This Day In History December 5th

1075 Death of Archbishop Anno II of Cologne

1110 First Crusade: The Crusaders conquer Sidon.

1110 Syria harbor city Saida (Sidon) surrenders to Crusaders.

1123 Death of Omar Khayy�m, Persian poet, astronomer, mathematician, and philosopher (b. 1048)

1137 Lotharius III of Supplinburg emperor (1125, 33-37), dies at age 67.

1182 Henry Earl of Gelre/Zutphen (1141/79-82), dies.

1197 Crusaders wound Rabbi Elezar ben Judah.

1214 Death of William I of Scotland

1259 Kings Louis IX of France and Henry III of England agree to the Treaty of Paris, in which Henry renounces his claims to French-controlled territory on continental Europe (including Normandy) in exchange for Louis withdrawing his support for English rebels.

1259 Treaty of Paris: English king Henry III and French king Louis IX.

1270 Death of Theobald V of Champagne, King of Navarre

1334 Death of Pope John XXII (b. 1249)

1334 John XXII [Jacques DuFze] Pope (316-34), dies.

1340 Death of Henry Burghersh, English bishop and chancellor (b. 1292)

1371 Reinald III the Fat Duke, Duke of Gelre (1343-61), dies at age 38.

1371 Stefanus X Uros V King of Serbia (1355-71), dies.

1443 Birth of Pope Julius II (1503-13), patron of Michelangelo, Bramante, Raphael.

1459 Death of Adolf VIII, Duke of Southern Jutland (b. 1401)

1489 Battle of Baza-Spanish army captures Baza from the Moors.

1514 Richard Hunne English “heretic”, commits suicide(?).

1534 Turkish sultan Suleiman occupies Baghdad.

1555 Birth of Heinrich Meibom, German historian and poet (d. 1625)

1563 Council of Trent holds last session, after 18 years.

1563 The final session of the Council of Trent is held (it opened on December 13, 1545).

1576 Death of Rheticus, Austrian mathematician (b. 1514)

1576 Rheticus mathematician, dies.

1580 Birth of Samuel Argall, English adventurer and naval officer (d. 1626)

1584 Birth of John Cotton Puritan clergyman in Massachusetts Bay colony.

1585 Birth of John Cotton, American Puritan leader (d. 1652)

1585 Death of John Willock, Scottish reformer

1595 Birth of Jean Chapelain, French writer (d. 1674)

1603 Maarten de Vos Flemish painter, dies at about age 71.

1609 Death of Alexander Hume, Scottish poet

1612 Birth of Samuel Butler, English poet (d. 1680)

1619 38 colonists from Berkeley Parish in England disembark in Virginia and give thanks to God (this is considered by many to be the first Thanksgiving in the Americas).

1619 America’s first Thanksgiving Day (Virginia).

1639 Jeremiah Horrocks made the first observation of a transit of Venus. (November 24 under the Julian calendar.)

1639 Jeremiah Horrocks makes the first observation of a transit of Venus.

1642 Armand-Jean Duplessis Richelieu bishop of Lu?on, dies at about age 57.

1642 Death of Armand Jean du Plessis, Cardinal Richelieu, French statesman (b. 1585)

1644 First European peace congress opens in Mnnster.

1649 Death of William Drummond of Hawthornden, Scottish poet (b. 1585)

1649 Outgert Arisz Akersloot Dutch silversmith, dies at about age 73.

1655 Middelburg Netherlands forbids building of synagogue.

1660 Birth of AndrT Campra, French composer (d. 1744)

1665 Jean Racine’s “Alexandre le Grand” premieres in Paris.

1667 Birth of Michel Pignolet de Monteclair composer.

1670 Birth of John Aislabie, English politician (d. 1742)

1674 Father Jacques Marquette founds a mission on the shores of Lake Michigan to minister to the Illiniwek (the mission would later grow into the city of Chicago, Illinois).

1674 Father Marquette builds first dwelling in what is now Chicago.

1676 Battle of Lund: A Danish army under the command of King Christian V of Denmark engages the Swedish army commanded by Field Marshal Simon Grundel-Helmfelt.

