This Day In History August 21

1000 Hungary is founded by Saint Stephen.

1384 Death of Geert Groote, Dutch founder of the Brethren of the Common Life (b. 1340)

1391 Konrad IV von Wallenrode becomes the 24th Grand Master of the Teutonic Order.

1517 Birth of Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle, French church leader (d. 1586)

1561 Birth of Jacopo Peri, Italian composer (d. 1633)

1572 Death of Miguel L=pez de Legazpi, Spanish conquistador (b. 1502)

1580 Death of Jeronymo Osorio, Portuguese historian (b. 1506)

1611 Death of Tom�s Luis de Victoria, Spanish composer (b. 1548)

1625 Birth of Thomas Corneille, French dramatist (d. 1709)

1632 Birth of Louis Bourdaloue, French Jesuit preacher (d. 1704)

1639 Death of Martin Opitz von Boberfeld, German poet (b. 1597)

1643 Death of Anne Hutchinson, English Puritan preacher (b. 1591)

1648 Death of Edward Herbert, 1st Baron Herbert of Cherbury, English diplomat, poet, and philosopher (b. 1583)

1672 Death of Johan de Witt, Dutch politician (b. 1625)

1680 Death of William Bedloe, English informer (b. 1650)

1701 Death of Charles Sedley, English playwright (b. 1639)

1707 Death of Nicolas Gigault, French organist and composer (b. 1627)

1710 Birth of Thomas Simpson, British mathematician (d. 1761)

1719 Birth of Christian Mayer, Czech astronomer (d. 1783)

1773 Death of Enrique Florez, Spanish historian (b. 1701)

1778 Birth of Bernardo O’Higgins won independence for Chile.

1779 Birth of J�ns Jakob Berzelius, Swedish chemist (d. 1848)

1781 George Washington begins to move his troops south to fight Cornwallis.

1785 Birth of Oliver Hazard Perry US Naval hero (“We have met the enemy”).

1794 Battle of Fallen Timbers – American troops force a confederacy of Shawnee, Mingo, Delaware, Wyandot, Miami, Ottawa, Chippewa, and Potawatomi warriors into a disorganized retreat.

1794 General Mad Anthony Wayne routes Indians at Fallen Timbers, Ohio.

1804 Charles Floyd only fatality of the Lewis and Clark Expedition.

1804 Lewis and Clark Expedition: The “Corps of Discovery”, exploring the Louisiana Purchase, suffers its only death when Sergeant Charles Floyd dies, apparently from acute appendicitis.

1811 Death of Louis Antoine de Bougainville, French explorer (b. 1729)

1823 Death of Pope Pius VII (b. 1740)

1825 Death of William Waldegrave, 1st Baron Radstock, Governor of Newfoundland (b. 1753)

1833 Birth of Benjamin Harrison in North Bend, Ohio, USA; (Republican) 23rd President (1889-1893).

1833 Nat Turner leads his revolt against the Southern plantation owners of Southampton County, Virginia

1845 Birth of St. Albert Chmielowski, Polish Catholic Saint (d. 1916)

1847 Birth of Boles?aw Prus, Polish writer (d. 1912)

1858 Charles Darwin first publishes his thoery of evolution.

1860 Birth of Raymond PoincarT in France; Prime Minister (1912), president.

1865 President Johnson proclaims an end to “insurrection” in Texas.

1866 President Andrew Johnson officially declares the American Civil War to be ended.

1873 Birth of Eliel Saarinen Finland, architect (GM Tech Institute, Michigan).

1881 Birth of Edgar Albert Guest Detroit Michigan, poet/newspaperman.

1882 Piotr Ilyitch Tchaikovsky’s 1812 Overture debuts in Moscow.

1882 Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky’s 1812 Overture debuts in Moscow.

