This Day In History August 13

1121 The Georgian army under King David the Builder won a decisive victory over the famous Seljuk commander Ilghazi at the Battle of Didgori.

1323 Treaty of Nöteborg – Sweden and Novgorod (Russia) regulates the border for the first time

1332 Battle of Dupplin Moor – Scots under Domhnall II, Earl of Mar routed by Edward Balliol

1332 Battle of Dupplin Moor; Scottish dynastic battle.

1424 Death of Yongle, Emperor of China (b. 1460)

1484 Death of George of Trebizond, Greek philosopher (b. 1395)

1503 Birth of Christian III of Denmark and Norway (d. 1559)

1508 Ponce de Le=n arrives in Puerto Rico.

1512 Death of Alessandro Achillini, Italian philosopher (b. 1463)

1553 Pope Julius III orders confiscation and burning of the Talmud.

1566 Birth of Infanta Isabella Clara Eugenia of Spain (d. 1633)

1577 Death of Thomas Smith, English diplomat and scholar (b. 1513)

1588 Death of Alfonso Ferrabosco (I), Italian composer (b. 1543)

1604 Birth of Tokugawa Iemitsu, Japanese shogun (d. 1651)

1612 Death of Giovanni Gabrieli, Italian composer

1629 Birth of Tsar Alexei I of Russia (d. 1676)

1633 Death of Jacopo Peri, Italian composer (b. 1561)

1643 Birth of King Afonso VI of Portugal (d. 1683)

1644 Birth of Heinrich Ignaz Biber, Bohemian composer (d. 1704)

1647 Birth of Johann Heinrich Acker, German writer (d. 1719)

1648 Death of Ibrahim I, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1615)

1674 Death of Philippe de Champaigne, French painter (b. 1602)

1676 King Philip’s War (vs Wampanoag Indians) ends in New England.

1676 Praying Indian John Alderman shot and killed Metacomet the Wampanoag war chief, ending King Philip’s War.

1686 Birth of John Balguy, English philosopher (d. 1748)

1689 Death of Pope Innocent XI (b. 1611)

1696 Birth of Maurice Greene, English composer (d. 1755)

1720 Birth of Konrad Ekhof, German actor (d. 1778)

1753 Birth of Thomas Bewick England, artist (British Birds, Aesop’s Fables).

1762 Birth of George IV king of England (1820-30).

1774 Birth of Robert Southey English poet laureate, biographer of Nelson.

1778 Death of Peregrine Bertie, 3rd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, British general and politician (b. 1714)