1676 Johann Georg Ebeling composer, dies at age 39.

1676 The Battle of Lund is fought. Swedish forces defeat the Danes, driving them out. 5000 Danes and 3000 Swedes are killed.

1679 Death of Thomas Hobbes, English philosopher (b. 1588)

1680 Death of Thomas Bartholin, Danish physician, mathematician, and theologian (b. 1616)

1680 Hen in Rome lays an egg imprinted with comet not seen until December 16th.

1682 First General Assembly in Pennsylvania (Chester).

1688 General strategist John Churchill joins with Willem III.

1691 Emperor Leopold I takes control of Transsylvania.

1691 Spanish king Carlos II names Maximilian II viceroy of South Netherlands.

1696 Death of Empress Meisho of Japan (b. 1624)

1708 Birth of Marianus Konigsperger composer.

1713 Birth of Gasparo Gozzi, Italian critic and dramatist (d. 1786)

1732 Death of John Gay, British playwright (b. 1685)

1732 John Gay English poet (Beggar’s Opera), dies at age 47.

1745 Bonnie Prince Charles reaches Derby.

1777 Birth of Madame RTcamier, French writer (d. 1849)

1783 At Fraunces Tavern in New York City, US General George Washington formally bids his officers farewell.

1783 General Washington bids officers farewell at Fraunce’s Tavern, New York City, New York.

1784 Death of Wiseman Claget, British classical scholar (b. 1721)

1786 Birth of John LA Luyten Catholic Member of Dutch second parliament [or 12/14].

1791 Birth of Johann Gottlob Topfer composer.

1791 Britain’s Observer, oldest Sunday newspaper in world, first published.

1791 The first issue of The Observer, the world’s first Sunday newspaper, is published.

1795 Birth of Thomas Carlyle Scotland, essayist/historian (French Revolution).

1798 Birth of Jules Armand Dufaure, French statesman (d. 1881)

1798 Death of Luigi Galvani, Italian physicist (b. 1737)

1798 Luigi Galvani Italian anatomy/physicist, dies at age 61.

1798 Rebellious Flemish farmers occupy Hasselt.

1800 Birth of Emil Aarestrup Danish physician/poet (Ritornellen).

1803 Birth of Augustus Zerega diZerega Martinique, ship owner (Red Z Lane).

1807 Prince Hall activist/Masonic leader, dies in Boston.

1808 Birth of Ernest Panckoucke French publisher (Horatius).

1812 Birth of Elias Smith Dennis Brevet Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1894.

1812 Peter Gaillard of Lancaster Pennsylvania patents a horse-drawn mower.

1816 James Monroe (Virginia), elected 5th President, defeating Federalist Rufus King.

1818 Birth of William Wing “Old Blizzards” Loring Major General (Confederate Army).

1822 Birth of Frances Crabbe England, feminist founded Anti-Vivisection Society.

1825 Birth of Hynek Ignac Frantisek Vojacek composer.

1829 Britain abolished “suttee” in India (widow burning herself to death on her husband’s funeral pyre.

1829 In the face of fierce opposition, British governor Lord William Bentinck carries a regulation declaring that all who abetted suttee in India were guilty of culpable homicide.

