This Day in History July 19

1013 Birth of Hermann von Reichenau in Saulgau, (Germany); chronicler of information.

1066 Death of St. Answer by stoning in far north of German area (born about 1035); Benedictine monk.

1100 Death of Godfrey of Bouillon, French crusader

1195 Battle of Alarcos, great victory of Almohad ruler Abu Yusuf Ya’qub al-Mansur over the Castilian King Alfonso VIII

1374 Francesco Petrarch Italian poet, dies at age 69.

1488 Death of Alvise Cadamosto, Italian explorer (b. 1432)

1501 Birth of Isabella of Burgundy, wife of Christian II of Denmark (d. 1526)

1504 Birth of Heinrich Bullinger in Bremgarten, Switzerland; contributed to moving Switzerland to Protestantism.

1536 Pope’s authority declared void in England.

1536 The authority of the Pope is declared void in England.

1552 Birth of Rudolf II in Vienna Austria; Holy Roman Emperor (1576-1612).

1591 Death of Jacobus Gallus, Slovenian composer (b. 1550)

1608 Death of Joachim Friedrich, Elector of Brandenburg (b. 1546)

1610 Death of Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio, Italian artist (b. 1573)

1623 Death of Pope Gregory XV (b. 1554)

1634 Birth of Johannes Camphuys, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (d. 1695)

1635 Birth of Robert Hooke, English scientist (d. 1703)

1635 In Freshwater, Isle of Wight, England, Robert Hooke is born; physicist.

1639 Death of Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar, German general (b. 1604)

1650 Christoph Scheiner German astronomer, dies at age 74.

1665 Death of Stefan Czarniecki, Polish general (b. 1599)

1670 Birth of Giovanni Bononcini, Italian composer (d. 1747)

1695 Death of Johannes Camphuys, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (b. 1634)

1698 Death of Johann Heinrich Heidegger, Swiss theologian (b. 1633)

1716 Jews are expelled from Brussels Belgium.

1718 Birth of Saverio Bettinelli, Italian writer (d. 1808)

1720 Birth of Gilbert White “father of British naturalists”.

1721 Death of Antoine Watteau, French painter (b. 1684)

1730 Death of Frantois de Neufville, duc de Villeroi, French soldier (b. 1644)

1753 Lemuel Haynes, escapes from slaveholder in Framingham Massachusetts

1792 Death of John Paul Jones, American naval hero (“I have not yet begun to fight”).

1794 The Bank of Maryland makes the first deposit of silver bullion at the US Mint, $80,715.735 in French coins.

1796 Birth of Feargus O’Connor County Cork, leader of the English Chartists.

1797 Birth of Immanuel Hermann Fichte, German philosopher (d. 1879)

1811 Birth of William Makepeace Thackeray England, Victorian novelist (Vanity Fair).

1814 British capture Prairie du Chien (Wisc).

1817 Death of Jane Austen, English novelist (b. 1775)

1821 Birth of Pauline Garcia-Viardot, French mezzo-soprano and composer (d. 1910)

1826 The last lottery takes place in London, as the British government bans them.

1830 Uruguay adopts its first constitution.

1837 Birth of Vasil Levski, Bulgarian revolutionary (d. 1873)

1845 Birth of Tristan CorbiFre, French poet (d. 1875)

1848 Birth of William Gilbert Grace Victorian England’s greatest cricket player.

1853 Birth of Hendrik Antoon Lorentz Holland, physicist (Nobel Prize 1902).

1853 Completion of Grand Trunk Line, Americas first international railroad.

1853 First train to cross the US-Canada boundary, Portland, Maine.-MontrTal, PQ.

1857 Louis Faidherbe, French governor of Senegal, arrives to relieve French forces at Kayes, effectively ending El Hajj Umar Tall’s war on the French.

1862 Birth of Nikolai Nikolaevich Yudenich, Russian general (d. 1933)

1863 American Civil War: The first formal African American military unit, the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, unsuccessfully assaults Confederate-held Fort Wagner but their valiant fighting still proves the worth of African American soldiers during the war.