1781 Birth of Robert Mills US, architect (Washington Monument).

1809 Death of Mikhail Kamensky, Russian field marshal (b. 1738)

1810 Death of Etienne Louis Geoffroy, French pharmacist and entomologist (b. 1725)

1820 Birth of Oliver Mowat a founder of the Canadian Confederation.

1831 Birth of Helena Blavatsky, Ukrainian-born author (d. 1891)

1848 Death of George Stephenson, British locomotive designer (b. 1781)

1851 Isaac Singer granted a patent for his sewing machine

1851 Isaac Singer is granted a patent for his sewing machine.

1854 Count Gaston de Raousset Boulbon is executed by shooting, in regard to the Battle of Guaymas.

1856 Birth of “Diamond Jim” Brady, American financier (d. 1917)

1859 Birth of Katharine Lee Bates US, author (America the Beautiful).

1862 General John Hunt Morgan and his raiders capture Gallatin, Texas.

1863 First cargo of lumber leaves Burrard Inlet (Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada area).

1864 Death of Sakuma Sh?zan, Japanese reformer (b. 1811)

1865 Death of William Jackson Hooker, English botanist (b. 1785)

1866 Birth of Jacinto Benavente y Mart?nez Spanish dramatist (Nobel Prize 1922).

1867 Birth of Edith Hamilton US, writer (Mythology).

1867 President A Johnson defiesUS Congress suspending Secretary of War Edwin Stanton.

1876 Birth of Mary Roberts Rinehart mystery writer (Miss Pinkerton).

1877 Asaph Hall discovers Deimos

1877 Asaph Hall discovers Deimos, the smaller of Mars’ two moons.

1877 Thomas Edison invents the Edisonphone, a sound recording device.

1879 First National Archery Association tournament (Chicago).

1880 Birth of Christy Mathewson Hall Of Fame baseball pitcher (Won 37 in 1908).

1881 Birth of Cecil B. DeMille, American director (d. 1959)

1883 Birth of Pauline Frederick, American actress (d. 1938)

1883 The last quagga dies at the Artis Magistra zoo in Amsterdam

1883 The last quagga dies at the Artis Magistra zoo in Amsterdam.

1884 Birth of Frank Swinnerton England, novelist (Summer Storm, Sanctuary).

1885 Birth of Jean Cabannes, French physicist (d. 1959)

1886 Birth of Sir Keith Murdoch, Australian journalist and newspaper owner (d. 1952)

1887 Birth of Erwin Schr�dinger Austria, physicist (had a cat).

1888 Bertha, wife of inventor Karl Benz, makes first motor tour.

1890 Birth of Al Goodman Nikopol Russia, orchestra leader (NBC Comedy Hour).

1891 Death of James Russell Lowell, American poet and essayist (b. 1819)

1892 Birth of Alfred Lunt, American actor (d. 1977)

1893 Birth of Howard Smith Attleboro Massachusetts; actor (Harvey Griffin-Hazel).

1896 Gold is discovered at Dawson on the Klondike River in Alaska.

1898 Armistice ends the Spanish-American War

1898 Hawaii formally annexed to US.

1898 Peace protocol ends Spanish-American War, signed.

1898 The Hawaiian flag is lowered from Iolani Palace in an elaborate annexation ceremony and replaced with the American flag to signify the transfer of sovereignty from the Republic of Hawaii to the United States.

1900 Death of Wilhelm Steinitz, Austrian chess player (b. 1836)

1900 Wilhelm Steinitz Prague, Chess champion (1866-1894).

1901 Death of Adolf Erik Nordenski�ld, Finnish-Swedish explorer (b. 1832)

1902 Birth of Mohammad Hatta, Vice President of Indonesia 1945-1956 (d. 1980)

1904 Birth of Frank Ervin harness racer (Hambletonian 1959, 1966).

1906 Birth of Harry Hopman, Australian-born tennis player and coach (d. 1985)

1907 Birth of Joe Besser, American actor and comedian (d. 1988)

1908 First Model T Ford built

1908 The first Model T Ford is built.

1911 Birth of Cantinflas (Mario Moreno) Mexico; actor (Around World in 80 Days).

1912 Birth of Jane Wyatt Campgaw New Jersey, actress (Father Knows Best, Star Trek).

1913 Birth of Kurt Kaszner Vienna Austria; actor (Commander Fitzhugh-Land of the Giants).

1914 Death of John Philip Holland, Irish submarine designer (b. 1840)

1914 World War I: Beginning of the Battle of Cer between Austria-Hungary and Serbia

1914 World War I – Britain declares war on Austria-Hungary; British Empire countries automatically included.

1915 Birth of Alex Wojciechowicz NFL center (Lions, Eagles).

1915 “Of Human Bondage,” by William Somerset Maugham, published.

1918 Death of Anna Held, Polish-born actress and singer (b. 1872)

1919 Birth of Michael Kidd [Milton Greenwald] choreographer (7 Brides for 7 Bros).

1921 Birth of Marjorie Reynolds Buhl Idaho, actress (Peggy-Life of Riley).

1922 Death of Arthur Griffith, President of Ireland (b. 1871)

1923 Enrico Tiraboschi is first to swim English Channel westward.

1924 Birth of Derek Shackleton, English cricketer

1925 Birth of Dale Bumpers; American politician (Senator-Democrat-Arkansas).

1926 Birth of John Derek, American actor (d. 1998)

1927 Birth of Porter Wagoner, American singer

1928 Birth of Bob Buhl, baseball player (d. 2001)

1928 Death of Leos Janacek, Czech composer (b. 1854)

1928 Games of the IX Olympiad close in Amsterdam.

1929 Birth of Buck Owens, American singer

1930 Birth of George Soros American businessman

1931 Birth of William Goldman, American screenwriter

1932 Birth of Porter Wagoner; country singer, discovered Dolly Parton (“Y’All Come”).

1933 Birth of Parnelli Jones, American race car driver

1934 Death of Hendrik Petrus Berlage, Dutch architect (b. 1856)

1935 Death of Friedrich Schottky, German mathematician (b. 1851)

1936 120 degrees F (49 degrees C), Seymour, Texas (state record hot).