1832 French army begins bombing citadel of Antwerp.

1833 American Anti-Slavery Society formed by Arthur Tappan in Philadelphia.

1835 Birth of Samuel Butler England, author (Erewhom, Way of All Flesh).

1836 Daniel Read composer, dies at age 79.

1836 Whig party holds its first national convention, Harrisburg Pennsylvania.

1838 Birth of Melesio Morales composer.

1840 Crazy Horse is born (dies 1877).

1843 Manila paper (made from sails, canvas and rope) patented, Massachusetts.

1843 Robert Schumann’s “Das Paradies und die Peri” premieres in Leipzig.

1844 James K Polk elected 11th President of US, George M Dallas Vice President.

1845 Death of Gregor MacGregor, British con-artist

1849 Birth of Crazy Horse, Oglala Sioux chief (d. 1877)

1851 President Louis Napolean Boaparte forces crush a coup d’etat in France.

1852 Birth of Orest Khvolson, Russian physicist (d. 1934)

1858 Birth of Billy Gunn cricket player (Notts and England batsman in 11 Tests 1886-99).

1861 Birth of Lillian Russell [Helen Leonard] US, singer/actress (Great Mogul).

1863 Storm flood ravages Nethe coastal provinces.

1864 American Civil War: Sherman’s March to the Sea – At Waynesboro, Georgia, forces under Union General Judson Kilpatrick prevent troops led by Confederate General Joseph Wheeler from interfering with Union General William T. Sherman’s campaign destroying a wide swath of the South on his march to the Atlantic Ocean from Atlanta (Union forces did suffer more than three times the Confederate casualties, however).

1864 Battle of Waynesborough, Brier Creek, Georgia.

1864 Romanian Jews are forbidden to practice law.

1865 Birth of Edith Louisa Cavell England, nurse (WWI).

1866 Birth of Vassily Kandinsky Russian/German/French abstract artist (Dreamy Inspiration).

1867 Former Minnesota farmer Oliver Hudson Kelley founds the Order of the Patrons of Husbandry (better known today as the Grange movement).

1867 Grange organized to protect farm interests.

1868 Birth of Richard N Roland Holst Dutch artist/painter.

1872 The crewless American ship Mary Celeste is found by the British brig Dei Gratia (the ship was abandoned for 9 days but was only slightly damaged).

1874 Birth of Jean H L Bossard actor/impresario (Merchant of Venice).

1875 Birth of Rainer Maria Rilke Germany, poet (Duino Elegies).

1875 Notorious New York City politician Boss Tweed escapes from prison and flees to Cuba, then Spain.

1875 William Marcy “Boss” Tweed (New York City-Tammany Hall) escapes from jail.

1876 Birth of Dimitur Poljanov [Popov] Bulgaria, poet (Iron Poems).

1879 Birth of Herbert Hamilton Harty composer.

1881 Birth of Erwin von Witzleben German fieldmarshal (July 20th plot).

1881 The Los Angeles Times is first published.

1884 Alice Mary Smith composer, dies at age 45.

1888 Birth of Aleksandar I Karadordjevic king of Yugoslavia (1921-34).

1889 Birth of Buck Jones [Charles F Gebhart] US actor (War Horse).

1889 Stanley’s expedition reaches Bagamoyo in Indian Ocean.

1890 Willem III Dutch king, buried.

1890 Willem III, Dutch king, buried.

1891 Birth of Felix Schlag; designer of US Jefferson 5-cent coin.

1892 Birth of Francisco Franco [y Bahamonde] general/dictator of Spain (1936-75).

1895 Birth of Nils FA Nilsson Piraten Swedish writer (Bombi Bitt Och Jag).

1896 Birth of Nikolai S Tichonov Russian writer (against Pasternak).

1897 Birth of Mari Andriessen Dutch sculptor (Dock Worker).

1899 56thUS Congress (1899-1901) convenes.

1899 Birth of Douwe Hermans Kiestra [Harm Harmstra] Frisian farmer/writer.

1899 Webb Hayes son of President Rutherford Hayes receives medal of honor.

1901 Anne Russell’s “Girl and The Judge” premieres in New York City, New York.

1903 Birth of Alfred Leslie Rowse historian.

1905 Birth of Emilio MTdici President of Brazil (1969-74).

1905 British government of Balfour resigns.

1906 Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity Inc., the first intercollegiate Greek-letter fraternity in the United States established for men of African descent, was founded at Cornell University.

1907 Birth of Jo Boer Dutch author (Catharina and the Magnolias).

1908 Birth of A D Hershey US, biologist, worked with bacteriophages (Nobel Prize 1969).

1908 Haiti’s President General Alexis Nord flees from military coup.

1909 First Canadian Football League Grey Cup: University of Toronto defeats Toronto Parkdale, 26-6.

1909 Paul-Albert Besnard French painter/graphic artist (Elle), dies at age 60.

1910 Birth of Alex North Chester Pennsylvania, composer (Spartacus, Viva Zapata, Cleopatra, Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf).