1887 Death of Jules Laforgue, French poet (b. 1860)

1888 Mutineers imprison Emin Pasha at Dufile.

1890 Birth of H. P. Lovecraft, American writer (d. 1937)

1896 Dial telephone patented.

1897 Birth of Tarjei Vesaas, Norwegian writer (d. 1970)

1900 Japan’s primary school law is amended to provide for four years of mandatory schooling.

1901 Birth of Salvatore Quasimodo Italy, poet/critic/translator (Nobel Prize 1959).

1904 Death of RenT Waldeck-Rousseau, French statesman (b. 1846)

1905 Birth of Jean Gebser, German-born author, linguist, and poet (d. 1973)

1907 Birth of Alan Reed New York City; actor (Mr Adams and Eve/voice (Fred Flintstone).

1908 Birth of Alfonso Lopez baseball player (American League Manager of the year 1959).

1908 Congo Free State becomes the Belgian Congo.

1910 Birth of Eero Saarinen, Finnish architect (d. 1961)

1912 Death of William Booth, English founder of the Salvation Army (b. 1829)

1912 Plant Quarantine Act goes into effect.

1912 Washington Senator Carl Cushion no-hits Cleveland Indians, 2-0 in six innings.

1913 Birth of Roger Wolcott Sperry, American neurobiologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1994)

1913 First pilot to parachute from an aircraft (Adolphe PTgoud-France).

1914 Death of Pope Pius X (b. 1835)

1914 German forces occupy Brussels, Belgium during WW I.

1914 Pope Pius X dies.

1914 World War I: German forces occupy Brussels.

1915 Death of Paul Ehrlich, German scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1854)

1915 Paul Ehrlich scientist, dies in Hamburg at age 61.

1917 Death of Adolf von Baeyer, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1835)

1918 Birth of Jacqueline Susann, American novelist (d. 1974)

1918 Britain opens offensive on Western front during WW I.

1920 Allen Woodring wins Oympic 200 m dash wearing borrowed shoes.

1920 Birth of Istv�n Sziv=s Hungary, water polo player (Olympic-gold-1976).

1920 First US commercial radio, 8MK (WWJ), Detroit, Michigan begins daily broadcasting.

1920 Preliminary meeting in Akron to form American Pro Football League.

1920 The first commercial radio station, 8MK (WWJ), begins operations in Detroit, Michigan.

1921 Birth of Jacqueline Susann Philadelphia Pennsylvania, author (Valley of the Dolls).

1923 Birth of Jim Reeves, American singer (d. 1964)

1926 Japan’s public broadcasting company, Nippon H?s? Ky?kai (NHK) is established.

1930 Dumont’s first TV broadcast for home reception (New York City).

1931 Birth of Don King; boxing promoter, shocking hairstyle.

1932 Birth of Anthony Ainley, British actor (d. 2004)

1933 Birth of George Mitchell; American politician (Senator-Democrat-Maine, Senate Whip 1989-).

1934 Birth of Armi Kuusela, Finnish beauty queen

1935 Birth of Justin Tubb in San Antonio, Texas, USA; country singer (Grand Ole Opry).

1936 Birth of Hideki Shirakawa, Japanese chemist, Nobel Prize laureate

1937 Birth of George Thoma in Germany; cross country ski jumper (Olympic-gold-1960).

1938 Birth of Jean-Loup ChrTtien; first French traveler in space (on Soyuz T-6).

1938 Lou Gehrig hits his 23rd career grand slam–a record that still stands.

1939 Birth of Fernando Poe Jr., Filipino actor and presidential candidate

1939 Soviet forces under Lieutenant General Georgi Zhukov counterattack Japanese invaders at Nomanhan in the Mongolian People’s Republic (Outer Mongolia) on the border with Manchukuo.

1940 Birth of RubTn Hinojosa, American politician

1940 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill says of the Royal Air Force, “Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few”.

1940 Exiled Russian revolutionary Leon Trotsky is fatally wounded in Mexico City by an assassin’s ice axe. He will die the next day.