1936 Birth of John Poindexter; US Chief of Staff.

1936 Diver Marjorie Gestring is youngest Olympic gold medalist (13 years 268 days).

1939 Birth of George Hamilton, American actor

1941 French Marshal Henri Petain gives full support to Germany.

1943 Birth of Deborah Walley, American actress (d. 2001)

1943 Death of Bobby Peel, English cricketer (b. 1857)

1945 Birth of Ann M. Martin, American author

1948 Death of Harry Brearley, English inventor (b. 1871)

1949 Birth of Mark Knopfler; guitar/vocals (Dire Straits – “Sultans of Swing”).

1950 New York Giants (NFL) beat Ottawa Roughriders (Canadian Football League) 20-6 in Ottawa, Canada.

1951 Birth of Charles E Brady Jr in Pinehurst, North Carolina, USA; US Navy Commander/astronaut.

1952 The Night of Murdered Poets – Prominent Jewish intellectuals were murdered in Moscow.

1953 Ann Davidson arrives at Miami, Florida, USA, after sailing solo across Atlantic.

1953 Nuclear testing: The Soviet atomic bomb project proceeded with the detonation of Joe 4, the first Soviet thermonuclear weapon.

1954 Birth of Pat Metheny; jazz guitarist (“As Wichita Falls”).

1955 Death of Thomas Mann, German writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1875)

1955 US President Dwight Eisenhower raises minimum wage from US$0.75 to $1 an hour.

1956 Birth of Bruce Greenwood, Canadian actor

1959 First ship-firing of a Polaris missile, Observation Island.

1960 Birth of Morty Black; heavy metal rocker (TNT – “Seven Seas”).

1960 Echo I, the first communications satellite, launched

1960 Ralph Boston of the US sets long jump record at 26 feet 11.25 inches.

1960 US Air Force Major Robert M White takes X-15 to 41,600m.

1961 Birth of Pete De Freitas; rocker (Echo and the Bunnymen – “Heaven Up Here”).

1962 Birth of Miss Cleo, American psychic

1964 10th time Mickey Mantle switch-hits home run in a game, one goes 502 feet.

1964 Death of Ian Fleming, English novelist (b. 1908)

1964 Race riot in Elizabeth, New Jersey, USA.

1965 Birth of Peter Krause, American actor

1965 Disneyland (Ahaneim, California) welcomes its 50-millionth guest, Mary Adams.

1965 Race riot in West Side of Chicago, Illinois.

1966 Massacre of Braybrook Street as three policemen are shot dead in East Acton, London.

1967 Birth of Regilio Tuur, Dutch boxer

1967 New Orleans Saints’ first pre-season victory, beat Saint Louis Cardinals 23-14.

1968 Birth of Andras Jones, American actor

1969 Battle of the Bogside, Catholic community of Derry engage in two-day “battle” with Royal Ulster Constabulary

1969 Boston Celtics team sold for an NBA record $6 million.

1970 The West German government signs a non-aggression treaty with the Soviet Union.

1971 Birth of Michael Ian Black, American comedian

1972 Last American combat ground troops leave Vietnam.

1973 Birth of Richard Reid (shoe bomber)

1973 Death of Walter Rudolf Hess, Swiss physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1881)

1974 Birth of Matt Clement, baseball pitcher

1974 New York Yankees’ Mickey Mantle and Whitey Ford become first teammates elected to Baseball Hall of Fame on the same day.

1974 Nolan Ryan strikes-out 19 Boston Red Sox players.

1976 Birth of Antoine Walker, American basketball player

1977 Birth of Plaxico Burress, American football player

1977 High Energy Astronomy Observatory 1 launched into Earth orbit.

1978 Japan and China sign the Treaty of Peace and Friendship between Japan and the People’s Republic of China.

1979 Death of Ernst Boris Chain, German-born biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1906)

1980 Birth of Maggie Lawson; American actress.

1980 Signing of the Montevideo Treaty, which established the Latin American Integration Association.

1981 At the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel in New York City, and in Boca Raton, Florida, IBM announces the IBM Personal Computer, model 5150. The PC features a 4.77 MHz Intel 8088 CPU, 16 kB RAM (expandable to 256 kB), 40 kB ROM, one 5.25-inch floppy drive (160 kB capacity), for US$1565. A fully loaded version with color graphics costs US$6000.

1981 Birth of Djibril CissT; French football player.

1981 Jon Erikson (US) becomes first to triple cross English Channel (38:27).

1982 Death of Henry Fonda, American actor (b. 1905)

1982 Mexico announces it is unable to pay its large foreign debt, triggering a debt crisis that quickly spreads throughout Latin America.