1912 Birth of Alfons “Alphons” Berckmans Flemish/British actor (Family Stastok).

1914 Birth of Rudolf Hausner, Austrian artist (d. 1995)

1914 Walter Johnson accepts money from Federal League Chicago Whales Clark Griffith threatens to take Johnson to court.

1915 Birth of Allan Jackson Hot Springs Arkansas, newscaster (Youth Takes a Stand).

1915 F F Fletcher is first admiral to receive Congressional Medal of Honor.

1915 Gustav Hollaender composer, dies at age 60.

1915 Ku Klux Klan receives charter from Fulton County Georgia.

1915 The Panama-Pacific International Exposition, held in San Francisco, California, closes. 19 million visitors attended the event.

1916 Birth of Ely Jacques Kahn, Jr., American writer (d. 1994)

1918 Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (Yugoslavia) proclaimed.

1918 US President Woodrow Wilson sails for the World War I peace talks in Versailles, becoming the first US president to travel to Europe while in office.

1918 U.S. President Woodrow Wilson sails to the peace talks in Versailles, becoming the first U.S. president to travel to Europe while in office.

1920 8th Canadian Football League Grey Cup: University of Toronto defeats Toronto Argonauts, 16-3.

1920 Birth of Michael Bates Jhansi India; actor (Clockwork Orange, Patton).

1920 First Pro football playoff game Buffalo-7, Canton-3 at Polo Grounds.

1921 Birth of Deanna Durbin Winnipeg Manitoba, actress/vocalist (100 Men and a Girl).

1921 The Virginia Rappe manslaughter trial against Roscoe ‘Fatty’ Arbuckle ends in a hung jury.

1922 Birth of Gerard Philipe Cannes France; actor (Caligula, Le Diable au Corps).

1923 [Auguste-]Maurice BarrFs, French writer/parliament leader, dies at age 61.

1923 Birth of Charles Keating; district attorney (Los Angeles, California).

1924 Birth of John Portman in South Carolina, USA; architect (Ivan Allen Award-1964).

1925 Birth of Maurice Binder in New York City, New York, USA; photographer/film titler (James Bond films).

1926 14th Canadian Football League Grey Cup: Ottawa Senators defeat University of Toronto, 10-7.

1926 Death of Ivana Kobilca, Slovenian-born painter (b. 1861)

1927 Pittsburgh Pirates’ Paul Waner wins National League Most Valuable Player.

1928 Birth of Russell L Rogers; US Air Force/astronaut (X-20).

1930 Birth of Harvey Kuenn; baseball player (American League Rookie of the Year-1953).

1930 French government of AndrT Tardieu falls.

1930 Vatican approves rhythm method for birth control.

1931 Birth of Alex Delvecchio, Canadian hockey player

1932 Birth of Roh Tae Woo in Taegu, South Korea; President of South Korea (1988-93).

1933 Death of Stefan George, German poet (b. 1868)

1933 US President Franklin Roosevelt creates Federal Alcohol Control Administration.

1934 Birth of Victor French, American actor (d. 1989)

1935 Birth of Fred Rumsey in England; cricket lefty pace bowler (5 Tests 1964-65).

1935 Death of Johan Halvorsen, Norwegian composer (b. 1864)

1935 Hylton Philipson, cricket player (England keeper in five Tests 1892-95), dies.

1937 Birth of Max Baer, Jr., American actor

1938 Birth of Andre Marrou; US Libertarian presidential candidate (1992).

1939 Birth of Freddy Cannon, American musician

1940 Birth of Freddy Cannon [Picariello] in Lynn, Massachusetts, USA; rocker (Palisades Park).

1941 Birth of Raul Blanco; Australian soccer assistant coach (Olyroos, Olympics-1996).

1941 German ordinances places Jews of Poland outside protection of courts.

1942 Birth of Bob Mosley in Paradise Valleym California, USA; rock bassist (Moby Grape).

1942 First US citizenship granted an alien on foreign soil (James Hoey).

1942 Holocaust: In Warsaw, Zofia Kossak-Szczucka and Wanda Filipowicz set up ?egota.

1942 US bombers strike Italian mainland for first time in World War II.

1942 US President Franklin Roosevelt orders dismantling of Works Progress Administration.

1943 Carlo Mierendorff, German politician/antifascist, dies at age 46.

1943 Second conference of Ca?ro: US President Franklin Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Turkish President In�nn.

