers asteroid #2763 Jeans.

1982 Torrential rain and mudslides in Nagasaki, Japan destroy bridges and kill 299.

1983 Birth of Paul Coverdale; English cricket player.

1983 George Brett, batting for the Kansas City Royals against the New York Yankees, has a game-winning home run nullified in the “Pine Tar Incident.”

1983 George Brett, batting for the Kansas City Royals against the New York Yankees, has a game-winning home run nullified in the “Pine Tar Incident”.

1984 Birth of Tyler Kyte, Canadian actor/singer.

1984 Death of Armando Morales Barillas, Nicaraguan guitarist (born 1936).

1984 Seve Ballesteros wins the British Open.

1985 Birth of Teagan Presley, American actress

1985 Gandhi signs peace contract with Sikh leader Harchand Singh Longowai.

1986 Death of Fritz Albert Lipmann, American biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (born 1899).

1986 San Francisco Federal jury convicts navy radioman Jerry Whitworth of espionage.

1987 Birth of Mara Wilson; American actress.

1988 US and Jamaica play scoreless tie, in second round of 1990 world soccer cup.

1990 Birth of Daveigh Chase, American actress.

1991 Death of Isaac Bashevis Singer, Polish-born Yiddish author, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1904)

1991 Isaac Bashevis Singer, Polish-born Nobel Prize winning Yiddish author, dies at age 87.

1991 The government of India announces its New Industrial Policy, marking the start of India’s economic reforms.

1995 Death of George Rodger, British photojournalist (born 1908).

1996 Death of Mohammed Farah Aidid, Somali warlord (b. 1934)

1997 Death of William J. Brennan, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (born 1906).

1998 Russel Eugene Weston Jr. bursts into the United States Capitol and opens fire killing two police officers. He is later ruled to be incompetent to stand trial.

1998 Russell Eugene Weston Jr. bursts into the United States Capitol and opens fire, killing two police officers. He is later ruled incompetent to stand trial.

2001 Larry A. Silverstein signs a $3.2 billion, 99-year lease on the entire World Trade Center complex in New York.

2001 Simeon Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, the last Tsar of Bulgaria when he was a child, was sworn in as Prime Minister of Bulgaria, and became the only monarch in history to regain political power through democratic election to a different office.

2001 Tamil Tigers attack Bandaranaika International Airport in Sri Lanka, causing an estimated $500 million of damages.

2001 The Taiwan Solidarity Union is established.

2002 Alfred Moisiu becomes President of Albania.

2002 James Traficant is expelled from the United States House of Representatives on a vote of 420 to 1.

2003 The Regional Assistance Mission to the Solomon Islands, Operation Helpem Fren, led by Australia, begins.

2005 Death of Richard Doll, English epidemiologist (b. 1912)

2005 Lance Armstrong wins a record 7th straight Tours de France before his scheduled retirement.

2005 Lance Armstrong wins his seventh Tour de France.

2006 Advanced Micro Devices agrees to pay US$5.4 billion in cash and stock to acquire ATI Technologies of Canada.

2007 Death of Albert Ellis, American psychologist (born 1913).

2008 Ford Motor Company of the USA posts a record US$8.7 billion quarterly loss, due to slumping truck and SUV operations.

2010 A stampede at the Love Parade techno music festival kills 19 people in Duisburg, Germany, with a further 342 injured.