1940 Frank Jackson, agent of Josef Stalin, stabs Leon Trotsky with an ice pick in Mexico City.

1941 Birth of Slobodan Milosevic; president of Yugoslovia (dies 2006).

1942 Birth of Hans-Joachim Klein in Germany; 100m swimmer (Olympic-bronze-1964).

1942 Dim-out regulations implemented in San Francisco, California.

1943 Birth of Sylvester McCoy, Scottish actor

1944 Birth of Graig Nettles; third baseman (New York Yankees, San Diego Padres, Cleveland Indians).

1944 The Battle of Romania begins with a major Soviet offensive.

1945 Brooklyn Dodgers’ Tommy Brown becomes youngest home run hitter (age 17).

1946 Birth of Connie Chung in Washington, DC, USA; TV newscaster (NBC, CBS).

1947 Turner Caldwell in D-558-I sets aircraft speed record, 1131 kph.

1948 Birth of Robert Plant; rocker (Led Zeppelin – “Stairway to Heaven”).

1948 US expels Soviet Consul General in New York, Jacob Lomakin.

1949 78,382 watch the Chicago White Sox play the Cleveland Indians at Cleveland, Ohio.

1949 Birth of Phil Lynott, Irish musician (d. 1986)

1949 Hungary (Magyar People’s Republic) accepts constitution.

1951 Birth of Greg Bear, American author

1952 Birth of John Hiatt, American musician

1953 Birth of Peter Horton in Bellevue, Washington, USA; actor (Gary-30 Something).

1953 The Soviet Union acknowledges that it had tested the hydrogen bomb.

1954 Birth of Al Roker, American television broadcaster

1955 Birth of Agnes Chan, Hong Kong singer and writer

1955 First airplane to exceed 1800 mph (2897 kph) – HA Hanes, Palmdale, California, USA.

1955 Hundreds killed in anti-French rioting in Morocco and Algeria.

1955 In Morocco, a force of Berbers from the Atlas Mountains region of Algeria, raid two rural settlements and kill 77 French nationals.

1956 Birth of Joan Allen, American actress

1956 The Calder Hall atomic power station begins operation in Cumberland, Great Britain, generating up to 90,000 kilowatts of power and manufacturing plutonium.

1957 Birth of Cindy Nicholas in Canada; swimmer, swam English Channel 19 times.

1957 Chicago White Sox’ Bob Keegan no-hits Washington Senators 6-0.

1957 US Air Force balloon breaks an altitude record at 102,000 feet (310,896 metres).

1958 Birth of Lenny Henry; British comedian (Three of a Kind).

1958 Dale Long becomes first major league lefty catcher in 52 years.

1958 Detroit Tigers’ Jim Bunning no-hits Boston Red Sox, 3-0.

1960 Senegal breaks from the Mali federation, declaring independence.

1960 Senegal breaks from the Mali federation, declaring independence.

1961 Birth of Rick Rael; heavy metal rocker.

1961 Death of Percy Williams Bridgman, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1882)

1961 Philadelphia Phillies set dubious record of 23 straight losses.

1961 Vilhjalmur Stefansson, Arctic explorer, dies at age 82.

1962 Birth of Sophie Aldred, English actress

1964 Birth of Giuseppe Giannini in Rome, Italy; soccer player (Rome A Team).

1964 US President Lyndon Johnson signs Economic Opportunity Act (totaling nearly US$1 billion).

1965 Birth of KRS-One, American rapper

1965 Rolling Stones release “Satisfaction” (their first #1 US hit).

1966 Birth of Dimebag Darrell, American guitarist (Pantera and Damageplan) (d. 2004)

1968 200,000 Warsaw Pact troops and 5,000 tanks invade Czechoslovakia to end the “Prague Spring” of political liberalization.