1943 US Major League Baseball Commissioner Landis announces any baseball club may sign Negroes.

1943 US President Franklin D. Roosevelt closes the Works Progress Administration.

1943 World War II: In Yugoslavia, resistance leader Marshal Tito proclaims a provisional democratic Yugoslav government in-exile.

1943 Yugoslavian resistance forms provisionary government under Dr Ribar.

1944 Birth of Dennis Wilson in Hawthorne, California, USA; drummer/vocalist (Beach Boys – “In My Room”, “California Dreaming”).

1944 Germans destroy Rhine dikes, flooding Betuwe.

1945 11th Heisman Trophy Award: Doc Blanchard, Army (FB); he is first junior to win the trophy.

1945 Birth of Roberta Bondar, Canadian astronaut

1945 By a vote of 65 to 7, the United States Senate approves United States participation in the United Nations (the UN was established on October 24, 1945).

1945 Death of Thomas Hunt Morgan, American geneticist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1866)

1945 US Senate approves US participation in United Nations.

1947 Birth of Ursula Krechel; writer.

1947 USSR joins International Amateur Athletic Union.

1948 Birth of Roberta Lynn in Bondar, Ontario, Canada; astronaut (STS 42).

1948 Karl Bonhoeffer, German psychiatrist/neurologist, dies.

1949 Birth of Mary Bea Porter-King in Everett, Washington, USA; LPGA golfer (1975 Golf Inns Classic).

1949 Bob Gage ties NFL record of a 97-yard touchdown run.

1951 Birth of Gary Rossington; rocker (Lynyrd Skynyrd, Rossington-Collins Band).

1951 Mir Waiz Maulvi Muhammad Yusouf appointed President of Azad Kashmir Government.

1951 Superheated gases roll down Mount Catarman (Philippines), killing 500.

1952 Birth of Ronald Michael Sega in Cleveland, Ohio, USA; PhD/Astronaut (STS 60, 76).

1952 Great Smog of 1952: A cold fog descends upon London, combining with air pollution and killing up to 12,000 in the weeks and months that follow.

1952 Karen Horney, German/US neo freudian psycho analyst, dies at age 67.

1952 Killer fogs begin in London England; “Smog” becomes a word. Over 4000 die.

1952 Walter P Reuther chosen chairman of CIO.

1953 Birth of Rick Middleton, Canadian ice hockey player

1954 Nina Vasar, wife of Russian composer Dmitri Shostakovich, dies.

1954 The first Burger King opens in Miami, Florida.

1955 Birth of Brian Prout in Troy, New York, USA; singer (Diamond Rio – “Meet in the Middle”).

1955 Manager Alfrink installed as archbishop of Utrecht.

1956 22nd Heisman Trophy Award: Paul Hornung, Notre Dame (quarterback).

1956 Birth of Bernard King; basketball player (New York Knicks, New Jersey Nets).

1956 Death of Alexandr Rodchenko, Russian painter and photographer (b. 1891)

1957 Birth of Lee Smith in Jamestown, Louisiana, USA; pitcher (Cincinnati Reds).

1957 Two commuter trains collide in heavy fog killing 92 (Saint John’s, England).

1958 Birth of Bill Roy in Versailles, Illinois, USA; skeet (Olympics-1996).

1958 Dahomey (Benin) and Ivory Coast become autonomous within French Community.

1958 Dahomey (present-day Benin) becomes a self-governing country within the French Community.

1958 Finnish government of Fagerholm resigns.

1959 A monkey returns to Earth safely, after being launched 55 miles high into outer space by the United States space program.