1863 Death of Robert Gould Shaw, American military officer (b. 1837)

1864 Birth of Phillip Snowden, British politician (d. 1937)

1865 Birth of Laurence Housman England, author/playwright (Victoria Regina).

1872 Benito Ju�rez, Mexican president, Cuban justice/general (battle of Acapulco), dies at age 66.

1872 Britain introduces secret ballot voting.

1872 Britain introduces voting by secret ballot.

1872 Death of Benito Ju�rez, President of Mexico (b. 1806)

1873 Oscar II of Sweden-Norway is crowned king of Norway in Trondheim

1884 Death of Ferdinand von Hochstetter, Austrian geologist (b. 1829)

1887 Birth of Vidkun Quisling, Norwegian politician and traitor (d. 1945)

1890 Birth of Charles Wilson President of General Motors (1940-53)/Secretary of Defence (1953-57).

1891 Birth of Gene Lockhart New York City; actor (Going My Way).

1892 Birth of Arthur Friedenreich, Brazilian football player (d. 1969)

1892 Death of Thomas Cook, English travel agent (b. 1808)

1894 Birth of Bernard Wagenaar Arnhem Holland, composer (3 Songs for the Chinese).

1898 Marie and Pierre Curie announce the discovery of a new element and proposed to call it polonium.

1899 Horatio Alger Jr American clergyman and author, dies.

1900 Birth of Nathalie Sarraute, French writer (d. 1999)

1902 Birth of Jessamyn West, American writer (d. 1984)

1903 Birth of Chill Wills Seagoville Texas; actor (Fronteir Circus, Rounders).

1904 P Gotz discovers asteroid #538 Friederike.

1906 Birth of Clifford Odets US, dramatist (1961 Award of Merit-Golden Boy).

1909 Birth of Andrei Gromyko USSR, diplomat/USSR President (1985-89).

1911 Birth of Hume Cronyn, Canadian actor (d. 2003)

1913 After 68 straight innings Christy Mathewson gives up a walk.

1913 Birth of Richard Bernard “Red” Skelton; comedian (Clem Kadiddlehopper, Freddie the Freeloader) (dies 1997).

1914 Birth of Mack Robinson US, 200m dash (Olympic-silver-1932).

1914 The United States Army’s Signal Corps is formed, giving definite status to its air service for the first time.

1914 US army air service first comes into being, in the Signal Corps.

1915 Boston Braves start move from last place to become world series champions.

1916 Birth of Harriet Hilliard Nelson singer/actress (Ozzie and Harriet).

1918 Birth of Jane Frazee Duluth Minnesota, actress/singer (Alice-Beulah).

1918 Death of several members of the Romanov family, executed by the Bolsheviks Grand Duchess Elizabeth Fyodorovna, (b. 1864)

1918 US and French forces launch Aisne-Marne offensive in WW I.

1921 Birth of John H Glenn Jr in Cambridge, Ohio, USA; Colonel US Marine Corp astronaut (Mer 6, Senator-Democrat-Ohio).

1922 Birth of Thomas Kuhn, American philosopher (d. 1996)

1923 Birth of Jerome H. Lemelson, American inventor (d. 1997)

1924 Birth of Inge S�rensen in Denmark; 200m breaststroke (Olympic-bronze-1936).

1925 Adolf Hitler publishes his personal manifesto Mein Kampf.

1925 Birth of Shirley Strickland de la Hunty in Austria; 100m dash (Olympics-bronze-1948).

1927 Birth of Kurt Masur, Silesian-born conductor

1929 Birth of “Screamin Jay” Hawkins in Cleveland, Ohio, USA; rocker (“I Put a Spell on You”).

1930 Birth of Burt Kwouk, English actor

1932 US and Canada sign a treaty to develop Saint Lawrence Seaway.

1933 Birth of R Murray Schafer in Sarnia, Ontario, Canada; composer (Patria).

1935 Birth of Tenley Albright; American doctor/figure skater (Olympic-gold-1956).

1936 Spanish Civil War begins, General Francisco Franco leads uprising in Spanish Morocco.

1937 Birth of Roald Hoffman, Polish-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate

1937 Death of Julian Bell, British poet, killed in the Spanish Civil War (b. 1908)

1938 Birth of Paul Verhoeven, Dutch film director

1938 Douglas “Wrong Way” Corrigan arrives in Ireland.

1939 Birth of Brian Auger in London, England; fusion keyboardist (Befour, Genesis).

1940 Birth of Joseph Torre; outfield/manager (Atlanta Braves, New York Mets, 1971 National League Most Valuable Player).

1940 First successful helicopter flight, Stratford, Connecticut, USA.

1941 Birth of Lonnie Mack in Aurora, Indiana, USA; rocker (“Baby What’s Wrong”).

1942 Birth of Adolf Ogi, member of the Swiss Federal Council

1942 First legal New Jersey horse race in 50 years; Garden State Park track opens.

1942 German Messerschmitt Me 262 Schwalbe, first jet fighter, takes first flight.

1942 World War II: The Germans test fly the Messerschmitt Me-262 using only its jets for the first time.

1943 Birth of Bobby Sherman in Santa Monica, California, USA; singer (“Shindig”, “Here Comes Brides”).

1944 Death of Thomas Sturge Moore, English poet, author and artist (b. 1870)

1944 World War II: Hideki Tojo resigns as Prime Minister of Japan due to numerous setbacks in the war effort.

1947 Birth of Steve Forbes, American entrepreneur and politician

1947 Detroit Tigers shut out New York Yankees 2-0, end 19-game win streak.

1947 President Harry S. Truman signs the Presidential Succession Act into law which places the Speaker of the House and the Senate President Pro Tempore next in the line of succession after the United States Vice President.