1968 Birth of Yuri Shiratori, Japanese voice actress and singer

1970 Birth of John Carmack, American computer game programmer

1971 Death of Rashid Minhas, Pakistani Air Force pilot (b. 1951)

1971 FBI begins covert investigation of journalist Daniel Schorr.

1973 Birth of Todd Helton, baseball player

1974 Birth of Maxim Vengerov, Russian violinist

1974 Nolan Ryan pitch measured at record 161.6 kph (100.4 mph).

1975 Soviet-made Il-62 airliner crashes south of Damascus, Syria, killing 126.

1975 Viking program: NASA launches the Viking 1 planetary probe toward Mars.

1976 Birth of Chris Drury, American hockey player

1977 Birth of Mayra Veronica, Cuban model and actress

1977 Voyager program: The United States launches the Voyager 2 spacecraft.

1978 Gunmen open fire on an Israeli El Al Airline bus in London, England.

1978 Mark Vinchesi of Amherst, Massachusetts keeps a frisbee aloft 15.2 seconds.

1979 Birth of Cory Sullivan, baseball player

1980 Death of Joe Dassin, French singer (born 1938).

1980 New York Yankees’ Bob Watson hits Seattle Kingdome speaker, second straight day.

1980 Reinhold Messner of Italy is first to make solo ascent of Mount Everest.

1980 United Nations Security Council condemns (14-0, US abstains) Israeli declaration that all of Jersualem is its capital.

1982 A multinational force lands in Beirut to oversee the PLO withdrawal from Lebanon.

1982 Don Lever becomes the first captain of the New Jersey Devils.

1982 Lebanese Civil War: A multinational force lands in Beirut to oversee the PLO withdrawal from Lebanon.

1982 Ulla Jacobsson, Swedish actress, dies in Vienna Austria at age 53 of bone cancer.

1984 Birth of Mirai Moriyama, Japanese actor.

1985 First National League pitcher to strike out 200+ in first two seasons (Dwight Goodin).

1985 Hanspeter Beck of South Australia finishes a 3,875-mile, 51-day trip from Western Australia to Melbourne on a unicycle.

1985 Harchand Singh Longowai, Sikh leader, shot by Sikh extremists.

1985 Israel ships 96 TOWs to Iran on behalf of the US.

1986 Birth of Robert Clark, Canadian actor.

1986 Death of Milton Acorn, Canadian poet, writer, and playwright (born 1923).

1986 In Edmond, Oklahoma, United States Postal Service employee Patrick Sherrill guns down 14 of his co-workers before committing suicide.

1986 In Edmond, Oklahoma, US Postal employee Patrick Henry Sherrill guns down 14 of his co-workers and then commits suicide.

1987 Birth of Catalina Ponor; Romanian gymnast.

1988 In the Nepal-India border region, a magnitude 6.8 earthquake occurs. 721 people killed, 6,553 injured and 64,470 buildings damaged in eastern Nepal. At least 277 people killed, thousands injured and extensive damage in northern Bihar, India. Felt in large parts of northern India from Delhi to the Burma border and in much of Bangladesh.

1988 Peru becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.

1988 Yordanka Donkova of Bulgaria sets 100m hurdle woman’s record (12.21).

1989 Death of George Adamson, Indian-born conservationist (assassinated) (born 1906).

1989 Fifty-one people die when the Marchioness pleasure boat collides with a barge on the River Thames adjacent to Southwark Bridge.

1989 In Beverly Hills, California, Lyle and Erik Menendez shoot and kill their wealthy parents.

1989 In Ethiopia, a magnitude 6.1 earthquake occurs.

1990 George Steinbrenner steps down as New York Yankees owner.

1990 Iraq moves Western hostages to military installations (human shields).

1990 New York Yankees’ player Kevin Mass is quickest to reach 15 home runs (approx 132 at bat).

1991 Collapse of the Soviet Union: More than 100,000 people rally outside the Soviet Union’s parliament building protesting the coup aiming to depose President Mikhail Gorbachev. Estonia reclaimed its independence and seceded from the Soviet Union. Estonia had been occupied by the Soviets for more than 50 years.

1991 Estonia declares independence from the Soviet Union.

1991 Lenore Strunsky Gershwin, widow of Ira Gershwin, dies at age 90.

1991 More than 100,000 people rally outside the Soviet Union’s parliament building protesting the coup that deposed President Mikhail Gorbachev.