1959 Rosetta Duncan (Duncan Sisters) dies in an auto accident at age 58.

1960 Birth of Glynis Nunn, Australian athlete

1961 Birth of Frank Reich; NFL quarterback (Carolina Panthers, Green Bay Packers, Detroit Lions).

1961 Floyd Patterson knocks out Tom McNeeley in four rounds for heavyweight boxing title.

1961 Smallest New York Knicks crowd at 49th Steet Madison Square Garden – 1,300 (due to snowstorm).

1961 Tanganyika becomes the 104th member of the United Nations.

1962 Birth of Arnold Scholten; soccer player (Feyenoord).

1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.

1963 Aldo Moro forms Italian government.

1963 Birth of Johanna Wright in Raleigh, North Carolina, USA; WPVA volleyball player (Pismo Beach-4th).

1963 Pope Paul VI closes second session of second Vatican Council.

1964 American Major League Baseball approves a free-agent draft.

1964 Birth of Bill Peterson in Smithfield, North Carolina, USA; WLAF general manager (Amsterdam Admirals).

1964 Commissioner’s office given full powers in baseball disputes.

1964 Test Cricket debut of Ian Chappell, versus Pakistan Melbourne Cricket Ground, 11, 0-49, 0-31.

1964 The Beatles release “Beatles For Sale” album.

1965 Birth of Rob Smits; pop drummer (Kong/Phlegm).

1965 San Francisco Giants’ Masanori Murakami, 4-1 this year, does not renew his contract signing instead with the Nankai Hawks of Osaka, Japan for US$40,000.

1965 Second New York Knicks game postponed (due to death of opponent Philadelphia 76ers’ owner).

1965 Two passenger planes collide above Danbury, Connecticut, USA; four die.

1966 Birth of Fred Armisen, American actor and musician

1966 Sandra Haynie wins LPGA Pensacola Ladies Golf Invitational.

1967 Birth of Klaus Wilmsmeyer; NFL punter (New Orleans Saints).

1967 Death of Bert Lahr, American actor (b. 1895)

1967 Vietnam War: US and South Vietnamese forces engage Viet Cong troops in the Mekong Delta.

1968 Birth of Mike Barrowman in Costa Mesa, California, USA; kayak/200 metre breast stroke (Olympics-gold-1992, 1996).

1969 Birth of Ferric Collons; NFL defensive end (New England Patriots).

1969 Black Panther members Fred Hampton and Mark Clark are shot and killed in their sleep during a raid by 14 Chicago police officers.

1969 Death of Fred Hampton, American activist (b. 1948)

1969 Fred Hampton, American Black-Panther leader, is murdered.

1969 Surfer Greg Noll rides a 65-foot wave on the North Shore of Oahu, still the highest ever recorded.

1970 Birth of Jeff Blake; NFL quarterback (Cincinnati Bengals).

1970 Unemployment in US increases to 5.8 percent.

1971 Birth of Terrence Wisdom; NFL/WLAF guard/center (New York Jets, London Monarchs).

1971 Shunryu Suzuki, Zen teacher, founder of San Francisco Zen Center, dies.

1971 UN Security Council calls emergency session to consider deteriorating situation between India and Pakistan.

1972 Birth of Damien Covington; NFL linebacker (Buffalo Bills).

1972 In Japan, a magnitude 7.4 earthquake occurs, centered on the island of Hachijojima 325 kilometers southeast of Tokyo.

1973 Birth of Corliss Williamson; NBA forward (Sacramento Kings).

1973 John Cappelletti wins Heisman trophy.

1974 Birth of Anke Huber in Bruchsal, Germany; tennis star (1996 finalist Australian).

1974 Dutch DC-8 charter crashes in Sri Lanka killing 191 Muslim pilgrims.

1974 Jean-Paul Sartre visits RAF leader Andreas Baader in prison.

1975 Six South Molukkans occupy Indonesian consulate in The Hague, one dead.

1976 Birth of John Lee in Chicago, Illinois; dance skater (and Julia Bikbova).

1976 Death of Tommy Bolin, American guitarist (b. 1951)

1976 Tommy Bolin, rock guitarist (Deep Purple), dies of heroin overdose.

1977 Birth of Emily Ballard; Miss Washington Teen USA (1996).

1977 Hollis Stacy/Jerry Pate win Pepsi-Cola Mixed Team Golf Championship.

1977 Jean-Bedel Bokassa, ruler of Central African Empire, crowns himself.

1977 Jean-BTdel Bokassa, president of the Central African Republic, crowns himself Emperor Bokassa I of the Central African Empire.