1947 US receives United Nations trusteeship over Pacific Islands.

1948 Birth of Hartmut Michel, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate

1948 Pat Seerey of Chicago White Sox hits four home runs in a game.

1949 Death of Vft?zslav Nov�k, Czech composer (b. 1870)

1950 Birth of Sir Richard Branson, British entrepreneur

1951 Birth of Elio Di Rupo, Belgian politician

1951 Jersey Joe Walcott knocks out Ezzard Charles in five rounds for heavyweight belt. At age 37 Walcott is the oldest boxer to win the title.

1951 Uruguay accepts its constitution.

1952 Death of Paul Saintenoy, Belgian architect (b. 1862)

1953 Death of Lucy Booth, the fifth daughter of William and Catherine Booth (b. 1868)

1954 Birth of Ricky Skaggs; singer (“Toy Hearts”, “Two Different Worlds”).

1954 Saint Louis Cardinals, losing 8-1 to Philadelphia Phillies begin stalling in 5th; they forfeit game.

1955 Disneyland opens to the public, with general admission costing US$1. Cost of the twenty attractions range from 10c to 35c.

1955 First electric power generated from atomic energy sold commercially.

1958 Birth of Nigel Twist; rocker (The Alarm – “In the Summertime”).

1960 Baseball’s National League votes to add Houston and New York franchises.

1960 Birth of Anne-Marie Johnson, American actress

1961 Birth of Elizabeth McGovern, American-born actress

1962 Birth of Jack Irons, American drummer Red Hot Chili Peppers

1963 Birth of Martfn Torrijos Espino, President of Panama

1963 Death of Jack Solomon, restauranteur, co-founder Gallagher’s Steak House (b. 1896)

1964 Race riot in Harlem, New York City; riots spread to Bedford-Stuyvesant (Brooklyn).

1966 Bobby Fuller, rocker (“I Fought the Law”), found dead.

1966 Gemini 10 launched.

1967 Birth of Vin Diesel, American actor

1967 Silver hits record US$1.87 an ounce in New York.

1968 C Torres discovers asteroid #2654 Ristenpart.

1968 Death of Corneille Heymans, Belgian physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1892)

1968 Intel incorporated.

1968 Intel incorporates.

1968 Vietnam War: The two-day Honolulu Conference begins in Honolulu, Hawaii between US President Lyndon B. Johnson and South Vietnamese President Nguyen Van Thieu.

1969 After a party on Chappaquiddick Island, Senator Ted Kennedy from Massachusetts drives an Oldsmobile off a wooden bridge into a tide-swept pond and his passenger, Mary Jo Kopechne, dies.

1969 Apollo 11 makes preparations for landing on the Moon.

1969 Birth of Masanori Murakawa, Japanese professional wrestler

1970 Arthur Brown arrested for stripping on stage in Palemo, Sicily.

1970 Birth of Patrick Dancy; TV rocker (Guys Next Door-I Was Made For You).

1970 Ron Hunt gets hit by a pitch for a record 119th time.

1970 Willie Mays hits number 3,000.

1972 200,000 attend Mount Pocono rock festival in Pennsylvania.

1974 World’s tallest structure, 646m Polish radio mast, completed.

1975 Birth of Torii Hunter, baseball player

1976 Gymnast Nadia Comaneci, aged 14, scores first ever perfect 10 at the Olympics.

1977 Vietnam joins the United Nations.

1978 Billy Martin suspends Reggie Jackson for not bunting.

1978 Birth of Ben Sheets, baseball player

1978 Egyptian and Israeli officials begin two days of talks.

1979 Birth of Joey Mercury, American professional wrestler

1979 Gold hits record US$303.85 an ounce in London, England.

1980 Birth of Kristen Bell; American actress.

1980 Rohini 1, first Indian satellite, launches into orbit.

1982 268 campesinos (“countryside people”) are slain in the Plan de S�nchez massacre in Rfos Montt’s Guatemala.

1982 Birth of Priyanka Chopra; Indian actress and beauty queen.

1983 Birth of Aaron Gillespie; drummer (Underoath).

1984 Birth of Lee Barnard, English football player.

1984 In San Ysidro, California, 41-year-old James Oliver Huberty sprays a McDonald’s restaurant with gunfire, killing 21 people before being shot and killed by police.