1992 Kristiansund’s connection to the main land of Norway, Krifast, opens.

1992 The Republican National Convention in Houston, Texas renominates U.S. President George H.W. Bush and Vice President Dan Quayle. Pat Buchanan, one of Bush’s opponents in the primaries, delivers a controversial convention speech, in which he refers to a “religious war” in the country.

1993 After rounds of secret negotiations in Norway, the Oslo Peace Accords were signed, followed by a public ceremony in Washington, D.C. the next month.

1993 Birth of Brianna and Brittany McConnell, American twin actors.

1993 Death of Bernard Delfgaauw, Dutch philosopher (born 1912).

1994 Circus elephant trainer Allen Campbell is crushed to death in Honolulu, Hawaii, by the performing elephant “Tyke”.

1994 In Honolulu, Hawaii, during a circus international performance at the Neal Blaisdell Arena, a female elephant named Tyke crushes her trainer Allen Campbell to death before hundreds of horrified spectators.

1997 Souhane massacre in Algeria; over 60 people killed, 15 kidnapped.

1997 Souhane massacre in Algeria; over 60 people killed, 15 kidnapped.

1998 Death of Raquel Rastenni, Danish singer (b. 1915)

1998 The Supreme Court of Canada states Quebec cannot legally secede from Canada without the federal government’s approval.

1998 The Supreme Court of Canada states Quebec cannot legally secede from Canada without the federal government’s approval.

1998 The United States military launches cruise missile attacks against alleged Al-Qaeda camps in Afghanistan and a suspected chemical plant in Sudan in retaliation for the August 7 bombings of American embassies in Kenya and Tanzania. The al-Shifa pharmaceutical factory in Khartoum is destroyed in the attack.

1998 U.S. embassy bombings: The United States military launches cruise missile attacks against alleged al-Qaida camps in Afghanistan and a suspected chemical plant in Sudan in retaliation for the August 7 bombings of American embassies in Kenya and Tanzania. The al-Shifa pharmaceutical factory in Khartoum is destroyed in the attack.

2001 Death of Fred Hoyle, British astronomer and science fiction writer (born 1915).

2003 Birth of Prince Gabriel of Belgium, son of Philippe, Duke of Brabant.

2004 Elbegdorj Tsakhia, the peaceful democratic revolutionary leader of Mongolia, becomes Prime Minister of Mongolia for the second time.

2005 Death of Thomas Herrion, American football player (born 1981).

2006 Death of Joe Rosenthal, American photographer (born 1911).

2007 Chief veterinary officer in China reports Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome in pigs had been brought under “preliminary control”. The disease had infected 257,000 pigs in 26 provinces; 68,000 died, 175,000 were destroyed. 100 million re now protected through vaccination program.

2007 Death of Leona Helmsley, American hotel operator and real estate investor, in New York at age 87 (born 1920).

2007 NASDAQ announces its intention to sell its 31 percent stake in the London Stock Exchange.

2008 Death of Hua Guofeng, chairman of China’s Communist Party (1976-81), at age 87, in Beijing, China (born 1921).

2008 In Los Angeles, Saxophonist LeRoi Moore, a founding member of the Dave Matthews Band, dies of complications from a vehicle accident in June, at age 46.

2008 Jamaica’s Usain Bolt wins the 200m sprint at the Beijing Olympic Games in new world record time of 19.30 seconds.

2008 Spanair flight JK 5022 passenger plane taking off for the Canary Islands from Madrid’s Barajas airport swerves off the runway and crashes, killing 153.

2009 Abdelbaset Ali Mohmed Al Megrahi, imprisoned for the 1988 bombing of Pan Am Flight 103, is released by the Scottish government on compassionate grounds as he has terminal prostate cancer. He returns to his native Libya.

2009 At the Athletics World Championships in Berlin, Germany, Usain Bolt of Jamaica sets a new world record in the 200m dash with a time of 19.19 seconds.