1977 Malaysia Airlines Flight 653 is hijacked and crashes in Tanjong Kupang, Johor, killing 100.

1977 NFL’s 5,000th game, Cincinnati Bengals beat Kansas City Chiefs 27-7.

1978 Dutch War criminal Pieter Menten freed.

1978 Following the murder of Mayor George Moscone, Dianne Feinstein becomes San Francisco, California’s first woman mayor (she served until January 8, 1988).

1978 Pioneer Venus 1 goes into orbit around Venus.

1978 Samuel Abraham Goldsmith, Netherlands/US phycist, dies at age 76.

1979 Cleveland Cavaliers retire jersey number 7, Bingo Smith.

1979 The Hastie fire in Hull, kills three schoolboys and eventually leads police to arrest Bruce George Peter Lee.

1980 Death of Stanislawa Walasiewicz, Polish-born runner (born 1911).

1980 Francisco S� Carneiro, Portuguese Prime Minister dies in a plane crash in Camarate in the outskirts of Lisbon (born 1934).

1980 New York Islanders end 15-game undefeated streak (13-0-2) (to Colorado Rockies).

1980 Stella Walsh-S-Walasiewicz, sprinter (Olympics-gold-1932), shot dead at age 69.

1980 The rock group Led Zeppelin formally announce their breakup.

1980 Two months after death of drummer John Bonham, Led Zeppelin breaks up.

1981 South Africa grants “homeland” Ciskei independence (not recognized outside South Africa).

1981 South Africa grants “homeland” Ciskei independence (not recognized outside South Africa).

1981 US President Ronald Reagan allows US Central Intelligence Agency to engage in domestic counter-intelligence (order number 12333).

1982 48th Heisman Trophy Award: Herschel Walker, Georgia (RB).

1982 Birth of Nick Vujicic; director for Life Without Limbs.

1982 Police and racist demonstrators clash in Antwerp, Belgium.

1982 The People’s Republic of China adopts its constitution.

1982 The People’s Republic of China adopts its current constitution.

1983 New Jersey Devils’ first shut-out, beating Detroit Red Wings 6-0.

1983 US jet fighters strike Syrian anti-aircraft positions in Lebanon.

1984 Birth of Lauren London; American actress and model.

1984 Hezbollah militants hijack a Kuwait Airlines plane and kill four passengers.

1984 John Rock, US co-developer of anti-conceptiepil, dies at age 94.

1985 French President Francois Mitterrand receives Polish leader Jaruzelski.

1985 Marcel Boereboom, Belgian musicologist, dies at age 83.

1985 US President Ronald Reagan appoints Vice Admiral John Poindexter as security adviser.

1986 Birth of Martell Webster, American basketball player.

1986 NASA launches Fltsatcom-7.

1986 Reuben Nakian, US sculptor, dies at age 89.

1987 Birth of Orlando Brown; American actor, singer, and comedian.

1987 Karlstad skates world record 10 km (13:48.51).

1988 Amy Benz/John Huston win LPGA J C Penney Golf Classic.

1988 Baltimore Orioles trade veteran first baseman Eddie Murray to Los Angeles Dodgers.

1988 Birth of Lisa Ingildeeva; Russian gymnast.

1988 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya.

1989 Birth of Garron DuPree, American musician.

1990 Due to Persian Gulf crisis gas hits $1.60 per gallon price in New York City, New York.

1990 Iraq announces it will release all 3,300 Soviet hostages.

1991 Journalist Terry Anderson is released after 7 years in captivity as a hostage in Beirut (he was the last and longest-held American hostage in Lebanon).