1984 McDonald’s massacre in San Ysidro, California: In a fast-food restaurant, James Oliver Huberty kills 21 people and injures 19 others before being shot dead by police.

1985 Birth of Chace Crawford; American actor.

1985 Death of Shahnawaz Bhutto, son of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto.

1986 A tornado is broadcast live on KARE television in Minnesota when the station’s helicopter pilot makes a chance encounter.

1987 Molly Yard elected new president of US National Organization for Women.

1987 New York Yankees’ Don Mattingly ties major league record (Dale Long, 1956) of home runs in eight consecutive games.

1988 Death of Nico, singer-songwriter, fashion model, actress and Warhol socialite (born 1938).

1989 Death of Donnie Moore, baseball player (suicide) (born 1954).

1989 Rebecca Schaeffer is shot by a crazed fan, prompting California to pass America’s first anti-stalking law in 1990.

1990 Death of Yun Po Sun, President of South Korea (born 1897).

1990 Karl Menninger, psychatrist (Menninger Clinic), dies at age 96 from cancer.

1991 Death of AndrT Cools, Belgian politician (assassinated) (born 1927).

1991 In Romania, a magnitude 5.6 earthquake occurs. Felt strongly in western Romania and in northwestern Bulgaria. Also felt in southeastern Hungary and in parts of Yugoslavia.

1992 ‘The Late Show’, starring the D-Generation debuts on ABC.

1992 The ten victims of the La Cantuta massacre disappeared from their university in Lima.

1994 A court upholds NBA salary cap and draft rights.

1994 In Buenos Aires, an explosion destroys a building housing several Jewish organizations killing 85 and injuring many more.

1994 In Buenos Aires, a terrorist attack destroys a building housing several Jewish organizations, killing 85 and injuring many more.

1994 Trailing 11-0 after three innings, the Houston Astros pull off a major comeback defeating the Saint Louis Cardinals, 15-12.

1995 Death of Fabio Casartelli, Italian cyclist (born 1970).

1995 On the Caribbean island of Montserrat, the Soufriere Hills volcano erupts. Over the course of several years, it devastates the island, destroying the capital and forcing most of the population to flee.

1996 In an event very similar to the Oklahoma tornado that would occur three years later, an F5 tornado hit the town of Oakfield, Wisconsin.

1996 Storms provoke severe flooding on the Saguenay River in Quebec, beginning one of Canada’s costliest natural disasters ever.

1997 8000 low-caste Indians riot in Mumbai (Bombay) following a funeral for 10 children who had been killed by police.

1997 In Eastern Caucasus, a magnitude 4.2 earthquake occurs. About 5,000 houses damaged.

1998 A 23-foot tidal wave kills nearly 3,000 people in Papua New Guinea.\

1999 David Cone of the New York Yankees pitches the 16th perfect game in baseball history against the Expos at Yankee Stadium.

1999 David Cone pitches a perfect game, the 16th in history, as the New York Yankees defeat the Montreal Expos, 6-0, to celebrate Yogi Berra Day.

2000 Alex Salmond resigns as the leader of the Scottish National Party.

2001 Death of Fabio Taglioni, Italian automotive engineer (born 1920).

2001 In Baltimore, Maryland, a 60-car train derailment occurs in a tunnel, sparking a fire that lasts days and virtually shuts down downtown Baltimore.

2001 In Baltimore, Maryland, a 60-car train derails in a tunnel, sparking a fire that lasts days and virtually shuts down downtown Baltimore.

2002 Death of Victor Emery, British theoretical physicist (b. 1933)

2003 Kobe Bryant is charged with sexually assaulting a 19-year old girl.

2003 The body of David Kelly, a scientist at the British Ministry of Defence, is found a few miles from his home, leading to the Hutton inquiry.

2003 The Convention on the Future of Europe finishes its work and proposes the first European Constitution.

2004 Death of Paul Foot, British journalist (b. 1937)

2004 Todd Hamilton wins The Open Championship at Royal Troon Golf Club.

2005 Death of William Westmoreland, U.S. general (born 1914).

2006 Death of Raul Cortez, Brazilian actor (born 1931).

2007 At the height of rush hour in New York City a major steam pipe bursts, releasing millions of gallons of boiling water and super heated steam. Only one fatality occurs, a pedestrian who goes into cardiac arrest.

2007 Franco-Spanish cigarette-maker Altadis agrees to 16.2 billion euro (US$22.4 billion) takeover offer by Britain’s Imperial Tobacco.

2007 Nelson Mandela convenes a group of world leaders to contribute their wisdom, independent leadership and integrity to tackle some of the world’s toughest problems as he turns 89.

2010 In Iraq, two suicide bombers target the government-backed Sons of Iraq militia, killing at least 48 people and wounding 46 at a military checkpoint.