1983 Birth of Martina Warren; British model.

1984 Birth of Marian Rivera, Filipino actress.

1984 Don Drysdale, Harmon Killebrew, Rick Ferrell, Luis Aparicio and Pee Wee Reese are inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame.

1985 Death of Kyu Sakamoto, Japanese singer (“Sukiyaki”), killed in the crash of Japan Airlines Flight 123 (born 1941).

1985 Japan Airlines Flight 123, a Boeing 747 jumbo jet, crashes into Mount Ogura in Gunma Prefecture, Japan, killing 520 in the world’s worst single-plane air disaster. Four people miraculously survive.

1985 Japan Airlines Flight 123 crashes in Japan, killing 520 people. This is the worst single-aircraft disaster in history.

1986 Boston Red Sox pitcher Tim Lollar gets a pinch-hit single.

1986 Don Baylor gets hits by a pitch for a record 25th time in a season.

1987 Charles Cole climbs 870-foot Tyrolean Traverse from top of Elephant Rock.

1987 The British Royal Mint begins to issue the Britannia 1-ounce 0.9167 fine gold bullion coin.

1988 Birth of Jose Tabata; Minor League Baseball player.

1988 Boston Red Sox set American League consecutive home victories at 23.

1988 Death of Jean-Michel Basquiat, American musician/graffiti painter (born 1960).

1988 Richard Thornburgh becomes US Attorney General.

1989 Death of William Shockley, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (born 1910).

1990 Death of Dorothy Mackaill, British-born American actress (born 1903).

1990 Iraq President Saddam Hussein says he is ready to resolve the Gulf crisis if Israel withdraws from occupied territories.

1990 Sue, the most complete skeleton of a Tyrannosaurus rex, was discovered near Faith, South Dakota.

1990 The most complete skeleton of a Tyrannosaurus rex (“Sue”) is discovered near Faith, South Dakota.

1991 Creditors vote to support Greyhound Bus reorganization plan.

1992 Canada, Mexico, and the United States announce completion of negotiations for the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).

1992 Death of John Cage, American composer (born 1912).

1993 Birth of Imani Hakim, American actress.

1994 Major League Baseball players go on strike, eventually causing the cancellation of the World Series and delaying opening of the 1995 season.

1994 Major League Baseball players go on strike. The work stoppage will force the cancellation of the 1994 World Series.

1994 The Woodstock ’94 rock concert takes place in New York.

1994 Woodstock 1994 begins in Saugerties, New York. It is the 25-year anniversary of Woodstock in 1969.

1997 Death of Luther Allison, American musician (born 1939).

2000 Death of Loretta Young, American actress (born 1913).

2000 The Oscar class submarine K-141 Kursk of the Russian Navy exploded and sank in the Barents Sea during a military exercise.

2000 The Russian submarine K-141 Kursk sinks in the Barents Sea, resulting in the deaths of all 118 men on board.

2002 Death of Enos Slaughter, baseball player (born 1916).

2002 In Arlington, Virginia, US Airways declares bankruptcy.

2004 Death of Godfrey Hounsfield, English electrical engineer and inventor, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (born 1919).

2004 Lee Hsien Loong is sworn in as Singapore’s 3rd Prime Minister.

2004 New Jersey Governor James McGreevey announces that he is “a gay American” and will resign effective November 15, 2004.

2004 Singapore’s prime minister Goh Chok Tong hands over his position to Lee Hsien Loong.

2004 Sweden’s nine millionth inhabitant is born.

2004 World Youth Festival in Barcelona.

2005 An F1 tornado strikes Glen Cove, New York, a rare event on Long Island

2005 An F2 tornado strikes the coal mining town of Wright, Wyoming, destroying nearly 100 homes and killing two people.

2005 Civil unrest provoked in the Maldives

2005 Death of Lakshman Kadirgamar, foreign minister of Sri Lanka (assassinated) (born 1932).

2005 Sri Lanka’s foreign minister, Lakshman Kadirgamar, is fatally shot by a sniper in his home.

2005 The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter is launched.

2007 Death of Merv Griffin, American TV personality (born 1925).

2007 Tiger Woods wins PGA Championship, his 13th career major.

2008 Michael Phelps wins Olympic gold in 200-metre freestyle swimming, becoming only the fifth person to win nine career Olympic gold medals. His win also set a new world record time of 1.42.96.

2008 Russian President Dmitry Medvedev orders a cease fire in Georgia.

2008 Togo wins its first ever Olympic medal, bronze in the men’s single kayak slalom won by Benjamin Boukpeti.