1991 Muslim Shiites in Lebanon release last US hostage Terry Anderson (held 6.5 years).

1991 US airline Pan Am ends operations.

1992 Somali Civil War: President George H. W. Bush orders 28,000 US troops to Somalia.

1992 U.S. military forces land in Somalia.

1993 A truce is concluded between the government of Angola and UNITA rebels.

1993 Dan Jansen skates world record 500 metre (35.92 seconds).

1993 Death of Frank Zappa, American musician and composer (b. 1940)

1993 Frank Sturgis, Watergate burglar, dies at age 68.

1993 Frank V Zappa, American guitarist and composer (Mothers of Invention), dies at age 52 (born 1940).

1993 Hetty de Boer-Jongkind, Dutch medical astrologist, dies at age 42.

1993 Johann Koss skates world record 5000m (6:35.53).

1994 83rd Davis Cup: Sweden beats Russia in Moscow (4-1).

1994 Geoffery Rudolph Elton, historiographer, dies at age 73.

1994 Jakob Kaplan, French head rabbi (1955-81), dies at age 99.

1994 Julio Ramon Ribeyro, Peruvian playwright, dies at age 66.

1994 Marta Figueras-Dottie and Brad Bryant win LPGA J C Penney Golf Classic.

1994 Pakistan wins World Hockey Championship after 12 years, beating the Netherlands by four goals to three, in Sydney.

1994 Robert Jesse Charleston, museum curator, dies at age 78.

1994 Thomas Roy Garrett, museum curator, dies at age 63.

1995 Atherton (185) bats for 643 minutes to save Johannesburg Test.

1995 Itzhak Rabin, Prime Minister of Israel (1968-73), is assassinated.

1996 Basil Nield, judge/politician, dies at age 83.

1996 Muriel Monkhouse, Red Cross worker, dies at age 86.

1996 NASA’s first Mars rover launched from Cape Canaveral.

1996 The Orlando Magic team ties the NBA record of fewest points scored since inception of 24 second clockm losing to Cleveland Cavalier, 84-57.

1997 David Abell Wood, priest, dies at age 72.

1997 Death of Richard Vernon, British actor (b. 1925)

1997 NBA suspends Latrell Sprewell for one year for attacking his coach.

1998 The second (Unity) module of the International Space Station is launched.

1998 Unity, the second module of the International Space Station, is launched.

2001 Lisa Beamer, wife of Todd Beamer, through the Todd M. Beamer Foundation, registers [1] the trademark “Let’s Roll” with the United States Patent and Trademark Office less than three months after his death in the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks in the United States.

2002 A total solar eclipse occurs.

2003 Death of Iggy Katona, American race car driver (born 1916).

2005 A protest for democracy in Hong Kong draws 250,000 people.

2005 Death of Gregg Hoffman, American film producer (b. 1963)

2005 Tens of thousands of people in Hong Kong protested for democracy and called on the Government to allow universal and equal suffrage.

2006 An adult giant squid is caught on video near the Ogasawara Islands south of Tokyo.

2007 Death of Pimp C, American rapper (born 1973).

2007 The OECD Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) releases the results of the PISA 2006 survey.

2008 Canada’s Governor General Micha?lle Jean grants a request from Prime Minister Stephen Harper to suspend Parliament until January 26, to avoid a confidence vote set for Monday that could have toppled his minority government.

2008 In Oslo, Norway, 94 countries sign the Convention on Cluster Munitions treaty banning the use of cluster bombs.

2008 Iraq’s Presidency Council approves a security pact with the United States, which requires U.S. troops to withdraw from Iraqi towns by mid-2009 and leave the country by the end of 2011.

2008 New Zealand’s central bank cuts the interest rate from 6.5 percent to 5.

2008 The Bank of England cuts interest rates by one percentage point, down to 2 percent – the lowest level since 1951.

2008 The European Court of Human Rights rules unanimously that holding DNA samples and fingerprints of innocent suspects violates their right to privacy. The ruling is binding on all 46 members of the Council of Europe, and affects databases of about 850,000 innocents.

2009 At least four attackers open fire and throw grenades on worshippers at a mosque near the Pakistani army’s headquarters in Rawalpindi, killing at least 35 people. After an hour-long gun battle with security forces, two or three attackers blow themselves up.

2009 Death of Eddie Fatu, Samoan-American professional wrestler (born 1973).